Results for "Darius H. Torchinsky"

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Direct Test of Supercooled Liquid Scaling RelationsJan 05 2017Diverse material classes exhibit practically identical behavior when made viscous upon cooling toward the glass transition, suggesting a common theoretical basis. The first-principles scaling laws that have been proposed to describe the evolution with ... More
Band-dependent Quasiparticle Dynamics in Single Crystals of the Ba$_{0.6}$K$_{0.4}$Fe$_2$As$_2$ Superconductor Revealed by Pump-Probe SpectroscopyMay 05 2009Jul 15 2010We report on band-dependent quasiparticle dynamics in Ba$_{0.6}$K$_{0.4}$Fe$_2$As$_2$ ($T_c = 37 K$) measured using ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy. In the superconducting state, we observe two distinct relaxation processes: a fast component whose decay ... More
Nonequilibrium Quasiparticle Relaxation Dynamics in Single Crystals of Hole and Electron doped BaFe$_2$As$_2$Aug 05 2011We report on the nonequilibrium quasiparticle dynamics in BaFe$_2$As$_2$ on both the hole doped (Ba$_{1-x}$K$_x$Fe$_2$As$_2$) and electron doped (BaFe$_{2-y}$Co$_y$As$_2$) sides of the phase diagram using ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy. Below $T_c$, ... More
Resonance-enhanced optical nonlinearity in the Weyl semimetal TaAsApr 19 2018Apr 20 2018While all media can exhibit first-order conductivity describing current linearly proportional to electric field, $E$, the second-order conductivity, $\sigma^{(2)}$ , relating current to $E^2$, is nonzero only when inversion symmetry is broken. Second ... More
Fourier Domain Rotational Anisotropy Second Harmonic GenerationOct 04 2018We describe a novel scheme of detecting rotational anisotropy second harmonic generation (RA-SHG) signals using a lock-in amplifier referenced to a fast scanning RA-SHG apparatus. The method directly measures the $n^{th}$ harmonics of the scanning frequency ... More
The Fourier transform and the wave equationApr 21 2009Mar 04 2010We solve the Cauchy problem for the $n$-dimensional wave equation using elementary properties of the Fourier transform.
$α$-Scale Decoupling of the Mechanical Relaxation and Diverging Shear Wave Propagation Lengthscale in TriphenylphosphiteApr 29 2011We have performed depolarized Impulsive Stimulated Scattering experiments to observe shear acoustic phonons in supercooled triphenylphosphite (TPP) from $\sim$10 - 500 MHz. These measurements, in tandem with previously performed longitudinal and shear ... More
Fast Reflective Optic-Based Rotational Anisotropy Nonlinear Harmonic Generation SpectrometerOct 31 2018We present a novel Rotational Anisotropy Nonlinear Harmonic Generation (RA-NHG) apparatus based primarily upon reflective optics. The data acquisition scheme used here allows for fast accumulation of RA-NHG traces, mitigating low frequency noise from ... More
Weighted Local Estimates for Singular Integral OperatorsAug 05 2013Aug 13 2013A local median decomposition is used to prove that a weighted local mean of a function is controlled by a weighted local mean of its local sharp maximal function. Together with (a local version of) the estimate $M^{\sharp}_{0,s}(Tf)(x) \le c\,Mf(x)$ for ... More
Fluctuating charge density waves in a cuprate superconductorJan 25 2013Cuprate materials hosting high-temperature superconductivity (HTS) also exhibit various forms of charge and/or spin ordering whose significance is not fully understood. To date, static charge-density waves (CDWs) have been detected by diffraction probes ... More
