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Accretion flows: the Role of the Outer Boundary ConditionJul 23 1999We investigate the influences of the outer boundary conditions(OBCs) on the structure of an optically thin accretion flow. We find that OBC plays an important role in determining the topological structure and the profiles of the surface density and temperature ... More

Accretion and ejection in Sgr A*Feb 16 2010We review our current understanding to the accretion and ejection processes in Sgr A*. Roughly speaking, they correspond to the quiescent and flare states of the source respectively. The high-resolution {\it Chandra} observations to the gas at the Bondi ... More

Heavy Quarkonium Production in Single Transverse Polarized High Energy ScatteringJan 28 2008We formulate the single transverse spin asymmetry in heavy quarkonium production in lepton-nucleon and nucleon-nucleon collisions in the non-relativistic limit. We find that the asymmetry is very sensitive to the production mechanism. The final state ... More

Sivers Function in the MIT Bag ModelAug 14 2003The Sivers function, an asymmetric transverse-momentum distribution of the quarks in a transversely polarized nucleon, is calculated in the MIT bag model. The bag quark wave functions contain both $S$-wave and $P$-wave components, and their interference ... More

Luminous hot accretion disksSep 13 2000Dec 05 2000We find a new two-temperature hot branch of equilibrium solutions for stationary accretion disks around black holes. In units of Eddington accretion rate defined as $10L_{\rm Edd}/c^2$, the accretion rates to which these solutions correspond are within ... More

Normal-state pseudogap and electron flat dispersion in copper oxide materialsJun 06 2000The anomalous momentum and doping dependence of the electron spectral function and electron dispersion for copper oxide materials in the underdoped regime are studied within the t-J model. It is shown that the electron spectrum is changed with dopings, ... More

The Hardy-Rellich inequality and uncertainty principle on the sphereDec 17 2012Nov 11 2014Let $\Delta_0$ be the Laplace-Beltrami operator on the unit sphere $\mathbb{S}^{d-1}$ of $\mathbb{R}^d$. We show that the Hardy-Rellich inequality of the form $$ \int_{\mathbb{S}^{d-1}} \left | f (x)\right|^2 d\sigma(x) \leq c_d \min_{e\in \mathbb{S}^{d-1}} ... More

Acute Triangulations of the Cuboctahedral SurfaceSep 20 2012In this paper we prove that the surface of the cuboctahedron can be triangulated into 8 non-obtuse triangles and 12 acute triangles. Furthermore, we show that both bounds are the best possible.

Toward automatic verification of quantum cryptographic protocolsJul 19 2015Several quantum process algebras have been proposed and successfully applied in verification of quantum cryptographic protocols. All of the bisimulations proposed so far for quantum processes in these process algebras are state-based, implying that they ... More

When Equivalence and Bisimulation Join Forces in Probabilistic AutomataNov 14 2013Mar 08 2014Probabilistic automata were introduced by Rabin in 1963 as language acceptors. Two automata are equivalent if and only if they accept each word with the same probability. On the other side, in the process algebra community, probabilistic automata were ... More

Quantum Markov chains: description of hybrid systems, decidability of equivalence, and model checking linear-time propertiesJun 30 2015In this paper, we study a model of quantum Markov chains that is a quantum analogue of Markov chains and is obtained by replacing probabilities in transition matrices with quantum operations. We show that this model is very suited to describe hybrid systems ... More

Observational evidence for AGNs feedback at parsec scaleMay 24 2011In a hot accretion flow, the radiation from the innermost region of the flow propagates outward and heats the electrons at large radii via Compton scattering. It has been shown in previous works that if the radiation is strong enough, $L\ga 2%L_{\rm Edd}$, ... More

Polynomial Approximation in Sobolev Spaces on the Unit Sphere and the Unit BallNov 12 2010This work is a continuation of the recent study by the authors on approximation theory over the sphere and the ball. The main results define new Sobolev spaces on these domains and study polynomial approximations for functions in these spaces, including ... More

