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Enhancement of Pure Spin Currents in Spin Pumping Y3Fe5O12/Cu/metal Trilayers through Spin Conductance MatchingMay 19 2014Spin transport efficiency in heterostructures depends on the spin conductances of each constituent and their interfaces. We report a comparative study of spin pumping in Y3Fe5O12/Cu/Pt and Y3Fe5O12/Cu/W trilayers. Surprisingly, the insertion of a Cu interlayer ... More

Micro Congestion Control: Every Flow Deserves a Second ChanceJun 14 2018Oct 22 2018Today, considerable Internet traffic is sent from the datacenter and heads for users. The characteristics of connections served by servers in datacenters are usually diverse and varied over time, with continuous upgrades in network infrastructure and ... More

Strong modulation of spin currents in bilayer graphene by static and fluctuating proximity exchange fieldsOct 25 2016Mar 30 2017Two dimensional (2D) materials provide a unique platform to explore the full potential of magnetic proximity driven phenomena, which can be further used for applications in next generation spintronic devices. Of particular interest is to understand and ... More

Reliable Electrical Switching of Tri-State Antiferromagnetic Néel Order in $α$-Fe$_2$O$_3$ Epitaxial FilmsJun 11 2019The ability to manipulate antiferromagnetic (AF) moments is a key requirement for the emerging field of antiferromagnetic spintronics. Electrical switching of bi-state AF moments has been demonstrated in metallic AFs, CuMnAs and Mn$_2$Au. Recently, current-induced ... More

Spin Transport in Antiferromagnetic Insulators Mediated by Magnetic CorrelationsSep 14 2015We report a systematic study of spin transport in antiferromagnetic (AF) insulators having a wide range of ordering temperatures. Spin current is dynamically injected from Y3Fe5O12 (YIG) into various AF insulators in Pt/insulator/YIG trilayers. Robust, ... More

Strain-Tunable Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy in Epitaxial Y3Fe5O12 Thin FilmsNov 01 2013We demonstrate strain-tuning of magnetocrystalline anisotropy over a range of more than one thousand Gauss in epitaxial Y3Fe5O12 films of excellent crystalline quality grown on lattice-mismatched Y3Al5O12 substrates. Ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) measurements ... More

Antiferromagnonic Spin Transport from Y$_3$Fe$_5$O$_{12}$ into NiOSep 14 2015We observe highly efficient dynamic spin injection from Y$_3$Fe$_5$O$_{12}$ (YIG) into NiO, an antiferromagnetic (AF) insulator, via strong coupling, and robust spin propagation in NiO up to 100-nm thickness mediated by its AF spin correlations. Strikingly, ... More

Y3Fe5O12 Spin Pumping for Quantitative Understanding of Pure Spin Transport and Spin Hall Effect in a Broad Range of MaterialsOct 07 2014Using Y3Fe5O12 (YIG) thin films grown by our sputtering technique, we study dynamic spin transport in nonmagnetic (NM), ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AF) materials by ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) spin pumping. From both inverse spin Hall ... More

Surprisingly large inverse spin Hall effect and systematic variation of spin-orbit coupling with d-orbital filling in 3d transition metalsOct 06 2014It is generally believed that spin-orbit coupling (SOC) follows Z4 (atomic number) dependence and becomes significant only in heavy elements. Consequently, SOC in 3d transition metals should be negligible given their small Z. Using dynamic spin pumping ... More

Spin Seebeck effect through antiferromagnetic NiOApr 29 2016Jun 28 2016We report temperature-dependent spin-Seebeck measurements on Pt/YIG bilayers and Pt/NiO/YIG trilayers, where YIG (Yttrium iron garnet, Y$_3$Fe$_5$O$_{12}$) is an insulating ferrimagnet and NiO is an antiferromagnet at low temperatures. The thickness of ... More

PhyShare: Sharing Physical Interaction in Virtual RealityAug 10 2017We present PhyShare, a new haptic user interface based on actuated robots. Virtual reality has recently been gaining wide adoption, and an effective haptic feedback in these scenarios can strongly support user's sensory in bridging virtual and physical ... More

Long lifetime of thermally-excited magnons in bulk yttrium iron garnetMar 02 2018Spin currents can be generated within the bulk of magnetically ordered solids due to heat flow even in the absence of an interface, an effect called intrinsic spin-Seebeck. This bulk spin current is composed of a non-equilibrium thermal magnon cloud, ... More

