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Precision Stellar Astrophysics in the Kepler EraApr 25 2016The study of fundamental properties (such as temperatures, radii, masses, and ages) and interior processes (such as convection and angular momentum transport) of stars has implications on various topics in astrophysics, ranging from the evolution of galaxies ... More

N-Body Simulations of Open, Self-Gravitating SystemsJan 16 2001Astrophysical systems differ often in two points from classical thermodynamical systems: 1.) They are open and 2.) gravity is a dominant factor. Both modifies the homogeneous equilibrium structure, known from classical thermodynamics. In order to study ... More

Guaranteed Parameter Estimation for Discrete Energy MinimizationJan 11 2017Structural learning, a method to estimate the parameters for discrete energy minimization, has been proven to be effective in solving computer vision problems, especially in 3D scene parsing. As the complexity of the models increases, structural learning ... More

Dynamics in a Bistable-Element-Network with Delayed Coupling and Local NoiseOct 14 2003The dynamics of an ensemble of bistable elements under the influence of noise and with global time-delayed coupling is studied numerically by using a Langevin description and analytically by using 1) a Gaussian approximation and 2) a dichotomous model. ... More

Complexity of Discrete Energy Minimization ProblemsJul 29 2016Discrete energy minimization is widely-used in computer vision and machine learning for problems such as MAP inference in graphical models. The problem, in general, is notoriously intractable, and finding the global optimal solution is known to be NP-hard. ... More

Asteroseismology of Exoplanet Host StarsNov 23 2015Nov 29 2015Asteroseismology is among the most powerful observational tools to determine fundamental properties of stars. Space-based photometry has recently enabled the systematic detection of oscillations in exoplanet host stars, allowing a combination of asteroseismology ... More

Asteroseismology of Eclipsing Binary Stars in the Kepler EraApr 29 2014Eclipsing binary stars have long served as benchmark systems to measure fundamental stellar properties. In the past few decades, asteroseismology - the study of stellar pulsations - has emerged as a new powerful tool to study the structure and evolution ... More

Semiconductor quantum dots as an ideal source of polarization entangled photon pairs on-demand: a reviewApr 27 2018Oct 10 2018More than 80 years passed since the first publication on entangled quantum states. In this period of time the concept of spookily interacting quantum states became an emerging field of science. After various experiments proving the existence of such non-classical ... More

Two-photon-excited fluorescence (TPEF) and fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM) with sub-nanosecond pulses and a high analog bandwidth signal detectionOct 11 2018Two-photon excited fluorescence (TPEF) microscopy and fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM) are powerful imaging techniques in bio-molecular science. The need for elaborate light sources for TPEF and speed limitations for FLIM, however, hinder an even ... More

Asteroseismology of Cool StarsNov 04 2014The measurement of oscillations excited by surface convection is a powerful method to study the structure and evolution of cool stars. CoRoT and Kepler have initiated a revolution in asteroseismology by detecting oscillations in thousands of stars from ... More

Self-Gravitating N-Body Systems out of EquilibriumOct 19 2000Real physical systems are often maintained off equilibrium by energy or matter flows. If these systems are far from equilibrium then the thermodynamical branch become unstable and fluctuations can lead them to other more stable states. These new states ... More

Scaling Laws in Self-Gravitating DisksApr 16 1999The interstellar medium (ISM) reveals strongly inhomogeneous structures at every scale. These structures do not seem completely random since they obey certain power laws. Larson's law (\citeyear{Larson81}) $\sigma \propto R^{\delta}$ and the plausible ... More

Long-Range Correlations in Self-Gravitating N-Body SystemsJan 29 2002Observed self-gravitating systems reveal often fragmented non-equilibrium structures that feature characteristic long-range correlations. However, models accounting for non-linear structure growth are not always consistent with observations and a better ... More

