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A Survey of the Galactic Plane for Dispersed Pulses with the Australian Square Kilometre Array PathfinderMar 12 2019We report the results from a survey of the Galactic plane for dispersed single pulses using the Australian SKA Pathfinder (ASKAP). We searched for rare bright dispersed radio pulses comprising 160 pointings covering 4800 deg$^2$ of the Galactic plane ... More

On Framework and Hybrid Auction Approach to the Spectrum Licensing ProcedureFeb 18 2009Inspired by the recent developments in the field of Spectrum Auctions, we have tried to provide a comprehensive framework for the complete procedure of Spectrum Licensing. We have identified the various issues the Governments need to decide upon while ... More

Everyday Radio TelescopeJan 12 2016We have developed an affordable, portable college level radio telescope for amateur radio astronomy which can be used to provide hands-on experience with the fundamentals of a radio telescope and an insight into the realm of radio astronomy. With our ... More

GREENBURST: a commensal fast radio burst search back-end for the Green Bank TelescopeMar 13 2019We describe the design and deployment of GREENBURST, a commensal Fast Radio Burst (FRB) search system at the Green Bank Telescope. GREENBURST uses the dedicated L-band receiver tap to search over the 960$-$1920 MHz frequency range for pulses with dispersion ... More

Dimensionality Reduction with Subspace Structure PreservationDec 07 2014Apr 06 2016Modeling data as being sampled from a union of independent subspaces has been widely applied to a number of real world applications. However, dimensionality reduction approaches that theoretically preserve this independence assumption have not been well ... More

Towards deeper neural networks for Fast Radio Burst detectionFeb 17 2019With the upcoming commensal surveys for Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs), and their high candidate rate, usage of machine learning algorithms for candidate classification is a necessity. Such algorithms will also play a pivotal role in sending real-time triggers ... More

Toward a Push-Scalable Global InternetNov 29 2010Push message delivery, where a client maintains an ``always-on'' connection with a server in order to be notified of a (asynchronous) message arrival in real-time, is increasingly being used in Internet services. The key message in this paper is that ... More

Mass Deformations of Super Yang-Mills Theories in D= 2+1, and Super-Membranes: A NoteJun 26 2008Mass deformations of supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories in three spacetime dimensions are considered. The gluons of the theories are made massive by the inclusion of a non-local gauge and Poincare invariant mass term due to Alexanian and Nair, while the ... More

Open Spin Chains in Super Yang-Mills at Higher Loops: Some Potential Problems with IntegrabilityMar 09 2006May 14 2006The super Yang-Mills duals of open strings attached to maximal giant gravitons are studied in perturbation theory. It is shown that non-BPS baryonic excitations of the gauge theory can be studied within the paradigm of open quantum spin chains even beyond ... More

Stabilizing Graph-dependent Switched SystemsOct 08 2018Mar 12 2019We give sufficient conditions for stability of a continuous-time linear switched system consisting of finitely many subsystems. The switching between subsystems is governed by an underlying graph. The results are applicable to switched systems having ... More

Asymptotic expansion for characteristic function in Heston stochastic volatility model with fast mean-reverting correctionOct 14 2013In this note, we derive the characteristic function expansion for logarithm of the underlying asset price in corrected Heston model as proposed by Fouque and Lorig.

Evaluation Function Approximation for ScrabbleJan 25 2019The current state-of-the-art Scrabble agents are not learning-based but depend on truncated Monte Carlo simulations and the quality of such agents is contingent upon the time available for running the simulations. This thesis takes steps towards building ... More

A Supersymmetry Preserving Mass-Deformation of N=1 Super Yang-Mills in D=2+1Sep 04 2009Sep 18 2009We construct a massive non-abelian N= 1 SYM theory on R^3. This is achieved by using a non-local gauge and Poincare invariant mass term for gluons due to Nair. The underlying supersymmetry algebra is shown to be a non-central extension of the Poincare ... More