Anisotropic Magnetoresistance and Nontrivial Spin Magnetoresistance in Pt/$α$-Fe$_2$O$_3$ Bilayers: Evidence for Antiferromagnetic Proximity EffectJun 11 2019To date, magnetic proximity effect (MPE) has only been conclusively observed in ferromagnet (FM) based systems. We report the observation of anomalous Hall effect and anisotropic magnetoresistance in angular dependent magnetoresistance (ADMR) measurements ... More

Symmetry-breaking Actuation Mechanism for Soft Robotics and Active MetamaterialsSep 11 2019Magnetic-responsive composites that consist of soft matrix embedded with hard-magnetic particles have recently been demonstrated as robust soft active materials for fast-transforming actuation. However, the deformation of the functional components commonly ... More

Anisotropic Magnetoresistance and Nontrivial Spin Magnetoresistance in Pt/$α$-Fe$_2$O$_3$ Bilayers: Evidence for Antiferromagnetic Proximity EffectJun 11 2019Jul 19 2019To date, magnetic proximity effect (MPE) has only been conclusively observed in ferromagnet (FM) based systems. We report the observation of anomalous Hall effect and anisotropic magnetoresistance in angular dependent magnetoresistance (ADMR) measurements ... More

Manifest the Invisible: Design for Situational Awareness of Physical Environments in Virtual RealitySep 16 2018Virtual Reality (VR) provides immersive experiences in the virtual world, but it may reduce users' awareness of physical surroundings and cause safety concerns and psychological discomfort. Hence, there is a need of an ambient information design to increase ... More

Robotic Haptic Proxies for Collaborative Virtual RealityJan 31 2017We propose a new approach for interaction in Virtual Reality (VR) using mobile robots as proxies for haptic feedback. This approach allows VR users to have the experience of sharing and manipulating tangible physical objects with remote collaborators. ... More

Effect of magnons on interfacial phonon drag in YIG/metal systemsApr 19 2018We examine substrate-to-film interfacial phonon drag on typical spin Seebeck heterostructures, in particular studying the effect of ferromagnetic magnons on the phonon-electron drag dynamics at the interface. We investigate with high precision the effect ... More

Cantilever detected ferromagnetic resonance in thin Fe$_{50}$Ni$_{50}$, Co$_2$FeAl$_{0.5}$Si$_{0.5}$ and Sr$_2$FeMoO$_6$ films using a double modulation techniqueMar 03 2016In this work we introduce a new method of a ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) detection from thin, nm-size, films. Our setup is based on the commercial piezo-cantilever, used for atomic force microscopy. It has an option to rotate the sample in the magnetic ... More

Enhanced weak ferromagnetism and conductivity in hole-doped pyrochlore iridate Y2Ir2O7Jan 04 2015Pyrochlore iridates have recently attracted growing interest in condensed matter physics because of their potential for realizing new topological states. In order to achieve such quantum states, it is essential to understand themagnetic properties of ... More

Measuring the superconducting coherence length in thin films using a two-coil experimentMar 26 2014We present measurements of the superconducting coherence length \xi\ in thin (d < 100 \AA) films of MoGe alloy and Nb using a combination of linear and nonlinear mutual inductance techniques. As the alternating current in the drive coil is increased at ... More

Shake-n-Shack: Enabling Secure Data Exchange Between Smart Wearables via HandshakesJan 23 2018Since ancient Greece, handshaking has been commonly practiced between two people as a friendly gesture to express trust and respect, or form a mutual agreement. In this paper, we show that such physical contact can be used to bootstrap secure cyber contact ... More

Evidence for the role of the magnon energy relaxation length in the Spin Seebeck EffectJun 27 2017Sep 26 2017Temperature-dependent spin-Seebeck effect data on Pt|YIG (Y$_3$Fe$_5$O$_{12}$)|GGG (Gd$_3$Ga$_5$O$_{12}$) are reported for YIG films of various thicknesses. The effect is reported as a spin-Seebeck resistivity (SSR), the inverse spin-Hall field divided ... More

Comprehensive Control of Optical Polarization Anisotropy in Semiconducting NanowiresJul 30 2011The demonstration of strong photoluminescence polarization anisotropy in semiconducting nanowires embodies both technological promise and scientific challenge. Here we present progress on both fronts through the study of the photoluminescence polarization ... More