Quantized Photocurrents in the Chiral Multifold Fermion System RhSiFeb 08 2019The rapid pace of discovery of new classes of Weyl semimetals is driving a search for properties that derive from their unique bandstructure topology. One of the most striking of the predicted properties is the quantized circular photogalvanic effect ... More
Photonic Crystal Spatial Filters Fabricated by Femtosecond Pulsed Bessel BeamAug 07 2019We propose and experimentally demonstrate femtosecond direct laser writing with Bessel beams for the fabrication of photonic crystals with spatial filtering functionality. Such filters are mechanically stable, of small (of order of millimeter) size, do ... More
Anomalies in Bottom from new physics in TopMay 13 2018Aug 06 2018We analyze the possibility to accommodate current $b \to s \ell^+ \ell^-$ anomalies with TeV-scale mediators that couple to right-handed top quarks and muons, contributing to $b \to s \ell^+ \ell^-\,$ at the one-loop level. We use the Standard Model Effective ... More
The EuroCity Persons Dataset: A Novel Benchmark for Object DetectionMay 18 2018Jun 05 2018Big data has had a great share in the success of deep learning in computer vision. Recent works suggest that there is significant further potential to increase object detection performance by utilizing even bigger datasets. In this paper, we introduce ... More
aCORN: an experiment to measure the electron-antineutrino correlation coefficient in free neutron decayJan 17 2017Feb 21 2017We describe an apparatus used to measure the electron-antineutrino angular correlation coefficient in free neutron decay. The apparatus employs a novel measurement technique in which the angular correlation is converted into a proton time-of-flight asymmetry ... More
xView: Objects in Context in Overhead ImageryFeb 22 2018We introduce a new large-scale dataset for the advancement of object detection techniques and overhead object detection research. This satellite imagery dataset enables research progress pertaining to four key computer vision frontiers. We utilize a novel ... More
Four Tops for LHCNov 15 2016Jan 19 2017We design a search strategy for the Standard Model $t\bar t t \bar t$ production at the LHC in the same-sign dilepton and trilepton channels. We study different signal features and, given the small expected number of signal events, we scrutinize in detail ... More
Practical high-dimensional quantum key distribution with decoy statesNov 04 2014Feb 26 2015High-dimensional quantum key distribution (HD-QKD) allows two parties to generate multiple secure bits of information per detected photon. In this work, we show that decoy state protocols can be practically implemented for HD-QKD using only one or two ... More
The change of variable formula for Riemann-Stieltjes integralsApr 14 2019We consider general formulations of the change of variable formula for the Riemann-Stieltjes integral, including the case when the substitution is not invertible.
The change of variable formula for the Riemann integralApr 14 2019This note concerns the general formulation by Preiss and Uher of Kestelman's influential result pertaining the change of variable, or substitution, formula for the Riemann integral.
Bessel Functions and the Wave EquationDec 21 2018We solve the Cauchy problem for the $n$-dimensional wave equation using elementary properties of the Bessel functions.
Modified Riemann sums of Riemann-Stieltjes integrable functionsMay 02 2019In this paper, motivated by physical considerations, we introduce the notion of modified Riemann sums of Riemann-Stieltjes integrable functions, show that they converge, and compute them explicitely under various assumptions.
