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Stacking-dependent electronic property of trilayer graphene epitaxially grown on Ru(0001)Feb 10 2017The growth, atomic structure, and electronic property of trilayer graphene (TLG) on Ru(0001) were studied by low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy in combined with tight-binding approximation (TBA) calculations. TLG on Ru(0001) ... More

The Isophotal Structure of Star-forming Galaxies at $0.5< z <1.8$ in CANDELS: Implications for the Evolution of Galaxy StructureFeb 22 2018We have measured the radial profiles of isophotal ellipticity ($\varepsilon$) and disky/boxy parameter A$_4$ out to radii of about three times the semi-major axes for $\sim4,600$ star-forming galaxies (SFGs) at intermediate redshifts $0.5<z<1.8$ in the ... More

Evidence for Majorana bound state in an iron-based superconductorJun 19 2017Mar 19 2018The search for Majorana bound state (MBS) has recently emerged as one of the most active research areas in condensed matter physics, fueled by the prospect of using its non-Abelian statistics for robust quantum computation. A highly sought-after platform ... More

The UV-optical Color Gradients in Star-Forming Galaxies at 0.5<z<1.5: Origins and Link to Galaxy AssemblyApr 20 2016May 05 2016The rest-frame UV-optical (i.e., NUV-B) color index is sensitive to the low-level recent star formation and dust extinction, but it is insensitive to the metallicity. In this Letter, we have measured the rest-frame NUV-B color gradients in ~1400 large ... More

The Origins of UV-optical Color Gradients in Star-forming Galaxies at z ~ 2: Predominant Dust Gradients But Negligible sSFR GradientsJul 02 2017The rest-frame UV-optical (i.e., $NUV-B$) color is sensitive to both low-level recent star formation (specific star formation rate - sSFR) and dust. In this Letter, we extend our previous work on the origins of $NUV-B$ color gradients in star-forming ... More

Observation of Majorana conductance plateau by scanning tunneling spectroscopyApr 12 2019Majorana zero-modes (MZMs) are spatially-localized zero-energy fractional quasiparticles with non-Abelian braiding statistics that hold great promise for topological quantum computing. Due to its particle-antiparticle equivalence, an MZM exhibits perfect ... More

Observation of half-integer level shift of vortex bound states in an iron-based superconductorJan 08 2019Vortices in topological superconductors host Majorana zero modes (MZMs), which are proposed to be building blocks of fault-tolerant topological quantum computers. Recently, a new single-material platform for realizing MZM has been discovered in iron-based ... More

Tell-and-Answer: Towards Explainable Visual Question Answering using Attributes and CaptionsJan 27 2018Visual Question Answering (VQA) has attracted attention from both computer vision and natural language processing communities. Most existing approaches adopt the pipeline of representing an image via pre-trained CNNs, and then using the uninterpretable ... More

On the Transition of the Galaxy Quenching Mode at 0.5<z<1 in CANDELSMay 02 2018We investigate the galaxy quenching process at intermediate redshift using a sample of $\sim4400$ galaxies with $M_{\ast} > 10^{9}M_{\odot}$ between redshift 0.5 and 1.0 in all five CANDELS fields. We divide this sample, using the integrated specific ... More

Optimal Distributed Control for Networked Control Systems with DelaysDec 12 2013In networked control systems (NCS), sensing and control signals between the plant and controllers are typically transmitted wirelessly. Thus, the time delay plays an important role for the stability of NCS, especially with distributed controllers. In ... More

Distance Priors from Planck and Dark Energy Constraints from Current DataApr 16 2013Aug 29 2013We derive distance priors from Planck first data release, and examine their impact on dark energy constraints from current observational data. We give the mean values and covariance matrix of {R, l_a, \Omega_b h^2, n_s}, which give an efficient summary ... More