Lumpy Structures in Self-Gravitating DisksMay 29 2001Following Toomre & Kalnajs (1991), local models of slightly dissipative self-gravitating disks show how inhomogeneous structures can be maintained over several galaxy rotations. Their basic physical ingredients are self-gravity, dissipation and differential ... More

Fragmentation in Kinematically Cold DisksJan 16 2001Gravity is scale free. Thus gravity may form similar structures in self-gravitating systems on different scales. Indeed, observations of the interstellar medium, spiral disks and cosmic structures, reveal similar characteristics. The structures in these ... More

Calculating asteroseismic diagrams for solar-like oscillationsSep 15 2011With the success of the Kepler and CoRoT missions, the number of stars with detected solar-like oscillations has increased by several orders of magnitude, for the first time we are able to perform large-scale ensemble asteroseismology of these stars. ... More

A Modular Benchmarking Infrastructure for High-Performance and Reproducible Deep LearningJan 29 2019We introduce Deep500: the first customizable benchmarking infrastructure that enables fair comparison of the plethora of deep learning frameworks, algorithms, libraries, and techniques. The key idea behind Deep500 is its modular design, where deep learning ... More

Asteroseismology of 16000 Kepler red giants: Global oscillation parameters, Masses, and radiiFeb 13 2018The Kepler mission has provided exquisite data to perform an ensemble asteroseismic analysis on evolved stars. In this work we systematically characterize solar-like oscillations and granulation for 16,094 oscillating red giants, using end-of-mission ... More

Pulse-to-pulse wavelength switchting of diode based fiber laser for multi-color multi-photon imagingOct 11 2018We present an entirely fiber based laser source for non-linear imaging with a novel approach for multi-color excitation. The high power output of an actively modulated and amplified picosecond fiber laser at 1064 nm is shifted to longer wavelengths by ... More

The Impact of Stellar Multiplicity on Planetary Systems, I.: The Ruinous Influence of Close Binary CompanionsApr 19 2016The dynamical influence of binary companions is expected to profoundly influence planetary systems. However, the difficulty of identifying planets in binary systems has left the magnitude of this effect uncertain; despite numerous theoretical hurdles ... More

Tidally Induced Oscillations and Orbital Decay in Compact Triple-Star SystemsNov 29 2012Jan 28 2013We investigate the nature of tidal effects in compact triple-star systems. The hierarchical structure of a triple system produces tidal forcing at high frequencies unobtainable in binary systems, allowing for the tidal excitation of high frequency p-modes ... More

Angular Sizes and Effective Temperatures of O-type Stars from Optical Interferometry with the CHARA ArrayDec 13 2018We present interferometric observations of six O-type stars that were made with the Precision Astronomical Visible Observations (PAVO) beam combiner at the Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy (CHARA) Array. The observations include multiple brackets ... More

A Mean-Field Model for Extended Stochastic Systems with Distributed Time DelaysJan 26 2005A network of noisy bistable elements with global time-delayed couplings is considered. A dichotomous mean field model has recently been developed describing the collective dynamics in such systems with uniform time delays near the bifurcation points. ... More

Rapid-scan acousto-optical delay line with 34 kHz scan rate and 15 attosecond precisionJul 13 2018An optical fast-scan delay exploiting the near-collinear interaction between a train of ultrashort optical pulses and an acoustic wave propagating in a birefringent crystal is introduced. In combination with a femtosecond Er:fiber laser, the scheme is ... More

Cooperative Dynamics in a Network of Stochastic Elements with Delayed FeedbackMar 11 2005Networks of globally coupled, noise activated, bistable elements with connection time delays are considered. The dynamics of these systems is studied numerically using a Langevin description and analytically using (1) a Gaussian approximation as well ... More

Exploring competing density order in the ionic Hubbard model with ultracold fermionsMar 18 2015Sep 25 2015We realize and study the ionic Hubbard model using an interacting two-component gas of fermionic atoms loaded into an optical lattice. The bipartite lattice has honeycomb geometry with a staggered energy-offset that explicitly breaks the inversion symmetry. ... More

