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Novelty Search for Deep Reinforcement Learning Policy Network Weights by Action Sequence Edit Metric DistanceFeb 08 2019Reinforcement learning (RL) problems often feature deceptive local optima, and learning methods that optimize purely for reward signal often fail to learn strategies for overcoming them. Deep neuroevolution and novelty search have been proposed as effective ... More

On the Generalizability of Linear and Non-Linear Region of Interest-Based Multivariate Regression Models for fMRI DataFeb 03 2018In contrast to conventional, univariate analysis, various types of multivariate analysis have been applied to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. In this paper, we compare two contemporary approaches for multivariate regression on task-based ... More

A Module System for Domain-Specific LanguagesMay 16 2014Domain-specific languages (DSLs) are routinely created to simplify difficult or specialized programming tasks. They expose useful abstractions and design patterns in the form of language constructs, provide static semantics to eagerly detect misuse of ... More

Dark Matter in the Private Higgs ModelApr 23 2008May 27 2008The extremely large hierarchy observed in the fermion mass spectrum remains as one of the most puzzling and unresolved issues in particle physics. In a recent proposal, however, it was demonstrated that by introducing one Higgs doublet (or Private Higgs) ... More

Radically solvable graphsJul 06 2012A 2-dimensional framework is a straight line realisation of a graph in the Euclidean plane. It is radically solvable if the set of vertex coordinates is contained in a radical extension of the field of rationals extended by the squared edge lengths. We ... More

The number of equivalent realisations of a rigid graphApr 05 2012Oct 06 2016Given a rigid realisation of a graph $G$ in ${\mathbb R}^2$, it is an open problem to determine the maximum number of pairwise non-congruent realisations which have the same edge lengths as the given realisation. This problem can be restated as finding ... More

Induced Fuzzy Topological Spaces: A CharacterizationFeb 06 2018We introduce a simple property, affine invariance, which characterizes within the class of fuzzy topological spaces those which are induced from an underlying topology on the space. We illustrate it by considering the simple notions of compactness for ... More

Generalized Intransitive Dice: Mimicking an Arbitrary TournamentJan 28 2019A generalized $N$-sided die is a random variable $D$ on a sample space of $N$ equally likely outcomes taking values in the set $\{1, \dots, N \}$. We say of independent $N$ sided dice $D_i, D_j$ that $D_i$ beats $D_j$, written $D_i \to D_j$, if $Prob(D_i ... More

Good Strategies for the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma : Smale vs. MarkovOct 17 2016In 1980 Steven Smale introduced a class of strategies for the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma which used as data the running average of the previous payoff pairs. This approach is quite different from the Markov chain approach, largely used before and since, ... More

Rademacher Series for $η$-QuotientsOct 10 2017Oct 26 2017We apply Rademacher's method in order to compute the Fourier coefficients of a large class of $\eta$-quotients.

Radio Galaxy SpectraJan 22 2001Radio spectra of radio galaxies are often ascribed a simple power law form ($S_{\nu} \propto \nu^{\alpha}$) with the spectral index, $\alpha$, being of order -0.7. However, all radio galaxies deviate from this simple power law behaviour. In this paper ... More

SQCD Corrections to bg -> bhOct 10 2011In the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, the effective b quark Yukawa coupling to the lightest neutral Higgs boson is enhanced. Therefore, the associated production of the lightest Higgs boson with a b quark is an important discovery channel. We ... More

Associated b-Quark Higgs Boson Production at the LHCDec 01 2010The associated production of a Higgs boson with a b quark is a discovery mode for an MSSM Higgs boson at large tan beta. We present updates on the production rate at the LHC, along with a discussion of the importance of the SQCD corrections from squark ... More

Extragalactic radio source evolution & unification: clues to the demographics of blazarsJan 23 2001In this paper we discuss the demographics of the radio blazar population: (i) what are their parent (`unbeamed') sources and (ii) what magnitude and/or type of evolution have they undergone ? The discussion is based on models of radio source evolution ... More

Extragalactic radio source evolution under the dual-population unification schemeAug 07 1998Nov 05 1998We show that a dual-population unification scheme provides a successful paradigm with which to describe the evolution and beaming of all bright extragalactic radio sources. The paradigm consists of two intrinsic radio-source populations, based on the ... More

The Integral Cohomology of the Bianchi GroupsSep 27 2002We calculate the integral cohomology ring structure for various members of the Bianchi group family. The main tools we use are the Bockstein spectral sequence and a long exact sequence derived from Bass-Serre theory.