Plasmonic Light Trapping in an Ultrathin Photovoltaic Layer with Film-Coupled Metamaterial StructuresSep 11 2014Feb 04 2015A film-coupled metamaterial structure is numerically investigated for enhancing the light absorption in an ultrathin photovoltaic layer of crystalline gallium arsenide (GaAs). The top subwavelength concave grating and the bottom metallic film could not ... More

Hierarchical Spatial Sum-Product Networks for Action Recognition in Still ImagesNov 17 2015Jul 08 2016Recognizing actions from still images is popularly studied recently. In this paper, we model an action class as a flexible number of spatial configurations of body parts by proposing a new spatial SPN (Sum-Product Networks). First, we discover a set of ... More

Electron Transport in Dirac and Weyl SemimetalsSep 10 2018Recently, the Dirac and Weyl semimetals have attracted extensive attention in condensed matter physics due to both the fundamental interest and the potential application of a new generation of electronic devices. Here we review the exotic electrical transport ... More

Perturbations of Dirac Operators and A KKW Type Theorem for Five Dimensional Manifolds with BoundaryJul 29 2018In this paper, we define lower dimensional volumes of compact Riemannian manifolds with boundary. For five dimensional spin manifolds with boundary, we prove a Kastler-Kalau-Walze type theorem associated with one-form perturbations of Dirac operators ... More

Nonparametric Additive Model-assisted Estimation for Survey DataJan 04 2011An additive model-assisted nonparametric method is investigated to estimate the finite population totals of massive survey data with the aid of auxiliary information. A class of estimators is proposed to improve the precision of the well known Horvitz-Thompson ... More

A Primal-Dual Weak Galerkin Finite Element Method for Second Order Elliptic Equations in Non-Divergence FormOct 13 2015This article proposes a new numerical algorithm for second order elliptic equations in non-divergence form. The new method is based on a discrete weak Hessian operator locally constructed by following the weak Galerkin strategy. The numerical solution ... More

A Primal-Dual Weak Galerkin Finite Element Method for Fokker-Planck Type EquationsApr 19 2017This paper presents a primal-dual weak Galerkin (PD-WG) finite element method for a class of second order elliptic equations of Fokker-Planck type. The method is based on a variational form where all the derivatives are applied to the test functions so ... More

Free boundary problems of ecological models with nonlocal and local diffusionsDec 31 2018We study a class of free boundary problems of ecological models with nonlocal and local diffusions, which are natural extensions of free boundary problems of reaction diffusion systems in there local diffusions are used to describe the population dispersal, ... More

Modeling study on the validity of a possibly simplified representation of proteinsJun 23 2000The folding characteristics of sequences reduced with a possibly simplified representation of five types of residues are shown to be similar to their original ones with the natural set of residues (20 types or 20 letters). The reduced sequences have a ... More

Study of the single neutral top-pion production process at $γγ$ colliderOct 29 2005Nov 18 2005$\gamma\gamma\to \Pi_t^0$ is the major production mechanism of neutral top-pion at the linear colliders. In this paper, we calculate the cross section of the process $\gamma\gamma \to \Pi^0_t$ and discuss the potential to observe the neutral top-pion ... More

Exploring the Systematic Uncertainties of Type Ia Supernovae as Cosmological ProbesJun 27 2013Jul 26 2013We explore the systematic uncertainties of using Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) as cosmological probes, using the Supernova Legacy Survey Three Year data (SNLS3). We focus on studying the possible evolution of the stretch-luminosity parameter $\alpha$ and ... More

WISE Detection of the Galactic Low-Mass X-Ray BinariesApr 14 2014We report on the results from our search for the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer detection of the Galactic low-mass X-ray binaries. Among 187 binaries catalogued in Liu et al. (2007), we find 13 counterparts and two candidate counterparts. For the ... More

Non-flow, and what flow to subtract in jet-correlationOct 20 2009We derive analytical forms for non-flow contributions from cluster correlation to two-particle elliptic flow (v2{2}) measure. We also derive an analytical form for jet-correlation flow-background with the same cluster approach. We argue that the elliptic ... More