Weighted local estimates for fractional type operatorsOct 08 2013In this note we prove the estimate $M^{\sharp}_{0,s}(Tf)(x) \le c\,M_\gamma f(x)$ for general fractional type operators $T$, where $M^{\sharp}_{0,s}$ is the local sharp maximal function and $M_\gamma$ the fractional maximal function, as well as a local ... More
A Low Temperature Nonlinear Optical Rotational Anisotropy Spectrometer for the Determination of Crystallographic and Electronic SymmetriesJun 17 2014Nonlinear optical generation from a crystalline material can reveal the symmetries of both its lattice structure and underlying ordered electronic phases and can therefore be exploited as a complementary technique to diffraction based scattering probes. ... More
Observation of a Slater-type metal-to-insulator transition in Sr$_2$IrO$_4$ from time-resolved photo-carrier dynamicsMar 20 2012We perform a time-resolved optical study of Sr$_2$IrO$_4$ to understand the influence of magnetic ordering on the low energy electronic structure of a strongly spin-orbit coupled $J_{eff}$=1/2 Mott insulator. By studying the recovery dynamics of photo-carriers ... More
Nonlinear optical probe of tunable surface electrons on a topological insulatorJan 07 2011We use ultrafast laser pulses to experimentally demonstrate that the second-order optical response of bulk single crystals of the topological insulator Bi$_2$Se$_3$ is sensitive to its surface electrons. By performing surface doping dependence measurements ... More
Convolutional Neural Networks for Automated Annotation of Cellular Cryo-Electron TomogramsJan 19 2017Jun 11 2017Cellular Electron Cryotomography (CryoET) offers the ability to look inside cells and observe macromolecules frozen in action. A primary challenge for this technique is identifying and extracting the molecular components within the crowded cellular environment. ... More
Evidence of an odd-parity hidden order in a spin-orbit coupled correlated iridateJan 07 2016A rare combination of strong spin-orbit coupling and electron-electron correlations makes the iridate Mott insulator Sr$_2$IrO$_4$ a promising host for novel electronic phases of matter. The resemblance of its crystallographic, magnetic and electronic ... More
Medians, Continuity, and OscillationJul 11 2012Jan 04 2013In this paper we consider properties of medians as they pertain to the continuity and vanishing oscillation of a function. Our approach is based on the observation that medians are related to local sharp maximal functions restricted to a cube of $\R^n$. ... More
A structural distortion induced magneto-elastic locking in Sr$_2$IrO$_4$ revealed through nonlinear optical harmonic generationNov 04 2014We report a global structural distortion in Sr$_2$IrO$_4$ using spatially resolved optical second and third harmonic generation rotational anisotropy measurements. A symmetry lowering from an $I4_{1}/acd$ to $I4_{1}/a$ space group is observed both above ... More
Privacy Protection in Street-View Panoramas using Depth and Multi-View ImageryMar 27 2019The current paradigm in privacy protection in street-view images is to detect and blur sensitive information. In this paper, we propose a framework that is an alternative to blurring, which automatically removes and inpaints moving objects (e.g. pedestrians, ... More
Enhancement of the Monolayer WS2 Exciton Photoluminescence with a 2D-Material/Air/GaP In-Plane MicrocavityDec 26 2018Light-matter interaction with two-dimensional materials gained significant attention in recent years leading to the reporting of weak and strong coupling regimes, and effective nano-laser operation with various structures. Particularly, future applications ... More
On a Local Mean Oscillation DecompositionAug 30 2012Jan 27 2013In this note we generate two local median oscillation decompositions of an arbitrary measurable function and discuss some applications to Calder\'{o}n-Zygmund singular integral operators $T$. These applications rely on the inequality $M^{\sharp}_{0,s}(Tf)(x) ... More
EMBRACE@Nancay: An Ultra Wide Field of View Prototype for the SKAApr 15 2015May 04 2015A revolution in radio receiving technology is underway with the development of densely packed phased arrays for radio astronomy. This technology can provide an exceptionally large field of view, while at the same time sampling the sky with high angular ... More
Characterization of a dense aperture array for radio astronomyFeb 25 2016EMBRACE@Nancay is a prototype instrument consisting of an array of 4608 densely packed antenna elements creating a fully sampled, unblocked aperture. This technology is proposed for the Square Kilometre Array and has the potential of providing an extremely ... More
The Hardy-Lorentz Spaces $H^{p,q}(R^n)$Apr 02 2007In this paper we consider the Hardy-Lorentz spaces $H^{p,q}(R^n)$, with $0<p\le 1$, $0<q\le \infty$. We discuss the atomic decomposition of the elements in these spaces, their interpolation properties, and the behavior of singular integrals and other ... More
Fock space localization of polaritons in the Jaynes-Cummings dimer modelOct 07 2015Jan 22 2016We present a new method to study the semiclassical dynamics of the Jaynes-Cummings dimer model, describing two coupled cavities each containing a two-level system (qubit). We develop a Fock space WKB approach in the polariton basis where each site is ... More
A Giambelli formula for the $S^1$-equivariant cohomology of type A Peterson varietiesDec 18 2010Nov 06 2013The main result of this note is a Giambelli formula for the Peterson Schubert classes in the $S^1$-equivariant cohomology ring of a type $A$ Peterson variety. Our results depend on the Monk formula for the equivariant structure constants for the Peterson ... More
From dyadic $Λ_α$ to $Λ_α$Apr 02 2007In this paper we show how to compute the $\Lambda_{\alpha}$ norm, $\alpha\ge 0$, using the dyadic grid. This result is a consequence of the description of the Hardy spaces $H^p(R^N)$ in terms of dyadic and special atoms.