Experimental and Numerical Understanding of Localized Spin Wave Mode Behavior in Broadly Tunable Spatially Complex Magnetic ConfigurationsDec 01 2014Spin wave modes confined in a ferromagnetic film by the spatially inhomogeneous magnetic field generated by a scanned micromagnetic tip of a ferromagnetic resonance force microscope (FMRFM) enable microscopic imaging of the internal fields and spin dynamics ... More

Imaging Magnetization Structure and Dynamics in Ultrathin YIG/Pt Bilayers with High Sensitivity Using the Time-Resolved Longitudinal Spin Seebeck EffectDec 22 2016Jan 18 2017We demonstrate an instrument for time-resolved magnetic imaging that is highly sensitive to the in-plane magnetization state and dynamics of thin-film bilayers of yttrium iron garnet (Y3Fe5O12,YIG)/Pt: the time-resolved longitudinal spin Seebeck (TRLSSE) ... More

Long lifetime of thermally-excited magnons in bulk yttrium iron garnetMar 02 2018Sep 09 2019Spin currents are generated within the bulk of magnetic materials due to heat flow, an effect called intrinsic spin-Seebeck. This bulk bosonic spin current consists of a diffusing thermal magnon cloud, parametrized by the magnon chemical potential ($\mu_{m}$), ... More

Long lifetime of thermally-excited magnons in bulk yttrium iron garnetMar 02 2018May 03 2019Spin currents can be generated within the bulk of magnetically ordered solids due to heat flow even in the absence of an interface, an effect called intrinsic spin-Seebeck. This bulk spin current is composed of a non-equilibrium thermal magnon cloud, ... More

Strong modulation of spin currents in bilayer graphene by static and fluctuating proximity exchange fieldsOct 25 2016Two dimensional (2D) materials provide a unique platform to explore the full potential of magnetic proximity driven phenomena, which can be further used for applications in next generation spintronic devices. Of particular interest is to understand and ... More

Damping of Confined Modes in a Ferromagnetic Thin Insulating Film: Angular Momentum Transfer Across a Nanoscale Field-defined InterfaceMay 16 2014Aug 07 2014We observe a dependence of the damping of a confined mode of precessing ferromagnetic magnetization on the size of the mode. The micron-scale mode is created within an extended, unpatterned YIG film by means of the intense local dipolar field of a micromagnetic ... More

Picosecond spin Seebeck effectAug 02 2016We report time-resolved magneto-optic Kerr effect measurements of the longitudinal spin Seebeck effect driven by an interfacial temperature difference between itinerant electrons and magnons. The measured time-evolution of spin accumulation induced by ... More

Effect of Chemical Pressure on High Temperature Ferrimagnetic Double Perovskites Sr2CrOsO6 and Ca2CrOsO6Sep 02 2015The ordered double perovskites Sr2CrOsO6 and Ca2CrOsO6 have been synthesized and characterized with neutron powder diffraction, electrical transport measurements, and high field magnetization experiments. Sr2CrOsO6 and Ca2CrOsO6 crystallize with R-3 and ... More

Off-Resonant Manipulation of Spins in Diamond via Precessing Magnetization of a Proximal FerromagnetMar 04 2014We report the manipulation of nitrogen vacancy (NV) spins in diamond when nearby ferrimagnetic insulator, yttrium iron garnet, is driven into precession. The change in NV spin polarization, as measured by changes in photoluminescence, is comparable in ... More

Robust Matrix RegressionNov 15 2016Modern technologies are producing datasets with complex intrinsic structures, and they can be naturally represented as matrices instead of vectors. To preserve the latent data structures during processing, modern regression approaches incorporate the ... More

Spin-Hall Topological Hall Effect in Highly Tunable Pt/Ferrimagnetic-Insulator BilayersMay 09 2019Electrical detection of topological magnetic textures such as skyrmions is currently limited to conducting materials. While magnetic insulators offer key advantages for skyrmion technologies with high speed and low loss, they have not yet been explored ... More

Quasiparticle Levels at Large Interface Systems from Many-body Perturbation Theory: the XAF-GW methodMar 05 2019We present a fully ab initio approach based on many-body perturbation theory in the GW approximation, to compute the quasiparticle levels of large interface systems without significant covalent interactions between the different components of the interface. ... More