Discretization of div-curl Systems by Weak Galerkin Finite Element Methods on Polyhedral PartitionsJan 19 2015In this paper, the authors devise a new discretization scheme for div-curl systems defined in connected domains with heterogeneous media by using the weak Galerkin finite element method. Two types of boundary value problems are considered in the algorithm ... More

Neural Network-Based Abstract Generation for Opinions and ArgumentsJun 09 2016We study the problem of generating abstractive summaries for opinionated text. We propose an attention-based neural network model that is able to absorb information from multiple text units to construct informative, concise, and fluent summaries. An importance-based ... More

Geometrical quantities on a fuzzy sphereJul 12 2010In this paper, we consider the geometrical quantities on the fuzzy sphere from the spectral point of view, such as the area and the dimension. We find that, in contract to the standard sphere, the area and the dimension are the functions of the energy ... More

Extreme Negative Dependence and Risk AggregationJul 25 2014We introduce the concept of an extremely negatively dependent (END) sequence of random variables with a given common marginal distribution. The END structure, as a new benchmark for negative dependence, is comparable to comonotonicity and independence. ... More

Prioritized Guidance for Efficient Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning ExplorationJul 18 2019Exploration efficiency is a challenging problem in multi-agent reinforcement learning (MARL), as the policy learned by confederate MARL depends on the collaborative approach among multiple agents. Another important problem is the less informative reward ... More

Integrability of scalar curvature and normal metric on conformally flat manifoldsJul 14 2017On a manifold $(\mathbb{R}^n, e^{2u} |dx|^2)$, we say $u$ is normal if the $Q$-curvature equation that $u$ satisfies $(-\Delta)^{\frac{n}{2}} u = Q_g e^{nu}$ can be written as the integral form $u(x)=\frac{1}{c_n}\int_{\mathbb R^n}\log\frac{|y|}{|x-y|}Q_g(y)e^{nu(y)}dy+C$. ... More

Constructing Social Networks From Binary DataJun 11 2018Much of applied network analysis concerns with studying the existing relationships between a set of agents; however, little focus has been given to the considerations of how to represent observed phenomena as a network object. In the case of physical ... More

Non-flow correlations in a cluster modelDec 05 2008Jun 17 2010We derive analytical forms for nonflow contributions from cluster correlation to the measurement of two-particle elliptic flow (v2{2}). We estimate nonflow contribution from rho->pi+pi decays and find it is negative but not a major contributor to the ... More

Quantization of adiabatic pumped charge in the presence of superconducting leadFeb 20 2002We investigate the parametric electron pumping of a double barrier structure in the presence of a superconducting lead. The parametric pumping is facilitated by cyclic variation of the barrier heights $x_1$ and $x_2$ of the barriers. In the weak coupling ... More

Twisted Dirac Operators and the Noncommutative Residue for Manifolds with BoundaryApr 09 2014In this paper, we give two Lichnerowicz type formulas for Dirac operators and signature operators twisted by a vector bundle with a non-unitary connection. We also prove two Kastler-Kalau-Walze type theorems for twisted Dirac operators and twisted signature ... More

Deterministic Analysis of Weighted BPDN With Partially Known Support InformationMar 03 2019In this paper, with the aid of the powerful Restricted Isometry Constant (RIC), a deterministic (or say non-stochastic) analysis, which includes a series of sufficient conditions (related to the RIC order) and their resultant error estimates, is established ... More

The parameters of a family of linear codesMar 09 2019A large family of linear codes with flexible parameters from almost bent functions and perfect nonlinear functions are constructed and their parameters are determined. Some constructed linear codes and their related codes are optimal in the sense that ... More

Topological Inference of Manifolds with BoundaryOct 12 2018Given a set of data points sampled from some underlying space, there are two important challenges in geometric and topological data analysis when dealing with sampled data: reconstruction -- how to assemble discrete samples into global structures, and ... More

