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Towards mapping the turbulence in the intra-cluster medium -- II. Measurement uncertainties in the estimation of structure functionsApr 12 2019X-ray observations of the hot gas filling the intra-cluster medium provide a wealth of information on the dynamics of clusters of galaxies. The global equilibrium of the ICM is believed to be partially ensured by non-thermal pressure support, notably ... More

New insights on the thermal dust from the far-infrared to the centimeterOct 28 2003We present a compilation of PRONAOS-based results concerning the temperature dependence of the dust submillimeter spectral index, including data from Galactic cirrus, star-forming regions, dust associated to a young stellar object, and a spiral galaxy. ... More

Study of Cosmic Ray Impact on Planck/HFI Low Temperature DetectorsApr 04 2014Apr 16 2014After the focal plane of the HFI instrument of the Planck mission (launched in May 2009) reached its operational temperature, we observed thermal signatures of interactions of cosmic rays with the Planck satellite, located at the L2 Lagrange point. When ... More

The Galactic dust as a foreground to Cosmic Microwave Background mapsAug 06 2003We present results obtained with the PRONAOS balloon-borne experiment on interstellar dust. In particular, the submillimeter / millimeter spectral index is found to vary between roughly 1 and 2.5 on small scales (3.5' resolution). This could have implications ... More

Inverse temperature dependence of the dust submillimeter spectral indexOct 03 2003We present here a compilation of PRONAOS-based results concerning the temperature dependence of the dust submillimeter spectral index, including data from Galactic cirrus, star-forming regions and a circumstellar envelope. We observe large variations ... More

Analysis of ProNaOS submillimeter maps in the M42 Orion Nebula - Temperature - spectral index inverse correlation in several regionsFeb 06 2001We have mapped with the French submillimeter balloon-borne telescope ProNaOS the thermal emission of the dust in the M42 Orion Nebula. The map obtained is 50' by 40' with an angular resolution of about 3' in the four efficient wavelengths 200 $\mic$, ... More

The complete submillimetre spectrum of NGC 891May 13 2003May 15 2003Submillimetre maps of NGC 891 have been obtained with the PRONAOS balloon-borne telescope and with the ISOPHOT instrument on board the ISO satellite. In this article, we also gather data from IRAS and SCUBA to present the complete submillimetre spectrum ... More

Submillimeter dust emission of the M17 complex measured with PRONAOSJun 19 2002We map a 50' x 30' area in and around the M17 molecular complex with the French submillimeter balloon-borne telescope PRONAOS, in order to better understand the thermal emission of cosmic dust and the structure of the interstellar medium. The PRONAOS-SPM ... More

Submillimeter mapping and analysis of cold dust condensations in the Orion M42 star forming complexFeb 23 2001We present here the continuum submillimeter maps of the molecular cloud around the M42 Nebula in the Orion region. These have been obtained in four wavelength bands (200, 260, 360 and 580 microns) with the ProNaOS two meter balloon-borne telescope. The ... More

Inverse temperature dependence of the dust submillimeter spectral indexApr 14 2003We present a compilation of PRONAOS-based results concerning the temperature dependence of the dust submillimeter spectral index, including data from Galactic cirrus, star-forming regions, dust associated to a young stellar object, and a spiral galaxy. ... More

Deep Learning for Physical Processes: Incorporating Prior Scientific KnowledgeNov 21 2017Jan 09 2018We consider the use of Deep Learning methods for modeling complex phenomena like those occurring in natural physical processes. With the large amount of data gathered on these phenomena the data intensive paradigm could begin to challenge more traditional ... More

First measurement of the submillimetre Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effectJun 09 1998Sep 03 1998We report the first detection of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich increment on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) at submillimetre wavelengths in the direction of a cluster of galaxies.It was achieved towards the rich cluster Abell 2163, using the PRONAOS 2-metre ... More