Poset pinball, the dimension pair algorithm, and type A regular nilpotent Hessenberg varietiesDec 18 2010Dec 25 2010In this manuscript we develop the theory of poset pinball, a combinatorial game recently introduced by Harada and Tymoczko for the study of the equivariant cohomology rings of GKM-compatible subspaces of GKM spaces. Harada and Tymoczko also prove that ... More
Measurement of the electron-antineutrino correlation in neutron beta decay: aCORN experimentOct 01 2018The aCORN experiment uses a novel asymmetry method to measure the electron-antineutrino correlation (a-coefficient) in free neutron decay that does not require precision proton spectroscopy. aCORN completed two physics runs at the NIST Center for Neutron ... More
The aCORN Backscatter-Suppressed Beta SpectrometerJan 17 2017Jan 25 2017Backscatter of electrons from a beta spectrometer, with incomplete energy deposition, can lead to undesirable effects in many types of experiments. We present and discuss the design and operation of a backscatter-suppressed beta spectrometer that was ... More
Numerical analysis of wet separation of particles by density differencesSep 27 2016Wet particle separation is widely used in mineral processing and plastic recycling to separate mixtures of particulate materials into further usable fractions due to density differences. This work presents efforts aiming to numerically analyze the wet ... More
Phenomenology of Supersymmetric Large Extra DimensionsDec 07 2002We study the phenomenology of a supersymmetric bulk in the scenario of large extra dimensions. The virtual exchange of gravitino KK states in selectron pair production in polarized \epem collisions is examined. The leading order operator for this exchange ... More
Supersymmetric Extra Dimensions: Gravitino Effects in Selectron Pair ProductionApr 05 2002We examine the phenomenological consequences of a supersymmetric bulk in the scenario of large extra dimensions. We assume supersymmetry is realized in the bulk and study the interactions of the resulting bulk gravitino Kaluza-Klein (KK) tower of states, ... More
MANTIS: The Mid-Frequency Aperture Array Transient and Intensity-Mapping SystemDec 23 2016The objective of this paper is to present the main characteristics of a wide-field MFAA precursor that we envisage to be built at the SKA site in South Africa. Known as MANTIS (the Mid-Frequency Aperture Array Transient and Intensity-Mapping System), ... More
High-rate field demonstration of large-alphabet quantum key distributionNov 03 2016Quantum key distribution (QKD) exploits the quantum nature of light to share provably secure keys, allowing secure communication in the presence of an eavesdropper. The first QKD schemes used photons encoded in two states, such as polarization. Recently, ... More
Thermal architecture for the QUBIC cryogenic receiverNov 06 2018QUBIC, the QU Bolometric Interferometer for Cosmology, is a novel forthcoming instrument to measure the B-mode polarization anisotropy of the Cosmic Microwave Background. The detection of the B-mode signal will be extremely challenging; QUBIC has been ... More
Parallel Transport of Electrons in Graphene Parallels GravitySep 15 2009Geometrically a crystal containing dislocations and disclinations can be envisaged as a `fixed frame' Cartan--Einstein space-time carrying torsion and curvature, respectively. We demonstrate that electrons in defected graphene are transported in the same ... More
Vibrational damping effects on electronic energy relaxation in molecular aggregatesJul 19 2018Representation of molecular vibrational degrees of freedom by independent harmonic oscillators, when describing electronic spectra or electronic excitation energy transport, raises unfavourable effects as vibrational energy relaxation becomes inaccessible. ... More
Statistics, Condensation and the Anderson-Higgs Mechanism: The Worldline Path Integral ViewJul 08 2008Sep 10 2008We explain, in the first quantized path integral formalism, the mechanism behind the Anderson-Higgs effect for a gas of charged bosons in a background magnetic field, and then use the method to prove the absence of the effect for a gas of fermions. The ... More
