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Accretion flows: the Role of the Outer Boundary ConditionJul 23 1999We investigate the influences of the outer boundary conditions(OBCs) on the structure of an optically thin accretion flow. We find that OBC plays an important role in determining the topological structure and the profiles of the surface density and temperature ... More

Accretion and ejection in Sgr A*Feb 16 2010We review our current understanding to the accretion and ejection processes in Sgr A*. Roughly speaking, they correspond to the quiescent and flare states of the source respectively. The high-resolution {\it Chandra} observations to the gas at the Bondi ... More

Heavy Quarkonium Production in Single Transverse Polarized High Energy ScatteringJan 28 2008We formulate the single transverse spin asymmetry in heavy quarkonium production in lepton-nucleon and nucleon-nucleon collisions in the non-relativistic limit. We find that the asymmetry is very sensitive to the production mechanism. The final state ... More

Sivers Function in the MIT Bag ModelAug 14 2003The Sivers function, an asymmetric transverse-momentum distribution of the quarks in a transversely polarized nucleon, is calculated in the MIT bag model. The bag quark wave functions contain both $S$-wave and $P$-wave components, and their interference ... More

Luminous hot accretion disksSep 13 2000Dec 05 2000We find a new two-temperature hot branch of equilibrium solutions for stationary accretion disks around black holes. In units of Eddington accretion rate defined as $10L_{\rm Edd}/c^2$, the accretion rates to which these solutions correspond are within ... More

Normal-state pseudogap and electron flat dispersion in copper oxide materialsJun 06 2000The anomalous momentum and doping dependence of the electron spectral function and electron dispersion for copper oxide materials in the underdoped regime are studied within the t-J model. It is shown that the electron spectrum is changed with dopings, ... More

Observational evidence for AGNs feedback at parsec scaleMay 24 2011In a hot accretion flow, the radiation from the innermost region of the flow propagates outward and heats the electrons at large radii via Compton scattering. It has been shown in previous works that if the radiation is strong enough, $L\ga 2%L_{\rm Edd}$, ... More

Acute Triangulations of the Cuboctahedral SurfaceSep 20 2012In this paper we prove that the surface of the cuboctahedron can be triangulated into 8 non-obtuse triangles and 12 acute triangles. Furthermore, we show that both bounds are the best possible.

Toward automatic verification of quantum cryptographic protocolsJul 19 2015Several quantum process algebras have been proposed and successfully applied in verification of quantum cryptographic protocols. All of the bisimulations proposed so far for quantum processes in these process algebras are state-based, implying that they ... More

When Equivalence and Bisimulation Join Forces in Probabilistic AutomataNov 14 2013Mar 08 2014Probabilistic automata were introduced by Rabin in 1963 as language acceptors. Two automata are equivalent if and only if they accept each word with the same probability. On the other side, in the process algebra community, probabilistic automata were ... More

Quantum Markov chains: description of hybrid systems, decidability of equivalence, and model checking linear-time propertiesJun 30 2015In this paper, we study a model of quantum Markov chains that is a quantum analogue of Markov chains and is obtained by replacing probabilities in transition matrices with quantum operations. We show that this model is very suited to describe hybrid systems ... More

Polynomial Approximation in Sobolev Spaces on the Unit Sphere and the Unit BallNov 12 2010This work is a continuation of the recent study by the authors on approximation theory over the sphere and the ball. The main results define new Sobolev spaces on these domains and study polynomial approximations for functions in these spaces, including ... More

Moduli of Smoothness and Approximation on the Unit Sphere and the Unit BallJul 28 2009Jan 13 2010A new modulus of smoothness based on the Euler angles is introduced on the unit sphere and is shown to satisfy all the usual characteristic properties of moduli of smoothness, including direct and inverse theorem for the best approximation by polynomials ... More

Radio--X-ray Correlation and the "Quiescent State" of Black Hole SourcesNov 29 2004Apr 28 2005Recently a correlation between the radio and X-ray luminosities is found, $L_{\rm R}\propto L_{\rm X}^{0.7}$, in black hole sources including black hole candidates in our galaxy and active galactic nuclei. We first show that the correlation can be understood ... More