Athena X-IFU synthetic observations of galaxy clusters to probe the chemical enrichment of the UniverseSep 24 2018Answers to the metal production of the Universe can be found in galaxy clusters, notably within their Intra-Cluster Medium (ICM). The X-ray Integral Field Unit (X-IFU) on board the next-generation European X-ray observatory Athena (2030s) will provide ... More

Submillimeter and Far-InfraRed Experiment (SAFIRE): A PI class instrument for SOFIAMar 24 2000SAFIRE is a versatile imaging Fabry-Perot spectrograph covering 145 to 655 microns, with spectral resolving powers ranging over 5-10,000. Selected as a "PI" instrument for the airborne Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), SAFIRE will ... More

The Planck High Frequency Instrument, a 3rd generation CMB experiment, and a full sky submillimeter surveyAug 05 2003The High Frequency Instrument (HFI) of Planck is the most sensitive CMB experiment ever planned. Statistical fluctuations (photon noise) of the CMB itself will be the major limitation to the sensitivity of the CMB channels. Higher frequency channels will ... More

Planck intermediate results. XXII. Frequency dependence of thermal emission from Galactic dust in intensity and polarizationMay 05 2014May 11 2015Planck has mapped the intensity and polarization of the sky at microwave frequencies with unprecedented sensitivity. We make use of the Planck 353 GHz I, Q, and U Stokes maps as dust templates, and cross-correlate them with the Planck and WMAP data at ... More

In-flight measurement of Planck telescope emissivityJan 29 2018The Planck satellite in orbit mission ended in October 2013. Between the end of Low Frequency Instrument (LFI) routine mission operations and the satellite decommissioning, a dedicated test was also performed to measure the Planck telescope emissivity. ... More

Planck intermediate results. XLI. A map of lensing-induced B-modesDec 09 2015Sep 23 2016The secondary cosmic microwave background (CMB) $B$-modes stem from the post-decoupling distortion of the polarization $E$-modes due to the gravitational lensing effect of large-scale structures. These lensing-induced $B$-modes constitute both a valuable ... More

High resolution SZ observations at the IRAM 30-m telescope with NIKASep 03 2014High resolution observations of the thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (tSZ) effect are necessary to allow the use of clusters of galaxies as a probe for large scale structures at high redshifts. With its high resolution and dual-band capability at millimeter ... More

NIKA 2: next-generation continuum/polarized camera at the IRAM 30 m telescope and its prototypeFeb 04 2016NIKA 2 (New Instrument of Kids Array) is a next generation continuum and polarized instrument successfully installed in October 2015 at the IRAM 30 m telescope on Pico-Veleta (Granada, Spain). NIKA 2 is a high resolution dual-band camera, operating with ... More

The NIKA 2012-2014 observing campaigns: control of systematic effects and resultsSep 02 2014The New IRAM KID Array (NIKA) is a dual-band camera operating with frequency multiplexed arrays of Lumped Element Kinetic Inductance Detectors (LEKIDs) cooled to 100 mK. NIKA is designed to observe the intensity and polarisation of the sky at 1.25 and ... More

Detection of the tSZ effect with the NIKA cameraDec 10 2013We present the first detection of the thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (tSZ) effect from a cluster of galaxies performed with a KIDs (Kinetic Inductance Detectors) based instrument. The tSZ effect is a distortion of the black body CMB (Cosmic Microwave Background) ... More

The NIKA instrument: results and perspectives towards a permanent KID based camera for the Pico Veleta observatoryDec 17 2013The New IRAM KIDs Array (NIKA) is a pathfinder instrument devoted to millimetric astronomy. In 2009 it was the first multiplexed KID camera on the sky; currently it is installed at the focal plane of the IRAM 30-meters telescope at Pico Veleta (Spain). ... More

First observation of the thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect with kinetic inductance detectorsOct 23 2013Sep 03 2014Clusters of galaxies provide valuable information on the evolution of the Universe and large scale structures. Recent cluster observations via the thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (tSZ) effect have proven to be a powerful tool to detect and study them. In this ... More

