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Tragedy of the Commons in the ChemostatMay 19 2017We present a proof of principle for the phenomenon of the tragedy of the commons that is at the center of many theories on the evolution of cooperation. We establish the tragedy in the context of a general chemostat model with two species, the cooperator ... More

Optimized Compilation of Aggregated Instructions for Realistic Quantum ComputersFeb 04 2019Feb 17 2019Recent developments in engineering and algorithms have made real-world applications in quantum computing possible in the near future. Existing quantum programming languages and compilers use a quantum assembly language composed of 1- and 2-qubit (quantum ... More

The combinatorial multitude of fatty acids can be described by Fibonacci numbersMar 28 2013The famous series of Fibonacci numbers is defined by a recursive equation saying that each number is the sum of its two predecessors, with the initial condition that the first two numbers are equal to unity. Here, we show that the numbers of fatty acids ... More

Rank reduction of conformal blocksDec 12 2015Aug 03 2016Let $X$ be a smooth, pointed Riemann surface of genus zero, and $G$ a simple, simply-connected complex algebraic group. Associated to a finite number of weights of $G$ and a level is a vector space called the space of conformal blocks, and a vector bundle ... More

Realization of a $Λ$ system with metastable states of a capacitively-shunted fluxoniumJul 03 2017Apr 13 2018We realize a $\Lambda$ system in a superconducting circuit, with metastable states exhibiting lifetimes up to 8\,ms. We exponentially suppress the tunneling matrix elements involved in spontaneous energy relaxation by creating a "heavy" fluxonium, realized ... More

Characterization of the scintillation anisotropy in crystalline stilbene scintillator detectorsJun 21 2016This paper reports a series of measurements that characterize the directional dependence of the scintillation response of crystalline melt-grown and solution-grown stilbene to incident DT and DD neutrons. These measurements give the amplitude and pulse ... More

Investigating the anisotropic scintillation response in anthracene through neutron, gamma-ray, and muon measurementsOct 31 2015This paper reports a series of measurements that characterize the directional dependence of the scintillation response of crystalline anthracene to incident DT neutrons, DD neutrons, Cs-137 gamma rays, and, for the first time, cosmic ray muons. The neutron ... More

Optical Flow Requires Multiple Strategies (but only one network)Nov 17 2016Feb 02 2017We show that the matching problem that underlies optical flow requires multiple strategies, depending on the amount of image motion and other factors. We then study the implications of this observation on training a deep neural network for representing ... More

Optical Flow Requires Multiple Strategies (but only one network)Nov 17 2016We show that the matching problem that underlies optical flow requires multiple strategies, depending on the amount of image motion and other factors. We then study the implications of this observation on training a deep neural network for representing ... More

Gradient-based optimal control of open quantum systems using quantum trajectories and automatic differentiationJan 16 2019We present a gradient-based optimal-control technique for open quantum systems that utilizes quantum trajectories to simulate the quantum dynamics during optimization. Using trajectories allows for optimizing open systems with less computational cost ... More

Supersymmetric Biorthogonal Quantum SystemsMar 20 2006Aug 26 2007We discuss supersymmetric biorthogonal systems, with emphasis given to the periodic solutions that occur at spectral singularities of PT symmetric models. For these periodic solutions, the dual functions are associated polynomials that obey inhomogeneous ... More

New Abilities and Limitations of Spectral Graph BisectionJan 05 2017Apr 28 2017Spectral based heuristics belong to well-known commonly used methods which determines provably minimal graph bisection or outputs "fail" when the optimality cannot be certified. In this paper we focus on Boppana's algorithm which belongs to one of the ... More

A New Upper Bound for the Traveling Salesman Problem in Cubic GraphsJul 19 2012Nov 30 2012We provide a new upper bound for traveling salesman problem (TSP) in cubic graphs, i.e. graphs with maximum vertex degree three, and prove that the problem for an $n$-vertex graph can be solved in $O(1.2553^n)$ time and in linear space. We show that the ... More

A nonlinear, geometric Hall effect without magnetic fieldFeb 09 2019The classical Hall effect, the traditional means of determining charge-carrier sign and density in a conductor, requires a magnetic field to produce transverse voltages across a current-carrying wire. We show that along curved paths -- $\mathrm{\textit{without}}$ ... More