Moduli of Smoothness and Approximation on the Unit Sphere and the Unit BallJul 28 2009Jan 13 2010A new modulus of smoothness based on the Euler angles is introduced on the unit sphere and is shown to satisfy all the usual characteristic properties of moduli of smoothness, including direct and inverse theorem for the best approximation by polynomials ... More

Radio--X-ray Correlation and the "Quiescent State" of Black Hole SourcesNov 29 2004Apr 28 2005Recently a correlation between the radio and X-ray luminosities is found, $L_{\rm R}\propto L_{\rm X}^{0.7}$, in black hole sources including black hole candidates in our galaxy and active galactic nuclei. We first show that the correlation can be understood ... More

Single-Transverse Spin Asymmetries: From DIS to Hadronic CollisionsJul 22 2005Sep 28 2005We study single-spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering with transversely polarized target. Based on the QCD factorization approach, we consider Sivers and Collins contributions to the asymmetries. We fit simple parameterizations ... More

Soft Gluon Resummation in Higgs Boson Plus Two Jet Production at the LHCFeb 08 2018In this paper, the soft gluon resummation effect in the Higgs boson plus two-jet production at the LHC is studied. By applying the transverse momentum dependent factorization formalism, the large logarithms introduced by the small total transverse momentum ... More

Long Range Correlation in Higgs Boson Plus Two Jets Production at the LHCApr 30 2016We study Higgs boson plus two high energy jets production at the LHC in the kinematics where the two jets are well separated in rapidity. The partonic processes are dominated by the t-channel weak boson fusion (WBF) and gluon fusion (GF) contributions. ... More

Nonmonotonic gap in the coexisting antiferromagnetic and superconducting state for electron-doped cuprate superconductorsOct 19 2005We argue that the experimentally observed nonmonotonic gap in electron-doped cuprates at optimal doping is the lowest quasiparticle excitation energy in the coexisting antiferromagnetic (AF) and superconducting (SC) state. The idea is implemented by studying ... More

Pseudogap effects on the c-axis charge dynamics in copper oxide materialsJan 19 2000The c-axis charge dynamics of copper oxide materials in the underdoped and optimally doped regimes has been studied by considering the incoherent interlayer hopping. It is shown that the c-axis charge dynamics for the chain copper oxide materials is mainly ... More

NLO QCD Corrections to $B_c$-to-Charmonium Form FactorsMar 10 2011Apr 15 2012The $B_c(^1S_0)$ meson to S-wave Charmonia transition form factors are calculated in next-to-leading order(NLO) accuracy of Quantum Chromodynamics(QCD). Our results indicate that the higher order corrections to these form factors are remarkable, and hence ... More

Finding eta_c' and h_c at HERA-BMay 31 2000Oct 09 2000The production of Charmonium states $\etacp$ and $\hc$ at fixed-target experiment of $pN$ collisions at HERA-$B$ is considered. It is found that the HERA-$B$ at DESY is one of the best machines in further confirming and detecting these two kinds of Charmonia ... More

A Note on the Paper $"$Poincaré Inequality on the Path Space of Poisson Point Processes"Sep 08 2010The priority of Liming Wu for the Poincar\'e inequality for birth-death processes on a Poisson space is announced.

On The Waiting Time for A M/M/1 Queue with ImpatienceApr 06 2017This paper focuses on the problem of modeling the correspondence pattern for ordinary people. Suppose that letters arrive at a rate $\lambda$ and are answered at a rate $\mu$. Furthermore, we assume that, for a constant $T$, a letter is disregarded when ... More

Transverse Spin Structure of the NucleonOct 22 2015We review the current status and future perspectives of theory and experiments of transverse spin phenomena in high-energy scattering processes off nucleon targets and related issues in nucleon structure and QCD. Systematic exploration of transverse spin ... More

Does the circularization radius exist or not for low angular momentum accretion?May 07 2014If the specific angular momentum of accretion gas at large radius is small compared to the local Keplerian value, one usually believes that there exists a "circularization radius" beyond which the angular momentum of accretion flow is almost a constant ... More