Online Prediction of Dyadic Data with Heterogeneous Matrix FactorizationJan 13 2016Dyadic Data Prediction (DDP) is an important problem in many research areas. This paper develops a novel fully Bayesian nonparametric framework which integrates two popular and complementary approaches, discrete mixed membership modeling and continuous ... More

BASN -- Learning Steganography with Binary Attention MechanismJul 09 2019Secret information sharing through image carrier has aroused much research attention in recent years with images' growing domination on the Internet and mobile applications. However, with the booming trend of convolutional neural networks, image steganography ... More

Upper triangular matrices and Billiard ArraysAug 18 2015Jan 15 2016Fix a nonnegative integer $d$, a field $\mathbb{F}$, and a vector space $V$ over $\mathbb{F}$ with dimension $d+1$. Let $T$ denote an invertible upper triangular matrix in ${\rm Mat}_{d+1}(\mathbb{F})$. Using $T$ we construct three flags on $V$. We find ... More

Blind Image Denoising via Dependent Dirichlet Process TreeJan 13 2016Most existing image denoising approaches assumed the noise to be homogeneous white Gaussian distributed with known intensity. However, in real noisy images, the noise models are usually unknown beforehand and can be much more complex. This paper addresses ... More

Micro-burst in Data Centers: Observations, Implications, and ApplicationsApr 26 2016Micro-burst traffic is not uncommon in data centers. It can cause packet dropping, which results in serious performance degradation (e.g., Incast problem). However, current solutions that attempt to suppress micro-burst traffic are extrinsic and ad hoc, ... More

Scale Congestion Control to Ultra-High Speed EthernetMay 06 2014Currently, Ethernet is broadly used in LAN, datacenter and enterprise networks, storage networks, high performance computing networks and so on. Along with the popularity of Ethernet comes the requirement of enhancing Ethernet with congestion control. ... More

Bound-preserving discontinuous Galerkin method for compressible miscible displacement in porous mediaJul 18 2017In this paper, we develop bound-preserving discontinuous Galerkin (DG) methods for the coupled system of compressible miscible displacement problems. We consider the problem with two components and the (volumetric) concentration of the $i$th component ... More

Geometric Measure of non-Commuting Simultaneous Measurement based on K-Means ClusteringDec 13 2018Considering the simultaneous measurement of non-commuting observables, we define a geometric measure for the degree of non-commuting behavior of quantum measurements coming from the initial and final states of the measurements. The rationality of our ... More

Unique determination of a transversely isotropic perturbation in a linearized inverse boundary value problem for elasticityAug 04 2018Jan 04 2019We consider a linearized inverse boundary value problem for the elasticity system. From the linearized Dirichlet-to-Neumann map at zero frequency, we show that a transversely isotropic perturbation of a homogeneous isotropic elastic tensor can be uniquely ... More

Transformations between nonlocal and local integrable equationsApr 30 2017Recently, a number of nonlocal integrable equations, such as the PT-symmetric nonlinear Schrodinger (NLS) equation and PT-symmetric Davey-Stewartson equations, were proposed and studied. Here we show that many of such nonlocal integrable equations can ... More

Decay of correlations for maximal measure of maps derived from AnosovOct 03 2016Oct 23 2017It was proven by Ures that $C^1$ diffeomorphism on three dimensional torus that is derived from Anosov admits a unique maximal measure. Here we show that the maximal measure has exponential decay of correlations for H\"older observables, assuming the ... More

Local Hardy Spaces of Musielak-Orlicz Type and Their ApplicationsAug 13 2011Jun 28 2012Let $\phi: \mathbb{R}^n\times[0,\fz)\rightarrow[0,\fz)$ be a function such that $\phi(x,\cdot)$ is an Orlicz function and $\phi(\cdot,t)\in A^{\mathop\mathrm{loc}}_{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (the class of local weights introduced by V. S. Rychkov). In this ... More

A Hierarchical Butterfly LU Preconditioner for Two-Dimensional Electromagnetic Scattering Problems Involving Open SurfacesJan 31 2019This paper introduces a hierarchical interpolative decomposition butterfly-LU factorization (H-IDBF-LU) preconditioner for solving two-dimensional electric-field integral equations (EFIEs) in electromagnetic scattering problems of perfect electrically ... More