Speedup for quantum optimal control from automatic differentiation based on graphics processing unitsDec 15 2016Apr 18 2017We implement a quantum optimal control algorithm based on automatic differentiation and harness the acceleration afforded by graphics processing units (GPUs). Automatic differentiation allows us to specify advanced optimization criteria and incorporate ... More

Fabrication and characterization of superconducting circuit QED devices for quantum computationNov 28 2004We present fabrication and characterization procedures of devices for circuit quantum electrodynamics (cQED). We have made 3 GHz cavities with quality factors in the range 10^4--10^6, which allow access to the strong coupling regime of cQED. The cavities ... More

Time Reversal Invariant Topologically Insulating CircuitsSep 04 2013May 18 2015From studies of exotic quantum many-body phenomena to applications in spintronics and quantum information processing, topological materials are poised to revolutionize the condensed matter frontier and the landscape of modern materials science. Accordingly, ... More

Corporate Evidential Decision Making in Performance Prediction DomainsFeb 06 2013Performance prediction or forecasting sporting outcomes involves a great deal of insight into the particular area one is dealing with, and a considerable amount of intuition about the factors that bear on such outcomes and performances. The mathematical ... More

Chromatic characteristic classes in ordinary group cohomologySep 04 2001We study a family of subrings, indexed by the natural numbers, of the mod-p cohomology of a finite group G. These subrings are based on a family of v_n-periodic complex oriented cohomology theories and are constructed as rings of generalised characteristic ... More

Storage of multiple coherent microwave excitations in an electron spin ensembleAug 01 2009Jun 18 2010Electron and nuclear spins have good coherence times and an ensemble of spins is a promising candidate for a quantum memory. By employing holographic techniques via field gradients a single ensemble may be used to store many bits of information. Here ... More

An arithmetic proof of John's ellipsoid theoremJul 31 2012Using an idea of Voronoi in the geometric theory of positive definite quadratic forms, we give a transparent proof of John's characterization of the unique ellipsoid of maximum volume contained in a convex body. The same idea applies to the 'hard part' ... More

A modified algebraic reconstruction technique taking refraction into account with an application in terahertz tomographyJan 18 2016Terahertz (THz) tomography is a rather novel technique for nondestructive testing that is particularly suited for the testing of plastics and ceramics. Previous publications showed a large variety of conventional algorithms adapted from computed tomography ... More

On the Relationship Between Scintillation Anisotropy and Crystal Structure in Pure Crystalline Organic Scintillator MaterialsNov 30 2017May 02 2018The scintillation anisotropy effect for proton recoil events has been investigated in five pure organic crystalline materials: anthracene, trans-stilbene, p-terphenyl, bibenzyl, and diphenylacetylene. These measurements include characterization of the ... More

Spontaneous creation of discrete breathers in Josephson arraysSep 12 2003We report on the experimental generation of discrete breather states (intrinsic localized modes) in frustrated Josephson arrays. Our experiments indicate the formation of discrete breathers during the transition from the static to the dynamic (whirling) ... More

A CG-type method in Banach spaces with an application to computerized tomographyFeb 12 2016Conjugate Gradient (CG) methods are one of the most effective iterative methods to solve linear equations in Hilbert spaces. So far, they have been inherently bound to these spaces since they make use of the inner product structure. In more general Banach ... More

New results on event-by-event ratio fluctuations in Pb+Pb collisions at CERN SPS energiesJul 08 2011Event-by-event fluctuations of produced particle multiplicities are believed to be sensitive to a deconfinement phase transition and the critical point of strongly interacting matter. The NA49 collaboration has conducted a systematic study of various ... More

Resonant Trapping in the Galactic Disc and Halo and its Relation with Moving GroupsMay 17 2015With the use of a detailed Milky Way nonaxisymmetric potential, observationally and dynamically constrained, the effects of the bar and the spiral arms in the Galaxy are studied in the disc and in the stellar halo. Especially the trapping of stars in ... More

High contrast qubit interactions using multimode cavity QEDFeb 27 2014Oct 22 2014We introduce a new multimode cavity QED architecture for superconducting circuits which can be used to implement photonic memories, more efficient Purcell filters, and quantum simulations of photonic materials. We show that qubit interactions mediated ... More

Universal stabilization of single-qubit states using a tunable couplerMar 03 2018Aug 19 2018We theoretically analyze a scheme for fast stabilization of arbitrary qubit states with high fidelities, extending a protocol recently demonstrated experimentally [Lu et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 150502 (2017)]. That experiment utilized red and blue ... More