Oseba: Optimization for Selective Bulk Analysis in Big Data ProcessingJul 12 2017Selective bulk analyses, such as statistical learning on temporal/spatial data, are fundamental to a wide range of contemporary data analysis. However, with the increasingly larger data-sets, such as weather data and marketing transactions, the data organization/access ... More

On the boundary between qualitative and quantitative measures of causal effectsNov 13 2017Jul 09 2018Causal relationships among variables are commonly represented via directed acyclic graphs. There are many methods in the literature to quantify the strength of arrows in a causal acyclic graph. These methods, however, have undesirable properties when ... More

A Hybridized Weak Galerkin Finite Element Method for the Biharmonic EquationFeb 05 2014This paper presents a hybridized formulation for the weak Galerkin finite element method for the biharmonic equation. The hybridized weak Galerkin scheme is based on the use of a Lagrange multiplier defined on the element boundaries. The Lagrange multiplier ... More

An Efficient Numerical Scheme for the Biharmonic Equation by Weak Galerkin Finite Element Methods on Polygonal or Polyhedral MeshesSep 22 2013This paper presents a new and efficient numerical algorithm for the biharmonic equation by using weak Galerkin (WG) finite element methods. The WG finite element scheme is based on a variational form of the biharmonic equation that is equivalent to the ... More

Nonlinear stability of planar rarefaction wave to the three-dimensional Boltzmann equationDec 15 2017Jan 24 2019We investigate the time-asymptotic stability of planar rarefaction wave for the three-dimensional Boltzmann equation, based on the micro-macro decomposition introduced in [24, 22] and our new observations on the underlying wave structures of the equation ... More

On explicit factors of Cyclotomic polynomials over finite fieldsNov 22 2010We study the explicit factorization of $2^n r$-th cyclotomic polynomials over finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ where $q, r$ are odd with $(r, q) =1$. We show that all irreducible factors of $2^n r$-th cyclotomic polynomials can be obtained easily from irreducible ... More

Thermalization of small quantum systems: From the zeroth law of thermodynamicsMay 15 2019Jun 04 2019Thermalization of isolated quantum systems has been studied intensively in recent years and significant progresses have been achieved. Here, we study thermalization of small quantum systems that interact with large chaotic environments under the consideration ... More

Compatible Matrices of Spearman's Rank CorrelationOct 08 2018Apr 03 2019In this paper, we provide a negative answer to a long-standing open problem on the compatibility of Spearman's rho matrices. Following an equivalence of Spearman's rho matrices and linear correlation matrices for dimensions up to 9 in the literature, ... More

Learning Fine-grained Features via a CNN Tree for Large-scale ClassificationNov 14 2015We propose a novel approach to enhance the discriminability of Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN). The key idea is to build a tree structure that could progressively learn fine-grained features to distinguish a subset of classes, by learning features ... More

A novel soft keyboard for touchscreen phones: QWERTNov 04 2013The popularity of touchscreen phones has been growing around the world since the iPhones and Android phones were released. More and more mobile phones with large touchscreen have been produced, however, the phones with small size displays are still in ... More

URI Identity and Web Architecture RevisitedDec 27 2012This document reexamined the URI's identity issue and the debate regarding the nature of "information resource". By making emphasis on the abstract nature of resource and the role of URI as an interface to the web, this article presented an alternative ... More

A Defect in Dempster-Shafer TheoryFeb 27 2013By analyzing the relationships among chance, weight of evidence and degree of beliefwe show that the assertion "probability functions are special cases of belief functions" and the assertion "Dempster's rule can be used to combine belief functions based ... More

The excitation operator method in the spin dynamics of the one-dimensional XXZ modelJul 08 2012Jul 12 2012We develop the excitation operator method, which is designed to solve the Heisenberg equation of motion by constructing the excitation operators. We use it to study the spin dynamics in the one-dimensional XXZ model. We find the diffusive spin transport ... More