Single-Transverse Spin Asymmetries: From DIS to Hadronic CollisionsJul 22 2005Sep 28 2005We study single-spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering with transversely polarized target. Based on the QCD factorization approach, we consider Sivers and Collins contributions to the asymmetries. We fit simple parameterizations ... More

Soft Gluon Resummation in Higgs Boson Plus Two Jet Production at the LHCFeb 08 2018In this paper, the soft gluon resummation effect in the Higgs boson plus two-jet production at the LHC is studied. By applying the transverse momentum dependent factorization formalism, the large logarithms introduced by the small total transverse momentum ... More

Pseudogap effects on the c-axis charge dynamics in copper oxide materialsJan 19 2000The c-axis charge dynamics of copper oxide materials in the underdoped and optimally doped regimes has been studied by considering the incoherent interlayer hopping. It is shown that the c-axis charge dynamics for the chain copper oxide materials is mainly ... More

Long Range Correlation in Higgs Boson Plus Two Jets Production at the LHCApr 30 2016We study Higgs boson plus two high energy jets production at the LHC in the kinematics where the two jets are well separated in rapidity. The partonic processes are dominated by the t-channel weak boson fusion (WBF) and gluon fusion (GF) contributions. ... More

Nonmonotonic gap in the coexisting antiferromagnetic and superconducting state for electron-doped cuprate superconductorsOct 19 2005We argue that the experimentally observed nonmonotonic gap in electron-doped cuprates at optimal doping is the lowest quasiparticle excitation energy in the coexisting antiferromagnetic (AF) and superconducting (SC) state. The idea is implemented by studying ... More

NLO QCD Corrections to $B_c$-to-Charmonium Form FactorsMar 10 2011Apr 15 2012The $B_c(^1S_0)$ meson to S-wave Charmonia transition form factors are calculated in next-to-leading order(NLO) accuracy of Quantum Chromodynamics(QCD). Our results indicate that the higher order corrections to these form factors are remarkable, and hence ... More

Finding eta_c' and h_c at HERA-BMay 31 2000Oct 09 2000The production of Charmonium states $\etacp$ and $\hc$ at fixed-target experiment of $pN$ collisions at HERA-$B$ is considered. It is found that the HERA-$B$ at DESY is one of the best machines in further confirming and detecting these two kinds of Charmonia ... More

Transverse Spin Structure of the NucleonOct 22 2015We review the current status and future perspectives of theory and experiments of transverse spin phenomena in high-energy scattering processes off nucleon targets and related issues in nucleon structure and QCD. Systematic exploration of transverse spin ... More

A Note on the Paper $"$Poincaré Inequality on the Path Space of Poisson Point Processes"Sep 08 2010The priority of Liming Wu for the Poincar\'e inequality for birth-death processes on a Poisson space is announced.

Does the circularization radius exist or not for low angular momentum accretion?May 07 2014If the specific angular momentum of accretion gas at large radius is small compared to the local Keplerian value, one usually believes that there exists a "circularization radius" beyond which the angular momentum of accretion flow is almost a constant ... More

Initial and Final State Interaction Effects in Small-x Quark DistributionsAug 26 2010We study the initial and final state interaction effects in the transverse momentum dependent parton distributions in the small-$x$ saturation region. In particular, we discuss the quark distributions in the semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering, Drell-Yan ... More

Single Transverse-Spin Asymmetries at Large-xOct 18 2006The large-$x$ behavior of the transverse-momentum dependent quark distributions is analyzed in the factorization-inspired perturbative QCD framework, particularly for the naive time-reversal-odd quark Sivers function which is responsible for the single ... More

The Structure and Variability of Sagittarius A*: Zooming in to the Supermassive Black Hole at the Galactic CenterMar 04 2002The Galactic center provides a unique astrophysical laboratory for us to study various astrophysical processes. In this paper, we review and outline the latest results from observations of Sgr~A$^*$ in terms of source structure and variations in flux ... More