Counting maps from curves to projective space via graph theoryMar 18 2013In this (mostly) survey article, we give a synopsis of a number of results relating to Brill--Noether theory on curves and metric graphs, together with some speculations about the behavior of one-dimensional linear series on a class of metric graphs that ... More

Debris from terrestrial planet formation: the Moon-forming collisionJun 19 2012We study the evolution of debris created in the giant impacts expected during the final stages of terrestrial planet formation. The starting point is the debris created in a simulation of the Moon-forming impact. The dynamical evolution is followed for ... More

Insights into planet formation from debris disks: II. Giant impacts in extrasolar planetary systemsMar 15 2016Giant impacts refer to collisions between two objects each of which is massive enough to be considered at least a planetary embryo. The putative collision suffered by the proto-Earth that created the Moon is a prime example, though most Solar System bodies ... More

Spontaneous DC Current Generation in a Resistively Shunted Semiconductor Superlattice Driven by a TeraHertz FieldSep 02 1997We study a resistively shunted semiconductor superlattice subject to a high-frequency electric field. Using a balance equation approach that incorporates the influence of the electric circuit, we determine numerically a range of amplitude and frequency ... More

Is there a Ramsey-Hindman theorem ?Apr 01 2015Aug 21 2015We show that there does not exist a joint generalization of the theorems of Ramsey and Hindman, or more explicitly, that the property of containing a symmetric IP-set is not divisible.

Pathological phenomena in Denjoy-Carleman classesAug 18 2014Feb 26 2015Let $\mathcal C^M$ denote a Denjoy-Carleman class of $\mathcal C^\infty$ functions (for a given logarithmically-convex sequence $M = (M_n)$). We construct: (1) a function in $\mathcal C^M((-1,1))$ which is nowhere in any smaller class; (2) a function ... More

TurKPF: TurKontrol as a Particle FilterApr 20 2014TurKontrol, and algorithm presented in (Dai et al. 2010), uses a POMDP to model and control an iterative workflow for crowdsourced work. Here, TurKontrol is re-implemented as "TurKPF," which uses a Particle Filter to reduce computation time & memory usage. ... More

Satellites in the field and lens galaxies: SDSS/COSMOS vs. SLACS/CLASSDec 03 2009Jan 04 2010The incidence of sub-galactic level substructures is an important quantity, as it is a generic prediction of high-resolution Cold Dark Matter (CDM) models which is susceptible to observational test. Confrontation of theory with observations is currently ... More

Higgs Production in Association with Bottom Quarks at Hadron CollidersAug 29 2005We review the present status of the QCD corrected cross sections and kinematic distributions for the production of a Higgs boson in association with bottom quarks at the Fermilab Tevatron and CERN Large Hadron Collider. Results are presented for the Minimal ... More

Higgs Boson Production with Bottom Quarks at Hadron CollidersSep 29 2004We present results for the production cross section of a Higgs Boson with a pair of bottom/anti-bottom quarks, including next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD corrections.

The zeros of the QCD partition functionAug 20 2001We establish a relationship between the zeros of the partition function in the complex mass plane and the spectral properties of the Dirac operator in QCD. This relation is derived within the context of chiral Random Matrix Theory and applies to QCD when ... More

On Uniform Large-Scale Volume Growth for the Carnot-Carathéodory Metric on Unbounded Model Hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{C}^2$Aug 05 2016Mar 09 2017We consider the rate of volume growth of large Carnot-Carath\'eodory metric balls on a class of unbounded model hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{C}^2$. When the hypersurface has a uniform global structure, we show that a metric ball of radius $\delta \gg 1$ ... More

WAP Systems and Labeled SubshiftsOct 17 2014Dec 21 2014The main object of this work is to present a powerful method of construction of subshifts which we use chiefly to construct WAP systems with various properties. Among many other applications of this so called labeled subshifts, we obtain examples of null ... More

A generalized quadratic estimate for random field nonstationarityMar 11 2016In this paper, we attempt to shed light on a new class of nonstationary random fields which exhibit, what we call, local invariant nonstationarity. We argue that the local invariant property has a special interaction with a new generalized quadratic estimate---also ... More

Shrinking the Quadratic EstimatorOct 08 2011We study a regression characterization for the quadratic estimator of weak lensing, developed by Hu and Okamoto (2001,2002), for cosmic microwave background observations. This characterization motivates a modification of the quadratic estimator by an ... More