Understanding degenerate ground states of a protected quantum circuit in the presence of disorderFeb 28 2014A recent theoretical proposal suggests that a simple circuit utilizing two superinductors may produce a qubit with ground state degeneracy [P. Brooks et al., Phys. Rev. A 87, 052306 (2013)]. We perform a full circuit analysis along with exact diagonalization ... More

Engineering topological materials in microwave cavity arraysMay 10 2016We present a scalable architecture for the exploration of interacting topological phases of photons in arrays of microwave cavities, using established techniques from cavity and circuit quantum electrodynamics. A time-reversal symmetry breaking (non-reciprocal) ... More

Consistency of Importance Sampling estimates based on dependent sample sets and an application to models with factorizing likelihoodsMar 01 2015In this paper, I proof that Importance Sampling estimates based on dependent sample sets are consistent under certain conditions. This can be used to reduce variance in Bayesian Models with factorizing likelihoods, using sample sets that are much larger ... More

Gradient Importance SamplingJul 21 2015Adaptive Monte Carlo schemes developed over the last years usually seek to ensure ergodicity of the sampling process in line with MCMC tradition. This poses constraints on what is possible in terms of adaptation. In the general case ergodicity can only ... More

Black Hole Evaporation: Sparsity in Analogue and General Relativistic Space-TimesJan 17 2019Our understanding of black holes changed drastically, when Stephen Hawking discovered their evaporation due to quantum mechanical processes. One core feature of this effect is both its similarity and simultaneous dissimilarity to classical black body ... More

Inter-Coder Agreement for Nominal Scales: A Model-based ApproachAug 06 2012Inter-coder agreement measures, like Cohen's kappa, correct the relative frequency of agreement between coders to account for agreement which simply occurs by chance. However, in some situations these measures exhibit behavior which make their values ... More

PWOC-3D: Deep Occlusion-Aware End-to-End Scene Flow EstimationApr 12 2019In the last few years, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have demonstrated increasing success at learning many computer vision tasks including dense estimation problems such as optical flow and stereo matching. However, the joint prediction of these ... More

Quarter-Flux Hofstadter Lattice in Qubit-Compatible Microwave Cavity ArrayAug 04 2017Nov 14 2017Topological- and strongly-correlated- materials are exciting frontiers in condensed matter physics, married prominently in studies of the fractional quantum hall effect [1]. There is an active effort to develop synthetic materials where the microscopic ... More

Electronic transport in metallic carbon nanotubes with mixed defects within the strong localization regimeMay 04 2017Nov 22 2018We study the electron transport in metallic carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with realistic defects of different types. We focus on large CNTs with many defects in the mesoscopic range. In a recent paper we demonstrated that the electronic transport in those defective ... More

An Empirical Evaluation Study on the Training of SDC Features for Dense Pixel MatchingApr 12 2019Training a deep neural network is a non-trivial task. Not only the tuning of hyperparameters, but also the gathering and selection of training data, the design of the loss function, and the construction of training schedules is important to get the most ... More

An Autonomous Stabilizer for Incompressible Photon Fluids and SolidsJan 17 2017We suggest a simple approach to populate photonic quantum materials at non-zero chemical potential and near-zero temperature. Taking inspiration from forced evaporation in cold-atom experiments, the essential ingredients for our low-entropy thermal reservoir ... More

Hamiltonian Tomography of Photonic LatticesJul 18 2016In this letter we introduce a novel approach to Hamiltonian tomography of non-interacting tight-binding photonic lattices. To begin with, we prove that the matrix element of the low-energy effective Hamiltonian between sites $i$ and $j$ may be obtained ... More

Probing the Berry Curvature and Fermi Arcs of a Weyl CircuitJul 13 2018The Weyl particle is the massless fermionic cousin of the photon. While no fundamental Weyl particles have been identified, they arise in condensed matter and meta-material systems, where their spinor nature imposes topological constraints on low-energy ... More

A Dissipatively Stabilized Mott Insulator of PhotonsJul 30 2018Superconducting circuits have emerged as a competitive platform for quantum computation, satisfying the challenges of controllability, long coherence and strong interactions between individual systems. Here we apply this toolbox to the exploration of ... More