Initial and Final State Interaction Effects in Small-x Quark DistributionsAug 26 2010We study the initial and final state interaction effects in the transverse momentum dependent parton distributions in the small-$x$ saturation region. In particular, we discuss the quark distributions in the semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering, Drell-Yan ... More

Single Transverse-Spin Asymmetries at Large-xOct 18 2006The large-$x$ behavior of the transverse-momentum dependent quark distributions is analyzed in the factorization-inspired perturbative QCD framework, particularly for the naive time-reversal-odd quark Sivers function which is responsible for the single ... More

The Structure and Variability of Sagittarius A*: Zooming in to the Supermassive Black Hole at the Galactic CenterMar 04 2002The Galactic center provides a unique astrophysical laboratory for us to study various astrophysical processes. In this paper, we review and outline the latest results from observations of Sgr~A$^*$ in terms of source structure and variations in flux ... More

Enhanced Minijet Production in $A-A$ Collisions from Gluons with Large Transverse MomentaJan 11 2001Apr 25 2001We find supersaturation for the intrinsic gluon distribution of nuclei, i.e. the low $x$ unintegrated nuclear gluon distribution peaks at intermediate transverse momenta $k_t=Q_s$ and vanishes at zero $k_t$. Taking into account the intrinsic transverse ... More

Polarizations of J/ψand ψ' in hadroproduction at Tevatron in the k_t factorization approachSep 19 2000May 13 2001We present a calculation for the polarizations of $J/\psi$ and $\psi'$ produced in the hadron collisions at the Fermilab Tevatron. Various color octet channels including ${}^1S_0^{(8)}$, ${}^3P_J^{(8)}$, and ${}^3S_1^{(8)}$ as well as contributions from ... More

Quarkonium production in SM Higgs decaysMay 22 1998We investigate the SM Higgs decays into heavy quarkonia J/\psi and \Upsilon in both color-singlet and color-octet mechanisms. It is found that in J/\psi production the contribution through color-octet processes overwhelm that in color-singlet processes ... More

Doping and temperature dependence of incommensurate antiferromagnetism in underdoped lanthanum cupratesSep 04 2001The doping, temperature and energy dependence of the dynamical spin structure factors of the underdoped lanthanum cuprates in the normal state is studied within the t-J model using the fermion-spin transformation technique. Incommensurate peaks are found ... More

Hypercontractivity for Functional Stochastic Partial Differential EquationsMar 08 2015Sep 04 2015Explicit sufficient conditions on the hypercontractivity are presented for two classes of functional stochastic partial differential equations driven by, respectively, non-degenerate and degenerate Gaussian noises. Consequently, these conditions imply ... More

Decomposition of Quantum Markov Chains and Zero-error CapacityAug 22 2016Markov chains have been widely applied in information theory and various areas of its applications. Quantum Markov chains are a natural quantum extension of Markov chains. This paper studies irreducibility and periodicity of (discrete time) quantum Markov ... More

Energy Harvesting for Secure OFDMA SystemsSep 12 2014Energy harvesting and physical-layer security in wireless networks are of great significance. In this paper, we study the simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) in downlink orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (OFDMA) systems, ... More

Steady state solution of warped accretion discsMay 25 2009We consider a thin accretion disc warped due to the Bardeen-Petterson effect, presenting both analytical and numerical solutions for the situation that the two viscosity coefficients vary with radius as power law, with the two power law indices not necessarily ... More

Classification and Asymptotic Scaling of Hadron Light-Cone Wave-Function AmplitudesApr 11 2003We classify the hadron light-cone wave-function amplitudes in terms of parton helicity, orbital angular momentum, and quark flavor and color symmetries. We show in detail how this is done for the pion, $\rho$ meson, nucleon, and delta resonance up to ... More