On Computation of Error Locations and Values in Hermitian CodesDec 11 2007We obtain a technique to reduce the computational complexity associated with decoding of Hermitian codes. In particular, we propose a method to compute the error locations and values using an uni-variate error locator and an uni-variate error evaluator ... More

An Analysis of Random Projections in Cancelable BiometricsJan 17 2014Nov 14 2014With increasing concerns about security, the need for highly secure physical biometrics-based authentication systems utilizing \emph{cancelable biometric} technologies is on the rise. Because the problem of cancelable template generation deals with the ... More

Aspects of Integrability in N =4 SYMAug 21 2007Various recently developed connections between supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories in four dimensions and two dimensional integrable systems serve as crucial ingredients in improving our understanding of the AdS/CFT correspondence. In this review, we highlight ... More

Mass-Gaps and Spin Chains for (Super) MembranesOct 01 2006We present a method for computing the non-perturbative mass-gap in the theory of Bosonic membranes in flat background spacetimes with or without background fluxes. The computation of mass-gaps is carried out using a matrix regularization of the membrane ... More

Stabilizing Graph-dependent Switched systems with all Unstable SubsystemsOct 08 2018We give sufficient conditions for stability of a continuous-time linear switched system with all unstable subsystems where switchings between subsystems are governed by an underlying graph. We also present a slow-fast switching mechanism on subsystems ... More

Evaluation of Semantic ClustersMay 04 1995Semantic clusters of a domain form an important feature that can be useful for performing syntactic and semantic disambiguation. Several attempts have been made to extract the semantic clusters of a domain by probabilistic or taxonomic techniques. However, ... More

Time resolved transport properties of a $Y$-junction of Tomonaga-Luttinger liquidsJun 30 2014Nov 05 2014We study time resolved transport properties of a $Y$-junction composed of interacting one-dimensional quantum wires using a bosonization approach. In particular, we investigate the AC conductivity of the $Y$-junction formed from finite length Tomonaga-Luttinger ... More

Text Steganographic Approaches: A ComparisonFeb 12 2013Feb 14 2013This paper presents three novel approaches of text steganography. The first approach uses the theme of missing letter puzzle where each character of message is hidden by missing one or more letters in a word of cover. The average Jaro score was found ... More

Comments on Higher Loop Integrability in the $su(1|1)$ Sector of $\cal N$=4 $SYM$: Lessons From the $su(2)$ SectorJun 13 2005An analysis of two loop integrability in the $su(1|1)$ sector of $\cal{N}$=4$SYM$ is presented from the point of view of Yangian symmetries. The analysis is carried out in the scaling limit of the dilatation operator which is shown to have a manifest ... More

Surrogate Regret Bounds for Bipartite Ranking via Strongly Proper LossesJul 02 2012The problem of bipartite ranking, where instances are labeled positive or negative and the goal is to learn a scoring function that minimizes the probability of mis-ranking a pair of positive and negative instances (or equivalently, that maximizes the ... More

The $k$-transformation on an interval with a holeApr 09 2017Oct 08 2018Let $T_{k}$ be the expanding map of $[0,1)$ defined by $T_{k}(x) = k x\ \text{mod 1}$, where $k$ is an integer atleast 2. Given $0\leq a<b\leq 1$, let $\mathcal{W}_{k}(a,b)=\{x\in [0,1)\ | \ T_{k}^nx\notin (a,b), \ n\geq 0\}$ be the maximal $T$-invariant ... More

A Novel MINLP Reformulation for Nonlinear Generalized Disjunctive Programming (GDP) ProblemsOct 07 2015In optimization problems, often equations and inequalities are represented using if-else (implication) construct which is known to be equivalent to a disjunction. Such statements are modeled and incorporated in an optimization problem using Generalized ... More