Performance and calibration of the NIKA camera at the IRAM 30 m telescopeFeb 02 2014Sep 02 2014The New IRAM KID Array (NIKA) instrument is a dual-band imaging camera operating with Kinetic Inductance Detectors (KID) cooled at 100 mK. NIKA is designed to observe the sky at wavelengths of 1.25 and 2.14 mm from the IRAM 30 m telescope at Pico Veleta ... More

Latest NIKA results and the NIKA-2 projectOct 04 2013Sep 10 2014NIKA (New IRAM KID Arrays) is a dual-band imaging instrument installed at the IRAM (Institut de RadioAstronomie Millimetrique) 30-meter telescope at Pico Veleta (Spain). Two distinct Kinetic Inductance Detectors (KID) focal planes allow the camera to ... More

PILOT: a balloon-borne experiment to measure the polarized FIR emission of dust grains in the interstellar mediumOct 13 2014Future cosmology space missions will concentrate on measuring the polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background, which potentially carries invaluable information about the earliest phases of the evolution of our universe. Such ambitious projects will ... More

Calibration and First light of the Diabolo photometer at the Millimetre and Infrared Testa Grigia ObservatoryDec 17 1999We have designed and built a large-throughput dual channel photometer, Diabolo. This photometer is dedicated to the observation of millimetre continuum diffuse sources, and in particular, of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect and of anisotropies of the 3K ... More

Characterization and Physical Explanation of Energetic Particles on Planck HFI InstrumentMar 22 2014The Planck High Frequency Instrument (HFI) has been surveying the sky continuously from the second Lagrangian point (L2) between August 2009 and January 2012. It operates with 52 high impedance bolometers cooled at 100mK in a range of frequency between ... More

Impact of particles on the Planck HFI detectors: Ground-based measurements and physical interpretationMar 26 2014Sep 02 2014The Planck High Frequency Instrument (HFI) surveyed the sky continuously from August 2009 to January 2012. Its noise and sensitivity performance were excellent, but the rate of cosmic ray impacts on the HFI detectors was unexpectedly high. Furthermore, ... More

The NIKA2 commissioning campaign: performance and first resultsMay 27 2016May 31 2016The New IRAM KID Array 2 (NIKA 2) is a dual-band camera operating with three frequency-multiplexed kilopixels arrays of Lumped Element Kinetic Inductance Detectors (LEKID) cooled at 150 mK. NIKA 2 is designed to observe the intensity and polarisation ... More

NIKA 150 GHz polarization observations of the Crab nebula and its spectral energy distributionApr 25 2018May 06 2018The Crab nebula is a supernova remnant exhibiting a highly polarized synchrotron radiation at radio and millimeter wavelengths. It is the brightest source in the microwave sky with an extension of 7 by 5 arcminutes and commonly used as a standard candle ... More

Sub-structure and merger detection in resolved NIKA Sunyaev-Zel'dovich images of distant clustersDec 05 2017Sub-structures in the hot gas of galaxy clusters are related to their formation history and to the astrophysical processes at play in the intracluster medium (ICM). The thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (tSZ) effect is directly sensitive to the line-of-sight ... More

Probing changes of dust properties along a chain of solar-type prestellar and protostellar cores in Taurus with NIKAJun 26 2017The characterization of dust properties in the interstellar medium (ISM) is key for star formation. Mass estimates are crucial to determine gravitational collapse conditions for the birth of new stellar objects in molecular clouds. However, most of these ... More

Mapping the kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect toward MACS J0717.5+3745 with NIKAJun 24 2016Measurement of the gas velocity distribution in galaxy clusters provides insight into the physics of mergers, through which large scale structures form in the Universe. Velocity estimates within the intracluster medium (ICM) can be obtained via the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich ... More

Non parametric deprojection of NIKA SZ observations: pressure distribution in the Planck-discovered cluster PSZ1 G045.85+57.71Jul 26 2016The determination of the thermodynamic properties of clusters of galaxies at intermediate and high redshift can bring new insights into the formation of large scale structures. It is essential for a robust calibration of the mass-observable scaling relations ... More