Singularites in the Bousseneq equation and in the generalized KdV equationAug 16 2001In this paper, two kinds of the exact singular solutions are obtained by the improved homogeneous balance (HB) method and a nonlinear transformation. The two exact solutions show that special singular wave patterns exists in the classical model of some ... More

A Hierarchical Butterfly LU Preconditioner for Two-Dimensional Electromagnetic Scattering Problems Involving Open SurfacesJan 31 2019Jul 29 2019This paper introduces a hierarchical interpolative decomposition butterfly-LU factorization (H-IDBF-LU) preconditioner for solving two-dimensional electric-field integral equations (EFIEs) in electromagnetic scattering problems of perfect electrically ... More

Existence and mass concentration of pseudo-relativistic Hartree equationApr 12 2017In this paper, we investigate the constrained minimization problem \begin{equation}\label{eq:0.1} e(a):=\inf_{\{u\in \mathcal{H},\|u\|_2^2=1\}}E_a(u), \end{equation} where the energy functional \begin{equation} \label{eq:0.2} E_a(u)=\int_{\mathbb{R}^3}(u\sqrt{-\Delta+m^2}\,u+Vu^2)\,dx ... More

Normalized solutions and mass concentration for supercritical nonlinear Schrödinger equationsMay 23 2019In this paper, we deal with the existence and concentration of normalized solutions to the supercritical nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equation \begin{equation*} \left\{ \begin{array}{l} -\Delta u + V(x) u = \mu_q u + a|u|^q u \quad {\rm in}\quad \mathbb{R}^2,\\ ... More

Weighted Local Orlicz-Hardy Spaces with Applications to Pseudo-differential OperatorsJul 17 2011Let $\Phi$ be a concave function on $(0,\infty)$ of strictly lower type $p_{\Phi}\in(0,1]$ and $\omega\in A^{\mathop\mathrm{loc}}_{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n)$. We introduce the weighted local Orlicz-Hardy space $h^{\Phi}_{\omega}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ via the local ... More

Maximal Function Characterizations of Musielak-Orlicz-Hardy Spaces Associated to Non-negative Self-adjoint Operators Satisfying Gaussian EstimatesMar 16 2016Let $L$ be a non-negative self-adjoint operator on $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ whose heat kernels have the Gaussian upper bound estimates. Assume that the growth function $\varphi:\,\mathbb{R}^n\times[0,\infty) \to[0,\infty)$ satisfies that $\varphi(x,\cdot)$ ... More

Orlicz-Hardy Spaces Associated with Divergence Operators on Unbounded Strongly Lipschitz Domains of $\mathbb{R}^n$Jul 15 2011Jun 29 2012Let $\Omega$ be either $\mathbb{R}^n$ or an unbounded strongly Lipschitz domain of $\mathbb{R}^n$, and $\Phi$ be a continuous, strictly increasing, subadditive and positive function on $(0,\infty)$ of upper type 1 and of strictly critical lower type $p_{\Phi}\in(n/(n+1),1]$. ... More

Smooth Adjustment for Correlated EffectsJan 16 2019This paper considers a high dimensional linear regression model with corrected variables. A variety of methods have been developed in recent years, yet it is still challenging to keep accurate estimation when there are complex correlation structures among ... More

The Inverse Problem for the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map on Lorentzian manifoldsJul 29 2016Sep 27 2016We consider the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map $\Lambda$ on a cylinder-like Lorentzian manifold related to the wave equation related to the metric $g$, a magnetic field $A$ and a potential $q$. We show that we can recover the jet of $g,A,q$ on the boundary ... More

Application of EOS-ELM with binary Jaya-based feature selection to real-time transient stability assessment using PMU dataSep 08 2018Recent studies show that pattern-recognition-based transient stability assessment (PRTSA) is a promising approach for predicting the transient stability status of power systems. However, many of the current well-known PRTSA methods suffer from excessive ... More

Botnets Drilling Away Privacy InfrastructureDec 20 2015In this paper, we explore various technologies and their roles in subverting the privacy infrastructure of the Internet. We also provide mitigation techniques on the attack vectors the technologies provide, and assess the overall severity of these threats. ... More

On some properties of nonnegative weakly irreducible tensorsNov 03 2011Mar 13 2012In this paper, we mainly focus on how to generalize some conclusions from nonnegative irreducible tensors to nonnegative weakly irreducible tensors. To do so, a basic and important lemma is proven using new tools. First, we give the definition of stochastic ... More