Polarization transitions in Quantum Dot Quantum Well ArraysJan 11 2011With the improvement in fabrication techniques it is now possible to produce atom-like semiconductor structures with unique electronic properties. This makes possible periodic arrays of nano-structures in which the Coulomb interaction, polarizability, ... More

Consistent estimates of deformed isotropic Gaussian random fields on the planeOct 01 2007Aug 21 2009This paper proves fixed domain asymptotic results for estimating a smooth invertible transformation $f:\Bbb{R}^2\to\Bbb{R}^2$ when observing the deformed random field $Z\circ f$ on a dense grid in a bounded, simply connected domain $\Omega$, where $Z$ ... More

2D CFT Partition Functions at Late TimesNov 14 2016We consider the late time behavior of the analytically continued partition function $Z(\beta + it) Z(\beta - it)$ in holographic $2d$ CFTs. This is a probe of information loss in such theories and in their holographic duals. We show that each Virasoro ... More

Spectral Transition and Torque Reversal in X-ray Pulsar 4U 1626-67May 17 1999The accretion-powered, X-ray pulsar 4U 1626-67 has recently shown an abrupt torque reversal accompanied by a dramatic spectral transition and a relatively small luminosity change. The time-averaged X-ray spectrum during spin-down is considerably harder ... More

Lattice Diagrams of Knots and Diagrams of Lattice Stick KnotsMar 09 2018We give a simple example showing that a knot or link diagram that lies in the ${\mathbb{Z}}^2$ lattice is not necessarily the projection of a lattice stick knot or link in the ${\mathbb{Z}}^3$ lattice, and we give a necessary and sufficient condition ... More

Liouville Brownian Motion and Thick Points of the Gaussian Free FieldDec 04 2014We find a lower bound for the Hausdorff dimension that a Liouville Brownian motion spends in $\alpha$-thick points of the Gaussian Free Field, where $\alpha$ is not necessarily equal to the parameter used in the construction of the geometry. This completes ... More

Nilpotent orbits and Hilbert schemesJan 31 2007We construct embeddings $\mathcal{Y}_{n,\tau} \to {Hilb}^n (\Sigma_{\tau})$ for each of the classical Lie algebras $\ger{sp}_{2m}(\Cc)$, $\ger{so}_{2m}(\Cc)$, and $\ger{so}_{2m+1}(\Cc)$. The space $\mathcal{Y}_{n,\tau}$ is the fiber over a point $\tau ... More

Measurement of Spin-Orbit Misalignment and Nodal Precession for the Planet around Pre-Main-Sequence Star PTFO 8-8695 From Gravity DarkeningAug 02 2013PTFO 8-8695b represents the first transiting exoplanet candidate orbiting a pre-main-sequence star. We find that the unusual lightcurve shapes of PTFO 8-8695 can be explained by transits of a planet across an oblate, gravity-darkened stellar disk. We ... More

Every compact metric space that supports a positively expansive homeomorphism is finiteAug 10 2006We give a simple proof of the title.

Method of variations of potential of quasi-periodic Schrodinger equationOct 16 2005Dec 15 2005We study the one-dimensional discrete quasi-periodic Schrodinger equation. We introduce the notion of variations of potential and use it to define "typical" potential. We show that for typical C^3 potential, if the coupling constant is large, then for ... More

Real inflection points of real linear series on an elliptic curveApr 18 2018Given a real elliptic curve $E$ with non-empty real part and $[D]\in \mbox{Pic}^2 E$ its $g_2^1$, we study the real inflection points of distinguished subseries of the complete real linear series $|\mathcal{L}_\mathbb{R}(kD)|$ for $k\geq 3$. We define ... More

Finite field elements of high order arising from modular curvesOct 12 2012In this paper, we recursively construct explicit elements of provably high order in finite fields. We do this using the recursive formulas developed by Elkies to describe explicit modular towers. In particular, we give two explicit constructions based ... More

Common Glass-Forming Spin-Liquid State in the Pyrochlore Magnets Dy$_2$Ti$_2$O$_7$ and Ho$_2$Ti$_2$O$_7$Jul 27 2017Jan 05 2018Despite a well-ordered pyrochlore crystal structure and strong magnetic interactions between the Dy$^{3+}$ or Ho$^{3+}$ ions, no long range magnetic order has been detected in the pyrochlore titanates Ho$_2$Ti$_2$O$_7$ and Dy$_2$Ti$_2$O$_7$. To explore ... More