Asteroseismology of 1523 misclassified red giants using $\textit{Kepler}$ dataAug 20 2016We analysed solar-like oscillations in 1523 $\textit{Kepler}$ red giants which have previously been misclassified as subgiants, with predicted $\nu_{\rm max}$ values (based on the Kepler Input Catalogue) between 280$\mu$Hz to 700$\mu$Hz. We report the ... More

Automated extraction of oscillation parameters for Kepler observations of solar-type starsOct 15 2009The recent launch of the Kepler space telescope brings the opportunity to study oscillations systematically in large numbers of solar-like stars. In the framework of the asteroFLAG project, we have developed an automated pipeline to estimate global oscillation ... More

Highly indistinguishable and strongly entangled photons from symmetric GaAs quantum dotsOct 21 2016The development of scalable sources of non-classical light is fundamental to unlock the technological potential of quantum photonics\cite{Kimble:Nat2008}. Among the systems under investigation, semiconductor quantum dots are currently emerging as near-optimal ... More

Site-resolved imaging of a fermionic Mott insulatorNov 19 2015Mar 21 2016The complexity of quantum many-body systems originates from the interplay of strong interactions, quantum statistics, and the large number of quantum-mechanical degrees of freedom. Probing these systems on a microscopic level with single-site resolution ... More

Photometry of Very Bright Stars with Kepler and K2 Smear DataSep 30 2015High-precision time series photometry with the Kepler satellite has been crucial to our understanding both of exoplanets, and via asteroseismology, of stellar physics. After the failure of two reaction wheels, the Kepler satellite has been repurposed ... More

Probing the Deep End of the Milky Way with New Oscillating Kepler GiantsNov 14 2016The Kepler mission has been a success in both exoplanet search and stellar physics studies. Red giants have actually been quite a highlight in the Kepler scene. The Kepler long and almost continuous four-year observations allowed us to detect oscillations ... More

Flicker as a tool for characterizing planets through Asterodensity ProfilingMar 20 2014Variability in the time series brightness of a star on a timescale of 8 hours, known as 'flicker', has been previously demonstrated to serve as a proxy for the surface gravity of a star by Bastien et al. (2013). Although surface gravity is crucial for ... More

Measuring the Recoverability of Close Binaries in Gaia DR2 with the Robo-AO Kepler SurveyJun 26 2018Aug 31 2018We use the Robo-AO survey of Kepler planetary candidate host stars, the largest adaptive optics survey yet performed, to measure the recovery rate of close stellar binaries in Gaia DR2. We find that Gaia recovers binaries down to 1" at magnitude contrasts ... More

Wavelength agile multi-photon microscopy with a fiber amplified diode laserOct 30 2018Nov 01 2018Multi-photon microscopy is a powerful tool in biomolecular research. Less complex and more cost effective excitation light sources will make this technique accessible to a broader community. Especially semiconductor diode seeded fiber lasers have proven ... More

A theory of theta functions to the quintic baseApr 02 2013Properties of four quintic theta functions are developed in parallel with those of the classical Jacobi null theta functions. The quintic theta functions are shown to satisfy analogues of Jacobi's quartic theta function identity and counterparts of Jacobi's ... More

Dealing with cross-country heterogeneity in panel VARs using finite mixture modelsApr 04 2018In this paper, we provide a parsimonious means to estimate panel VARs with stochastic volatility. We assume that coefficients associated with domestic lagged endogenous variables arise from a Gaussian mixture model. Shrinkage on the cluster size is introduced ... More

Partially Recursive Acceptance RejectionDec 31 2016Generating random variates from high-dimensional distributions is often done approximately using Markov chain Monte Carlo. In certain cases, perfect simulation algorithms exist that allow one to draw exactly from the stationary distribution, but most ... More