Enhanced Minijet Production in $A-A$ Collisions from Gluons with Large Transverse MomentaJan 11 2001Apr 25 2001We find supersaturation for the intrinsic gluon distribution of nuclei, i.e. the low $x$ unintegrated nuclear gluon distribution peaks at intermediate transverse momenta $k_t=Q_s$ and vanishes at zero $k_t$. Taking into account the intrinsic transverse ... More

Polarizations of J/ψand ψ' in hadroproduction at Tevatron in the k_t factorization approachSep 19 2000May 13 2001We present a calculation for the polarizations of $J/\psi$ and $\psi'$ produced in the hadron collisions at the Fermilab Tevatron. Various color octet channels including ${}^1S_0^{(8)}$, ${}^3P_J^{(8)}$, and ${}^3S_1^{(8)}$ as well as contributions from ... More

Study of gossamer superconductivity and antiferromagnetism in the t-J-U modelSep 22 2004Sep 22 2004The d-wave superconductivity (dSC) and antiferromagnetism are analytically studied in a renormalized mean field theory for a two dimensional t-J model plus an on-site repulsive Hubbard interaction $U$. The purpose of introducing the $U$ term is to partially ... More

Quarkonium production in SM Higgs decaysMay 22 1998We investigate the SM Higgs decays into heavy quarkonia J/\psi and \Upsilon in both color-singlet and color-octet mechanisms. It is found that in J/\psi production the contribution through color-octet processes overwhelm that in color-singlet processes ... More

Doping and temperature dependence of incommensurate antiferromagnetism in underdoped lanthanum cupratesSep 04 2001The doping, temperature and energy dependence of the dynamical spin structure factors of the underdoped lanthanum cuprates in the normal state is studied within the t-J model using the fermion-spin transformation technique. Incommensurate peaks are found ... More

Hypercontractivity for Functional Stochastic Partial Differential EquationsMar 08 2015Sep 04 2015Explicit sufficient conditions on the hypercontractivity are presented for two classes of functional stochastic partial differential equations driven by, respectively, non-degenerate and degenerate Gaussian noises. Consequently, these conditions imply ... More

Decomposition of Quantum Markov Chains and Zero-error CapacityAug 22 2016Markov chains have been widely applied in information theory and various areas of its applications. Quantum Markov chains are a natural quantum extension of Markov chains. This paper studies irreducibility and periodicity of (discrete time) quantum Markov ... More

Energy Harvesting for Secure OFDMA SystemsSep 12 2014Energy harvesting and physical-layer security in wireless networks are of great significance. In this paper, we study the simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) in downlink orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (OFDMA) systems, ... More

Steady state solution of warped accretion discsMay 25 2009We consider a thin accretion disc warped due to the Bardeen-Petterson effect, presenting both analytical and numerical solutions for the situation that the two viscosity coefficients vary with radius as power law, with the two power law indices not necessarily ... More

A Tutorial on Libra: R package for the Linearized Bregman Algorithm in High Dimensional StatisticsApr 20 2016The R package, Libra, stands for the LInearized BRegman Al- gorithm in high dimensional statistics. The Linearized Bregman Algorithm is a simple iterative procedure to generate sparse regularization paths of model estimation, which are rstly discovered ... More

Infinite Tucker Decomposition: Nonparametric Bayesian Models for Multiway Data AnalysisAug 31 2011Jan 14 2012Tensor decomposition is a powerful computational tool for multiway data analysis. Many popular tensor decomposition approaches---such as the Tucker decomposition and CANDECOMP/PARAFAC (CP)---amount to multi-linear factorization. They are insufficient ... More

Array independent MIMO channel models with analytical characteristicsApr 22 2011The conventional analytical channel models for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless radio channels are array dependent. In this paper, we present several array independent MIMO channel models that inherit the essence of analytical models. The ... More