Counting Rule for Hadronic Light-Cone Wave FunctionsJan 17 2003We introduce a systematic way to write down the Fock components of a hadronic light-cone wave function with $n$ partons and orbital angular momentum projection $l_z$. We show that the wave function amplitude $\psi_n(x_i,k_{i\perp},l_{zi})$ has a leading ... More

On the Origin of Ultraviolet Emission and the Accretion Model of Low-luminosity AGNsNov 09 2010Low-luminosity active galactic nuclei (LLAGNs) are generally believed to be powered by an inner radiatively inefficient, advection-dominated accretion flow (ADAF), an outer truncated thin disk, and a jet. Maoz (2007) recently challenged this picture based ... More

Study of gossamer superconductivity and antiferromagnetism in the t-J-U modelSep 22 2004Sep 22 2004The d-wave superconductivity (dSC) and antiferromagnetism are analytically studied in a renormalized mean field theory for a two dimensional t-J model plus an on-site repulsive Hubbard interaction $U$. The purpose of introducing the $U$ term is to partially ... More

Testing RIAF model for Sgr A* using the size measurementsMar 24 2006Recent radio observations by the VLBA at 7 and 3.5 mm produced the high-resolution images of the compact radio source located at the center of our Galaxy--Sgr A*, and detected its wavelength-dependent intrinsic sizes at the two wavelengths. This provides ... More

Asymmetric Di-jet Production in Polarized Hadronic CollisionsApr 09 2007Using the collinear QCD factorization approach, we study the single-transverse-spin dependent cross section Delta sigma(S_perp) for the hadronic production of two jets of momenta P_1=P+q/2 and P_2=-P+q/2. We consider the kinematic region where the transverse ... More

Single Transverse-Spin Asymmetry in Hadronic Dijet ProductionJun 08 2007We study the single transverse-spin asymmetry for dijet production in hadronic collisions in both the collinear QCD factorization approach and the Brodsky-Hwang-Schmidt model. We show that a nonvanishing asymmetry is generated by both initial-state and ... More

Universal Non-perturbative Functions for SIDIS and Drell-Yan ProcessesJun 11 2014Mar 20 2015We update the well-known BLNY fit to the low transverse momentum Drell-Yan lepton pair productions in hadronic collisions, by considering the constraints from the semi-inclusive hadron production in deep inelastic scattering (SIDIS) from HERMES and COMPASS ... More

Thermal conductivity in the doped two-leg ladder antiferromagnet Sr$_{14-x}$Ca$_{x}$Cu$_{24}$O$_{41}$Jun 04 2004Jan 22 2005Within the t-J model, the heat transport of the doped two-leg ladder material Sr$_{14-x}$Ca$_{x}$Cu$_{24}$O$_{41}$ is studied in the doped regime where superconductivity appears under pressure in low temperatures. The energy dependence of the thermal ... More

Prompt J/psi production at e^+e^- collidersMar 27 1997In this paper, we discuss the prompt j/psi production at e^+e^- colliders via color-singlet and color-octet production mechanisms. The color-singlet production processes include 1) e^+e^- to J/\psi gg; 2) e^+e^- to J/\psi c\bar{c}; 3) e^+e^- to q \bar ... More

Determination of color-octet matrix elements from e^+e- process at low energiesJan 24 1997May 06 1997We present an analysis of the preliminary experimental data of direct j/psi production in e^e- process at low energies. We find that the color-octet contributions are crucially important to the cross section at this energy region, and their inclusion ... More

A Crucial Test for Color-Octet Production Mechanism in Z^0 DecaysSep 08 1996The direct production rates of $D$-wave charmonia in the decays of $Z^0$ is evaluated. The color-octet production processes $Z^0\rightarrow ^3D_J(c\bar c) q\bar q$ are shown to have distinctively large branching ratios, the same order of magnitude as ... More

Gluon fragmentation to $^3D_J$ quarkonium and test of color-octet production mechanismJan 19 1998We report the recent progress in the studies of D-wave heavy quarkonia production from gluon fragmentation at the Tevatron and in Z^0 decays, and the D-wave charmonia production in B decays. We show that the color-octet contributions are of crucial importance ... More