The breakdown of the zeroth law of thermodynamics and the definition of temperature in small quantum systemsMay 20 2012Oct 11 2012We study two small quantum systems coupled to the same reservoir which is in thermal equilibrium. By studying the particle density and the energy density in the two systems before and after they contact each other, we find that the two systems are not ... More

Local temperature and chemical potential inside a mesoscopic device driven out of equilibriumMay 03 2011Aug 20 2011In this paper we introduce a method of calculating the local temperature and chemical potential inside a mesoscopic device out of equilibrium. We show how to check the conditions of local thermal equilibrium as the whole system is out of equilibrium. ... More

Solving real time evolution problems by constructing excitation operatorsSep 03 2010Apr 21 2012In this paper we study the time evolution of an observable in the interacting fermion systems driven out of equilibrium. We present a method for solving the Heisenberg equations of motion by constructing excitation operators which are defined as the operators ... More

Minimum Entropy Aproach to Word Segmentation ProblemsAug 29 2000Given a sequence composed of a limit number of characters, we try to "read" it as a "text". This involves to segment the sequence into "words". The difficulty is to distinguish good segmentation from enormous number of random ones.Aiming at revealing ... More

An approach for analyzing the ensemble mean from a dynamic point of viewMar 16 2014Simultaneous ensemble mean equations (LEMEs) for the Lorenz model are obtained, enabling us to analyze the properties of the ensemble mean from a dynamical point of view. The qualitative analysis for the two-sample and n-sample LEMEs show the locations ... More

Spreading speeds and traveling waves for a model of epidermal wound healingJul 08 2010In this paper, we shall establish the spreading speed and existence of traveling waves for a non-cooperative system arising from epidermal wound healing and characterize the spreading speed as the slowest speed of a family of non-constant traveling wave ... More

Dimension Data, Local and Global Conjugacy in Reductive GroupsJul 02 2007Jul 21 2007Let G be a connected reductive group (over $\mathbb{C}$) and H a connected semisimple subgroup. The dimension data of H (realative to its given embedding in G) is the collection of the numbers $\{{\rm dim} V^{H}\}$, where V runs over all the finite dimensional ... More

Dual pairs and tensor categories of modules over Lie algebras gl_{\infty} and W_{1 +\infty}Sep 23 1997We introduce a tensor category O_+ (resp. O_{-}) of certain modules of gl_{\infty} with non-negative (resp. non-positive) integral central charges with the usual tensor product. We also introduce a tensor category O_f consisting of certain modules over ... More

Remarks on the Hölder-continuity of solutions to parabolic equations with conic singularitiesMay 05 2016This is a note on \cite{LSU} and \cite{FS}. Using their work line by line, we prove the H\"older-continuity of solutions to linear parabolic equations of mixed type, assuming the coefficient of $\frac{\partial}{\partial t}$ has time-derivative bounded ... More

Question on Conditional EntropyAug 23 2007The problems of conditional entropy's definition and the formula to compute conditional entropy are analyzed from various perspectives, and the corrected computing formula is presented. Examples are given to prove the conclusion that conditional entropy ... More

Multi-step quantum algorithm for solving the 3-bit exact cover problemMar 18 2016Jul 12 2016We present a multi-step quantum algorithm for solving the $3$-bit exact cover problem, which is one of the NP-complete problems. Unlike the brute force methods have been tried before, in this algorithm, we showed that by applying the clauses of the Boolean ... More

Search for the $a_0(980)-f_0(980)$ mixing in weak decays of $D_s/B_s$ mesonsFeb 17 2016Scalar mesons $a^0_0(980)$ and $f_0(980)$ can mix with each other through isospin violating effects, and the mixing intensity has been predicted at the percent level in various theoretical models. However the mixing has not been firmed established on ... More

Product Theorem for Singular Integrals of Nonconvolution TypeSep 08 2014Jun 17 2016A new class of symbols is investigated. These symbols satisfy a differential inequality which has a mixture of homogeneities on the product space. We show that pseudo differential operators with symbols of order zero in the class are L^p -bounded for ... More