Thermo and photoacoustic Tomography with variable speed and planar detectorsMay 03 2016We analyze the mathematical model of multiwave tomography with a variable speed with integrating measurements on planes tangent to a sphere surrounding the source. We prove sharp uniqueness and stability estimates with full and partial data and propose ... More

Multiwave tomography with reflectors: Landweber's iterationMar 23 2016Apr 19 2016We use the Landweber method for numerical simulations for the multiwave tomography problem with a reflecting boundary and compare it with the averaged time reversal method. We also analyze the rate of convergence and the dependence on the step size for ... More

A note on the geometric simplicity of the spectral radius of nonnegative irreducible tensorsJan 13 2011Mar 13 2012We prove that the spectral radius of even order nonnegative irreducible tensors is real geometrically simple. In the case when the order of the tensor is odd, or in the complex field, some conditions are given to guarantee the geometric simplicity of ... More

General rogue waves in the Boussinesq equationJul 31 2019We derive general rogue wave solutions of arbitrary orders in the Boussinesq equation by the bilinear Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) reduction method. These rogue solutions are given as Gram determinants with $2N-2$ free irreducible real parameters, where ... More

Atomic and Maximal Function Characterizations of Musielak-Orlicz-Hardy Spaces Associated to Non-negative Self-adjoint Operators on Spaces of Homogeneous TypeAug 30 2018Let $\mathcal{X}$ be a metric space with doubling measure and $L$ a non-negative self-adjoint operator on $L^2(\mathcal{X})$ whose heat kernels satisfy the Gaussian upper bound estimates. Assume that the growth function $\varphi:\ \mathcal{X}\times[0,\infty) ... More

Musielak-Orlicz Hardy Spaces Associated with Operators and Their ApplicationsJan 26 2012Jun 29 2012Let $\mathcal{X}$ be a metric space with doubling measure and $L$ a nonnegative self-adjoint operator in $L^2(\mathcal{X})$ satisfying the Davies-Gaffney estimates. Let $\varphi:\,\mathcal{X}\times[0,\infty)\to[0,\infty)$ be a function such that $\varphi(x,\cdot)$ ... More

Real-variable Characterizations of Orlicz-Hardy Spaces on Strongly Lipschitz Domains of $\mathbb{R}^n$Jul 17 2011Let $\Omega$ be a strongly Lipschitz domain of $\mathbb{R}^n$, whose complement in $\mathbb{R}^n$ is unbounded. Let $L$ be a second order divergence form elliptic operator on $L^2 (\Omega)$ with the Dirichlet boundary condition, and the heat semigroup ... More

Boundedness of Linear Operators via Atoms on Hardy Spaces with Non-doubling MeasuresJun 07 2009Let $\mu$ be a non-negative Radon measure on ${\mathbb R}^d$ which only satisfies the polynomial growth condition. Let ${\mathcal Y}$ be a Banach space and $H^1(\mu)$ the Hardy space of Tolsa. In this paper, the authors prove that a linear operator $T$ ... More

Exchange-Correlation Energy from Pairing Matrix Fluctuation and the Particle-Particle Random Phase ApproximationJun 20 2013We formulate an adiabatic connection for the exchange-correlation energy in terms of pairing matrix fluctuation. This connection opens new channels for density functional approximations based on pairing interactions. Even the simplest approximation to ... More

A Query System for Efficiently Investigating Complex Attack Behaviors for Enterprise SecurityOct 04 2018Mar 19 2019The need for countering Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) attacks has led to the solutions that ubiquitously monitor system activities in each enterprise host, and perform timely attack investigation over the monitoring data for uncovering the attack sequence. ... More

Research on Information Security Enhancement Approaches and the Applications on HCI SystemsFeb 02 2016With rapid development of computer techniques, the human computer interaction scenarios are becoming more and more frequent. The development history of the human-computer interaction is from a person to adapt to the computer to the computer and continually ... More

$L^2$ Forms and Ricci flow with bounded curvature on Complete Non-compact manifoldsSep 11 2005In this paper, we study the evolution of $L^2$ one forms under Ricci flow with bounded curvature on a non-compact Rimennian manifold. We show on such a manifold that the $L^2$ norm of a smooth one form with compact support is non-increasing along the ... More

