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Asteroseismology of Eclipsing Binary Stars in the Kepler EraApr 29 2014Eclipsing binary stars have long served as benchmark systems to measure fundamental stellar properties. In the past few decades, asteroseismology - the study of stellar pulsations - has emerged as a new powerful tool to study the structure and evolution ... More

Precision Stellar Astrophysics in the Kepler EraApr 25 2016The study of fundamental properties (such as temperatures, radii, masses, and ages) and interior processes (such as convection and angular momentum transport) of stars has implications on various topics in astrophysics, ranging from the evolution of galaxies ... More

N-Body Simulations of Open, Self-Gravitating SystemsJan 16 2001Astrophysical systems differ often in two points from classical thermodynamical systems: 1.) They are open and 2.) gravity is a dominant factor. Both modifies the homogeneous equilibrium structure, known from classical thermodynamics. In order to study ... More

Asteroseismology of Cool StarsNov 04 2014The measurement of oscillations excited by surface convection is a powerful method to study the structure and evolution of cool stars. CoRoT and Kepler have initiated a revolution in asteroseismology by detecting oscillations in thousands of stars from ... More

Asteroseismology of Exoplanet Host StarsNov 23 2015Nov 29 2015Asteroseismology is among the most powerful observational tools to determine fundamental properties of stars. Space-based photometry has recently enabled the systematic detection of oscillations in exoplanet host stars, allowing a combination of asteroseismology ... More

Confirmation of the ${\rm \it Gaia}$ DR2 parallax zero-point offset using asteroseismology and spectroscopy in the ${\rm \it Kepler}$ fieldMay 07 2018May 09 2019We present an independent confirmation of the zero-point offset of ${\rm \it Gaia}$ Data Release 2 (DR2) parallaxes using asteroseismic data of evolved stars in the ${\rm \it Kepler}$ field. Using well-characterized red giant branch (RGB) stars from the ... More

Bounds on the artificial phase transition for perfect simulation of repulsive point processesOct 15 2010Repulsive point processes arise in models where competition forces entities to be more spread apart than if placed independently. Simulation of these types of processes can be accomplished using dominated coupling from the past with a running time that ... More

Self-Gravitating N-Body Systems out of EquilibriumOct 19 2000Real physical systems are often maintained off equilibrium by energy or matter flows. If these systems are far from equilibrium then the thermodynamical branch become unstable and fluctuations can lead them to other more stable states. These new states ... More

Differential expression analysis for multiple conditionsOct 13 2014As high-throughput sequencing has become common practice, the cost of sequencing large amounts of genetic data has been drastically reduced, leading to much larger data sets for analysis. One important task is to identify biological conditions that lead ... More

Scaling Laws in Self-Gravitating DisksApr 16 1999The interstellar medium (ISM) reveals strongly inhomogeneous structures at every scale. These structures do not seem completely random since they obey certain power laws. Larson's law (\citeyear{Larson81}) $\sigma \propto R^{\delta}$ and the plausible ... More

Fragmentation in Kinematically Cold DisksJan 16 2001Gravity is scale free. Thus gravity may form similar structures in self-gravitating systems on different scales. Indeed, observations of the interstellar medium, spiral disks and cosmic structures, reveal similar characteristics. The structures in these ... More

Long-Range Correlations in Self-Gravitating N-Body SystemsJan 29 2002Observed self-gravitating systems reveal often fragmented non-equilibrium structures that feature characteristic long-range correlations. However, models accounting for non-linear structure growth are not always consistent with observations and a better ... More

Lumpy Structures in Self-Gravitating DisksMay 29 2001Following Toomre & Kalnajs (1991), local models of slightly dissipative self-gravitating disks show how inhomogeneous structures can be maintained over several galaxy rotations. Their basic physical ingredients are self-gravity, dissipation and differential ... More