Color ordering in QCDNov 25 2013We derive color decompositions of arbitrary tree and one-loop QCD amplitudes into color ordered objects called primitive amplitudes. Furthermore, we derive general fermion flip and reversion identities spanning the null space among the primitive amplitudes ... More

Maximal rank subgroups and strong functoriality of the additive eigenconeAug 22 2016Let $G$ be a simple connected complex Lie group. The additive eigencone of $G$ is a polyhedral cone containing the set of solutions to the additive eigenvalue problem, a generalization of the Hermitian eigenvalue problem. The additive eigencone is functorial, ... More

A Bayesian Model of node interaction in networksFeb 18 2014Mar 06 2015We are concerned with modeling the strength of links in networks by taking into account how often those links are used. Link usage is a strong indicator of how closely two nodes are related, but existing network models in Bayesian Statistics and Machine ... More

Transducer-based Rewriting Games for Active XMLJun 09 2016Context-free games are two-player rewriting games that are played on nested strings representing XML documents with embedded function symbols. These games were introduced to model rewriting processes for intensional documents in the Active XML framework, ... More

Maximal rank subgroups and strong functoriality of the additive eigenconeAug 22 2016May 10 2017Let $G$ be a simple connected complex Lie group. The additive eigencone of $G$ is a polyhedral cone containing the set of solutions to the additive eigenvalue problem, a generalization of the Hermitian eigenvalue problem. The additive eigencone is functorial, ... More

Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Response of Quorum-Sensing Bacteria in an Evolutionary ContextMay 01 2019To explain the stability of cooperation is a central task of evolutionary theory. We investigate this question in the case of quorum sensing (QS) bacteria, which regulate cooperative traits in response to population density. Cooperation is modeled by ... More

On the Role of Quantum Events in Double-Slit ExperimentsMar 28 2010Apr 10 2011We formulate the Schr\"odinger equation as the equation of motion of a small external influence which serves as the initial boundary condition of a physical system in classical laboratory space. The Hilbert space of possible external influences for a ... More

On the energy dependence of $K/π$ fluctuations in relativistic heavy ion collisionsNov 06 2009In this note we will discuss the energy dependence of particle ratio fluctuations in heavy ion collisions. We study how the inherent multiplicity dependence of ratio fluctuations is reflected in the excitation function of the dynamical fluctuations. Specifically, ... More

Markov Automata: Deciding Weak Bisimulation by means of non-naively Vanishing StatesMay 28 2012Apr 30 2014This paper develops a decision algorithm for weak bisimulation on Markov Automata (MA). For that purpose, different notions of vanishing state (a concept known from the area of Generalised Stochastic Petri Nets) are defined. Vanishing states are shown ... More

High p_T Spectra of Identified Particles Produced in Pb+Pb Collisions at 158GeV/nucleon Beam EnergyOct 18 2005Transverse momentum spectra of pi^{+/-}, p, pbar, K^{+/-}, K^0_s and Lambda at midrapidity were measured at high p_T in Pb+Pb collisions at 158GeV/nucleon beam energy by the NA49 experiment. Particle yield ratios (p/pi, K/pi and Lambda/K^0_s) show an ... More

Some notes on the abstraction operation for Multi-Terminal Binary Decision DiagramsMar 25 2013Oct 31 2013The starting point of this work are inaccurate statements found in the literature for Multi-terminal Binary Decision Diagrams (MTBDDs) regarding the well-definedness of the MTBDD abstraction operation. The statements try to relate an operation * on a ... More

Electromagnetic analogue space-times, analytically and algebraicallyAug 24 2018While quantum field theory could more aptly be called the "quantum field framework" $-$ as it encompasses a vast variety of varying concepts and theories $-$ in comparison, relativity, both special and general, is more commonly portrayed as less of a ... More

A CSP Field Theory with Helicity CorrespondenceApr 02 2014We propose the first covariant local action describing the propagation of a single free continuous-spin degree of freedom. The theory is simply formulated as a gauge theory in a "vector superspace", but can also be formulated in terms of a tower of symmetric ... More

The Production and Discovery of True Muonium in Fixed-Target ExperimentsJun 18 2012Upcoming fixed-target experiments designed to search for new sub-GeV forces will also have sensitivity to the never before observed True Muonium atom, a bound state of a muon and anti-muon. We describe the production and decay characteristics of True ... More