Mapping the hot gas temperature in galaxy clusters using X-ray and Sunyaev-Zel'dovich imagingJun 30 2017Jul 21 2017We propose a method to map the temperature distribution of the hot gas in galaxy clusters that uses resolved images of the thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (tSZ) effect in combination with X-ray data. Application to images from the New IRAM KIDs Array (NIKA) ... More

QUBIC: Exploring the primordial Universe with the Q\&U Bolometric InterferometerNov 30 2018Jan 23 2019In this paper we describe QUBIC, an experiment that will observe the polarized microwave sky with a novel approach, which combines the sensitivity of state-of-the art bolometric detectors with the systematic effects control typical of interferometers. ... More

The geometry of the magnetic field in the Central Molecular Zone measured by PILOTJan 18 2019We present the first far infrared (FIR) dust emission polarization map covering the full extent Milky Way's Central molecular zone (CMZ). The data, obtained with the PILOT balloon-borne experiment, covers the Galactic Center region $-2\,^\circ<l<2\,^\circ$, ... More

Polarimetry at millimeter wavelengths with the NIKA camera: calibration and performanceSep 07 2016Magnetic fields, which play a major role in a large number of astrophysical processes from galactic to cosmological scales, can be traced via observations of dust polarization as demonstrated by the Planck satellite results. In particular, low-resolution ... More

High angular resolution SZ observations with NIKA and NIKA2May 31 2016NIKA2 (New IRAM KID Arrays) is a dual band (150 and 260 GHz) imaging camera based on Kinetic Inductance Detectors (KIDs) and designed to work at the IRAM 30 m telescope (Pico Veleta, Spain). Built on the experience of the NIKA prototype, NIKA2 has been ... More

Polarimetry at millimeter wavelengths with the NIKA camera: calibration and performanceSep 07 2016Feb 24 2017Magnetic fields, which play a major role in a large number of astrophysical processes from galactic to cosmological scales, can be traced via observations of dust polarization as demonstrated by the Planck satellite results. In particular, low-resolution ... More

Mapping the kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect toward MACS J0717.5+3745 with NIKAJun 24 2016Dec 08 2016Measurement of the gas velocity distribution in galaxy clusters provides insight into the physics of mergers, through which large scale structures form in the Universe. Velocity estimates within the intracluster medium (ICM) can be obtained via the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich ... More

Learning Dynamical Systems from Partial ObservationsFeb 26 2019We consider the problem of forecasting complex, nonlinear space-time processes when observations provide only partial information of on the system's state. We propose a natural data-driven framework, where the system's dynamics are modelled by an unknown ... More

Planck pre-launch status: High Frequency Instrument polarization calibrationApr 15 2010The High Frequency Instrument of Planck will map the entire sky in the millimeter and sub-millimeter domain from 100 to 857 GHz with unprecedented sensitivity to polarization ($\Delta P/T_{\tiny cmb} \sim 4\cdot 10^{-6}$) at 100, 143, 217 and 353 GHz. ... More

Non-parametric deprojection of NIKA SZ observations: Pressure distribution in the Planck-discovered cluster PSZ1 G045.85+57.71Jul 26 2016Oct 05 2016The determination of the thermodynamic properties of clusters of galaxies at intermediate and high redshift can bring new insights into the formation of large-scale structures. It is essential for a robust calibration of the mass-observable scaling relations ... More

High-resolution tSZ cartography of clusters of galaxies with NIKA at the IRAM 30-m telescopeFeb 25 2016The thermal Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect (tSZ) is a powerful probe to study clusters of galaxies and is complementary with respect to X-ray, lensing or optical observations. Previous arcmin resolution tSZ observations ({\it e.g.} SPT, ACT and Planck) only ... More

The NIKA2 instrument, a dual-band kilopixel KID array for millimetric astronomyJan 12 2016NIKA2 (New IRAM KID Array 2) is a camera dedicated to millimeter wave astronomy based upon kilopixel arrays of Kinetic Inductance Detectors (KID). The pathfinder instrument, NIKA, has already shown state-of-the-art detector performance. NIKA2 builds upon ... More