EBIT Observation of Ar Dielectronic Recombination Lines Near the Unknown Faint X-Ray Feature Found in the Stacked Spectrum of Galaxy ClustersFeb 04 2019Motivated by possible atomic origins of the unidentified emission line detected at 3.55 keV to 3.57 keV in a stacked spectrum of galaxy clusters (Bulbul et al. 2014), an electron beam ion trap (EBIT) was used to investigate the resonant dielectronic recombination ... More

The Hubble ConstantSep 25 2007Nov 20 2014I review the current state of determinations of the Hubble constant, which gives the length scale of the Universe by relating the expansion velocity of objects to their distance. There are two broad categories of measurements. The first uses individual ... More

The "Nessie" Nebula: Cluster Formation in a Filamentary Infrared Dark CloudJul 30 2010The "Nessie" Nebula is a filamentary infrared dark cloud (IRDC) with a large aspect ratio of over 150:1 (1.5 degrees x 0.01 degrees, or 80 pc x 0.5 pc at a kinematic distance of 3.1 kpc). Maps of HNC (1-0) emission, a tracer of dense molecular gas, made ... More

Compact objects for everyone: I. White dwarf starsSep 14 2004Jul 19 2005Based upon previous discussions on the structure of compact stars geared towards undergraduate physics students, a real experiment involving two upper-level undergraduate physics students, a beginning physics graduate, and two advanced graduate students ... More

Associated Higgs production with top quarks at the Large Hadron Collider: NLO QCD correctionsMay 08 2003Jul 16 2003We present in detail the calculation of the O(alpha_s^3) inclusive total cross section for the process pp -> t-tbar-h, in the Standard Model, at the CERN Large Hadron Collider with center-of-mass energy sqrt(s_H)=14 TeV. The calculation is based on the ... More

Higgs in Space!Nov 30 2009Mar 18 2010We consider the possibility that the Higgs can be produced in dark matter annihilations, appearing as a line in the spectrum of gamma rays at an energy determined by the masses of the WIMP and the Higgs itself. We argue that this phenomenon occurs generally ... More

The Higgs Mechanism and Loop-induced Decays of a Scalar into Two Z BosonsNov 17 2009Feb 05 2010We discuss general on-shell couplings of a scalar with two Z bosons using an operator analysis. In addition to the operator originated from the Higgs mechanism, two dimension-five operators, one CP-even and one CP-odd, are generated only at the loop-level. ... More

Basin bifurcations, oscillatory instability and rate-induced thresholds for AMOC in a global oceanic box modelJan 29 2019The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) transports substantial amounts of heat into the North Atlantic sector, and hence is of very high importance in regional climate projections. The AMOC has been observed to show multi-stability across ... More

The Parkes quarter-Jansky flat-spectrum sample 3. Space density and evolution of QSOsAug 06 2004Jan 17 2005We analyze the Parkes quarter-Jansky flat-spectrum sample of QSOs in terms of space density, including the redshift distribution, the radio luminosity function, and the evidence for a redshift cutoff. With regard to the luminosity function, we note the ... More

The Redshift Cutoff and the Quasar EpochJan 22 1998We have obtained complete redshift information for a sample of 442 radio-loud quasars with flux densities S(11cm) >= 0.25Jy. These come from a completely-identified sample of 878 flat-spectrum radio sources, so there is no optical magnitude limit. With ... More

Anomalous Primes and the Elliptic Korselt CriterionAug 08 2016Aug 21 2018We explore the relationship between elliptic Korselt numbers of Type I, a class of pseudoprimes introduced by Silverman in [20], and anomalous primes. We generalize a result in [20] that gives sufficient conditions for an elliptic Korselt number of Type ... More

Chemistry in Infrared Dark Cloud Clumps: a Molecular Line Survey at 3 mmJun 27 2012We have observed 37 Infrared Dark Clouds (IRDCs), containing a total of 159 clumps, in high-density molecular tracers at 3 mm using the 22-meter ATNF Mopra Telescope located in Australia. After determining kinematic distances, we eliminated clumps that ... More

A Spitzer/IRAC Census of the Asymptotic Giant Branch Populations in Local Group Dwarfs. I. WLMNov 02 2006We present Spitzer/IRAC observations at 3.6 and 4.5 microns along with optical data from the Local Group Galaxies Survey to investigate the evolved stellar population of the Local Group dwarf irregular galaxy WLM. These observations provide a nearly complete ... More