On splitting rank of non-compact type symmetric spaces and bounded cohomologyFeb 03 2016Let $X=G/K$ be a higher rank symmetric space of non-compact type, where $G$ is the connected component of the isometry group of $X$. We define the splitting rank of $X$, denoted by $\text{srk}(X)$, to be the maximal dimension of a totally geodesic submanifold ... More

Electrically Tunable Majorana Fermions in Two-Dimensional Topological SuperconductorsAug 17 2016The external controllability of Majorana fermions would be important both for fundamental and practical interests. Here we predict the electric-field control of Majorana fermions in two-dimensional topological superconductors utilizing a topological insulator ... More

A remark on the generic vanishing of Koszul cohomologySep 02 2014We give a sufficient condition to study the vanishing of certain Koszul cohomology groups for general pairs $(X,L)\in W^r_{g,d}$ by induction. As an application, we show that to prove the Maximal Rank Conjecture (for quadrics), it suffices to check all ... More

Rigidity of entire self-shrinking solutions to Kähler-Ricci flow with strictly real convex potentialFeb 01 2016Oct 28 2016We prove that every entire self-shrinking solution on $\mathbb{C}^n$ to the K\"{a}hler-Ricci flow with strictly real convex potential must be quadratic. The very same argument also gives a pointwise proof for the rigidity of entire self-shrinking solutions ... More

$L_{p}$-improving convolution operators on finite quantum groupsDec 05 2014Sep 12 2015We characterize positive convolution operators on a finite quantum group $\mathbb{G}$ which are $L_{p}$-improving. More precisely, we prove that the convolution operator $T_{\varphi}:x\mapsto\varphi\star x$ given by a state $\varphi$ on $C(\mathbb{G})$ ... More

Restrictions of eigenfunctions to totally geodesic submanifolds of codimension 2Jun 30 2016In this paper, we measure the maximum concentration of eigenfunctions restricted to totally geodesic submanifolds of codimension 2. N. Burq, P. G\'erard, and N. Tzvetkov obtained $L^p$ estimates for eigenfunctions restricted to submanifolds. Their results ... More

An equivariant Kastler-Kalau-Walze type theoremDec 17 2015Jan 02 2016In this paper, we prove an equivariant Kastler-Kalau-Walze type theorem for spin manifolds without boundary. For $6$ dimensional spin manifolds with boundary, we also give an equivariant Kastler-Kalau-Walze type theorem. Then we generalize this theorem ... More

Weakly True Concurrency and Its LogicJun 21 2016We firstly find the existence of silent event $\tau$ in true concurrency (named weakly true concurrency) by defining weakly true concurrent behaviors and weakly true concurrent logics. Based on Paolo Baldan and Silvia Crafa's comprehensive work on (strongly) ... More

The Greiner's approach to heat kernel asymptotics and the variation formulas for the equivariant Ray-Singer metricNov 29 2013Jan 20 2015In this paper, using the Greiner's approach to heat kernel asymptotics, we give new proofs of the equivariant Gauss-Bonnet-Chern formula and the variation formulas for the equivariant Ray-Singer metric, which are originally due to J. M. Bismut and W. ... More

Robust constraints on dark energy and gravity from galaxy clustering dataFeb 23 2012Apr 24 2012Galaxy clustering data provide a powerful probe of dark energy. We examine how the constraints on the scaled expansion history of the universe, x_h(z)=H(z)s (with s denoting the sound horizon at the drag epoch), and the scaled angular diameter distance, ... More

Distance Measurements from Supernovae and Dark Energy ConstraintsOct 14 2009Nov 10 2009Constraints on dark energy from current observational data are sensitive to how distances are measured from Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) data. We find that flux-averaging of SNe Ia can be used to test the presence of unknown systematic uncertainties, and ... More

Clarifying Forecasts of Dark Energy Constraints from Baryon Acoustic OscillationsApr 14 2009Dec 03 2009The measurement of baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) from a galaxy redshift survey provides one of the most promising methods for probing dark energy. In this paper, we clarify the assumptions that go into the forecasts of dark energy constraints from ... More

An example on deformation of a pairNov 20 2014In this paper we give an example to show Clemens' conjecture is not a first order deformation problem.