Integrable Spin Chains on the Conformal MooseOct 22 2005Nov 09 2005We consider N=1, D=4 superconformal U(N)^{pq} Yang-Mills theories dual to AdS_5xS^5/Z_pxZ_q orbifolds. We construct the dilatation operator of this superconformal gauge theory at one-loop planar level. We demonstrate that a specific sector of this dilatation ... More
String Theory on Parallelizable PP-WavesApr 20 2003Jun 11 2003The most general parallelizable pp-wave backgrounds which are non-dilatonic solutions in the NS-NS sector of type IIA and IIB string theories are considered. We demonstrate that parallelizable pp-wave backgrounds are necessarily homogeneous plane-waves, ... More
A minimal seesaw model with mu-tau symmetryOct 16 2015We analyse a flavour model for a lepton sector which is based on type I seesaw mechanism, a Z_2 symmetry for lepton flavours, a mu-tau interchange symmetry and a CP symmetry. This model fits well the data of neutrino mass squared differences and oscillation ... More
Chemical Aspects of the Antiferromagnetic Topological Insulator MnBi$_{2}$Te$_{4}$Dec 07 2018Crystal growth of MnBi$_{2}$Te$_{4}$ has delivered the first experimental corroboration of the 3D antiferromagnetic topological insulator state. Our present results confirm that the synthesis of MnBi$_{2}$Te$_{4}$ can be scaled-up and strengthen it as ... More
Sum-over-states vs quasiparticle pictures of coherent correlation spectroscopy of excitons in semiconductors; femtosecond analogues of multidimensional NMRApr 04 2007Two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2DCS) based on the nonlinear optical response of excitons to sequences of ultrafast pulses, has the potential to provide some unique insights into carrier dynamics in semiconductors. The most prominent feature ... More
The Plane-Wave/Super Yang-Mills DualityOct 13 2003Mar 23 2004We present a self-contained review of the Plane-wave/super-Yang-Mills duality, which states that strings on a plane-wave background are dual to a particular large R-charge sector of N=4, D=4 superconformal U(N) gauge theory. This duality is a specification ... More
Giant Hedge-Hogs: Spikes on Giant GravitonsDec 15 2003May 09 2004We consider giant gravitons on the maximally supersymmetric plane-wave background of type IIB string theory. Fixing the light-cone gauge, we work out the low energy effective light-cone Hamiltonian of the three-sphere giant graviton. At first order, this ... More
Light neutrino mass spectrum with one or two right-handed singlet fermions addedOct 16 2014We analyse two cases of the minimal extension of the Standard Model when one or two right-handed fields are added to the three left-handed fields. A second Higgs doublet (two Higgs doublet model - 2HDM) is included in our model. We calculate one-loop ... More
Shear Band Broadening in Simulated GlassesAug 30 2018Two models are proposed to predict the evolution of shear band width as a function of applied strain for simulated glasses mechanically deformed in simple shear. The first model arises from dimensional analysis and an assumption that band broadening is ... More
Spectral analysis of two-dimensional Bose-Hubbard modelsApr 19 2016One-dimensional Bose-Hubbard models are well known to obey a transition from regular to quantum-chaotic spectral statistics. We are extending this concept to relatively simple two-dimensional many-body models. Also in two dimensions a transition from ... More
Classifying Object Manipulation Actions based on Grasp-types and Motion-ConstraintsJun 20 2018In this work, we address a challenging problem of fine-grained and coarse-grained recognition of object manipulation actions. Due to the variations in geometrical and motion constraints, there are different manipulations actions possible to perform different ... More
Seesaw neutrino masses with a second Higgs doublet addedJul 13 2015We study parameters of an extended standard model. The neutrino sector is enlarged by one or two right-handed singlet fields and the Higgs sector contains one additional doublet. One-loop radiative corrections generate the mass for the light neutrino ... More
The Berry phase of dislocations in graphene and valley conserving decoherenceNov 12 2008Mar 30 2009We demonstrate that dislocations in the graphene lattice give rise to electron Berry phases equivalent to quantized values {0,1/3,-1/3} in units of the flux quantum, but with an opposite sign for the two valleys. An elementary scale consideration of a ... More