An Ensemble EM Algorithm for Bayesian Variable SelectionMar 14 2016We study the Bayesian approach to variable selection in the context of linear regression. Motivated by a recent work by Rockova and George (2014), we propose an EM algorithm that returns the MAP estimate of the set of relevant variables. Due to its particular ... More

Model checking quantum Markov chainsMay 10 2012Nov 14 2013Although the security of quantum cryptography is provable based on the principles of quantum mechanics, it can be compromised by the flaws in the design of quantum protocols and the noise in their physical implementations. So, it is indispensable to develop ... More

Local Distinguishability of Multipartite Unitary OperationsMay 10 2007We show that any two different unitary operations acting on an arbitrary multipartite quantum system can be perfectly distinguishable by local operations and classical communication when a finite number of runs is allowed. We then directly extend this ... More

Catalyst-assisted Probabilistic Entanglement TransformationApr 27 2004Mar 04 2005We are concerned with catalyst-assisted probabilistic entanglement transformations. A necessary and sufficient condition is presented under which there exist partial catalysts that can increase the maximal transforming probability of a given entanglement ... More

Reprocessed emission from warped accretion discs induced by the Bardeen-Petterson effectOct 21 2009Dec 14 2009The broad Balmer emission-line profiles resulting from the reprocessing of UV/X-ray radiation from a warped accretion disc induced by the Bardeen-Petterson effect are studied. We adopt a thin warped disc geometry and a central ring-like illuminating source ... More

Thermal conductivity in the doped two-leg ladder antiferromagnet Sr$_{14-x}$Ca$_{x}$Cu$_{24}$O$_{41}$Jun 04 2004Jan 22 2005Within the t-J model, the heat transport of the doped two-leg ladder material Sr$_{14-x}$Ca$_{x}$Cu$_{24}$O$_{41}$ is studied in the doped regime where superconductivity appears under pressure in low temperatures. The energy dependence of the thermal ... More

Prompt J/psi production at e^+e^- collidersMar 27 1997In this paper, we discuss the prompt j/psi production at e^+e^- colliders via color-singlet and color-octet production mechanisms. The color-singlet production processes include 1) e^+e^- to J/\psi gg; 2) e^+e^- to J/\psi c\bar{c}; 3) e^+e^- to q \bar ... More

Determination of color-octet matrix elements from e^+e- process at low energiesJan 24 1997May 06 1997We present an analysis of the preliminary experimental data of direct j/psi production in e^e- process at low energies. We find that the color-octet contributions are crucially important to the cross section at this energy region, and their inclusion ... More

A Crucial Test for Color-Octet Production Mechanism in Z^0 DecaysSep 08 1996The direct production rates of $D$-wave charmonia in the decays of $Z^0$ is evaluated. The color-octet production processes $Z^0\rightarrow ^3D_J(c\bar c) q\bar q$ are shown to have distinctively large branching ratios, the same order of magnitude as ... More

Gluon fragmentation to $^3D_J$ quarkonium and test of color-octet production mechanismJan 19 1998We report the recent progress in the studies of D-wave heavy quarkonia production from gluon fragmentation at the Tevatron and in Z^0 decays, and the D-wave charmonia production in B decays. We show that the color-octet contributions are of crucial importance ... More

Color-singlet and color-octet J/psi production in top quark rare decaysSep 19 1997J/psi production in top quark rare decays is investigated under the framework of NRQCD factorization formalism. Various production channels are studied, and we find that the contributions from the color-singlet quark fragmentation and the color-octet ... More

Testing RIAF model for Sgr A* using the size measurementsMar 24 2006Recent radio observations by the VLBA at 7 and 3.5 mm produced the high-resolution images of the compact radio source located at the center of our Galaxy--Sgr A*, and detected its wavelength-dependent intrinsic sizes at the two wavelengths. This provides ... More

Asymmetric Di-jet Production in Polarized Hadronic CollisionsApr 09 2007Using the collinear QCD factorization approach, we study the single-transverse-spin dependent cross section Delta sigma(S_perp) for the hadronic production of two jets of momenta P_1=P+q/2 and P_2=-P+q/2. We consider the kinematic region where the transverse ... More