Cycles that are incidence equivalent to zeroApr 20 2015Feb 25 2016In this paper, we apply incidence divisors constructed through Archimedean height paring to prove that Griffiths' conjecture on incidence equivalence is correct for a smooth projective variety with first non-vanishing cohomology.

Destruction of invariant circles for Gevrey area-preserving twist mapsMar 05 2014In this paper, we show that for exact area-preserving twist maps on annulus, the invariant circles with a given rotation number can be destroyed by arbitrarily small Gevrey-$\alpha$ perturbations of the integrable generating function in the $C^r$ topology ... More

Correlated valence bond state and its study of the spin-1/2 J1-J2 Anti-ferromagnetic Heisenberg model on a square latticeFeb 14 2014Oct 06 2014We propose a class of variational wave functions, namely the correlated valence bond states, for the frustrated Hamiltonian in the paramagnetic phase. This class of wave functions admits negative amplitude and the same sub-lattice pairing when a bipartite ... More

The contributions of surface charge and geometry to protein-solvent interactionMay 04 2016To better understand protein-solvent interaction we have analyzed a variety of physical and geometrical properties of the solvent-excluded surfaces (SESs) over a large set of soluble proteins with crystal structures. We discover that all have net negative ... More

Geometry of Two-dimensional Self-shrinkersMay 01 2015We prove a local graphical theorem for two-dimensional self-shrinkers away from the origin. As applications, we study the asymptotic behavior of noncompact self-shrinkers with finite genus. Also, we show uniform boundedness on the second fundamental form ... More

Charmonium and exotics from BelleSep 14 2015The recent results on charmonium and charmoniumlike states from Belle experiment are reviewed. We summarise searches in $B$ decays for possible $X$-like states in final states containing $\eta_c$. The new measurement of $e^+e^-\to\pi^+\pi^-\psi(2S)$ improves ... More

Algorithms for Generating Large-scale Clustered Random GraphsJan 28 2013Real social networks are often compared to random graphs in order to assess whether their typological structure could be the result of random processes. However, an Erd\H{o}s-R\'enyi random graph in large scale is often lack of local structure beyond ... More

Density Elimination for Semilinear Substructural LogicsSep 11 2015Jan 04 2016We present a uniform method of density elimination for several semilinear substructural logics. Especially, the density elimination for the involutive uninorm logic IUL is proved. Then the standard completeness of IUL follows as a lemma by virtue of previous ... More

On the reductive monoid associated to a parabolic subgroupFeb 23 2016Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over a perfect field $k$. We study a certain normal reductive monoid $\overline M$ associated to a parabolic $k$-subgroup $P$ of $G$. The group of units of $\overline M$ is the Levi factor $M$ of $P$. We show that ... More

Minimal Root's embeddings for general starting and target distributionsJan 28 2016Nov 23 2016Recent works (Dupire [2005], Cox and Wang [2013], Gassiat et al. [2015]) have studied the construction of Root's embedding. However, all the results so far rely on the assumption that the corresponding stopped process is uniformly integrable, which is ... More

Discovering Phase Transitions with Unsupervised LearningJun 01 2016Jun 06 2016Unsupervised learning is a discipline of machine learning which aims at discovering patterns in big data sets or classifying the data into several categories without being trained explicitly. We show that unsupervised learning techniques can be readily ... More

First CT-MRI Scanner for Multi-dimensional Synchrony and Multi-physical CouplingFeb 11 2014We propose to prototype the first CT-MRI scanner for radiation therapy and basic research, demonstrate its transformative biomedical potential, and initiate a paradigm shift in multimodality imaging. Our design consists of a double donut-shaped pair of ... More