Halving the bounds for the Markov, Chebyshev, and Chernoff Inequalities using smoothingMar 16 2018The Markov, Chebyshev, and Chernoff inequalities are some of the most widely used methods for bounding the tail probabilities of random variables. In all three cases, the bounds are tight in the sense that there exists easy examples where the inequalities ... More

Exact Sampling from Perfect Matchings of Dense Nearly Regular Bipartite GraphsOct 05 2003We present the first algorithm for generating random variates exactly uniformly from the set of perfect matchings of a bipartite graph with a polynomial expected running time over a nontrivial set of graphs. Previous Markov chain approaches obtain approximately ... More

Time-periodic Néel wall motionsJun 24 2010In thin ferromagnetic films, the predominance of the magnetic shape anisotropy leads to in-plane magnetizations. The simplest domain wall in this geometry is the one-dimensional Neel wall that connects two magnetizations of opposite sign by a planar 180 ... More

An estimator for Poisson means whose relative error distribution is knownMay 30 2016Suppose that $X_1,X_2,\ldots$ are a stream of independent, identically distributed Poisson random variables with mean $\mu$. This work presents a new estimate $\mu_k$ for $\mu$ with the property that the distribution of the relative error in the estimate ... More

An optimal $(ε,δ)$-approximation scheme for the mean of random variables with bounded relative varianceJun 05 2017Jun 29 2017Randomized approximation algorithms for many #P-complete problems (such as the partition function of a Gibbs distribution, the volume of a convex body, the permanent of a $\{0,1\}$-matrix, and many others) reduce to creating random variables $X_1,X_2,\ldots$ ... More

Perfect Sampling Using Bounding ChainsMay 14 2004Bounding chains are a technique that offers three benefits to Markov chain practitioners: a theoretical bound on the mixing time of the chain under restricted conditions, experimental bounds on the mixing time of the chain that are provably accurate and ... More

Large eccentricity, low mutual inclination: the three-dimensional architecture of a hierarchical system of giant planetsMay 20 2014Jul 12 2014We establish the three-dimensional architecture of the Kepler-419 (previously KOI-1474) system to be eccentric yet with a low mutual inclination. Kepler-419b is a warm Jupiter at semi-major axis a = 0.370 +0.007/-0.006 AU with a large eccentricity e=0.85 ... More

The Physical Parameters of the Retired A Star HD185351Jul 09 2014We report here an analysis of the physical stellar parameters of the giant star HD185351 using Kepler short-cadence photometry, optical and near infrared interferometry from CHARA, and high-resolution spectroscopy. Asteroseismic oscillations detected ... More

Do close-in giant planets orbiting evolved stars prefer eccentric orbits?May 29 2018Jul 08 2018The NASA Kepler and K2 Missions have recently revealed a population of transiting giant planets orbiting moderately evolved, low-luminosity red giant branch stars. Here, we present radial velocity measurements of three of these systems, revealing significantly ... More

High-yield fabrication of entangled photon emitters for hybrid quantum networking using high-temperature droplet epitaxyOct 10 2017Oct 10 2018Several semiconductor quantum dot techniques have been investigated for the generation of entangled photon pairs. Among the other techniques, droplet epitaxy enables the control of the shape, size, density, and emission wavelength of the quantum emitters. ... More

Orbital Architectures of Planet-Hosting Binaries: I. Forming Five Small Planets in the Truncated Disk of Kepler-444ADec 10 2015We present the first results from our Keck program investigating the orbital architectures of planet-hosting multiple star systems. Kepler-444 is a metal-poor triple star system that hosts five sub-Earth-sized planets orbiting the primary star (Kepler-444A), ... More

Testing stellar evolution models with the retired A star HD 185351Oct 19 2016The physical parameters of the retired A star HD 185351 were analysed in great detail by Johnson et al. (2014) using interferometry, spectroscopy and asteroseismology. Results from all independent methods are consistent with HD 185351 having a mass in ... More