How to design a planetary system for different scattering outcomes: giant impact sweet spot, maximising exocomets, scattered disksOct 03 2016This paper considers the dynamics of scattering of planetesimals or planetary embryos by a planet on a circumstellar orbit. We classify six regions in the planet's mass versus semimajor axis parameter space according to the dominant outcome for scattered ... More

Singular rational curves in P^n via semigroupsNov 26 2015We study singular rational curves in projective space, deducing conditions on their parametrizations from the value semigroups S of their singularities. In particular, we prove that a natural heuristic for the codimension of the space of nondegenerate ... More

Variations on the Concept of Topological TransitivityJan 21 2016We describe various strengthenings of the concept of topological transitivity. Especially when one departs from the family of invertible systems, a number of interesting properties arise. We present the architecture of implications among ten reasonable ... More

Critical Exponents for Supercooled LiquidsFeb 12 2013Jul 23 2014We compute critical exponents governing universal features of supercooled liquids through the effective theory of an overlap field. The correlation length diverges with the Ising exponent; the size of dynamically heterogeneous patches grows more rapidly; ... More

GLSMs for non-Kahler GeometriesJun 25 2012Sep 09 2013We identify a simple mechanism by which H-flux satisfying the modified Bianchi identity arises in garden-variety (0,2) gauged linear sigma models. Taking suitable limits leads to effective gauged linear sigma models with Green-Schwarz anomaly cancellation. ... More

The weight distribution of the self-dual $[128,64]$ polarity design codeFeb 15 2016The weight distribution of the binary self-dual $[128,64]$ code being the extended code $C^{*}$ of the code $C$ spanned by the incidence vectors of the blocks of the polarity design in $PG(6,2)$ [11] is computed. It is shown also that $R(3,7)$ and $C^{*}$ ... More

Toward TeV ConformalityOct 12 2009Feb 19 2010We study the chiral condensate $<\bar{\psi} \psi>$ for an SU(3) gauge theory with $N_f$ massless Dirac fermions in the fundamental representation when $N_f$ is increased from 2 to 6. For $N_f=2$, our lattice simulations of $<\bar{\psi} \psi >/F^3$, where ... More

Evaluating Systematic Dependencies of Type Ia Supernovae: The Influence of Central DensityAug 09 2012We present a study exploring a systematic effect on the brightness of type Ia supernovae using numerical models that assume the single-degenerate paradigm. Our investigation varied the central density of the progenitor white dwarf at flame ignition, and ... More

Coulomb anti-blockade in a Rydberg dressed gasJan 16 2019We perform a comprehensive investigation of the coupling between a Rydberg-dressed atomic gas and an ultra-cold plasma. Using simultaneous time-resolved measurements of both neutral atoms and ions, we show that plasma formation occurs via a Coulomb anti-blockade ... More

Super-Rényi Entropy & Wilson Loops for N=4 SYM and their Gravity DualsSep 01 2014Dec 13 2014We compute the supersymmetric R\'enyi entropies across a spherical entanglement surface in N=4 SU(N) SYM theory using localization on the four-dimensional ellipsoid. We extract the leading result at large N and \lambda, and match its universal part to ... More

Detecting Extrasolar Asteroid Belts Through Their Microlensing SignaturesJan 12 2016Nov 05 2016We propose that extrasolar asteroid belts can be detected through their gravitational microlensing signatures. Asteroid belt + star lens systems create so-called "pseudo-caustics", regions in the source plane where the magnification exhibits a finite ... More

Sums of Euler products and statistics of elliptic curvesOct 20 2015Sep 26 2016We present several results related to statistics for elliptic curves over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$ as corollaries of a general theorem about averages of Euler products that we demonstrate. In this general framework, we can reprove known results such ... More

Approximate Likelihood Approaches for Detecting the Influence of Primordial Gravitational Waves in Cosmic Microwave Background PolarizationAug 31 2017One of the major targets for next-generation cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments is the detection of the primordial B-mode signal. Planning is under way for Stage-IV experiments that are projected to have instrumental noise small enough to make ... More

Spitzer 4.5 micron Luminosity-Metallicity and Mass-Metallicity Relations for Nearby Dwarf Irregular GalaxiesMar 27 2006For a sample of 25 dwarf irregular galaxies with distances D < 5 Mpc and measured oxygen abundances, we present results derived from stellar masses and galaxy luminosities from near-infrared imaging with IRAC on the Spitzer Space Telescope. We have constructed ... More