A note on inverses of cyclotomic mapping permutation polynomials over finite fieldsJan 16 2016In this note, we give a shorter proof of a result of Zheng, Yu, and Pei on the explicit formula of inverses of generalized cyclotomic permutation polynomials over finite fields. Moreover, we characterize all these cyclotomic permutation polynomials that ... More

Effects of Cluster Particle Correlations on Local Parity Violation ObservablesNov 08 2009Jun 08 2010We investigate effects of cluster particle correlations on two- and three-particle azimuth correlator observables sensitive to local strong parity violation. We use two-particle angular correlation measurements as input and estimate the magnitudes of ... More

Supersonic Jets in Relativistic Heavy-Ion CollisionsOct 18 2006Oct 23 2006Mach-cone shock waves were proposed to explain the broad and perhaps double-peaked away-side 2-particle jet-correlations at RHIC; however, other mechanisms cannot be ruled out. Three-particle jet-correlation is needed in order to distinguish various physics ... More

Hard Probes are the "Meridian Line", sQGP is the Forbidden CityOct 15 2009Relativistic heavy-ion collisions at BNL/RHIC have created a hot and dense nuclear matter, the strongly interacting Quark-Gluon Plasma (sQGP). Hard probes, high transverse momentum particles and jets, interact with the sQGP medium and lose energy. The ... More

Jet-Like Correlations between Forward and Mid-RapidityOct 06 2006Mid-rapidity azimuthal correlations probe di-jets originating mainly from gluon-gluon hard-scattering. Measurements of such correlations have revealed significant (gluon-)jet modification in central Au+Au collisions. Azimuthal correlations at forward ... More

Under-approximation of the Greatest Fixpoint in Real-Time System VerificationJan 22 2005Techniques for the efficient successive under-approximation of the greatest fixpoint in TCTL formulas can be useful in fast refutation of inevitability properties and vacuity checking. We first give an integrated algorithmic framework for both under and ... More

Residual correlation in two-proton interferometry from lambda-proton strong interactionsJul 08 1999Oct 02 1999We investigate the residual effect of lambda-proton strong interactions in pp correlations with one proton from lambda decays. It is found that the residual correlation is about 10% of the lambda-proton correlation strength, and has a broad distribution ... More

Coulomb Effect on phi->K+K- Invariant MassOct 11 1996We demonstrate that coulomb interaction between a static charge source and K+ and K- from phi-meson decay could introduce systematic shift in the phi invariant mass reconstructed from the K+K- pair.

Time-dependent Hierarchical Dirichlet Model for Timeline GenerationDec 08 2013Apr 21 2014Timeline Generation aims at summarizing news from different epochs and telling readers how an event evolves. It is a new challenge that combines salience ranking with novelty detection. For long-term public events, the main topic usually includes various ... More

On the Single-Photon-Counting (SPC) modes of imaging using an XFEL sourceSep 12 2015The requirements to achieve high detection efficiency (above 50\%) and gigahertz (GHz) frame rate for the proposed 42-keV X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) at Los Alamos are summarized. Direct detection scenarios using C (diamond), Si, Ge and GaAs semiconductor ... More

Singular Hochschild Cohomology and Gerstenhaber Algebra StructureAug 02 2015In this paper, we define the singular Hochschild cohomology groups $HH_{sg}^i(A, A)$ of an associative $k$-algebra $A$ as morphisms from $A$ to $A[i]$ in the singular category $D_{sg}(A\otimes_k A^{op})$ for $i\in \mathbb{Z}$. We prove that $HH_{sg}^*(A, ... More

Tautological Integrals on Hilbert Schemes of Points on CurvesJun 28 2015Apr 15 2016We propose a conjecture on the generating series of Chern numbers of tautological bundles on Hilbert schemes of points on curves and establish the rank 1 and rank -1 case of this conjecture. Thus we compute explicitly the generating series of integrals ... More