Kepler-1649b: An Exo-Venus in the Solar NeighborhoodApr 11 2017The Kepler mission has revealed that Earth-sized planets are common, and dozens have been discovered to orbit in or near their host star's habitable zone. A major focus in astronomy is to determine which of these exoplanets are likely to have Earth-like ... More

Highly indistinguishable single photons from incoherently and coherently excited GaAs quantum dotsJan 31 2019Feb 04 2019Semiconductor quantum dots are converging towards the demanding requirements of photonic quantum technologies. Among different systems, quantum dots with dimensions exceeding the free-exciton Bohr radius are appealing because of their high oscillator ... More

A simple model to describe intrinsic stellar noise for exoplanet detection around red giantsOct 27 2016In spite of the huge advances in exoplanet research provided by the NASA Kepler Mission, there remain only a small number of transit detections around evolved stars. Here we present a reformulation of the noise properties of red-giant stars, where the ... More

Kepler's Unparalleled Exploration of the Time DimensionSep 04 2013We show that the Kepler spacecraft in two-reaction wheel mode of operation is very well suited for the study of eclipsing binary star systems. Continued observations of the Kepler field will provide the most enduring and long-term valuable science. It ... More

An exploratory study of Yang-Mills three-point functions at non-zero temperatureNov 18 2016Results for three-point functions of Landau gauge Yang-Mills theory at non-vanishing temperature are presented and compared to lattice results. It is found that the three-gluon vertex is enhanced for temperatures below the phase transition. At very low ... More

Introducing shrinkage in heavy-tailed state space models to predict equity excess returnsMay 30 2018We forecast S&P 500 excess returns using a flexible econometric state space model with non-Gaussian features at several levels. Estimation and prediction are conducted using fully-fledged Bayesian techniques. More precisely, we control for overparameterization ... More

Reducing the Ising model to matchingsJul 02 2009Canonical paths is one of the most powerful tools available to show that a Markov chain is rapidly mixing, thereby enabling approximate sampling from complex high dimensional distributions. Two success stories for the canonical paths method are chains ... More

Fast Perfect Simulation of Vervaat PerpetutitiesOct 06 2015Nov 24 2016This work presents a faster method of simulating exactly from a distribution known as a Vervaat perpetuity. A parameter of the Vervaat perpetuity is $\beta \in (0,\infty)$. An earlier method for simulating from this distributon ran in time $O((2.23\beta)^{\beta}).$ ... More

Weak randomness in device independent quantum key distribution and the advantage of using high dimensional entanglementJan 11 2013Sep 11 2013We show that in device independent quantum key distribution protocols the privacy of randomness is of crucial importance. For sublinear test sample sizes even the slightest guessing probability by an eavesdropper will completely compromise security. We ... More

Model instability in predictive exchange rate regressionsNov 21 2018Dec 03 2018In this paper we aim to improve existing empirical exchange rate models by accounting for uncertainty with respect to the underlying structural representation. Within a flexible Bayesian non-linear time series framework, our modeling approach assumes ... More

Shrinkage estimators for prediction out-of-sample: Conditional performanceSep 05 2012Nov 29 2013We find that, in a linear model, the James-Stein estimator, which dominates the maximum-likelihood estimator in terms of its in-sample prediction error, can perform poorly compared to the maximum-likelihood estimator in out-of-sample prediction. We give ... More

Linear temperature dependence of electron spin resonance linewidths in La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 and YBaMn2O6Sep 24 2013We analyze recent electron spin resonance (ESR) experiments in La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 and YBaMn2O6 focusing on the behavior of the linewidth at high temperatures where it is a linear function of the temperature. Noting that the g-factors of the resonances are ... More

Towards Minimizing k-Submodular FunctionsSep 21 2013In this paper we investigate k-submodular functions. This natural family of discrete functions includes submodular and bisubmodular functions as the special cases k = 1 and k = 2 respectively. In particular we generalize the known Min-Max-Theorem for ... More

Bloch-Kato conjecture and main conjecture of Iwasawa theory for Dirichlet charactersJan 09 2001Feb 25 2002This is the completely revised version of math.AG/0101071.