Grand Unification in Higher Dimensions with Split SupersymmetryDec 17 2004Mar 08 2005We investigate gauge coupling unification in higher dimensional GUT models with split supersymmetry. We focus on 5d and 6d orbifold GUTs, which permit a simple solution to several problems of 4D GUTs as well as control over GUT scale threshold corrections. ... More

Effective metrics and a fully covariant description of constitutive tensors in electrodynamicsJun 20 2017Dec 20 2017Using electromagnetism to study analogue space-times is tantamount to considering consistency conditions for when a given (meta-)material would provide an analogue space-time model or --- vice versa --- characterizing which given metric could be modelled ... More

Towards a splitting of the $K(2)$-local string bordism spectrumOct 10 2017Mar 16 2018We show that $K(2)$-locally, the smash product of the string bordism spectrum and the spectrum $T_2$ splits into copies of Morava $E$-theories. Here, $T_2$ is related to the Thom spectrum of the canonical bundle over $\Omega SU(4)$.

Uniqueness and stability result for Cauchy's equation of motion for a certain class of hyperelastic materialsFeb 04 2014Feb 05 2014We consider Cauchy's equation of motion for hyperelastic materials. The solution of this nonlinear initial-boundary value problem is the vector field which discribes the displacement which a particle of this material perceives when exposed to stress and ... More

Reward Augmented Maximum Likelihood for Neural Structured PredictionSep 01 2016Jan 04 2017A key problem in structured output prediction is direct optimization of the task reward function that matters for test evaluation. This paper presents a simple and computationally efficient approach to incorporate task reward into a maximum likelihood ... More

Optical conductivity of a Hubbard ring with an impurityJul 02 2005We investigate the optical conductivity of a Hubbard ring in presence of an impurity by means of exact diagonalization using the Lanczos algorithm. We concentrate thereby on the first excited, open shell state, i.e. on twisted boundary conditions. In ... More

High p_T Spectra of Identified Particles Produced in Pb+Pb Collisions at 158A GeV Beam EnergyJun 01 2006Jun 02 2006Results of the NA49 collaboration on the production of hadrons with large transverse momentum in Pb+Pb collisions at 158A GeV beam energy are presented. A range up to p_T = 4 GeV/c is covered. The nuclear modification factor R_CP is extracted for pions, ... More

Open $sd$-shell nuclei from first principlesNov 03 2015Jul 21 2016We extend the ab initio coupled-cluster effective interaction (CCEI) method to deformed open-shell nuclei with protons and neutrons in the valence space, and compute binding energies and excited states of isotopes of neon and magnesium. We employ a nucleon-nucleon ... More

Markov Chain Importance Sampling - a highly efficient estimator for MCMCMay 18 2018May 23 2018Markov chain algorithms are ubiquitous in machine learning and statistics and many other disciplines. In this work we present a novel estimator applicable to several classes of Markov chains, dubbed Markov chain importance sampling (MCIS). For a broad ... More

Volume inequalities and additive maps of convex bodiesJul 31 2012Analogues of the classical inequalities from the Brunn-Minkowski theory for rotation intertwining additive maps of convex bodies are developed. Analogues are also proved of inequalities from the dual Brunn-Minkowski theory for intertwining additive maps ... More

No Lee-Wick Fields out of GravityMar 23 2009Jun 12 2009We investigate the gravitational one-loop divergences of the standard model in large extra dimensions, with gravitons propagating in the (4+delta)-dimensional bulk and gauge fields as well as scalar and fermionic multiplets confined to a three-brane. ... More

Games for Active XML RevisitedDec 18 2014The paper studies the rewriting mechanisms for intensional documents in the Active XML framework, abstracted in the form of active context-free games. The safe rewriting problem studied in this paper is to decide whether the first player, Juliet, has ... More

Boyer-Lindquist space-times and beyond: Meta-material analoguesFeb 27 2018Mar 08 2018Physically reasonable stationary axisymmetric spacetimes can (under very mild technical conditions) be put into Boyer-Lindquist form. Unfortunately a metric presented in Boyer-Lindquist form is not well-adapted to the "quasi-Cartesian" meta-material analysis ... More

Bespoke analogue space-times: Meta-material mimicsJan 17 2018Modern meta-materials allow one to construct electromagnetic media with almost arbitrary bespoke permittivity, permeability, and magneto-electric tensors. If (and only if) the permittivity, permeability, and magneto-electric tensors satisfy certain stringent ... More