High angular resolution Sunyaev-Zel'dovich observations of MACS J1423.8+2404 with NIKA: Multiwavelength analysisOct 22 2015Feb 15 2016The prototype of the NIKA2 camera, NIKA, is an instrument operating at the IRAM 30-m telescope, which can observe simultaneously at 150 and 260GHz. One of the main goals of NIKA2 is to measure the pressure distribution in galaxy clusters at high resolution ... More

Pressure distribution of the high-redshift cluster of galaxies CL J1226.9+3332 with NIKAOct 10 2014May 15 2015The thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (tSZ) effect is expected to provide a low scatter mass proxy for galaxy clusters since it is directly proportional to the cluster thermal energy. The tSZ observations have proven to be a powerful tool for detecting and studying ... More

First polarised light with the NIKA cameraAug 04 2015Oct 07 2015NIKA is a dual-band camera operating with 315 frequency multiplexed LEKIDs cooled at 100 mK. NIKA is designed to observe the sky in intensity and polarisation at 150 and 260 GHz from the IRAM 30-m telescope. It is a test-bench for the final NIKA2 camera. ... More

Fokker-Planck and Quasilinear CodesJan 13 2005The interaction of radio-frequency waves with a plasma is described by a Fokker-Planck equation with an added quasilinear term. Methods for solving this equation on a computer are discussed.

Numerical Techniques for the Study of Long-Time CorrelationsJan 26 2004In the study of long-time correlations extremely long orbits must be calculated. This may be accomplished much more reliably using fixed-point arithmetic. Use of this arithmetic on the Cray-1 computer is illustrated.

Phase diagram of the half-filled two-dimensional SU(N) Hubbard-Heisenberg model: a quantum Monte Carlo studyJun 03 2004We investigate the phase diagram of the half-filled SU(N) Hubbard-Heisenberg model with hopping t, exchange J and Hubbard U, on a square lattice. In the large-N limit, and as a function of decreasing values of t/J, the model shows a transition from a ... More

Coherence scale of the two-dimensional Kondo Lattice modelJan 07 2004A doped hole in the two-dimensional half-filled Kondo lattice model with exchange J and hopping t has momentum (pi,pi) irrespective of the coupling J/t. The quasiparticle residue of the doped hole, Z_{(\pi, \pi)}, tracks the Kondo scale, T_K, of the corresponding ... More

UHECRs from the Radio Lobes of AGNsSep 23 2008Oct 07 2008We report a stochastic mechanism of particle acceleration from first principles in an environment having properties like those of Radio Lobes in AGNs. We show that energies $\sim 10^{20}$ eV are reached in $\sim 10^6$ years for protons. Our results reopen ... More

Taub, Rindler, and the static plateFeb 03 2005An infinite 3D plate of homogeneous incompressible fluid is considered, with finite thickness, together with a 2D infinite homogeneous mass in its centre. Einstein equations are exactly solved, in the interior of the 3D mass. The solution is joined to ... More

Separations inside a cubeDec 28 2001Two points are randomly selected inside a three-dimensional euclidian cube. The value l of their separation lies somewhere between zero and the length of a diagonal of the cube. The probability density P(l) of the separation is obtained analytically. ... More

Cosmic crystallography in a circleMay 15 2000Oct 05 2000In a circle (an S^1) with circumference 1 assume m objects distributed pseudo-randomly. In the universal covering R^1 assume the objects replicated accordingly, and take an interval L>1. In this interval, make the normalized histogram of the pair separations ... More

Synchronization of non-chaotic dynamical systemsAug 09 1999Dec 14 2000A synchronization mechanism driven by annealed noise is studied for two replicas of a coupled-map lattice which exhibits stable chaos (SC), i.e. irregular behavior despite a negative Lyapunov spectrum. We show that the observed synchronization transition, ... More

tbW vertex in the Littlest Higgs Model with T-parityOct 27 2008Feb 12 2009A study of the effective tbW vertex is done in the littlest Higgs model with T parity that includes the one loop induced weak dipole coefficient f_{2R}. The top's width, the W-boson helicity in the t-> bW^+ decay as well as the t-channel and the s-channel ... More