Pulse-to-pulse wavelength switchting of diode based fiber laser for multi-color multi-photon imagingOct 11 2018We present an entirely fiber based laser source for non-linear imaging with a novel approach for multi-color excitation. The high power output of an actively modulated and amplified picosecond fiber laser at 1064 nm is shifted to longer wavelengths by ... More

Guaranteed Parameter Estimation for Discrete Energy MinimizationJan 11 2017Structural learning, a method to estimate the parameters for discrete energy minimization, has been proven to be effective in solving computer vision problems, especially in 3D scene parsing. As the complexity of the models increases, structural learning ... More

A Modular Benchmarking Infrastructure for High-Performance and Reproducible Deep LearningJan 29 2019We introduce Deep500: the first customizable benchmarking infrastructure that enables fair comparison of the plethora of deep learning frameworks, algorithms, libraries, and techniques. The key idea behind Deep500 is its modular design, where deep learning ... More

Asteroseismology of 16000 Kepler Red Giants: Global Oscillation Parameters, Masses, and RadiiFeb 13 2018Apr 03 2018The Kepler mission has provided exquisite data to perform an ensemble asteroseismic analysis on evolved stars. In this work we systematically characterize solar-like oscillations and granulation for 16,094 oscillating red giants, using end-of-mission ... More

Angular Sizes and Effective Temperatures of O-type Stars from Optical Interferometry with the CHARA ArrayDec 13 2018We present interferometric observations of six O-type stars that were made with the Precision Astronomical Visible Observations (PAVO) beam combiner at the Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy (CHARA) Array. The observations include multiple brackets ... More

The Impact of Stellar Multiplicity on Planetary Systems, I.: The Ruinous Influence of Close Binary CompanionsApr 19 2016The dynamical influence of binary companions is expected to profoundly influence planetary systems. However, the difficulty of identifying planets in binary systems has left the magnitude of this effect uncertain; despite numerous theoretical hurdles ... More

A Mean-Field Model for Extended Stochastic Systems with Distributed Time DelaysJan 26 2005A network of noisy bistable elements with global time-delayed couplings is considered. A dichotomous mean field model has recently been developed describing the collective dynamics in such systems with uniform time delays near the bifurcation points. ... More

Design and Implementation of a Semantic Dialogue System for RadiologistsJan 25 2017This chapter describes a semantic dialogue system for radiologists in a comprehensive case study within the large-scale MEDICO project. MEDICO addresses the need for advanced semantic technologies in the search for medical image and patient data. The ... More

Rapid-scan acousto-optical delay line with 34 kHz scan rate and 15 attosecond precisionJul 13 2018An optical fast-scan delay exploiting the near-collinear interaction between a train of ultrashort optical pulses and an acoustic wave propagating in a birefringent crystal is introduced. In combination with a femtosecond Er:fiber laser, the scheme is ... More

Cooperative Dynamics in a Network of Stochastic Elements with Delayed FeedbackMar 11 2005Networks of globally coupled, noise activated, bistable elements with connection time delays are considered. The dynamics of these systems is studied numerically using a Langevin description and analytically using (1) a Gaussian approximation as well ... More

Highly indistinguishable and strongly entangled photons from symmetric GaAs quantum dotsOct 21 2016The development of scalable sources of non-classical light is fundamental to unlock the technological potential of quantum photonics\cite{Kimble:Nat2008}. Among the systems under investigation, semiconductor quantum dots are currently emerging as near-optimal ... More

Dynamics in a Bistable-Element-Network with Delayed Coupling and Local NoiseOct 14 2003The dynamics of an ensemble of bistable elements under the influence of noise and with global time-delayed coupling is studied numerically by using a Langevin description and analytically by using 1) a Gaussian approximation and 2) a dichotomous model. ... More

Site-resolved imaging of a fermionic Mott insulatorNov 19 2015Mar 21 2016The complexity of quantum many-body systems originates from the interplay of strong interactions, quantum statistics, and the large number of quantum-mechanical degrees of freedom. Probing these systems on a microscopic level with single-site resolution ... More