Single Transverse-Spin Asymmetry in Hadronic Dijet ProductionJun 08 2007We study the single transverse-spin asymmetry for dijet production in hadronic collisions in both the collinear QCD factorization approach and the Brodsky-Hwang-Schmidt model. We show that a nonvanishing asymmetry is generated by both initial-state and ... More

Universal Non-perturbative Functions for SIDIS and Drell-Yan ProcessesJun 11 2014Mar 20 2015We update the well-known BLNY fit to the low transverse momentum Drell-Yan lepton pair productions in hadronic collisions, by considering the constraints from the semi-inclusive hadron production in deep inelastic scattering (SIDIS) from HERMES and COMPASS ... More

D-wave heavy quarkonium production in fixed target experimentsJul 10 1998Oct 12 1998We calculate the $D$-wave heavy quarkonium production at fixed target experiments under the NRQCD factorization formalism. We find that the color octet contributions are two orders of magnitude larger than color-singlet contributions if color-octet matrix ... More

Gluon fragmentation to ^3D_J quarkoniaJan 09 1997We present a calculation of the leading order QCD fragmentation functions for gluons to split into spin-triplet D-wave quarkonia. We apply them to evaluate the gluon fragmentation contributions to inclusive ^3D_J quarkonium production at large transverse ... More

D-wave charmonium production in B decaysJan 09 1997Jan 10 1997The calculation of D-wave charmonium prodution rates in B meson deacys under the NRQCD factorization formalism is presented. We find that inclusion of the color-octet contributions permits us to detect the D-wave charmonium states in B decays at present ... More

Charge transport in underdoped bilayer cupratesMay 13 2003Within the t-J model, we study the charge transport in underdoped bilayer cuprates by considering the bilayer interaction. Although the bilayer interaction leads to the band splitting in the electronic structure, the qualitative behavior of the charge ... More

Convergence of energy-dependent incommensurate antiferromagnetic neutron scattering peaks to commensurate resonance in underdoped bilayer cupratesJun 12 2002The recently discovered coexistence of incommensurate antiferromagnetic neutron scattering peaks and commensurate resonance in underdoped YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6+x}$ is calling for an explanation. Within the t-J model, the doping and energy dependence of the ... More

Condition and capability of quantum state separationJun 02 2005Jul 18 2005The linearity of quantum operations puts many fundamental constraints on the information processing tasks we can achieve on a quantum system whose state is not exactly known, just as we observe in quantum cloning and quantum discrimination. In this paper ... More

Partial Recovery of Quantum EntanglementApr 07 2004Feb 09 2007Suppose Alice and Bob try to transform an entangled state shared between them into another one by local operations and classical communications. Then in general a certain amount of entanglement contained in the initial state will decrease in the process ... More

Unambiguous discrimination between quantum mixed statesMar 20 2004Apr 07 2005We prove that the states secretly chosen from a mixed state set can be perfectly discriminated if and only if these states are orthogonal. The sufficient and necessary condition when nonorthogonal quantum mixed states can be unambiguously discriminated ... More

Relation Between Catalyst-assisted Entanglement Transformation and Multiple-copy TransformationDec 12 2003Oct 17 2006We show that in some cases, catalyst-assisted entanglement transformation cannot be implemented by multiple-copy transformation for pure states. This fact, together with the result we obtained in [R. Y. Duan, Y. Feng, X. Li, and M. S. Ying, Phys. Rev. ... More

Alternation in Quantum Programming: From Superposition of Data to Superposition of ProgramsFeb 20 2014We extract a novel quantum programming paradigm - superposition of programs - from the design idea of a popular class of quantum algorithms, namely quantum walk-based algorithms. The generality of this paradigm is guaranteed by the universality of quantum ... More