Numerical study of wet plastic particle separation using a coupled DEM-SPH methodJan 11 2017The separation of different kind of plastic particles is required in the process of waste recycling. For the separation drum processes passed through by a liquid are applicable. Thereby the separation is based on the principle that particles either sink ... More
Characterizations of the Hardy Space $H^1$ and BMOOct 13 2005Jan 24 2006We describe the spaces $H^1(R)$ and BMO$(R)$ in terms of their closely related, simpler dyadic and two-sided counterparts. As a result of these characterizations we establish when a bounded linear operator defined on dyadic or two-sided $H^1(R)$ into ... More
Super-resolved multimodal multiphoton microscopy with spatial frequency-modulated imagingAug 14 2015Super-resolved far-field microscopy has emerged as a powerful tool for investigating the structure of objects with resolution well below the diffraction limit of light. Nearly all super-resolution imaging techniques reported to date rely on real energy ... More
SKA Aperture Array Mid Frequency Science RequirementsOct 03 2016This document describes the top level requirements for the SKA-AAMID telescope as determined by the SKA key science projects. These include parameters such as operating frequency range,instantaneous bandwidth (total processed bandwidth), field of view ... More
SKA Aperture Array Mid Frequency Science RequirementsOct 03 2016Jan 23 2017This document describes the top level requirements for the SKA-AAMID telescope as determined by the SKA key science projects. These include parameters such as operating frequency range,instantaneous bandwidth (total processed bandwidth), field of view ... More
Stochastic Differential Equations for Quantum Dynamics of Spin-Boson NetworksOct 12 2014The quantum dynamics of open many-body systems poses a challenge for computational approaches. Here we develop a stochastic scheme based on the positive P phase-space representation to study the nonequilibrium dynamics of coupled spin-boson networks that ... More
Centrog Feature technique for vehicle type recognition at day and night timesDec 02 2016This work proposes a feature-based technique to recognize vehicle types within day and night times. Support vector machine (SVM) classifier is applied on image histogram and CENsus Transformed histogRam Oriented Gradient (CENTROG) features in order to ... More
Closing the window on single leptoquark solutions to the $B$-physics anomaliesAug 24 2018Oct 24 2018We examine various scenarios in which the Standard Model is extended by a light leptoquark state to solve for one or both $B$-physics anomalies, viz. $R_{D^{(\ast)}}^\mathrm{exp}> R_{D^{(\ast)}}^\mathrm{SM}$ or/and $R_{K^{(\ast)}}^\mathrm{exp}< R_{K^{(\ast)}}^\mathrm{SM}$. ... More
Optimally solving a transportation problem using Voronoi diagramsJun 14 2012We consider the following variant of the Monge-Kantorovich transportation problem. Let S be a finite set of point sites in d dimensions. A bounded set C in d-dimensional space is to be distributed among the sites p in S such that (i) each p receives a ... More
Distinctive character of electronic and vibrational coherences in disordered molecular aggregatesMay 11 2013Aug 19 2013Coherent dynamics of coupled molecules are effectively characterized by the two-dimensional (2D) electronic coherent spectroscopy. Depending on the coupling between electronic and vibrational states, oscillating signals of purely electronic, purely vibrational ... More
Progress in the parametrisation of the Neutrino sectorOct 09 2013Jan 06 2014Adding gauge singlets to the original Standard Model allows an explanation for the observed smallness of the neutrino masses using the seesaw mechanism. Following our plans presented in the last conference of this series we present the results for the ... More
Interaction-Aware Probabilistic Behavior Prediction in Urban EnvironmentsApr 27 2018Aug 28 2018Planning for autonomous driving in complex, urban scenarios requires accurate prediction of the trajectories of surrounding traffic participants. Their future behavior depends on their route intentions, the road-geometry, traffic rules and mutual interaction, ... More