Identifying the stored energy of a hyperelastic structure by using an attenuated Landweber methodApr 21 2017We consider the nonlinear, inverse problem of identifying the stored energy function of a hyperelastic material from full knowledge of the displacement field as well as from surface sensor measurements. The displacement field is represented as a solution ... More

A Gauge Field Theory of Continuous-Spin ParticlesFeb 13 2013Nov 01 2013We propose and quantize a local, covariant gauge-field action that unifies the description of all free helicity and continuous-spin degrees of freedom in a simple manner. This is the first field-theory action of any kind for continuous spin particles; ... More

On the Theory of Continuous-Spin Particles: Helicity Correspondence in Radiation and ForcesFeb 06 2013Nov 01 2013We have recently shown that continuous-spin particles (CSPs) have covariant single-emission amplitudes with the requisite properties to mediate long-range forces. CSPs, the most general massless particle type consistent with Lorentz symmetry, are characterized ... More

Convolutions and multiplier transformations of convex bodiesJul 31 2012Rotation intertwining maps from the set of convex bodies in Rn into itself that are continuous linear operators with respect to Minkowski and Blaschke addition are investigated. The main focus is on Blaschke-Minkowski homomorphisms. We show that such ... More

An iterative method to reconstruct the refractive index of a medium from time-of-flight measurementsOct 23 2015The article deals with a classical inverse problem: the computation of the refractive index of a medium from ultrasound time-of-flight (TOF) measurements. This problem is very popular in seismics but also for tomographic problems in inhomogeneous media. ... More

A complete 12CO 2-1 map of M51 with HERAOct 15 2006The nearby, almost face-on, and interacting galaxy M51 offers an excellent opportunity to study the distribution of molecular gas and the mechanisms governing the star formation rate. We have created a complete map of M51 in 12CO 2-1 at a resolution of ... More

A complete 12CO 2-1 map of M51 with HERA: I. Radial averages of CO, HI, and radio continuumSep 25 2006The mechanisms governing the star formation rate in spiral galaxies are not yet clear. The nearby, almost face-on, and interacting galaxy M51 offers an excellent opportunity to study at high spatial resolutions the local star formation laws. In this first ... More

Gravitational Corrections to Yukawa and Phi^4 InteractionsAug 17 2009Feb 24 2010We consider the lowest order quantum gravitational corrections to Yukawa and Phi^4 interactions. Our results show that quantum gravity leads to contributions to the running coupling constants if the particles are massive and therefore alters the scaling ... More

Lattice structures for bisimilar Probabilistic AutomataFeb 27 2014The paper shows that there is a deep structure on certain sets of bisimilar Probabilistic Automata (PA). The key prerequisite for these structures is a notion of compactness of PA. It is shown that compact bisimilar PA form lattices. These results are ... More

Induction in Algebra: a First Case StudyAug 12 2013Sep 20 2013Many a concrete theorem of abstract algebra admits a short and elegant proof by contradiction but with Zorn's Lemma (ZL). A few of these theorems have recently turned out to follow in a direct and elementary way from the Principle of Open Induction distinguished ... More

Constructing the Tree-Level Yang-Mills S-Matrix Using Complex FactorizationNov 20 2008A remarkable connection between BCFW recursion relations and constraints on the S-matrix was made by Benincasa and Cachazo in 0705.4305, who noted that mutual consistency of different BCFW constructions of four-particle amplitudes generates non-trivial ... More

Chance and Necessity in Evolution: Lessons from RNANov 18 1998The relationship between sequences and secondary structures or shapes in RNA exhibits robust statistical properties summarized by three notions: (1) the notion of a typical shape (that among all sequences of fixed length certain shapes are realized much ... More

On the Theory of Continuous-Spin Particles: Wavefunctions and Soft-Factor Scattering AmplitudesFeb 05 2013Nov 02 2013The most general massless particles allowed by Poincare-invariance are "continuous-spin" particles (CSPs) characterized by a scale \rho, which at \rho=0 reduce to familiar helicity particles. Though known long-range forces are adequately modeled using ... More

A New Class of Particle in 2+1 DimensionsApr 03 2014In two spatial dimensions, spin characterizes how particle states re-phase under changes of frame that leave their momentum and energy invariant. Massless particles can in principle have non-trivial spin in this sense, but all existing field theories ... More

Crofton measures and Minkowski valuationsJul 31 2012A description of continuous rigid motion compatible Minkowski valuations is established. As an application, we present a Brunn-Minkowski type inequality for intrinsic volumes of these valuations.