Decay of correlations for maximal measure of maps derived from Anosov: I: mostly contracting centerOct 03 2016It was proven by Ures that $C^1$ diffeomorphism on three dimensional torus that is derived from Anosov admits a unique maximal measure. Here we show that the maximal measure has exponential decay of correlations for H\"older observables, assuming the ... More

Adaptive elastic net and Separate Selection from Least Squares for ultra-high dimensional regression modelsOct 14 2014This paper studies the asymptotic properties of the adaptive elastic net in ultra-high dimensional sparse linear regression models and proposes a new method called SSLS (Separate Selection from Least Squares) to improve prediction accuracy. Besides, we ... More

Further Results for Perron-Frobenius Theorem for Nonnegative Tensors IIApr 02 2011Nov 20 2012In this paper, we generalize some conclusions from the nonnegative irreducible tensor to the nonnegative weakly irreducible tensor and give more properties of eigenvalue problems.

Full quantum theory of control-not gate in ion-trap quantum computationNov 26 2015We investigate the exact effect on ion trap quantum computation after field quantization. First an exact expression of failure probability from field quantization after many CNOT operations in Cirac-Zoller scheme is given. It is proportional to operation ... More

On supercritical nonlinear Schrödinger equations with ellipse-shaped potentialsMay 23 2019In this paper, we study the existence and concentration of normalized solutions to the supercritical nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equation \begin{equation*} \left\{ \begin{array}{l} -\Delta u + V(x) u = \mu_q u + a|u|^q u \quad {\rm in}\quad \mathbb{R}^2,\\ ... More

On general rogue waves in the parity-time-symmetric nonlinear Schrodinger equationMar 14 2019This article addresses the question of general rogue-wave solutions in the nonlocal parity-time-symmetric nonlinear Schrodinger equation. By generalizing the previous bilinear Kadomtsev-Petviashvili reduction method, large classes of rogue waves are derived ... More

General rogue waves in the nonlocal PT-symmetric nonlinear Schrodinger equationNov 16 2017Rogue waves in the nonlocal PT-symmetric nonlinear Schrodinger (NLS) equation are studied by Darboux transformation. Three types of rogue waves are derived, and their explicit expressions in terms of Schur polynomials are presented. These rogue waves ... More

Bott-Chern blow-up formula and bimeromorphic invariance of the $\partial\bar{\partial}$-Lemma for threefoldsDec 24 2017Sep 22 2018The purpose of this paper is to study the bimeromorphic invariants of compact complex manifolds in terms of Bott-Chern cohomology. We prove a blow-up formula for Bott-Chern cohomology. As an application, we show that for compact complex threefolds the ... More

The Heart-shaped Supernova Remnant 3C391 viewed in Multi-bandsMar 29 2007Using Chandra X-ray, Spitzer mid-IR, and 1.5 GHz radio data, we examine the spatial structure of SNR 3C391. The X-ray surface brightness is generally anti-correlative with the IR and radio brightness. The multiband data clearly exhibit a heart-shaped ... More

Narrow Band Chandra X-ray Analysis of Supernova Remnant 3C391May 02 2005We present the narrow-band and the equivalent width (EW) images of the thermal composite supernova remnant (SNR) 3C391 for the X-ray emission lines of elements Mg, Si, & S using the Chandra ACIS Observational data. These EW images reveal the spatial distribution ... More

Real-Variable Characterizations Of Hardy Spaces Associated With Bessel OperatorsFeb 07 2011Let $\lambda>0$, $p\in((2\lz+1)/(2\lz+2), 1]$, and $\triangle_\lambda\equiv-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}-\frac{2\lambda}{x} \frac d{dx}$ be the Bessel operator. In this paper, the authors establish the characterizations of atomic Hardy spaces $H^p((0, \infty), dm_\lambda)$ ... More

On the geodesic hypothesis in general relativitySep 18 2012Aug 19 2015In this paper, we give a rigorous derivation of Einstein's geodesic hypothesis in general relativity. We use scaling stable solitons for nonlinear wave equations to approximate the test particle. Given a vacuum spacetime $([0, T]\times\mathbb{R}^3, h)$, ... More

K-theoretic Chow groups of derived categories of schemes-on a question by Green-GriffithsNov 01 2013Feb 19 2016Based on Balmer's tensor triangular Chow group, we propose K-theoretic Chow groups of derived categories of noetherian schemes and their Milnor variants for regular schemes and their thickenings. We discuss functoriality and show that our Chow groups ... More