On Infrared Excesses Associated With Li-Rich K GiantsJul 02 2015Infrared (IR) excesses around K-type red giants (RGs) have previously been discovered using IRAS data, and past studies have suggested a link between RGs with overabundant Li and IR excesses, implying the ejection of circumstellar shells or disks. We ... More

Approximations to the volume of hyperbolic knotsFeb 18 2011We present computational data and heuristic arguments which suggest that given a hyperbolic knot the volume correlates with its determinant, the Mahler measure of its Alexander polynomial and the Mahler measure of the twisted Alexander polynomial corresponding ... More

Liquid 4He: contributions to first principles theory of quantized vortices, thermohydrodynamic properties, and the lambda transitionMar 03 2006Liquid 4He has been studied extensively for almost a century, but there are still a number of outstanding weak or missing links in our comprehension of it. This paper reviews some of the principal paths taken in previous research and then proceeds to ... More

All or nothing: toward a promise problem dichotomy for constraint problemsNov 03 2016Apr 30 2017A finite constraint language $\mathscr{R}$ is a finite set of relations over some finite domain $A$. We show that intractability of the constraint satisfaction problem $\operatorname{CSP}(\mathscr{R})$ can, in all known cases, be replaced by an infinite ... More

Observation of a Dislocation Related Interfacial Friction Mechanism in Mobile Solid $^4$HeJun 05 2012Jul 16 2015We report a study of the temperature and stress dependence of the friction associated with a relative motion of two masses of solid $^4$He in contact. The situation where "two masses" coupled only by friction exists emerges spontaneously during a disordering ... More

Tiling the integers with translates of one finite setFeb 27 1998A set is said to tile the integers if and only if the integers can be written as a disjoint union of translates of that set. We consider the problem of finding necessary and sufficient conditions for a finite set to tile the integers. For sets of prime ... More

MOON: A Mixed Objective Optimization Network for the Recognition of Facial AttributesMar 22 2016Oct 21 2016Attribute recognition, particularly facial, extracts many labels for each image. While some multi-task vision problems can be decomposed into separate tasks and stages, e.g., training independent models for each task, for a growing set of problems joint ... More

Algebraic K-theory of mapping class groupsMay 29 2003We prove that the Fibered Isomorphism Conjecture of T. Farrell and L. Jones holds for various mapping class groups. In many cases, we explicitly calculate the lower algebraic K-groups, showing that they do not always vanish.

Discrete Wasserstein Barycenters: Optimal Transport for Discrete DataJul 26 2015Aug 10 2015Wasserstein barycenters correspond to optimal solutions of transportation problems for several marginals, and as such have a wide range of applications ranging from economics to statistics and computer science. When the marginal probability measures are ... More

Secant planes of a general curve via inclusions of limit linear seriesJan 18 2019We study linear series on a general curve of genus g, whose images are exceptional with respect to their secant planes. Each such exceptional secant plane is algebraically encoded by an included linear series, whose number of base points computes the ... More

Approaching Conformality with Ten FlavorsApr 26 2012Jun 05 2012We present first results for lattice simulations, on a single volume, of the low-lying spectrum of an SU(3) Yang-Mills gauge theory with ten light fermions in the fundamental representation. Fits to the fermion mass dependence of various observables are ... More

Calibration of the K-Profile Parameterization of ocean boundary layer mixing. Part I: DevelopmentApr 20 2016In model comparisons with observational data, not all data contain information that is useful for answering a specific science question. If non-relevant or highly uncertain data are included in a comparison metric, they can reduce the significance of ... More

MOON: A Mixed Objective Optimization Network for the Recognition of Facial AttributesMar 22 2016Multi-task vision problems can often be decomposed into separate tasks and stages, e.g., separating feature extraction and model building, or training independent models for each task. Joint optimization has been shown to improve performance, but can ... More

Measurement of the Spin-Orbit Misalignment of KOI-13.01 from its Gravity-Darkened Kepler Transit LightcurveOct 16 2011We model the asymmetry of the KOI-13.01 transit lightcurve assuming a gravity-darkened rapidly-rotating host star in order to constrain the system's spin-orbit alignment and transit parameters. We find that our model can reproduce the Kepler lightcurve ... More