Phonon-assisted two-photon interference from remote quantum emittersJan 26 2017Feb 22 2017Photonic quantum technologies are on the verge of finding applications in everyday life with quantum cryptography and the quantum internet on the horizon. Extensive research has been carried out to determine suitable quantum emitters and single epitaxial ... More

Wavelength agile multi-photon microscopy with a fiber amplified diode laserOct 30 2018Nov 01 2018Multi-photon microscopy is a powerful tool in biomolecular research. Less complex and more cost effective excitation light sources will make this technique accessible to a broader community. Especially semiconductor diode seeded fiber lasers have proven ... More

Strain-tunable entangled-light-emitting diodes with high yield and fast operation speedMay 12 2015Triggered sources of entangled photons play crucial roles in almost any existing protocol of quantum information science. The possibility to generate these non-classical states of light with high speed and using electrical pulses could revolutionize the ... More

Time-periodic Néel wall motionsJun 24 2010In thin ferromagnetic films, the predominance of the magnetic shape anisotropy leads to in-plane magnetizations. The simplest domain wall in this geometry is the one-dimensional Neel wall that connects two magnetizations of opposite sign by a planar 180 ... More

An estimator for Poisson means whose relative error distribution is knownMay 30 2016Suppose that $X_1,X_2,\ldots$ are a stream of independent, identically distributed Poisson random variables with mean $\mu$. This work presents a new estimate $\mu_k$ for $\mu$ with the property that the distribution of the relative error in the estimate ... More

On the existence of block-transitive combinatorial designsMar 09 2010Block-transitive Steiner $t$-designs form a central part of the study of highly symmetric combinatorial configurations at the interface of several disciplines, including group theory, geometry, combinatorics, coding and information theory, and cryptography. ... More

Almost simple groups with socle $L_n(q)$ acting on Steiner quadruple systemsJul 07 2009Let $N=L_n(q)$, {$n \geq 2$}, $q$ a prime power, be a projective linear simple group. We classify all Steiner quadruple systems admitting a group $G$ with $N \leq G \leq \Aut(N)$. In particular, we show that $G$ cannot act as a group of automorphisms ... More

Improving Monte Carlo randomized approximation schemesNov 14 2014Consider a central problem in randomized approximation schemes that use a Monte Carlo approach. Given a sequence of independent, identically distributed random variables $X_1,X_2,\ldots$ with mean $\mu$ and standard deviation at most $c \mu$, where $c$ ... More

Complexity of Discrete Energy Minimization ProblemsJul 29 2016Discrete energy minimization is widely-used in computer vision and machine learning for problems such as MAP inference in graphical models. The problem, in general, is notoriously intractable, and finding the global optimal solution is known to be NP-hard. ... More

Detector Development for a Sterile Neutrino Search with the KATRIN ExperimentJan 24 2018The KATRIN (Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino) experiment investigates the energetic endpoint of the tritium $\beta$-decay spectrum to determine the effective mass of the electron anti-neutrino with a precision of $200\,\mathrm{meV}$ ($90\,\%$ C.L.) after an ... More

The more the merrier: grid based modelling of Kepler dwarfs with 5-dimensional stellar gridsJun 01 2017We present preliminary results of our grid based modelling (GBM) of the dwarf/subgiant sample of stars observed with Kepler including global asteroseismic parameters. GBM analysis in this work is based on a large grid of stellar models that is characterized ... More

Highly indistinguishable single photons from incoherently and coherently excited GaAs quantum dotsJan 31 2019Feb 04 2019Semiconductor quantum dots are converging towards the demanding requirements of photonic quantum technologies. Among different systems, quantum dots with dimensions exceeding the free-exciton Bohr radius are appealing because of their high oscillator ... More