Color-singlet and color-octet J/psi production in top quark rare decaysSep 19 1997J/psi production in top quark rare decays is investigated under the framework of NRQCD factorization formalism. Various production channels are studied, and we find that the contributions from the color-singlet quark fragmentation and the color-octet ... More

Infinite Tucker Decomposition: Nonparametric Bayesian Models for Multiway Data AnalysisAug 31 2011Jan 14 2012Tensor decomposition is a powerful computational tool for multiway data analysis. Many popular tensor decomposition approaches---such as the Tucker decomposition and CANDECOMP/PARAFAC (CP)---amount to multi-linear factorization. They are insufficient ... More

Array independent MIMO channel models with analytical characteristicsApr 22 2011The conventional analytical channel models for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless radio channels are array dependent. In this paper, we present several array independent MIMO channel models that inherit the essence of analytical models. The ... More

An Ensemble EM Algorithm for Bayesian Variable SelectionMar 14 2016We study the Bayesian approach to variable selection in the context of linear regression. Motivated by a recent work by Rockova and George (2014), we propose an EM algorithm that returns the MAP estimate of the set of relevant variables. Due to its particular ... More

Model checking quantum Markov chainsMay 10 2012Nov 14 2013Although the security of quantum cryptography is provable based on the principles of quantum mechanics, it can be compromised by the flaws in the design of quantum protocols and the noise in their physical implementations. So, it is indispensable to develop ... More

Local Distinguishability of Multipartite Unitary OperationsMay 10 2007We show that any two different unitary operations acting on an arbitrary multipartite quantum system can be perfectly distinguishable by local operations and classical communication when a finite number of runs is allowed. We then directly extend this ... More

Catalyst-assisted Probabilistic Entanglement TransformationApr 27 2004Mar 04 2005We are concerned with catalyst-assisted probabilistic entanglement transformations. A necessary and sufficient condition is presented under which there exist partial catalysts that can increase the maximal transforming probability of a given entanglement ... More

Reprocessed emission from warped accretion discs induced by the Bardeen-Petterson effectOct 21 2009Dec 14 2009The broad Balmer emission-line profiles resulting from the reprocessing of UV/X-ray radiation from a warped accretion disc induced by the Bardeen-Petterson effect are studied. We adopt a thin warped disc geometry and a central ring-like illuminating source ... More

Numerical Simulation of Hot Accretion Flows (II): Nature, Origin, and Properties of Outflow and Their Possible Observational ApplicationsJun 19 2012Oct 10 2012Previous hydrodynamical (HD) and magnetohydrodynamical (MHD) numerical simulations of hot accretion flows have shown that the mass accretion rate decreases with decreasing radius. Two models have been proposed to explain this result. In the ADIOS model, ... More

Numerical Simulation of Hot Accretion Flows (I): A Large Radial Dynamical Range and the Density Profile of Accretion FlowJun 19 2012Oct 10 2012Numerical simulations of hot accretion flow have shown that the mass accretion rate decreases with decreasing radius; consequently the density profile of accretion flow becomes flatter compared to the case of a constant accretion rate. This result has ... More

Factorization of Large-x Quark Distributions in a HadronNov 30 2004We present a factorization formula for valence quark distributions in a hadron in x-->1 limit. For the example of pion, we arrive at the form of factorization by analyzing momentum flow in the leading and high-order Feynman diagrams. The result confirms ... More

Revisiting the "Fundamental Plane" of Black Hole Activity at Extremely Low LuminositiesFeb 21 2009Aug 06 2009We investigate the origin of the X-ray emission in low-luminosity AGNs (LLAGNs). Yuan & Cui (2005) predicted that the X-ray emission should originate from jets rather than from an advection-dominated accretion flow (ADAF) when the X-ray luminosity $L_{\rm ... More

Charge transport in underdoped bilayer cupratesMay 13 2003Within the t-J model, we study the charge transport in underdoped bilayer cuprates by considering the bilayer interaction. Although the bilayer interaction leads to the band splitting in the electronic structure, the qualitative behavior of the charge ... More