Probing Parton Orbital Angular Momentum in Longitudinally Polarized NucleonJul 22 2012While the total orbital angular momentum (OAM) of a definite quark flavor in a longitudinally-polarized nucleon can be obtained through a sum rule involving twist-two generalized parton distribution (GPDs), its distribution as a function of parton momentum ... More

Modeling the hard states of three black hole candidatesMay 24 2010Jun 05 2010Simultaneous multiwavelength observations were recently performed for three black hole candidates --- SWIFT J1753.5-0127, GRO J1655-40 and XTE J1720-318. In this paper we test the accretion-jet model originally proposed to XTE J1118+480 by investigating ... More

On the origin of X-ray emission in some FR Is: ADAF or jet?Jun 28 2007We investigate the X-ray origin in FR Is using the radio, submillimetre, optical, and {\em Chandra} X-ray data of a small sample consisting of eight FR I sources. These sources are very dim, with X-ray luminosities $L_{\rm X}/L_{\rm Edd} \sim 10^{-4}-10^{-8}$ ... More

X-ray Spectral Variability of TeV Blazars during Rapid FlaresApr 25 2006May 08 2006The spectral energy distribution (SED) of TeV blazars peaks both at keV and TeV energies. The X-ray emission is generally believed to originate in the synchrotron emission from relativistic electrons (and positrons) in the jet of these sources, while ... More

An Accretion-Jet Model for Black Hole Binaries: Interpreting the Spectral and Timing Features of XTE J1118+480Jul 29 2004Nov 24 2004Multi-wavelength observations of the black hole X-ray binary XTE J1118+480 have offered abundant spectral and timing information about the source, and have thus provided serious challenges to theoretical models. We propose a coupled accretion-jet model ... More

QCD Factorization for Semi-Inclusive Deep-Inelastic Scattering at Low Transverse MomentumApr 21 2004We demonstrate a factorization formula for semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering with hadrons in the current fragmentation region detected at low transverse momentum. To facilitate the factorization, we introduce the transverse-momentum dependent parton ... More

Scheme dependence and Transverse Momentum Distribution interpretation of Collins-Soper-Sterman resummationMay 21 2015Following an earlier derivation by Catani-de Florian-Grazzini (2000) on the scheme dependence in the Collins-Soper-Sterman (CSS) resummation formalism in hard scattering processes, we investigate the scheme dependence of the Transverse Momentum Distributions ... More

Outflow from Hot Accretion FlowsOct 23 2012Numerical simulations of hot accretion flows have shown that the mass accretion rate decreases with decreasing radius. Two models have been proposed to explain this result. In the adiabatic inflow-outflow solution (ADIOS), it is thought to be due to the ... More

On the Relation Between Mechanisms for Single-Transverse-Spin AsymmetriesNov 05 2007Jan 14 2008Recent studies have shown that two widely-used mechanisms for single-transverse-spin asymmetries based on either twist-three contributions or on transverse-momentum-dependent (Sivers) parton distributions become identical in a kinematical regime of overlap. ... More

Transverse Momentum Distribution Through Soft-Gluon Resummation in Effective Field TheoryJul 15 2005We study resummation of transverse-momentum-related large logarithms generated from soft-gluon radiations in soft-collinear effective field theory. The anomalous dimensions of the effective quark and gluon currents, an important ingredient for the resummation, ... More

QCD Evolution of the Transverse Momentum Dependent CorrelationsDec 24 2008We study the QCD evolution for the twist-three quark-gluon correlation functions associated with the transverse momentum odd quark distributions. Different from that for the leading twist quark distributions, these evolution equations involve more general ... More

Distribution-based Bisimulation and Bisimulation Metric in Probabilistic AutomataDec 16 2015Probabilistic automata were introduced by Rabin in 1963 as language acceptors. Two automata are equivalent if and only if they accept each word with the same probability. On the other side, in the process algebra community, probabilistic automata were ... More

Hunting the Gluon Orbital Angular Momentum at the Electron-Ion ColliderDec 07 2016Applying the connection between the parton Wigner distribution and orbital angular momentum (OAM), we investigate the probe of the gluon OAM in hard scattering processes at the planned electron-ion collider. We show that the single longitudinal target-spin ... More