Random construction of interpolating sets for high dimensional integrationDec 16 2011Many high dimensional integrals can be reduced to the problem of finding the relative measures of two sets. Often one set will be exponentially larger than the other, making it difficult to compare the sizes. A standard method of dealing with this problem ... More

Efficient simulation of the swept-waveform polarization dynamics in fiber spools and Fourier domain mode-locked (FDML) lasersOct 11 2018We present a theoretical model and its efficient numerical implementation for the simulation of wavelength-swept waveform propagation in fiber systems such as Fourier domain mode-locked (FDML) lasers, fully accounting for the polarization dynamics in ... More

Nonperturbative properties of Yang-Mills theoriesAug 15 2018Jan 16 2019Yang-Mills theories are an important building block of the standard model and in particular of quantum chromodynamics. Its correlation functions describe the behavior of its elementary particles, the gauge bosons. In quantum chromodynamics, the correlation ... More

Sparse Bayesian vector autoregressions in huge dimensionsApr 11 2017Jun 27 2018We develop a Bayesian vector autoregressive (VAR) model that is capable of handling vast dimensional information sets. Three features are introduced to permit reliable estimation of the model. First, we assume that the reduced-form errors in the VAR feature ... More

Bounds on the artificial phase transition for perfect simulation of repulsive point processesOct 15 2010Repulsive point processes arise in models where competition forces entities to be more spread apart than if placed independently. Simulation of these types of processes can be accomplished using dominated coupling from the past with a running time that ... More

Modeling Kepler Observations of Solar-like Oscillations in the Red-giant Star HD 186355Sep 05 2011Nov 28 2011We have analysed oscillations of the red giant star HD 186355 observed by the NASA Kepler satellite. The data consist of the first five quarters of science operations of Kepler, which cover about 13 months. The high-precision time-series data allow us ... More

Solving the mode identification problem in asteroseismology of F stars observed with KeplerMay 02 2012Asteroseismology of F-type stars has been hindered by an ambiguity in identification of their oscillation modes. The regular mode pattern that makes this task trivial in cooler stars is masked by increased linewidths. The absolute mode frequencies, encapsulated ... More

K2-97b: A (Re-?)Inflated Planet Orbiting a Red Giant StarJun 19 2016Nov 29 2016Strongly irradiated giant planets are observed to have radii larger than thermal evolution models predict. Although these inflated planets have been known for over fifteen years, it is unclear whether their inflation is caused by deposition of energy ... More

MOST detects variability on tau Bootis possibly induced by its planetary companionFeb 20 2008(abridged) There is considerable interest in the possible interaction between parent stars and giant planetary companions in 51 Peg-type systems. We demonstrate from MOST satellite photometry and Ca II K line emission that there has been a persistent, ... More

Confirmation of the zero-point offset in Gaia Data Release 2 parallaxes using asteroseismology and APOGEE spectroscopy in the Kepler fieldMay 07 2018We present an independent confirmation of the zero-point offset of Gaia Data Release 2 (DR2) parallaxes using asteroseismic data of evolved stars in the Kepler field. Using well-characterized red giant branch (RGB) stars from the APOKASC-2 catalogue we ... More

The masses of retired A stars with asteroseismology: Kepler and K2 observations of exoplanet hostsAug 02 2017Sep 25 2017We investigate the masses of "retired A stars" using asteroseismic detections on seven low-luminosity red-giant and sub-giant stars observed by the NASA Kepler and K2 Missions. Our aim is to explore whether masses derived from spectroscopy and isochrone ... More

Asteroseismology of Solar-type stars with Kepler III. Ground-based DataMay 06 2010We report on the ground-based follow-up program of spectroscopic and photometric observations of solar-like asteroseismic targets for the Kepler space mission. These stars constitute a large group of more than thousand objects which are the subject of ... More