A Simple Loop Dwell Time Approach for Stability of Switched SystemsApr 09 2017Jun 18 2017We introduce a novel concept of simple loop dwell time and use it to give sufficient conditions for stability of a continuous-time linear switched system where switching between subsystems is governed by an underlying graph. We present a slow-fast switching ... More

Towards a PURE Spoken Dialogue System for Information AccessJul 22 1997With the rapid explosion of the World Wide Web, it is becoming increasingly possible to easily acquire a wide variety of information such as flight schedules, yellow pages, used car prices, current stock prices, entertainment event schedules, account ... More

Residual Connections Encourage Iterative InferenceOct 13 2017Mar 08 2018Residual networks (Resnets) have become a prominent architecture in deep learning. However, a comprehensive understanding of Resnets is still a topic of ongoing research. A recent view argues that Resnets perform iterative refinement of features. We attempt ... More

Non-local symmetries for Yang-Mills theories and their massive counterparts in two and three dimensionsDec 05 2011We identify a non-local symmetry for Yang-Mills theories in 1+1 and 2+1 spacetime dimensions. The symmetry mixes a vector current with the gauge field. The current involved in the symmetry is required to satisfy certain constraints. The explicit solution ... More

Nuclear Star Clusters from Clustered Star FormationAug 17 2010Dec 28 2010Photometrically distinct nuclear star clusters (NSCs) are common in late-type-disk and spheroidal galaxies. The formation of NSCs is inevitable in the context of normal star formation in which a majority of stars form in clusters. A young, mass-losing ... More

Anisotropy-Induced Quantum Interference Between Orthogonal Quantum Dot Exciton States in Semiconductor Cavity SystemsAug 23 2016We describe how quantum dot semiconductor cavity systems can be engineered to exploit anisotropy-induced dipole-dipole coupling between orthogonal dipole states in a single quantum dot. Quantum dots in single-mode cavity structures with spin exciton states, ... More

Manifest SO(N) invariance and S-matrices of three-dimensional N=2,4,8 SYMMar 03 2011An on-shell formalism for the computation of S-matrices of SYM theories in three spacetime dimensions is presented. The framework is a generalization of the spinor-helicity formalism in four dimensions. The formalism is applied to establish the manifest ... More

Deconstructing Supersymmetric S-matrices in D <= 2 + 1Jun 08 2012Global supersymmetries of the S-matrices of N = 2, 4, 8 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories in three spacetime dimensions (without matter hypermultiplets) are shown to be SU(1|1), SU(2|2) and SU(2|2) X SU(2|2) respectively. These symmetries are not manifest ... More

Hidden Local and Non-local Symmetries of S-matrices of N=2,4,8 SYM in D=2+1Sep 13 2011Sep 26 2011This talk, based principally on arXiv:1103.0786, is devoted to properties of tree-level S-matrices of N=2,4,8 SYM in D=2+1. We'll discuss an on-shell formalism for three-dimensional theories inspired by the spinor-helicity framework in four spacetime ... More

Supporting Dynamic Ad hoc Collaboration CapabilitiesJul 14 2003Modern HENP experiments such as CMS and Atlas involve as many as 2000 collaborators around the world. Collaborations this large will be unable to meet often enough to support working closely together. Many of the tools currently available for collaboration ... More

Power and efficiency analysis of a realistic resonant tunneling diode thermoelectricMar 04 2014Jul 01 2014Low-dimensional systems with sharp features in the density of states have been proposed as a means to improving the efficiency of thermoelectric devices. Quantum dot systems, which offer the sharpest density of states achievable, however, suffer from ... More

Heisenberg's Uncertainty Relations and Quantum OpticsJan 22 2002We present a brief review of the impact of the Heisenberg uncertainty relations on quantum optics. In particular we demonstrate how almost all coherent and nonclassical states of quantum optics can be derived from uncertainty relations.