Non-Statistical gamma Rays from FragmentsOct 09 2007Polarization mechanism by Strutinsky-Denisov gives rise to the electric dipole radiation from fragments. Its probability calculated within the LDM turns out to be ~3.5x10-2 per fission. The radiation occurs during thermolization of the post-rupture deformation ... More

Stochastic Optimal Control with Delay in the Control II: Verification Theorem and Optimal FeedbacksJul 21 2016We consider a stochastic optimal control problem governed by a stochastic differential equation with delay in the control. Using a result of existence and uniqueness of a sufficiently regular mild solution of the associated Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) ... More

A hyperbolic analog of the phasor addition formulaNov 20 2014Feb 23 2017In this article we review the basics of the phasor formalism in a rigorous way, highlighting the physical motivation behind it and presenting a hyperbolic counterpart of the phasor addition formula.

Measurement of wave-particle interaction and metastable lifetime using laser-induced fluorescenceFeb 27 2019Extensive information, such as ion temperature and wave-particle interactions, can be obtained by direct measurement of ion distribution functions using laser-induced fluorescence (LIF). This nonintrusive plasma diagnostic provides an important window ... More

Measurement of wave-particle interaction and metastable lifetime using laser-induced fluorescenceFeb 27 2019Apr 20 2019Extensive information, such as ion temperature and wave-particle interactions, can be obtained by direct measurement of ion distribution functions using laser-induced fluorescence (LIF). This nonintrusive plasma diagnostic provides an important window ... More

Two- and three- dimensional few-body systems in the universal regimeNov 11 2014Macro properties of cold atomic gases are driven by few-body correlations, even if the gas has thousands of particles. Quantum systems composed of two and three particles with attractive zero\=/range pairwise interactions are considered for general masses ... More

SU(2)-spin Invariant Auxiliary Field Quantum Monte Carlo Algorithm for Hubbard modelsJun 25 1998Auxiliary field quantum Monte Carlo methods for Hubbard models are generally based on a Hubbard-Stratonovitch transformation where the field couples to the z-component of the spin. This transformation breaks SU(2) spin invariance. The symmetry is restored ... More

Adiabatic Magnetization of Superconductors as a High-Performance Cooling MechanismNov 25 2008The adiabatic magnetization of a superconductor is a cooling principle proposed in the 30s, which has never been exploited up to now. Here we present a detailed dynamic description of the effect, computing the achievable final temperatures as well as ... More

Hybrid superconducting quantum magnetometerMar 18 2011Dec 03 2011A superconducting quantum magnetometer based on magnetic flux-driven modulation of the density of states of a proximized metallic nanowire is theoretically analyzed. With optimized geometrical and material parameters transfer functions up to a few mV/Phi_0 ... More

Long-Time Correlations in the Stochastic RegimeJan 11 2005The phase space for Hamiltonians of two degrees of freedom is usually divided into stochastic and integrable components. Even when well into the stochastic regime, integrable orbits may surround small stable regions or islands. The effect of these islands ... More

Temporal Evolution of Lower Hybrid Waves in the Presence of Ponderomotive Density FluctuationsJan 10 2005The propagation of lower hybrid waves in the presence of ponderomotive density fluctuations is considered. The problem is treated in two dimensions and, in order to be able to correctly impose the boundary conditions, the waves are allowed to evolve in ... More

Algorithms for geodesicsSep 21 2011Mar 28 2012Algorithms for the computation of geodesics on an ellipsoid of revolution are given. These provide accurate, robust, and fast solutions to the direct and inverse geodesic problems and they allow differential and integral properties of geodesics to be ... More