Strain-Tunable GaAs Quantum dot: A Nearly Dephasing-Free Source of Entangled Photon Pairs on DemandJan 20 2018Oct 10 2018Entangled photon generation from semiconductor quantum dots via the biexciton-exciton cascade underlies various decoherence mechanisms related to the solid-state nature of the quantum emitters. So far, this has prevented the demonstration of nearly-maximally ... More

Solar-like oscillations and activity in Procyon: A comparison of the 2007 MOST and ground-based radial velocity campaignsFeb 14 2011Mar 09 2011We compare the simultaneous 2007 space-based MOST photometry and ground-based radial velocity observations of the F5 star Procyon. We identify slow variations in the MOST data that are similar to those reported in the radial velocity (RV) time series, ... More

Dynamical masses, absolute radii and 3D orbits of the triply eclipsing star HD 181068 from Kepler photometryOct 03 2012HD 181068 is the brighter of the two known triply eclipsing hierarchical triple stars in the Kepler field. It has been continuously observed for more than 2 years with the Kepler space telescope. Of the nine quarters of the data, three have been obtained ... More

Fast Perfect Simulation of Vervaat PerpetutitiesOct 06 2015Nov 24 2016This work presents a faster method of simulating exactly from a distribution known as a Vervaat perpetuity. A parameter of the Vervaat perpetuity is $\beta \in (0,\infty)$. An earlier method for simulating from this distributon ran in time $O((2.23\beta)^{\beta}).$ ... More

Shrinkage estimators for prediction out-of-sample: Conditional performanceSep 05 2012Nov 29 2013We find that, in a linear model, the James-Stein estimator, which dominates the maximum-likelihood estimator in terms of its in-sample prediction error, can perform poorly compared to the maximum-likelihood estimator in out-of-sample prediction. We give ... More

Towards Minimizing k-Submodular FunctionsSep 21 2013In this paper we investigate k-submodular functions. This natural family of discrete functions includes submodular and bisubmodular functions as the special cases k = 1 and k = 2 respectively. In particular we generalize the known Min-Max-Theorem for ... More

Bloch-Kato conjecture and main conjecture of Iwasawa theory for Dirichlet charactersJan 09 2001Feb 25 2002This is the completely revised version of math.AG/0101071.

Efficient simulation of the swept-waveform polarization dynamics in fiber spools and Fourier domain mode-locked (FDML) lasersOct 11 2018We present a theoretical model and its efficient numerical implementation for the simulation of wavelength-swept waveform propagation in fiber systems such as Fourier domain mode-locked (FDML) lasers, fully accounting for the polarization dynamics in ... More

Precision and Work Fluctuations in Gaussian Battery ChargingAug 02 2017Apr 18 2018One of the most fundamental tasks in quantum thermodynamics is extracting energy from one system and subsequently storing this energy in an appropriate battery. Both of these steps, work extraction and charging, can be viewed as cyclic Hamiltonian processes ... More

Bipartite depolarizing channelsMar 07 2016We introduce a 3-parameter class of maps acting on a bipartite system that are a natural generalisation of the depolarizing channel (and include it as a special case). Then, we find the exact regions of the parameter space that alternatively determine ... More

Differential forms in the h-topologyMay 31 2013May 14 2014We study sheaves of differential forms and their cohomology in the h-topology. This allows to extend standard results from the case of smooth varieties to the general case. As a first application we explain the case of singularities arising in the Minimal ... More

Comparing natural volume forms on GL_nNov 23 2010There are two natural choices for a volume form on the algebraic group Gl_n over Q: the first is the integral form (unique up to sign), the other is the product of the primitive classes in algebraic de Rham cohomology. We work out the explicit comparision ... More

Adaptive penalization in high-dimensional regression and classification with external covariates using variational BayesNov 07 2018Penalization schemes like Lasso or ridge regression are routinely used to regress a response of interest on a high-dimensional set of potential predictors. Despite being decisive, the question of the relative strength of penalization is often glossed ... More