Noncooperative Games for Autonomous Consumer Load Balancing over Smart GridApr 19 2011Jun 12 2011Traditionally, most consumers of electricity pay for their consumptions according to a fixed rate. With the advancement of Smart Grid technologies, large-scale implementation of variable-rate metering becomes more practical. As a result, consumers will ... More

Line junction in a quantum Hall system with two filling fractionsMar 10 2008We present a microscopic model for a line junction formed by counter or co-propagating single mode quantum Hall edges corresponding to different filling factors. The ends of the line junction can be described by two possible current splitting matrices ... More

Charge transport in a Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid: effects of pumping and biasFeb 19 2007Jul 07 2007We study the current produced in a Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid by an applied bias and by weak, point-like impurity potentials which are oscillating in time. We use bosonization to perturbatively calculate the current up to second order in the impurity potentials. ... More

New type integral inequalities for convex functions with applications IIMar 25 2017We have recently established some integral inequalities for convex functions via the Hermite-Hadamard's inequalities. In continuation here, we also establish some interesting new integral inequalities for convex functions via the Hermite--Hadamard's inequalities ... More

Three Factors Influencing Minima in SGDNov 13 2017Sep 13 2018We investigate the dynamical and convergent properties of stochastic gradient descent (SGD) applied to Deep Neural Networks (DNNs). Characterizing the relation between learning rate, batch size and the properties of the final minima, such as width or ... More

Notes on Collective Field Theory of Large N Vector Models as Classical Mechanics on the Siegel DiscNov 15 2004We use deformation quantization to construct the large N limits of Bosonic vector models as classical dynamical systems on the Siegel disc and study the relation of this formulation to standard results of collective field theory. Special emphasis is paid ... More

Multiple Signal Classification Algorithm (MUSICAL) for super-resolution fluorescence microscopyNov 28 2016Super-resolution microscopy is providing unprecedented insights into biology by resolving details much below the diffraction limit. State-of-the-art Single Molecule Localization Microscopy (SMLM) techniques for super-resolution are restricted by long ... More

Architecture for communication with a fidelity criterion in unknown networksFeb 05 2010Jan 21 2011We prove that in order to communicate independent sources (this is the unicast problem) between various users over an unknown medium to within various distortion levels, it is sufficient to consider source-channel separation based architectures: architectures ... More

Adaptive Resolution Simulation in Equilibrium and BeyondDec 07 2014In this paper, we investigate the equilibrium statistical properties of both the force and potential interpolations of adaptive resolution simulation (AdResS) under the theoretical framework of grand-canonical like AdResS (GC-AdResS). The thermodynamic ... More

Plasmons in spin polarized graphene: a new way to measure spin polarizationMay 05 2015Jun 14 2015We study the collective charge excitations (plasmons) in spin polarized graphene, and derive explicit expressions for their dispersion in the undamped regime. From this, we are able to calculate the critical wave vector beyond which the plasmon enters ... More

Bounds on the Rate of Linear Locally Repairable Codes over Small AlphabetsJul 28 2016Locally repairable codes (LRC) have recently been a subject of intense research due to theoretical appeal and their application in distributed storage systems. In an LRC, any coordinate of a codeword can be recovered by accessing only few other coordinates. ... More

Security in Locally Repairable StorageMar 13 2015Aug 12 2016In this paper we extend the notion of {\em locally repairable} codes to {\em secret sharing} schemes. The main problem that we consider is to find optimal ways to distribute shares of a secret among a set of storage-nodes (participants) such that the ... More

Continuous Optimization for Fields of Experts Denoising WorksMar 21 2014Several recent papers use image denoising with a Fields of Experts prior to benchmark discrete optimization methods. We show that a non-linear least squares solver significantly outperforms all known discrete methods on this problem.