Stochastic Optimal Control with Delay in the Control I: solving the HJB equation through partial smoothingJul 21 2016Stochastic optimal control problems governed by delay equations with delay in the control are usually more difficult to study than the the ones when the delay appears only in the state. This is particularly true when we look at the associated Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman ... More

Experimentally obtaining metrics in general relativityMay 10 2005It seems to be not well known that the metrics of general relativity (GR) can be obtained without integrating Einstein equations. To that, we need only define a unit for GR-interval $\Delta s$, and observe 10 geodesics (out of which at least one must ... More

Right-Left Asymmetry of Radiation from FissionOct 09 2007The effect of the right-left asymmetry is considered in the predicted earlier electric dipole radiation from fission fragments arising due to the Strutinski-Denisov induced polarisation mechanism. The magnitude of the asymmetry parameter is on the level ... More

Gas accretion on spiral galaxies: bar formation and renewalJun 17 2002The effects of gas accretion on spiral disk dynamics and stability are studied through N-body simulations, including star formation and gas/stars mass exchange. The detailed processes of bar formation, bar destruction and bar re-formation are followed, ... More

Formation of polar ring galaxiesJan 20 2003Feb 04 2003Polar ring galaxies are peculiar systems in which a gas rich, nearly polar ring surrounds an early-type or elliptical host galaxy. Two formation scenarios for these objects have been proposed: they are thought to form either in major galaxy mergers or ... More

Cosmology in massive conformal gravityOct 19 2014Sep 25 2015In this article we find the cosmological solutions of the massive conformal gravity field equations in the presence of matter fields. In particular, we show that the solution of negative spatial curvature is in good agreement with our universe.

FCNC production of same sign Top quark pairs at the LHCNov 05 2003Nov 06 2003We study the possibility of same sign top quark pair production at the LHC (and the VLHC) as a direct probe of FCNC processes. Besides the SM neutral Z boson, two other neutral bosons are considered, a top-Higgs type scalar and a Z' boson that appear ... More

A new geometrical approach to metric-affine gravityJul 16 2013Here we consider a metric-affine theory of gravity in which the gravitational Lagrangian is the scalar curvature. The matter action is allowed to depend also on the torsion and the nonmetricity, which are considered as the field variables together with ... More

Depleted Kondo LatticesApr 07 2001Nov 17 2001We consider a two dimensional Kondo lattice model with exchange J and hopping t in which three out of four impurity spins are removed in a regular way. At the particle-hole symmetric point the model may be studied with auxiliary field quantum Monte Carlo ... More

The interplay between d-wave superconductivity and antiferromagnetic fluctuations: a quantum Monte Carlo studyJun 25 1998We consider the repulsive Hubbard model on a square lattice with an additional term, W, which depends upon the square of a single-particle nearest-neighbor hopping. At half-band filling, constant W, we show that enhancing U/t drives the system from a ... More

Superconductors as ideal spin sources for spintronicsNov 05 2007Apr 03 2008Spin-polarized transport is investigated in normal metal-superconductor (NS) junctions as a function of interface transmissivity as well as temperature when the density of states of a superconductor is Zeeman-split in response to an exchange field (h_exc). ... More

Ultra-High-Energy Cosmic Rays from the Radio Lobes of AGNsSep 22 2008In the past year, the HiRes and Auger collaborations have reported the discovery of a high-energy cutoff in the ultra-high energy cosmic-ray (UHECR) spectrum, and an apparent clustering of the highest energy events towards nearby active galactic nuclei ... More

Sampling exactly from the normal distributionMar 25 2013Jun 10 2014An algorithm for sampling exactly from the normal distribution is given. The algorithm reads some number of uniformly distributed random digits in a given base and generates an initial portion of the representation of a normal deviate in the same base. ... More

Transverse Mercator with an accuracy of a few nanometersFeb 08 2010Feb 03 2011Implementations of two algorithms for the transverse Mercator projection are described; these achieve accuracies close to machine precision. One is based on the exact equations of Thompson and Lee and the other uses an extension of Krueger's series for ... More