Minimum correlation for any bivariate Geometric distributionJun 06 2014Aug 27 2014Consider a bivariate Geometric random variable where the first component has parameter $p_1$ and the second parameter $p_2$. It is not possible to make the correlation between the marginals equal to -1. Here the properties of this minimum correlation ... More

Dealing with cross-country heterogeneity in panel VARs using finite mixture modelsApr 04 2018Mar 12 2019In this paper, we provide a parsimonious means to estimate panel VARs with stochastic volatility. We assume that coefficients associated with domestic lagged endogenous variables arise from a Gaussian mixture model. Shrinkage on the cluster size is introduced ... More

Weak randomness in device independent quantum key distribution and the advantage of using high dimensional entanglementJan 11 2013Sep 11 2013We show that in device independent quantum key distribution protocols the privacy of randomness is of crucial importance. For sublinear test sample sizes even the slightest guessing probability by an eavesdropper will completely compromise security. We ... More

Simulation reductions for the Ising modelAug 15 2009Polynomial time reductions between problems have long been used to delineate problem classes. Simulation reductions also exist, where an oracle for simulation from some probability distribution can be employed together with an oracle for Bernoulli draws ... More

Transcendence and linear relations of $1$-periodsMay 25 2018Apr 03 2019We study three fundamental questions about $1$-periods and give complete answers. 1) We give a necessary and sufficient for a period integral to be transcendental. 2) We give a qualitative description of all $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$-linear relations between ... More

MOST detects variability on tau Bootis possibly induced by its planetary companionFeb 20 2008(abridged) There is considerable interest in the possible interaction between parent stars and giant planetary companions in 51 Peg-type systems. We demonstrate from MOST satellite photometry and Ca II K line emission that there has been a persistent, ... More

Confirmation of the zero-point offset in Gaia Data Release 2 parallaxes using asteroseismology and APOGEE spectroscopy in the Kepler fieldMay 07 2018We present an independent confirmation of the zero-point offset of Gaia Data Release 2 (DR2) parallaxes using asteroseismic data of evolved stars in the Kepler field. Using well-characterized red giant branch (RGB) stars from the APOKASC-2 catalogue we ... More

Solving the mode identification problem in asteroseismology of F stars observed with KeplerMay 02 2012Asteroseismology of F-type stars has been hindered by an ambiguity in identification of their oscillation modes. The regular mode pattern that makes this task trivial in cooler stars is masked by increased linewidths. The absolute mode frequencies, encapsulated ... More

Two-photon-excited fluorescence (TPEF) and fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM) with sub-nanosecond pulses and a high analog bandwidth signal detectionOct 11 2018Two-photon excited fluorescence (TPEF) microscopy and fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM) are powerful imaging techniques in bio-molecular science. The need for elaborate light sources for TPEF and speed limitations for FLIM, however, hinder an even ... More

Asteroseismology of Solar-type stars with Kepler III. Ground-based DataMay 06 2010We report on the ground-based follow-up program of spectroscopic and photometric observations of solar-like asteroseismic targets for the Kepler space mission. These stars constitute a large group of more than thousand objects which are the subject of ... More

Semiconductor quantum dots as an ideal source of polarization entangled photon pairs on-demand: a reviewApr 27 2018Oct 10 2018More than 80 years passed since the first publication on entangled quantum states. In this period of time the concept of spookily interacting quantum states became an emerging field of science. After various experiments proving the existence of such non-classical ... More

Evidence for compact binary systems around Kepler red giantsMay 01 2017We present an analysis of 168 oscillating red giants from NASA's $Kepler$ mission that exhibit anomalous peaks in their Fourier amplitude spectra. These peaks result from ellipsoidal variations which are indicative of binary star systems, at frequencies ... More