SU(2|2) for Theories with Sixteen Supercharges at Weak and Strong CouplingMar 29 2010Jul 28 2010We consider the dimensional reductions of N=4 Supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory on R x S^3 to the three-dimensional theory on R x S^2, the orbifolded theory on R x S^3/Z_k, and the plane-wave matrix model. With explicit emphasis on the three-dimensional ... More

Stochastic Control of Tidal Dynamics Equation with Levy NoiseJan 03 2015In this work we first present the existence, uniqueness and regularity of the strong solution of the tidal dynamics model perturbed by Levy noise. Monotonicity arguments have been exploited in the proofs. We then formulate a martingale problem of Stroock ... More

Analysis of boundary point (break point) in Linear Delay Model for nanoscale VLSI standard cell library characterization at PVT cornersOct 06 2014In VLSI chip design flow, Static Timing Analysis (STA) is used for fast and accurate analysis of data-path delay. This process is fast because delay is picked from Look Up Tables (LUT) rather than conventional SPICE simulations. But accuracy of this method ... More

Anisotropy-Induced Quantum Interference and Population Trapping Between Orthogonal Quantum Dot Exciton States in Semiconductor Cavity SystemsAug 23 2016Nov 24 2016We describe how quantum dot semiconductor cavity systems can be engineered to realize anisotropy-induced dipole-dipole coupling between orthogonal dipole states in a single quantum dot. Quantum dots in single-mode cavity structures as well as photonic ... More

Modularity-Maximizing Network Communities via Mathematical ProgrammingOct 12 2007Apr 19 2008In many networks, it is of great interest to identify "communities", unusually densely knit groups of individuals. Such communities often shed light on the function of the networks or underlying properties of the individuals. Recently, Newman suggested ... More

$2^{\aleph_0}$ pairwise non-isomorphic maximal-closed subgroups of Sym$(\mathbb{N})$ via the classification of the reducts of the Henson digraphsSep 25 2015Given two structures $\mathcal{M}$ and $\mathcal{N}$ on the same domain, we say that $\mathcal{N}$ is a reduct of $\mathcal{M}$ if all $\emptyset$-definable relations of $\mathcal{N}$ are $\emptyset$-definable in $\mathcal{M}$. In this article the reducts ... More

Lower Bounds for Higher-Order Convex OptimizationOct 27 2017State-of-the-art methods in convex and non-convex optimization employ higher-order derivative information, either implicitly or explicitly. We explore the limitations of higher-order optimization and prove that even for convex optimization, a polynomial ... More

Berry curvature induced thermopower in type-I and type-II Weyl SemimetalsMar 04 2019Berry curvature acts analogous to a magnetic field in the momentum-space, and it modifies the flow of charge carriers and entropy. This induces several intriguing magnetoelectric and magnetothermal transport phenomena in Weyl semimetals. Here, we explore ... More

Bringing Cartoons to Life: Towards Improved Cartoon Face Detection and Recognition SystemsApr 05 2018Jul 06 2018Given the recent deep learning advancements in face detection and recognition techniques for human faces, this paper answers the question "how well would they work for cartoons'?" - a domain that remains largely unexplored until recently, mainly due to ... More

On Optimality Conditions for Auto-Encoder Signal RecoveryMay 23 2016Jul 13 2017Auto-Encoders are unsupervised models that aim to learn patterns from observed data by minimizing a reconstruction cost. The useful representations learned are often found to be sparse and distributed. On the other hand, compressed sensing and sparse ... More

VisualBackProp for learning using privileged information with CNNsMay 24 2018In many machine learning applications, from medical diagnostics to autonomous driving, the availability of prior knowledge can be used to improve the predictive performance of learning algorithms and incorporate `physical,' `domain knowledge,' or `common ... More

Skin Lesion Segmentation and Classification with Deep Learning SystemFeb 16 2019Melanoma is one of the ten most common cancers in the US. Early detection is crucial for survival, but often the cancer is diagnosed in the fatal stage. Deep learning has the potential to improve cancer detection rates, but its applicability to melanoma ... More