MOST photometry of the RRd Lyrae variable AQ Leo: Two radial modes, 32 combination frequencies, and beyondMay 31 2007Jul 09 2007Highly precise and nearly uninterrupted optical photometry of the RR Lyrae star AQ Leo was obtained with the MOST (Microvariability & Oscillations of STars) satellite over 34.4 days in February-March 2005. AQ Leo was the first known double-mode RR Lyrae ... More

K2-231 b: A sub-Neptune exoplanet transiting a solar twin in Ruprecht 147Mar 20 2018Jun 03 2018We identify a sub-Neptune exoplanet ($R_p = 2.5 \pm 0.2$ R$_\oplus$) transiting a solar twin in the Ruprecht 147 star cluster (3 Gyr, 300 pc, [Fe/H] = +0.1 dex). The ~81 day light curve for EPIC 219800881 (V = 12.71) from K2 Campaign 7 shows six transits ... More

Evidence for compact binary systems around Kepler red giantsMay 01 2017We present an analysis of 168 oscillating red giants from NASA's $Kepler$ mission that exhibit anomalous peaks in their Fourier amplitude spectra. These peaks result from ellipsoidal variations which are indicative of binary star systems, at frequencies ... More

Influence of nano confinement on nematic liquid crystalsAug 14 2012We explore the nematic ordering of the rod-like liquid crystals 5CB and 6CB, embedded into parallel-aligned nanochannels in mesoporous silicon and silica membranes as a function of mean channel radius (4.7<=R <=8.3 nm), and thus geometrical confinement ... More

Optimal excitation conditions for indistinguishable photons from quantum dotsJul 27 2015Nov 26 2015In this letter, we present a detailed, all optical study of the influence of different excitation schemes on the indistinguishability of single photons from a single InAs quantum dot. For this study, we measure the Hong-Ou-Mandel interference of consecutive ... More

Proving the Generation of Genuine Multipartite Entanglement in a Single-Neutron Interferometer ExperimentDec 05 2012Feb 24 2013We present experimental evidence of the generation of distinct types of genuine multipartite entanglement between three degrees of freedom, two internal and one external degree of freedom, within single-neutron quantum systems. This is achieved via the ... More

Asteroseismic properties of solar-type stars observed with the NASA K2 mission: results from Campaigns 1-3 and prospects for future observationsAug 25 2016Sep 13 2016We present an asteroseismic analysis of 33 solar-type stars observed in short cadence during Campaigns (C) 1-3 of the NASA K2 mission. We were able to extract both average seismic parameters and individual mode frequencies for stars with dominant frequencies ... More

Aldebaran b's temperate past uncovered in planet search dataFeb 27 2018The nearby red giant Aldebaran is known to host a gas giant planetary companion from decades of ground-based spectroscopic radial velocity measurements. Using Gaussian Process-based Continuous Auto-Regressive Moving Average (CARMA) models, we show that ... More

Differential expression analysis for multiple conditionsOct 13 2014As high-throughput sequencing has become common practice, the cost of sequencing large amounts of genetic data has been drastically reduced, leading to much larger data sets for analysis. One important task is to identify biological conditions that lead ... More

Exoplanet Orbital Eccentricities Derived From LAMOST-Kepler AnalysisSep 27 2016The nearly circular (mean eccentricity <e>~0.06) and coplanar (mean mutual inclination <i>~3 deg) orbits of the Solar System planets motivated Kant and Laplace to put forth the hypothesis that planets are formed in disks, which has developed into the ... More

Encoding and Constructing 1-Nested Phylogenetic Networks with TrinetsOct 04 2011Phylogenetic networks are a generalization of phylogenetic trees that are used in biology to represent reticulate or non-treelike evolution. Recently, several algorithms have been developed which aim to construct phylogenetic networks from biological ... More

The quark propagator in QCD and $G_2$ QCDDec 02 2016QCD-like theories provide testing grounds for truncations of functional equations at non-zero density, since comparisons with lattice results are possible due to the absence of the sign problem. As a first step towards such a comparison, we determine ... More