Real inflection points of real hyperelliptic curvesAug 28 2017Oct 04 2018Given a real hyperelliptic algebraic curve $X$ with non-empty real part and a real effective divisor $\mc{D}$ arising via pullback from $\mathbb{P}^1$ under the hyperelliptic structure map, we study the real inflection points of the associated complete ... More

Generically there is but one self homeomorphism of the Cantor setMar 22 2006We describe a self-homeomorphism $R$ of the Cantor set $X$ and then show that its conjugacy class in the Polish group $H(X)$ of all homeomorphisms of $X$ forms a dense $G_\delta$ subset of $H(X)$. We also provide an example of a locally compact, second ... More

Strongly interacting dynamics and the search for new physics at the LHCJan 15 2016Jan 28 2016We present results for the spectrum of a strongly interacting SU(3) gauge theory with $N_f = 8$ light fermions in the fundamental representation. Carrying out non-perturbative lattice calculations at the lightest masses and largest volumes considered ... More

Cosmic Chandlery with Thermonuclear SupernovaeDec 06 2016Thermonuclear (Type Ia) supernovae are bright stellar explosions, the light curves of which can be calibrated to allow for use as "standard candles" for measuring cosmological distances. Contemporary research investigates how the brightness of an event ... More

From gas to galaxiesNov 02 2004The unsurpassed sensitivity and resolution of the Square Kilometer Array (SKA) will make it possible for the first time to probe the continuum emission of normal star forming galaxies out to the edges of the universe. This opens the possibility for routinely ... More

A Rydberg-dressed Magneto-Optical TrapJan 11 2018We propose and demonstrate the laser cooling and trapping of Rydberg-dressed Sr atoms. By off-resonantly coupling the excited state of a narrow (7 kHz) cooling transition to a high-lying Rydberg state, we transfer Rydberg properties such as enhanced electric ... More

Higgs Boson Production in Association with Bottom QuarksMay 31 2004In the Standard Model, the coupling of the Higgs boson to b quarks is weak, leading to small cross sections for producing a Higgs boson in association with b quarks. However, Higgs bosons with enhanced couplings to b quarks, such as occur in supersymmetric ... More

Transversity and Spin Structure FunctionsAug 24 2004Measurements of single-spin asymmetries for semi-inclusive electro-production of pions and kaons in deep-inelastic scattering with transverse target polarization open a new window on the transverse quark and gluon structure of the nucleon. The first experimental ... More

Tracing the pressure of the gluon plasmaOct 26 2016Being interested in how a strongly coupled system approaches asymptotic freedom, we re-examine existing precision lattice QCD results for thermodynamic properties of the gluon plasma in a large temperature range. We discuss and thoroughly test the applicability ... More

How to avoid unnatural hierarchical thermal leptogenesisSep 24 2015A one-flavour naturalness argument suggests that the Type I seesaw model cannot naturally explain neutrino masses and the baryon asymmetry of the Universe via hierarchical thermal leptogenesis. We prove that there is no way to avoid this conclusion in ... More

The PoGOLite control system and softwareMar 06 2013Oct 19 2013The autonomous control system of PoGOLite is presented. PoGOLite is a balloon borne X-ray polarimeter designed to observe point sources. To obtain scientific data with optimal efficiency, independent of the ground connection, the payload control system ... More

Two Black Hole Holography, Lensing and IntensityMar 22 2001Sep 03 2001We numerically verify the analysis of the "expanding horizon" theory of Susskind in relation to the 't Hooft holographic conjecture. By using a numerical simulation to work out the image formed by two black holes upon a screen very far away, it is seen ... More

Interactions of Cosmic SuperstringsJun 10 2007Sep 04 2007We develop methods by which cosmic superstring interactions can be studied in detail. These include the reconnection probability and emission of radiation such as gravitons or small string loops. Loop corrections to these are discussed, as well as relationships ... More

Semi-Supervised Learning by Label Gradient AlignmentFeb 06 2019We present label gradient alignment, a novel algorithm for semi-supervised learning which imputes labels for the unlabeled data and trains on the imputed labels. We define a semantically meaningful distance metric on the input space by mapping a point ... More

Meta-Fibonacci Sequences, Binary Trees, and Extremal Compact CodesApr 19 2005We look at a family of meta-Fibonacci sequences which arise in studying the number of leaves at the largest level in certain infinite sequences of binary trees, restricted compositions of an integer, and binary compact codes. For this family of meta-Fibonacci ... More