Thick Accretion Disk Model for Ultraluminous Supersoft SourcesJan 18 2016We propose a geometrically thick, super-Eddington accretion disk model, where an optically thick wind is not necessary, to understand ultraluminous supersoft sources (ULSs). For high mass accretion rates $\dot M \ga 30\dot M_{\rm Edd}$ and not small inclination ... More

Universal Suppression of Heavy Quarkonium Production in pA Collisions at Low Transverse MomentumOct 08 2013The nuclear suppression of heavy quarkonium production at low transverse momentum in pA collisions in high energy scatterings is investigated in the small-x factorization formalism. A universal suppression is found in the large Nc limit between the two ... More

On the linearly polarized gluon distributions in the color dipole modelSep 28 2011Jan 31 2012We show that the linearly polarized gluon distributions appear in the color dipole model as we derive the full cross sections of the DIS dijet production and the Drell-Yan dijet ($\gamma^*$ jet correlation) process. Together with the normal Weizs\"acker-Williams ... More

Influence of intrinsic decoherence on tripartite entanglement and bipartite fidelity of polar molecules in pendular statesApr 03 2016An array of ultracold polar molecules trapped in an external electric field is regarded as a promising carrier of quantum information. Under the action of this field, molecules are compelled to undergo pendular oscillations by the Stark effect. Particular ... More

Black Hole Shadow Image and Visibility Analysis of Sagittarius A*Mar 12 2007Mar 13 2007The compact dark objects with very large masses residing at the centres of galaxies are believed to be black holes. Due to the gravitational lensing effect, they would cast a shadow larger than their horizon size over the background, whose shape and size ... More

Effect of interfacial strain on spin injection and spin polarization of Co2CrAl/NaNbO3/Co2CrAl magnetic tunneling junctionApr 03 2012First-principles calculations were carried out to investigate interfacial strain effects on spin injection and spin polarization of a magnetic tunnel junction consisting of half-metallic full-Heusler alloy Co2CrAl and ferroelectric perovskite NaNbO3. ... More

A Magnetohydrodynamic Model for the Formation of Episodic JetsNov 18 2008Feb 24 2009Episodic ejection of plasma blobs have been observed in many black hole systems. While steady, continuous jets are believed to be associated with large-scale open magnetic fields, what causes the episodic ejection of blobs remains unclear. Here by analogy ... More

Luminous hot accretion flows: thermal equilibrium curve and thermal stabilityMay 28 2003Jul 29 2003In a previous paper, we presented the global solution of a new accretion flow model, namely luminous hot accretion flows (LHAFs). In this {\em Letter}, we first show the corresponding thermal equilibrium curve of LHAFs in the mass accretion rate vs. surface ... More

Heavy quarkonium production in double Pomeron exchange processes in perturbative QCDMar 20 2001Apr 09 2001We calculate the heavy quarkonium production in double pomeron exchange processes in perturbative QCD by using two-gluon exchange model. For the $P$-wave $\chi_J$ productions, we find $\chi_1$ and $\chi_2$ production amplitudes which vanish in the forward ... More

Single Spin Asymmetry in Inclusive Hadron Production in pp Scattering from Collins MechanismApr 18 2008Apr 21 2008We study the Collins mechanism contribution to the single transverse spin asymmetry in inclusive hadron production in pp scattering p^{\uparrow}p\to \pi X from the leading jet fragmentation. The azimuthal asymmetric distribution of hadron in the jet leads ... More

Azimuthal Asymmetric Distribution of Hadrons Inside a Jet at Hadron ColliderSep 20 2007We study the azimuthal asymmetric distribution of hadrons inside a high energy jet in the single transverse polarized proton proton scattering, coming from the Collins effect multiplied by the quark transversity distribution. We argue that the Collins ... More