Initial Results from the ALFABURST SurveyOct 25 2017Here, we present initial results from the ALFABURST radio transient survey, which is currently running in a commensal mode with the ALFA receiver at the Arecibo telescope. We observed for a total of 1400 hours and have detected single pulses from known ... More

Enhancement of tunneling density of states at a Y junction of spin-1/2 Tomonaga Luttinger liquid wiresFeb 10 2015Jul 21 2015We calculate the tunneling density of states (TDOS) in a three wire junction of interacting spin-1/2 electrons, and find an anomalous enhancement of the TDOS in the zero bias limit, even for repulsive interactions for several bosonic fixed points. This ... More

Local Partial Clique Covers for Index CodingMar 08 2016Apr 29 2016Index coding, or broadcasting with side information, is a network coding problem of most fundamental importance. In this problem, given a directed graph, each vertex represents a user with a need of information, and the neighborhood of each vertex represents ... More

Supersymmetric Wilson Loops in Diverse DimensionsApr 03 2009Aug 12 2009We consider supersymmetric Wilson loops a la Zarembo in planar supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories in diverse dimensions. Using perturbation theory we show that these loops have trivial vacuum expectation values to second order in the 't Hooft coupling. ... More

Spider and the Flies : Focused Crawling on Tumblr to Detect Hate Promoting CommunitiesMar 30 2016Tumblr is one of the largest and most popular microblogging website on the Internet. Studies shows that due to high reachability among viewers, low publication barriers and social networking connectivity, microblogging websites are being misused as a ... More

Notes on S-folds and $\mathcal{N}=3$ theoriesJul 01 2016We consider D3 branes in presence of an S-fold plane. The latter is a non perturbative object, arising from the combined projection of an S-duality twist and a discrete orbifold of the R-symmetry group. This construction naively gives rise to 4d $\mathcal{N}=3$ ... More

Quantum Entanglement Initiated Super Raman ScatteringSep 22 2010It has now been possible to prepare chain of ions in an entangled state and thus question arises --- how the optical properties of a chain of entangled ions differ from say a chain of independent particles. We investigate nonlinear optical processes in ... More

Saving Entanglement via a Nonuniform Sequence of $π$ PulsesNov 21 2009Aug 24 2010We examine the question of survival of quantum entanglement between the bipartite states and multiparticle states like GHZ states under the action of a dephasing bath by the application of sequence of $\pi$ pulses. We show the great advantage of the pulse ... More

Microscopic Origin of Spatial Coherence and Wolf ShiftsNov 13 2003We show that the vacuum of electromagnetic field has intrinsic partial spatial coherence in frequency domain which effectively extends over regions of the order of wavelength $\lambda$. This spatial coherence leads to a dynamical coupling between atoms ... More

Ground Edge based LIDAR Localization without a Reflectivity Calibration for Autonomous DrivingOct 05 2017In this work we propose an alternative formulation to the problem of ground reflectivity grid based localization involving laser scanned data from multiple LIDARs mounted on autonomous vehicles. The driving idea of our localization formulation is an alternative ... More

HT-Paxos: High Throughput State-Machine Replication Protocol for Large Clustered Data CentersJul 04 2014Paxos is a prominent theory of state machine replication. Recent data intensive Systems those implement state machine replication generally require high throughput. Earlier versions of Paxos as few of them are classical Paxos, fast Paxos and generalized ... More

A Relevant Content Filtering Based Framework For Data Stream SummarizationJun 23 2016Social media platforms are a rich source of information these days, however, of all the available information, only a small fraction is of users' interest. To help users catch up with the latest topics of their interests from the large amount of information ... More

Multitask Learning for Sequence Labeling TasksApr 25 2014May 09 2016In this paper, we present a learning method for sequence labeling tasks in which each example sequence has multiple label sequences. Our method learns multiple models, one model for each label sequence. Each model computes the joint probability of all ... More