Quaternions in molecular modelingJun 23 2005Apr 04 2006Quaternions are an important tool to describe the orientation of a molecule. This paper considers the use of quaternions in matching two conformations of a molecule, in interpolating rotations, in performing statistics on orientational data, in the random ... More

Long-Time Correlations in Stochastic SystemsJan 11 2005In recent years, there has been considerable interest in understanding the motion in Hamiltonian systems when phase space is divided into stochastic and integrable regions. This paper studies one aspect of this problem, namely, the motion of trajectories ... More

Exchange Monte Carlo for Molecular Simulations with Monoelectronic HamiltoniansMar 04 2002We introduce a general Monte Carlo scheme for achieving atomistic simulations with monoelectronic Hamiltonians including the thermalization of both nuclear and electronic degrees of freedom. The kinetic Monte Carlo algorithm is used to obtain the exact ... More

PINGSoft 2: an IDL Integral Field Spectroscopy Software, ready for the CALIFA survey dataNov 01 2012PINGSoft, is a set of IDL routines designed to visualise, manipulate, and analyse integral field spectroscopy (IFS) data regardless of the original instrument and spaxel shape. PINGSoft 2 is a relatively major upgrade with respect to the first version: ... More

Probing the unitarity of the renormalizable theory of massive conformal gravityJul 27 2017Apr 03 2018The presence of an unstable massive spin-2 ghost state in the renormalizable theory of massive conformal gravity leads to a pair of complex poles appearing in the first sheet of the energy plane. Here we show that the positions of these poles are gauge ... More

Reply to "Comment on 'Quantum massive conformal gravity' by F. F. Faria"Aug 03 2016Jan 07 2017Recently in (Eur. Phys. J. C 76:341, 2016) [arXiv:1604.08706], Myung has suggested that the renormalizability of massive conformal gravity is meaningless unless the massive ghost states of the theory are stable. Here we show that massive conformal gravity ... More

Cosmology in massive conformal gravityOct 19 2014Mar 06 2019In this paper we find the cosmological solutions of the massive conformal gravity field equations in the presence of matter fields. In particular, we show that the solution of negative curvature is in good agreement with our universe.

Contraction Elimination in Sequent Based Ground Equational CalculusDec 30 2015In "Cut Elimination for Gentzen's Sequent Calculus with Equality and Logic of Partial Terms" LNCS 7750,161-172(2013), we have shown that the cut rule is eliminable in two ground equational sequent calculi, to be denoted by EQ_M and EQ'. In this note we ... More

Energy-momentum tensors for non-commutative Abelian Proca fieldMar 30 2014We study two different possibilities of constructing the energy-momentum tensors for non-commutative Abelian Proca field, by using (i) general Noether theorem and (ii) coupling to a weak external gravitational field. Both energy-momentum tensors are not ... More

Computation of Green's functions through algebraic decomposition of operatorsJul 04 2017In this article we use linear algebra to improve the computational time for the obtaining of Green's functions of linear differential equations with reflection (DER). This is achieved by decomposing both the `reduced' equation (the ODE associated to a ... More

Model pseudofermionic systems: connections with exceptional pointsFeb 25 2014We discuss the role of pseudo-fermions in the analysis of some two-dimensional models, recently introduced in connection with non self-adjoint hamiltonians. Among other aspects, we discuss the appearance of exceptional points in connection with the validity ... More

PINGSoft: an IDL visualisation and manipulation tool for Integral Field Spectroscopic dataJun 04 2010In this article we introduce PINGSoft, a set of IDL routines designed to visualise and manipulate, in an interactive and friendly way, Integral Field Spectroscopic data. The package is optimised for large databases and a fast visualisation rendering. ... More

Spin, charge and single-particle spectral functions of the one-dimensional quarter filled Holstein modelJul 15 2008Sep 30 2008We use a recently developed extension of the weak coupling diagrammatic determinantal quantum Monte Carlo method to investigate the spin, charge and single particle spectral functions of the one-dimensional quarter-filled Holstein model with phonon frequency ... More