The Beam Single Spin Asymmetry in Semi-inclusive Deep Inelastic ScatteringOct 23 2003We study the beam single spin asymmetry in semi-inclusive hadron production in deep inelastic scattering in at order 1/Q. There are two competing contributions: the leading order transverse momentum dependent parton distribution $h_1^\perp(x,k_\perp)$ ... More

Fast Adaptive Beamforming based on kernel method under Small Sample SupportMay 19 2014It is well-known that the high computational complexity and the insufficient samples in large-scale array signal processing restrict the real-world applications of the conventional full-dimensional adaptive beamforming (sample matrix inversion) algorithms. ... More

Hybrid Duplex Switching in Heterogeneous NetworksAug 22 2016In this paper, a novel hybrid-duplex scheme based on received power is proposed for heterogeneous networks (HetNets). In the proposed scheme, the duplex mode (half- or full-duplex) of each user is switchable according to the received power from its serving ... More

Single Transverse-Spin Asymmetry in Drell-Yan Production at Large and Moderate Transverse MomentumApr 04 2006We study the single-transverse spin asymmetry for the Drell-Yan process. We consider production of the lepton pair at large transverse momentum, $q_\perp\sim Q$, where $Q$ is the pair's mass. The spin asymmetry is then of higher twist and may be generated ... More

Effects of entrance channel on fusion probability in hot fusion reactionsJul 25 2016Within the framework of the dinuclear system (DNS) model, the fusion reactions leading to the compound nuclei 274Hs and 286Cn are investigated. The fusion probability as a function of DNS excitation energy is studied. The calculated results are in good ... More

Multilepton Higgs Decays through the Dark PortalAug 28 2013Feb 05 2014The U(1)_D gauge sector containing one dark Higgs boson h_D and one dark photon \gamma_D may be explored through the decays of the 126 GeV particle discovered at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), assumed here as the heavier mass eigenstate h_1 in the mixing ... More

Training Skinny Deep Neural Networks with Iterative Hard Thresholding MethodsJul 19 2016Deep neural networks have achieved remarkable success in a wide range of practical problems. However, due to the inherent large parameter space, deep models are notoriously prone to overfitting and difficult to be deployed in portable devices with limited ... More

Transversal Propagation Behaviors of Helical Edge States In a QSH SystemNov 23 2011May 07 2012The transversal propagation of the edge states in a two-dimensional quantum spin Hall system are classified by decay characteristic quantity $\lambda$. Two different modes of the helical edge states exhibit distinct behaviors. The penetration depth is ... More

Distributed Autonomous Online Learning: Regrets and Intrinsic Privacy-Preserving PropertiesJun 21 2010Feb 04 2011Online learning has become increasingly popular on handling massive data. The sequential nature of online learning, however, requires a centralized learner to store data and update parameters. In this paper, we consider online learning with {\em distributed} ... More

PAMELA/Fermi-LAT electron cosmic ray spectrum at $\sim$100 GeV: implication for dark matter annihilation signal in accordance with the 130 GeV $γ$-ray lineJun 21 2012Jan 29 2013Recently, a tentative 130 GeV $\gamma$-ray line signal was identified by quite a few groups. If correct it would constitute a ``smoking gun'' for dark matter annihilations. Interestingly, the spectra of the cosmic ray electrons detected by PAMELA and ... More

Origin of the different conductive behavior in pentavalent-ion-doped anatase and rutile TiO$_2$May 08 2012The electronic properties of pentavalent-ion (Nb$^{5+}$, Ta$^{5+}$, and I$^{5+}$) doped anatase and rutile TiO$_2$ are studied using spin-polarized GGA+\emph{U} calculations. Our calculated results indicate that these two phases of TiO$_2$ exhibit different ... More

Charge density waves and phonon-electron coupling in ZrTe$_3$ investigated by Raman spectroscopy and first-principles calculationsFeb 07 2015Charge-density-wave (CDW) order has long been interpreted as arising from a Fermi-surface instability in the parent metallic phase. While phonon-electron coupling has been suggested to influence the formation of CDW order in quasi-two-dimensional (quasi-2D) ... More