Linear magneto-chiral transport in tilted type-I and type-II Weyl SemimetalsAug 10 2018Jan 28 2019Berry curvature in Weyl semimetals results in very intriguing magneto-electric and magneto-thermal transport properties. In this paper, we explore the impact of the tilting of the Weyl nodes, which breaks the time-reversal symmetry, on the magneto-electric ... More

Nucleus of active asteroid 358P/Pan-STARRS (P/2012 T1)May 28 2018The dust emission from active asteroids is likely driven by collisions, fast rotation, sublimation of embedded ice, and combinations of these. Characterising these processes leads to a better understanding of their respective influence on the evolution ... More

Equation of motion approach to non-adiabatic quantum charge pumpingMar 22 2006Jan 18 2007We use the equations of motion of non-interacting electrons in a one-dimensional system to numerically study different aspects of charge pumping. We study the effects of the pumping frequency, amplitude, band filling and finite bias on the charge pumped ... More

A Fourier-based Picard-iteration approach for a class of McKean-Vlasov SDEs with Lévy jumpsDec 12 2018We consider a class of L\'evy-driven stochastic differential equations (SDEs) with McKean-Vlasov (MK-V) interaction in the drift coefficient. It is assumed that the coefficient is bounded, affine in the state variable, and only measurable in the law of ... More

Auto Spell Suggestion for High Quality Speech Synthesis in HindiFeb 15 2014The goal of Text-to-Speech (TTS) synthesis in a particular language is to convert arbitrary input text to intelligible and natural sounding speech. However, for a particular language like Hindi, which is a highly confusing language (due to very close ... More

A Lower Bound for the Optimization of Finite SumsOct 02 2014Oct 04 2015This paper presents a lower bound for optimizing a finite sum of $n$ functions, where each function is $L$-smooth and the sum is $\mu$-strongly convex. We show that no algorithm can reach an error $\epsilon$ in minimizing all functions from this class ... More

Thermal Tachyacoustic CosmologyJun 03 2014An intriguing possibility that can address pathologies in both early universe cosmology (i.e. the horizon problem) and quantum gravity (i.e. non-renormalizability), is that particles at very high energies and/or temperatures could propagate arbitrarily ... More

Pronounced Effect of pn-Junction Dimensionality on Tunnel Switch Threshold ShapeSep 01 2011Oct 30 2014Designing tunneling junctions with abrupt on-off characteristics and high current densities is critical for many different devices including backward diodes and tunneling field effect transistors (TFETs). It is possible to get a sharp, high conductance ... More

Gauge Theories on Open Lie Algebra Non-Commutative SpacesNov 13 2002Nov 26 2002It is shown that non-commutative spaces, which are quotients of associative algebras by ideals generated by non-linear relations of a particular type, admit extremely simple formulae for deformed or star products. Explicit construction of these star products ... More

Fine-Grained Complexity and Conditional Hardness for Sparse GraphsNov 21 2016There is a large class of path and cycle problems on graphs that currently have $\tilde{O}(n^3)$ time algorithms. Graphs encountered in practice are typically sparse, with $m <<n^2$, were $n$ and $m$ are the number of vertices and edges in the graph. ... More

Microscopic Origin of Spatial Cherence and Wolf ShiftsOct 01 2003Wolf discovered how the spatial coherence characteristics of the source affect the spectrum of the radiation in the far zone. In particular the spatial coherence of the source can result either in red or blue shifts in the measured spectrum.His predictions ... More

Control of Decoherence and Relaxation by Frequency Modulation of Heat BathApr 26 1999We demonstrate in a very general fashion, considerable slowing down of decoherence and relaxation by fast frequency modulation of the system heat bath coupling. The slowing occurs as the decoherence rates are now determined by the spectral components ... More

Mesoscopic superpositions of states - approach to classicality and diagonalization in coherent state basisOct 16 1998I consider the interaction of a superposition of mesoscopic coherent states and its approach to a mixed state as a result of a suitably controlled environment. I show how the presence of a gain medium in a cavity can lead to diagonalization in coherent ... More