Proving the Generation of Genuine Multipartite Entanglement in a Single-Neutron Interferometer ExperimentDec 05 2012Feb 24 2013We present experimental evidence of the generation of distinct types of genuine multipartite entanglement between three degrees of freedom, two internal and one external degree of freedom, within single-neutron quantum systems. This is achieved via the ... More

Influence of nano confinement on nematic liquid crystalsAug 14 2012We explore the nematic ordering of the rod-like liquid crystals 5CB and 6CB, embedded into parallel-aligned nanochannels in mesoporous silicon and silica membranes as a function of mean channel radius (4.7<=R <=8.3 nm), and thus geometrical confinement ... More

Particle Detection Algorithms for Complex PlasmasJun 14 2017In complex plasmas, the behavior of freely floating micrometer sized particles is studied. The particles can be directly visualized and recorded by digital video cameras. To analyze the dynamics of single particles, reliable algorithms are required to ... More

Evidence for spatially-correlated ${\it Gaia}$ parallax errors in the ${\it Kepler}$ fieldJun 28 2017We present evidence for a spatially-dependent systematic error in the first data release of ${\it Gaia}$ parallaxes based on comparisons to asteroseismic parallaxes in the ${\it Kepler}$ field, and present a parametrized model of the angular dependence ... More

Surface gravities for 15,000 Kepler stars measured from stellar granulation and validated with Gaia DR2 parallaxesJul 10 2018Jul 12 2018We have developed a method to estimate surface gravity (log g) from light curves by measuring the granulation background, similar to the "flicker" method by Bastien et al. (2016) but working in the Fourier power spectrum. We calibrated the method using ... More

Optimal excitation conditions for indistinguishable photons from quantum dotsJul 27 2015Nov 26 2015In this letter, we present a detailed, all optical study of the influence of different excitation schemes on the indistinguishability of single photons from a single InAs quantum dot. For this study, we measure the Hong-Ou-Mandel interference of consecutive ... More

Kepler-424 b: A "Lonely" Hot Jupiter That Found A CompanionSep 29 2014Hot Jupiter systems provide unique observational constraints for migration models in multiple systems and binaries. We report on the discovery of the Kepler-424 (KOI-214) two-planet system, which consists of a transiting hot Jupiter (Kepler-424b) in a ... More

Asteroseismic properties of solar-type stars observed with the NASA K2 mission: results from Campaigns 1-3 and prospects for future observationsAug 25 2016Sep 13 2016We present an asteroseismic analysis of 33 solar-type stars observed in short cadence during Campaigns (C) 1-3 of the NASA K2 mission. We were able to extract both average seismic parameters and individual mode frequencies for stars with dominant frequencies ... More

Predicting radial-velocity jitter induced by stellar oscillations based on Kepler dataJun 30 2018Radial-velocity (RV) jitter due to intrinsic stellar variability introduces challenges when characterizing exoplanet systems, particularly when studying small (sub-Neptune-sized) planets orbiting solar-type stars. In this Letter we predicted for dwarfs ... More

Modeling Kepler Observations of Solar-like Oscillations in the Red-giant Star HD 186355Sep 05 2011Nov 28 2011We have analysed oscillations of the red giant star HD 186355 observed by the NASA Kepler satellite. The data consist of the first five quarters of science operations of Kepler, which cover about 13 months. The high-precision time-series data allow us ... More

Nonlinear Trellis Description for Convolutionally Encoded Transmission Over ISI-channels with Applications for CPMMay 31 2012Aug 01 2012In this paper we propose a matched decoding scheme for convolutionally encoded transmission over intersymbol interference (ISI) channels and devise a nonlinear trellis description. As an application we show that for coded continuous phase modulation (CPM) ... More

Low Complexity Decoding for Higher Order Punctured Trellis-Coded Modulation Over Intersymbol Interference ChannelsMay 27 2014Trellis-coded modulation (TCM) is a power and bandwidth efficient digital transmission scheme which offers very low structural delay of the data stream. Classical TCM uses a signal constellation of twice the cardinality compared to an uncoded transmission ... More