Anomalous Fermi arcs in a periodically driven Weyl systemDec 17 2018Three dimensional Weyl semimetals exhibit open Fermi arcs on their sample surfaces connecting the projection of bulk Weyl points of opposite chirality. The canonical interpretation of these surfaces states is in terms of chiral edge modes of a layer quantum ... More

A Note on Encodings of Phylogenetic Networks of Bounded LevelJun 23 2009Driven by the need for better models that allow one to shed light into the question how life's diversity has evolved, phylogenetic networks have now joined phylogenetic trees in the center of phylogenetics research. Like phylogenetic trees, such networks ... More

Coherent pumping of a Mott insulator: Fermi golden rule versus Rabi oscillationsDec 02 2008Feb 26 2009Cold atoms provide a unique arena to study many-body systems far from equilibrium. Furthermore, novel phases in cold atom systems are conveniently investigated by dynamical probes pushing the system out of equilibrium. Here, we discuss the pumping of ... More

The quadratic assignment problem: the linearization of Xia and Yuan is weaker than the linearization of Adams and Johnson and a family of cuts to narrow the gapOct 06 2017Jun 29 2018The quadratic assignment problem is a well-known optimization problem with numerous applications. A common strategy to solve it is to use one of its linearizations and then apply the toolbox of mixed integer linear programming methods. One measure of ... More

Perfect simulation of Vervaat perpetuitiesAug 12 2009Jan 08 2010We use coupling into and from the past to sample perfectly in a simple and provably fast fashion from the Vervaat family of perpetuities. The family includes the Dickman distribution, which arises both in number theory and in the analysis of the Quickselect ... More

Scanning SQUID susceptometers with sub-micron spatial resolutionMay 31 2016Jul 25 2016Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (SQUID) microscopy has excellent magnetic field sensitivity, but suffers from modest spatial resolution when compared with other scanning probes. This spatial resolution is determined by both the size of the ... More

The response of small SQUID pickup loops to magnetic fieldsJul 13 2016In the past, magnetic images acquired using scanning Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) microscopy have been interpreted using simple models for the sensor point spread function. However, more complicated modeling is needed when the characteristic ... More

The TESS-HERMES survey Data Release 1: high-resolution spectroscopy of the TESS southern continuous viewing zoneJul 18 2017Sep 30 2017The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) will provide high precision time-series photometry for millions of stars with at least a half-hour cadence. Of particular interest are the circular regions of 12-degree radius centered around the ecliptic ... More

A Discrete Set of Possible Transit Ephemerides for Two Long Period Gas Giants Orbiting HIP 41378Sep 27 2018In 2015, K2 observations of the bright (V = 8.9, K = 7.7) star HIP 41378 revealed a rich system of at least five transiting exoplanets, ranging in size from super-Earths to gas giants. The 2015 K2 observations only spanned 74.8 days, and the outer three ... More

Standing on the shoulders of Dwarfs: the Kepler asteroseismic LEGACY sample II - radii, masses, and agesNov 27 2016Nov 29 2016We use asteroseismic data from the Kepler satellite to determine fundamental stellar properties of the 66 main-sequence targets observed for at least one full year by the mission. We distributed tens of individual oscillation frequencies extracted from ... More

Seeing double with K2: Testing re-inflation with two remarkably similar planets around red giant branch starsJun 19 2017Oct 12 2017Despite more than 20 years since the discovery of the first gas giant planet with an anomalously large radius, the mechanism for planet inflation remains unknown. Here, we report the discovery of EPIC228754001.01, an inflated gas giant planet found with ... More

Absolutely maximally entangled states of seven qubits do not existAug 22 2016Pure multiparticle quantum states are called absolutely maximally entangled if all reduced states obtained by tracing out at least half of the particles are maximally mixed. We prove that a seven-qubit state whose three-body marginals are all maximally ... More