Convergence of energy-dependent incommensurate antiferromagnetic neutron scattering peaks to commensurate resonance in underdoped bilayer cupratesJun 12 2002The recently discovered coexistence of incommensurate antiferromagnetic neutron scattering peaks and commensurate resonance in underdoped YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6+x}$ is calling for an explanation. Within the t-J model, the doping and energy dependence of the ... More

A Tutorial on Libra: R package for the Linearized Bregman Algorithm in High Dimensional StatisticsApr 20 2016The R package, Libra, stands for the LInearized BRegman Al- gorithm in high dimensional statistics. The Linearized Bregman Algorithm is a simple iterative procedure to generate sparse regularization paths of model estimation, which are rstly discovered ... More

Optimal dense coding with arbitrary pure entangled statesApr 20 2006Aug 17 2006We examine dense coding with an arbitrary pure entangled state sharing between the sender and the receiver. Upper bounds on the average success probability in approximate dense coding and on the probability of conclusive results in unambiguous dense coding ... More

Local cloning of two product statesJan 17 2005Mar 23 2005Local quantum operations and classical communication (LOCC) put considerable constraints on many quantum information processing tasks such as cloning and discrimination. Surprisingly however, discrimination of any two pure states survives such constraints ... More

Transverse-Momentum-Dependent Gluon Distributions and Semi-inclusive Processes at Hadron CollidersMar 02 2005Mar 24 2005We study transverse-momentum-dependent (TMD) gluon distributions and factorization theorems for the gluon-initiated semi-inclusive processes at hadron colliders. Gauge-invariant TMD gluon distributions are defined, and their relations to the integrated ... More

QCD Factorization for Spin-Dependent Cross Sections in DIS and Drell-Yan Processes at Low Transverse MomentumMay 10 2004Jun 28 2004Based on a recent work on the quantum chromodynamic (QCD) factorization for semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (DIS), we present a set of factorization formulas for the spin-dependent DIS and Drell-Yan cross sections at low transverse momentum.

Three-Quark Light-Cone Amplitudes of The Proton And Quark-Orbital-Motion Dependent ObservablesOct 30 2002We study the three-quark light-cone amplitudes of the proton including quarks' transverse momenta. We classify these amplitudes using a newly-developed method in which light-cone wave functions are constructed from a class of light-cone matrix elements. ... More

Partial Recovery of Quantum EntanglementApr 07 2004Feb 09 2007Suppose Alice and Bob try to transform an entangled state shared between them into another one by local operations and classical communications. Then in general a certain amount of entanglement contained in the initial state will decrease in the process ... More

Unambiguous discrimination between quantum mixed statesMar 20 2004Apr 07 2005We prove that the states secretly chosen from a mixed state set can be perfectly discriminated if and only if these states are orthogonal. The sufficient and necessary condition when nonorthogonal quantum mixed states can be unambiguously discriminated ... More

Relation Between Catalyst-assisted Entanglement Transformation and Multiple-copy TransformationDec 12 2003Oct 17 2006We show that in some cases, catalyst-assisted entanglement transformation cannot be implemented by multiple-copy transformation for pure states. This fact, together with the result we obtained in [R. Y. Duan, Y. Feng, X. Li, and M. S. Ying, Phys. Rev. ... More

Alternation in Quantum Programming: From Superposition of Data to Superposition of ProgramsFeb 20 2014We extract a novel quantum programming paradigm - superposition of programs - from the design idea of a popular class of quantum algorithms, namely quantum walk-based algorithms. The generality of this paradigm is guaranteed by the universality of quantum ... More

Probing Parton Orbital Angular Momentum in Longitudinally Polarized NucleonJul 22 2012While the total orbital angular momentum (OAM) of a definite quark flavor in a longitudinally-polarized nucleon can be obtained through a sum rule involving twist-two generalized parton distribution (GPDs), its distribution as a function of parton momentum ... More