A randomized covering-packing duality between source-coding and channel-codingMay 22 2015A randomized covering-packing duality between source and channel coding will be discussed by considering the source coding problem of coding a source with a certain distortion level and by considering a channel which communicates the source within a certain ... More

An Efficient Read Dominant Data Replication Protocol under Serial Isolation using Quorum Consensus ApproachJun 28 2014In distributed systems, data replication provides better availability, higher read capacity, improved access efficiency and lower bandwidth requirements in the system. In this paper, we propose a significantly efficient approach of the data replication ... More

HT-Ring Paxos: Theory of High Throughput State-Machine Replication for Clustered Data CentersJul 15 2015Implementations of state-machine replication (SMR) prevalently use the variants of Paxos. Some of the recent variants of Paxos like, Ring Paxos, Multi-Ring Paxos, S-Paxos and HT-Paxos achieve significantly high throughput. However, to meet the growing ... More

Multiple Signal Classification Algorithm for super-resolution fluorescence microscopyNov 28 2016Dec 11 2016Super-resolution microscopy is providing unprecedented insights into biology by resolving details much below the diffraction limit. State-of-the-art Single Molecule Localization Microscopy (SMLM) techniques for super-resolution are restricted by long ... More

Model-Based Clustering of Nonparametric Weighted NetworksDec 21 2017Water pollution is a major global environmental problem, and it poses a great environmental risk to public health and biological diversity. This work is motivated by assessing the potential environmental threat of coal mining through increased sulfate ... More

The Price of Differential Privacy For Online LearningJan 27 2017Jun 13 2017We design differentially private algorithms for the problem of online linear optimization in the full information and bandit settings with optimal $\tilde{O}(\sqrt{T})$ regret bounds. In the full-information setting, our results demonstrate that $\epsilon$-differential ... More

Energy Aware, Scalable, K-Hop Based Cluster Formation In MANETSep 21 2012The study of Mobile Ad-hoc Network remains attractive due to the desire to achieve better performance and scalability. MANETs are distributed systems consisting of mobile hosts that are connected by multi-hop wireless links. Such systems are self organized ... More

Cosmological constraints on general, single field inflationSep 17 2008Dec 20 2008Inflation is now an accepted paradigm in standard cosmology, with its predictions consistent with observations of the cosmic microwave background. It lacks, however, a firm physical theory, with many possible theoretical origins beyond the simplest, canonical, ... More

Nonadiabatic charge pumping in a one-dimensional system of noninteracting electrons by an oscillating potentialAug 27 2007Dec 24 2007Using a tight-binding model, we study one-parameter charge pumping in a one-dimensional system of non-interacting electrons. An oscillating potential is applied at one site while a static potential is applied in a different region. Using Floquet scattering ... More

Certain composition formulae for the fractional integral operatorsMar 11 2017In this paper we establish some (presumably new) interesting expressions for the composition of some well known fractional integral operators $ I^{\mu}_{a+}, D^{\mu}_{a+} $,$ I^{\gamma , \mu}_{a+}$ and also derive an integral operator $\mathcal{H}^{w;m,n;\alpha}_{a+;p,q;\beta}$ ... More

On some new inequalities involving generalized Erdélyi-Kober fractional $q$-integral operatorMay 27 2014In the present investigation, we aim to establish some inequalities involving generalized Erd\'elyi-Kober fractional $q$-integral operator of the two parameters of deformation $q_{1}$ and $q_{2}$ due to Gaulu\'e, by following the same lines used by Baleanu ... More

Portfolio Benchmarking under Drawdown Constraint and Stochastic Sharpe RatioOct 26 2016We consider an investor who seeks to maximize her expected utility derived from her terminal wealth relative to the maximum performance achieved over a fixed time horizon, and under a portfolio drawdown constraint, in a market with local stochastic volatility ... More