Join Query Optimization Techniques for Complex Event Processing ApplicationsJan 29 2018Apr 29 2018Complex event processing (CEP) is a prominent technology used in many modern applications for monitoring and tracking events of interest in massive data streams. CEP engines inspect real-time information flows and attempt to detect combinations of occurrences ... More

Efficient Adaptive Detection of Complex Event PatternsJan 25 2018Apr 29 2018Complex event processing (CEP) is widely employed to detect occurrences of predefined combinations (patterns) of events in massive data streams. As new events are accepted, they are matched using some type of evaluation structure, commonly optimized according ... More

Sequential subspace optimization for nonlinear inverse problemsFeb 22 2016In this work we discuss a method to adapt sequential subspace optimization (SESOP), which has so far been developed for linear inverse problems in Hilbert and Banach spaces, to the case of nonlinear inverse problems. We start by revising the well-known ... More

On the linearization of identifying the stored energy function of a hyperelastic material from full knowledge of the displacement fieldNov 13 2015We consider the nonlinear,inverse problem of computing the stored energy function of a hyperelastic material from the full knowledge of the displacement field. The displacement field is described as solution of the nonlinear, dynamic, elastic wave equation, ... More

The Wyoming Survey for H-alpha. III. H-alpha Luminosity Functions at z ~ 0.16, 0.24, 0.32, and 0.40Mar 01 2010The Wyoming Survey for H-alpha, or WySH, is a large-area, ground-based imaging survey for H-alpha-emitting galaxies at redshifts of z ~ 0.16, 0.24, 0.32, and 0.40. The survey spans up to four square degrees in a set of fields of low Galactic cirrus emission, ... More

Topological PhotonicsFeb 12 2018Topological photonics is a rapidly-emerging field of research in which geometrical and topological ideas are exploited to design and control the behavior of light. Drawing inspiration from the discovery of the quantum Hall effects and topological insulators ... More

Universal stabilization of a parametrically coupled qubitJul 05 2017We autonomously stabilize arbitrary states of a qubit through parametric modulation of the coupling between a fixed frequency qubit and resonator. The coupling modulation is achieved with a tunable coupler design, in which the qubit and the resonator ... More

Topological PhotonicsFeb 12 2018Apr 02 2019Topological photonics is a rapidly emerging field of research in which geometrical and topological ideas are exploited to design and control the behavior of light. Drawing inspiration from the discovery of the quantum Hall effects and topological insulators ... More

Seismic Inversion by Newtonian Machine LearningApr 24 2019We present a wave-equation inversion method that inverts skeletonized data for the subsurface velocity model. The skeletonized representation of the seismic traces consists of the low-rank latent-space variables predicted by a well-trained autoencoder ... More

Persistent Fine-Tuning in Supersymmetry and the NMSSMDec 15 2005We examine the use of modified Higgs sectors to address the little hierarchy problem of supersymmetry. Such models reduce weak-scale fine-tuning by allowing lighter stops, but they retain some fine-tuning independent of the Higgs. The modified Higgs sector ... More

Searching for Light Dark Matter with the SLAC Millicharge ExperimentJul 25 2013New sub-GeV gauge forces ("dark photons") that kinetically mix with the photon provide a promising scenario for MeV-GeV dark matter, and are the subject of a program of searches at fixed-target and collider facilities around the world. In such models, ... More

Binary Operations in Spherical Convex GeometryJul 04 2014Characterizations of binary operations between convex bodies on the Euclidean unit sphere are established. The main result shows that the convex hull is essentially the only non-trivial projection covariant operation between pairs of convex bodies contained ... More

Minkowski Valuations and Generalized ValuationsJul 20 2015A convolution representation of continuous translation invariant and SO(n) equivariant Minkowski valuations is established. This is based on a new classification of translation invariant generalized spherical valuations. As applications, Crofton and kinematic ... More

Subalgebras of group cohomology defined by infinite loop spacesDec 17 2001We study natural subalgebras Ch_E(G) of group cohomology defined in terms of infinite loop spaces E and give representation theoretic descriptions of those based on QS^0 and the Johnson-Wilson theories E(n). We describe the subalgebras arising from the ... More