Modeling the hard states of three black hole candidatesMay 24 2010Jun 05 2010Simultaneous multiwavelength observations were recently performed for three black hole candidates --- SWIFT J1753.5-0127, GRO J1655-40 and XTE J1720-318. In this paper we test the accretion-jet model originally proposed to XTE J1118+480 by investigating ... More

On the origin of X-ray emission in some FR Is: ADAF or jet?Jun 28 2007We investigate the X-ray origin in FR Is using the radio, submillimetre, optical, and {\em Chandra} X-ray data of a small sample consisting of eight FR I sources. These sources are very dim, with X-ray luminosities $L_{\rm X}/L_{\rm Edd} \sim 10^{-4}-10^{-8}$ ... More

X-ray Spectral Variability of TeV Blazars during Rapid FlaresApr 25 2006May 08 2006The spectral energy distribution (SED) of TeV blazars peaks both at keV and TeV energies. The X-ray emission is generally believed to originate in the synchrotron emission from relativistic electrons (and positrons) in the jet of these sources, while ... More

An Accretion-Jet Model for Black Hole Binaries: Interpreting the Spectral and Timing Features of XTE J1118+480Jul 29 2004Nov 24 2004Multi-wavelength observations of the black hole X-ray binary XTE J1118+480 have offered abundant spectral and timing information about the source, and have thus provided serious challenges to theoretical models. We propose a coupled accretion-jet model ... More

Scheme dependence and Transverse Momentum Distribution interpretation of Collins-Soper-Sterman resummationMay 21 2015Following an earlier derivation by Catani-de Florian-Grazzini (2000) on the scheme dependence in the Collins-Soper-Sterman (CSS) resummation formalism in hard scattering processes, we investigate the scheme dependence of the Transverse Momentum Distributions ... More

On the Relation Between Mechanisms for Single-Transverse-Spin AsymmetriesNov 05 2007Jan 14 2008Recent studies have shown that two widely-used mechanisms for single-transverse-spin asymmetries based on either twist-three contributions or on transverse-momentum-dependent (Sivers) parton distributions become identical in a kinematical regime of overlap. ... More

Transverse Momentum Distribution Through Soft-Gluon Resummation in Effective Field TheoryJul 15 2005We study resummation of transverse-momentum-related large logarithms generated from soft-gluon radiations in soft-collinear effective field theory. The anomalous dimensions of the effective quark and gluon currents, an important ingredient for the resummation, ... More

QCD Evolution of the Transverse Momentum Dependent CorrelationsDec 24 2008We study the QCD evolution for the twist-three quark-gluon correlation functions associated with the transverse momentum odd quark distributions. Different from that for the leading twist quark distributions, these evolution equations involve more general ... More

Distribution-based Bisimulation and Bisimulation Metric in Probabilistic AutomataDec 16 2015Probabilistic automata were introduced by Rabin in 1963 as language acceptors. Two automata are equivalent if and only if they accept each word with the same probability. On the other side, in the process algebra community, probabilistic automata were ... More

Hunting the Gluon Orbital Angular Momentum at the Electron-Ion ColliderDec 07 2016Applying the connection between the parton Wigner distribution and orbital angular momentum (OAM), we investigate the probe of the gluon OAM in hard scattering processes at the planned electron-ion collider. We show that the single longitudinal target-spin ... More

Condition and capability of quantum state separationJun 02 2005Jul 18 2005The linearity of quantum operations puts many fundamental constraints on the information processing tasks we can achieve on a quantum system whose state is not exactly known, just as we observe in quantum cloning and quantum discrimination. In this paper ... More

Outflow from Hot Accretion FlowsOct 23 2012Numerical simulations of hot accretion flows have shown that the mass accretion rate decreases with decreasing radius. Two models have been proposed to explain this result. In the adiabatic inflow-outflow solution (ADIOS), it is thought to be due to the ... More