An efficient length- and rate-preserving concatenation of polar and repetition codesDec 10 2013We improve the method in \cite{Seidl:10} for increasing the finite-lengh performance of polar codes by protecting specific, less reliable symbols with simple outer repetition codes. Decoding of the scheme integrates easily in the known successive decoding ... More

Distinguished minimal toplogical lassosAug 12 2013A classical result in distance based tree-reconstruction characterizes when for a distance $D$ on some finite set $X$ there exist a uniquely determined dendrogram on $X$ (essentially a rooted tree $T=(V,E)$ with leaf set $X$ and no degree two vertices ... More

Enhancing Decision Tree based Interpretation of Deep Neural Networks through L1-Orthogonal RegularizationApr 10 2019One obstacle that so far prevents the introduction of machine learning models primarily in critical areas is the lack of explainability. In this work, a practicable approach of gaining explainability of deep artificial neural networks (NN) using an interpretable ... More

Perfect simulation of Vervaat perpetuitiesAug 12 2009Jan 08 2010We use coupling into and from the past to sample perfectly in a simple and provably fast fashion from the Vervaat family of perpetuities. The family includes the Dickman distribution, which arises both in number theory and in the analysis of the Quickselect ... More

The lowest-possible BER and FER for any discrete memoryless channel with given capacityJan 07 2008Mar 20 2009We investigate properties of a channel coding scheme leading to the minimum-possible frame error ratio when transmitting over a memoryless channel with rate R>C. The results are compared to the well-known properties of a channel coding scheme leading ... More

Encoding and Constructing 1-Nested Phylogenetic Networks with TrinetsOct 04 2011Phylogenetic networks are a generalization of phylogenetic trees that are used in biology to represent reticulate or non-treelike evolution. Recently, several algorithms have been developed which aim to construct phylogenetic networks from biological ... More

Absolutely maximally entangled states of seven qubits do not existAug 22 2016Pure multiparticle quantum states are called absolutely maximally entangled if all reduced states obtained by tracing out at least half of the particles are maximally mixed. We prove that a seven-qubit state whose three-body marginals are all maximally ... More

Strong Robustness of Randomized Rumor Spreading ProtocolsJan 18 2010Oct 03 2012Randomized rumor spreading is a classical protocol to disseminate information across a network. At SODA 2008, a quasirandom version of this protocol was proposed and competitive bounds for its run-time were proven. This prompts the question: to what extent ... More

Baryogenesis at the Electroweak Phase Transition for a SUSY Model with a Gauge SingletNov 03 2000Nov 17 2000SUSY models with a gauge singlet easily allow for a strongly first order electroweak phase transition (EWPT). We discuss the wall profile, in particular transitional CP violation during the EWPT. We calculate CP violating source terms for the charginos ... More

Punctured Trellis-Coded ModulationJan 17 2013In classic trellis-coded modulation (TCM) signal constellations of twice the cardinality are applied when compared to an uncoded transmission enabling transmission of one bit of redundancy per PAM-symbol, i.e., rates of $\frac{K}{K+1}$ when $2^{K+1}$ ... More

Scale effects and the formation of polarization vortices in tetragonal ferroelectricsDec 29 2017Vortices consisting of $90^\circ$ quadrant domains are rarely observed in ferroelectrics. Although experiments show polarization flux closures with stripe domains, it is as yet unclear why pure single vortices are not commonly observed. Here we model ... More

Lattice calculation of low energy constants with Ginsparg-Wilson type fermionsSep 01 2005Nov 08 2005We present a quenched lattice calculation of low energy constants using the chirally improved Dirac operator. Several lattice sizes at different lattice spacings are studied. We systematically compare various methods for computing these quantities, using ... More