MesoNet: a Compact Facial Video Forgery Detection NetworkSep 04 2018This paper presents a method to automatically and efficiently detect face tampering in videos, and particularly focuses on two recent techniques used to generate hyper-realistic forged videos: Deepfake and Face2Face. Traditional image forensics techniques ... More
Efficient and Scalable Barrier over Quadrics and Myrinet with a New NIC-Based Collective Message Passing ProtocolFeb 12 2004Modern interconnects often have programmable processors in the network interface that can be utilized to offload communication processing from host CPU. In this paper, we explore different schemes to support collective operations at the network interface ... More
Benefits of Overparameterization in Single-Layer Latent Variable Generative ModelsJun 28 2019One of the most surprising and exciting discoveries in supervising learning was the benefit of overparametrization (i.e. training a very large model) to improving the optimization landscape of a problem, with minimal effect on statistical performance ... More
Vibrational vs. electronic coherences in 2D spectrum of molecular systemsJan 13 2012Jul 03 2012The two-dimensional spectroscopy has recently revealed oscillatory behavior of excitation dynamics in molecular systems. However, in the majority of cases it is strongly debated if excitonic or vibrational wavepackets, or evidences of quantum transport ... More
Neutrino mass spectrum from the seesaw extensionDec 31 2012The smallness of the neutrino masses can be well understood within the seesaw mechanism. We analyse two cases of the minimal extension of the standard model when one or two right-handed fields are added to the three left-handed fields. A second Higgs ... More
Parametrizing the Neutrino sectorNov 07 2011The original Standard Model has massless neutrinos, but the observation of neutrino oscillations requires that neutrinos are massive. The simple extension of adding gauge singlet fermions to the particle spectrum allows normal Yukawa mass terms for neutrinos. ... More
Uncovering latent jet substructureApr 08 2019We apply techniques from Bayesian generative statistical modeling to uncover hidden features in jet substructure observables that discriminate between different a priori unknown underlying short distance physical processes in multi-jet events. In particular, ... More
Confronting lepton flavor universality violation in B decays with high-$p_T$ tau lepton searches at LHCSep 22 2016We confront the indications of lepton flavor universality (LFU) violation observed in semi-tauonic $B$ meson decays with new physics (NP) searches using high $p_T$ tau leptons at the LHC. Using effective field theory arguments we correlate possible non-standard ... More
Measuring emission coordinates in a pulsar-based relativistic positioning systemJul 08 2011Dec 08 2011A relativistic deep space positioning system has been proposed using four or more pulsars with stable repetition rates. (Each pulsar emits pulses at a fixed repetition period in its rest frame.) The positioning system uses the fact that an event in spacetime ... More
Visualizing Topographic Independent Component Analysis with MoviesJan 24 2019Independent component analysis (ICA) has often been used as a tool to model natural image statistics by separating multivariate signals in the image into components that are assumed to be independent. However, these estimated components oftentimes have ... More
Rhythmic cluster generation in strongly driven colloidal dispersionsJun 28 2006We study the response of a nematic colloidal dispersion of rods to a driven probe particle which is dragged with high speed through the dispersion perpendicular to the nematic director. In front of the dragged particle, clusters of rods are generated ... More
Emergent states in dense systems of active rods: from swarming to turbulenceApr 02 2012Dense suspensions of self-propelled rod-like particles exhibit a fascinating variety of non-equilibrium phenomena. By means of computer simulations of a minimal model for rigid self-propelled colloidal rods with variable shape we explore the generic diagram ... More