Asymptotic Log-Harnack Inequality and Applications for Stochastic Systems of Infinite MemoryOct 03 2017Sep 07 2018The asymptotic log-Harnack inequality is established for several different models of stochastic differential systems with infinite memory: non-degenerate SDEs, Neutral SDEs, semi-linear SPDEs, and stochastic Hamiltonian systems. As applications, the following ... More

QCD Factorization for Semi-Inclusive Deep-Inelastic Scattering at Low Transverse MomentumApr 21 2004We demonstrate a factorization formula for semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering with hadrons in the current fragmentation region detected at low transverse momentum. To facilitate the factorization, we introduce the transverse-momentum dependent parton ... More

Thick Accretion Disk Model for Ultraluminous Supersoft SourcesJan 18 2016We propose a geometrically thick, super-Eddington accretion disk model, where an optically thick wind is not necessary, to understand ultraluminous supersoft sources (ULSs). For high mass accretion rates $\dot M \ga 30\dot M_{\rm Edd}$ and not small inclination ... More

Universal Suppression of Heavy Quarkonium Production in pA Collisions at Low Transverse MomentumOct 08 2013The nuclear suppression of heavy quarkonium production at low transverse momentum in pA collisions in high energy scatterings is investigated in the small-x factorization formalism. A universal suppression is found in the large Nc limit between the two ... More

On the linearly polarized gluon distributions in the color dipole modelSep 28 2011Jan 31 2012We show that the linearly polarized gluon distributions appear in the color dipole model as we derive the full cross sections of the DIS dijet production and the Drell-Yan dijet ($\gamma^*$ jet correlation) process. Together with the normal Weizs\"acker-Williams ... More

Influence of intrinsic decoherence on tripartite entanglement and bipartite fidelity of polar molecules in pendular statesApr 03 2016An array of ultracold polar molecules trapped in an external electric field is regarded as a promising carrier of quantum information. Under the action of this field, molecules are compelled to undergo pendular oscillations by the Stark effect. Particular ... More

Black Hole Shadow Image and Visibility Analysis of Sagittarius A*Mar 12 2007Mar 13 2007The compact dark objects with very large masses residing at the centres of galaxies are believed to be black holes. Due to the gravitational lensing effect, they would cast a shadow larger than their horizon size over the background, whose shape and size ... More

Effect of interfacial strain on spin injection and spin polarization of Co2CrAl/NaNbO3/Co2CrAl magnetic tunneling junctionApr 03 2012First-principles calculations were carried out to investigate interfacial strain effects on spin injection and spin polarization of a magnetic tunnel junction consisting of half-metallic full-Heusler alloy Co2CrAl and ferroelectric perovskite NaNbO3. ... More

Identification and Distance Measures of Measurement ApparatusJan 13 2006Apr 05 2006We propose simple schemes that can perfectly identify projective measurement apparatus secretly chosen from a finite set. Entanglements are used in these schemes both to make possible the perfect identification and to improve the efficiency significantly. ... More

Quantum operation, quantum Fourier transform and semi-definite programmingApr 22 2003Dec 25 2003We analyze a class of quantum operations based on a geometrical representation of $d-$level quantum system (or qudit for short). A sufficient and necessary condition of complete positivity, expressed in terms of the quantum Fourier transform, is found ... More

Model Checking Applied to Quantum PhysicsFeb 08 2019Model checking has been successfully applied to verification of computer hardware and software, communication systems and even biological systems. In this paper, we further push the boundary of its applications and show that it can be adapted for applications ... More

Modeling Attention Flow on GraphsNov 01 2018Jan 08 2019Real-world scenarios demand reasoning about process, more than final outcome prediction, to discover latent causal chains and better understand complex systems. It requires the learning algorithms to offer both accurate predictions and clear interpretations. ... More

Magneto-thermal Disk Wind from Protoplanetary DisksNov 20 2015Global evolution and dispersal of protoplanetary disks (PPDs) is governed by disk angular momentum transport and mass-loss processes. Recent numerical studies suggest that angular momentum transport in the inner region of PPDs is largely driven by magnetized ... More