K-theory, local cohomology and tangent spaces to Hilbert schemesApr 10 2016By using K-theory, we construct a map from tangent spaces to Hilbert schemes to local cohomology groups. We use this map to discuss a question by Mark Green and Phillip Griffiths, see Question 1.2. For q = dim(X), our map agrees with the one constructed ... More

Sharp value for the Hausdorff dimension of the range and the graph of stable-like processesSep 29 2015We determine the Hausdorff dimension of the range of a class of Markov processes taking value in $\mathbb{R}^d$. This dimension turns out to be random and depends on the time interval where we observe the range. The techniques developed here also allow ... More

Numerical Reconstruction of the Linac Beam De-bunching in the DC-operated BoosterJan 06 2005It is difficult for us to measure the Booster ring impedance up to the GHz range due to the instrumentation limit. Since the de-bunching process in the Linac to Booster transfer is determined by the complex impedance of the Booster ring, one can obtain ... More

Multifractality of jump diffusion processesFeb 13 2015We study the local regularity and multifractal nature of the sample paths of a class of jump diffusion processes, which are solutions to the stochastic differential equation $$ M_t = \int_0^t \sigma(M_{s-}) dB_s + \int_0^t b(M_s) ds + \int_0^t \int_{[-1,1]\backslash\{0\}} ... More

Structure Learning of Probabilistic Graphical Models: A Comprehensive SurveyNov 29 2011Probabilistic graphical models combine the graph theory and probability theory to give a multivariate statistical modeling. They provide a unified description of uncertainty using probability and complexity using the graphical model. Especially, graphical ... More

D4 brane probes in gauge/gravity dualitySep 08 2008Feb 26 2009We propose a DBI vertex brane + $N_c$ fundamental strings configuration for a probe baryon in the finite-temperature thermal gauge field via AdS/CFT correspondence. In particular, we investigate properties of this configuration in QCD_4 and warped AdS_6\times ... More

A probability based approach on ananlyzing dynamics of oscillators on a bidirectional ring with propagation delayJul 01 2005In this paper, we presented a model of pulse-coupled oscillators distributed on a bidirectional ring with propagation delay. In numerical simulations based on this model, we observed phenomena of asynchrony in a certain range of delay factor $\alpha$. ... More

Associated production of Z boson and a pair of new quarks at the LHCMay 13 2010The associated production of $Z$ boson and a pair of new quarks at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is studied. The cross sections for both sequential fermions and vector-like fermions are presented. It is found that for sequential fermions the cross sections ... More

Existence and space-time regularity for damped stochastic wave equations on p.c.f. fractalsNov 15 2016It is well-known that a p.c.f. fractal with a regular harmonic structure admits an associated Dirichlet form, which is itself associated with a Laplacian. We use this fact to pose an analogue of the damped stochastic wave equation on the fractal. We show ... More

The Frenet-Serret formulas of a discrete centroaffine curveJan 25 2016In this paper, we build the fundamental theory of a discrete centroaffine curve. For a discrete plane curve, we define its first and second centroaffine curvatures which are invariant under the affine transformation. Using the centroaffine curvatures, ... More

Detecting Potential Instabilities of Numerical AlgorithmsSep 07 2015It has been the standard teaching of today that backward stability analysis is taught as absolute, just as in Newtonian physics time is taught absolute time. We will prove it is not true in general. It depends on algorithms. We will prove that forward ... More

A practical attack to Bouftass's cryptosystemMay 03 2016Recently, a new fast public key exchange protocol was presented by S. Bouftass. The protocol is based on the difficulty of inverting the function $F(x)=\lfloor (zx \mod 2^p)/ 2^q \rfloor$. In this paper, we describe a practical attack against this protocol ... More

Riemannian Median and Its EstimationNov 18 2009In this paper, we define the geometric median of a probability measure on a Riemannian manifold, give its characterization and a natural condition to ensure its uniqueness. In order to calculate the median in practical cases, we also propose a subgradient ... More

Quantum no-key protocol for direct and secure transmission of quantum and classical messagesSep 28 2003We present a quantum no-key protocol for direct and secure transmission of quantum and classical messages based on simple Boolean function computation with several quantum gates and Shamir's interactive idea of classical message encryption. This protocol ... More