Stimulus - response curves of a neuronal model for noisy subthreshold oscillations and related spike generationSep 22 2005We investigate the stimulus-dependent tuning properties of a noisy ionic conductance model for intrinsic subthreshold oscillations in membrane potential and associated spike generation. On depolarization by an applied current, the model exhibits subthreshold ... More

A Randomized Tensor Train Singular Value DecompositionOct 23 2017The hierarchical SVD provides a quasi-best low rank approximation of high dimensional data in the hierarchical Tucker framework. Similar to the SVD for matrices, it provides a fundamental but expensive tool for tensor computations. In the present work ... More

Passivity and practical work extraction using Gaussian operationsAug 17 2016Nov 16 2016Quantum states that can yield work in a cyclical Hamiltonian process form one of the primary resources in the context of quantum thermodynamics. Conversely, states whose average energy cannot be lowered by unitary transformations are called passive. However, ... More

Phylogenetic networks form partial treesSep 03 2007A contemporary and fundamental problem faced by many evolutionary biologists is how to puzzle together a collection $\mathcal P$ of partial trees (leaf-labelled trees whose leaves are bijectively labelled by species or, more generally, taxa, each supported ... More

Structural transformations of even-numbered n-alkanes confined in mesoporesOct 02 2006The n-alkanes C12H26, C14H30, and C16H34 have been imbibed and solidified in mesoporous Vycor glass with a mean pore diameter of 10nm. The samples have been investigated by x-ray diffractometry and calorimetric measurements. The structures and phase sequences ... More

Non-Systematic Complex Number RS Coded OFDM by Unique Word PrefixDec 06 2012In this paper we expand our recently introduced concept of UW-OFDM (unique word orthogonal frequency division multiplexing). In UW-OFDM the cyclic prefixes (CPs) are replaced by deterministic sequences, the so-called unique words (UWs). The UWs are generated ... More

The univalence axiom in cubical setsOct 30 2017In this note we show that Voevodsky's univalence axiom holds in the model of type theory based on symmetric cubical sets. We will also discuss Swan's construction of the identity type in this variation of cubical sets. This proves that we have a model ... More

Ultra high energy neutrino-nucleon cross section from cosmic ray experiments and neutrino telescopesJun 29 2006We deduce the cosmogenic neutrino flux by jointly analysing ultra high energy cosmic ray data from HiRes-I and II, AGASA and the Pierre Auger Observatory. We make two determinations of the neutrino flux by using a model-dependent method and a model-independent ... More

Towards Log-Linear Logics with Concrete DomainsJul 09 2015Jul 15 2015We present $\mathcal{MEL}^{++}$ (M denotes Markov logic networks) an extension of the log-linear description logics $\mathcal{EL}^{++}$-LL with concrete domains, nominals, and instances. We use Markov logic networks (MLNs) in order to find the most probable, ... More

A Hierarchical Approach to Neural Context-Aware ModelingJul 27 2018Aug 06 2018We present a new recurrent neural network topology to enhance state-of-the-art machine learning systems by incorporating a broader context. Our approach overcomes recent limitations with extended narratives through a multi-layered computational approach ... More

Series for $1/π$ of signature 20Nov 01 2017Properties of theta functions and Eisenstein series dating to Jacobi and Ramanujan are used to deduce differential equations associated with McKay Thompson series of level 20. These equations induce expansions for modular forms of level 20 in terms of ... More

Smooth Interpolation of Key Frames in a Riemannian Shell SpaceFeb 22 2017Splines and subdivision curves are flexible tools in the design and manipulation of curves in Euclidean space. In this paper we study generalizations of interpolating splines and subdivision schemes to the Riemannian manifold of shell surfaces in which ... More

Exact solution of a two-species quantum dimer model for pseudogap metalsDec 05 2017May 08 2018We present an exact ground state solution of a quantum dimer model introduced in Ref.[1], which features ordinary bosonic spin-singlet dimers as well as fermionic dimers that can be viewed as bound states of spinons and holons in a hole-doped resonating ... More