Aggregation of self-propelled colloidal rods near confining wallsSep 03 2008Non-equilibrium collective behavior of self-propelled colloidal rods in a confining channel is studied using Brownian dynamics simulations and dynamical density functional theory. We observe an aggregation process in which rods self-organize into transiently ... More
The relativistic two-body potentials of constraint theory from summation of Feynman diagramsFeb 07 1996The relativistic two-body potentials of constraint theory for systems composed of two spin-0 or two spin-1/2 particles are calculated, in perturbation theory, by means of the Lippmann-Schwinger type equation that relates them to the scattering amplitude. ... More
Cooperative single-photon subradiant states in a three-dimensional atomic arrayJun 21 2016We propose a complete superradiant and subradiant states that can be manipulated and prepared in a three-dimensional atomic array. These subradiant states can be realized by absorbing a single photon and imprinting the spatially-dependent phases on the ... More
Application of the Limit Cycle Model to Star Formation Histories in Spiral Galaxies: Variation among Morphological TypesMay 04 2000We propose a limit-cycle scenario of star formation history for any morphological type of spiral galaxies. It is known observationally that the early-type spiral sample has a wider range of the present star formation rate (SFR) than the late-type sample. ... More
The size-extensitivity of correlation energy estimators based on effective characteristic polynomialsApr 08 1997Estimators $\Pi n$ for the correlation energy can be computed as roots of effective characteristic polynomials of degree $n$. The coefficients of these polynomials are derived from the terms of the perturbation series of the energy. From a fourth-order ... More
Inherent global stabilization of unstable local behavior in coupled map latticesJul 05 2004The behavior of two-dimensional coupled map lattices is studied with respect to the global stabilization of unstable local fixed points without external control. It is numerically shown under which circumstances such inherent global stabilization can ... More
Integrability and Canonical Structure of d=2, N=16 SupergravityApr 23 1998Jul 01 1998The canonical formulation of d=2, N=16 supergravity is presented. We work out the supersymmetry generators (including all higher order spinor terms) and the N=16 superconformal constraint algebra. We then describe the construction of the conserved non-local ... More
Effects of Spin Fluctuations in Quasi-One-Dimensional Organic SuperconductorsMay 05 1999We study the electronic states of quasi-one-dimensional organic conductors using the single band Hubbard model at half-filling. We treat the effects of the on-site Coulomb interaction by the fluctuation-exchange (FLEX) method, and calculate the phase ... More
On the extrapolation of perturbation seriesDec 21 2002We discuss certain special cases of algebraic approximants that are given as zeroes of so-called "effective characteristic polynomials" and their generalization to a multiseries setting. These approximants are useful for the convergence acceleration or ... More
A focusable, convergent fast-electron beam from ultra-high-intensity laser-solid interactionsJan 29 2015A novel scheme for the creation of a convergent, or focussing, fast-electron beam generated from ultra-high-intensity laser-solid interactions is described. Self-consistent particle-in-cell simulations are used to demonstrate the efficacy of this scheme ... More
Quark mean field model for nuclear matter and finite nucleiNov 15 1999We study nuclear matter and finite nuclei in terms of the quark mean field (QMF) model, in which we describe the nucleon using the constituent quark model. The meson mean fields, in particular the sigma meson, created by other nucleons act on quarks inside ... More
Superradiant cascade emissions in an atomic ensemble via four-wave mixingJan 21 2015May 04 2015We investigate superradiant cascade emissions from an atomic ensemble driven by two-color classical fields. The correlated pair of photons (signal and idler) is generated by adiabatically driving the system with large-detuned light fields via four-wave ... More