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Singular dynamics and emergence of nonlocality in long-range quantum modelsJul 19 2016We discuss how nonlocality originates in long-range quantum systems and how it affects their dynamics at and out of the equilibrium. We focus in particular on the Kitaev chains with long-range pairings and on the quantum Ising chain with long-range antiferromagnetic ... More

Adaptive Bayesian phase estimation for quantum error correcting codesApr 12 2019Realisation of experiments even on small and medium-scale quantum computers requires an optimisation of several parameters to achieve high-fidelity operations. As the size of the quantum register increases, the characterisation of quantum states becomes ... More

Twins Percolation for Qubit Losses in Topological Color CodesFeb 13 2018Mar 07 2018We establish and explore a new connection between quantum information theory and classical statistical mechanics by studying the problem of qubit losses in 2D topological color codes. We introduce a protocol to cope with qubit losses, which is based on ... More

Magnetic properties of commensurate Bose-Bose mixtures in one-dimensional optical latticesDec 15 2012Feb 18 2013We investigate magnetic properties of strongly interacting bosonic mixtures confined in one dimensional geometries, focusing on recently realized Rb-K gases with tunable interspecies interactions. By combining analytical perturbation theory results with ... More

Dynamics of entanglement entropy and entanglement spectrum crossing a quantum phase transitionNov 14 2013Mar 22 2014We study the time evolution of entanglement entropy and entanglement spectrum in a finite-size system which crosses a quantum phase transition at different speeds. We focus on the Ising model with a time-dependent magnetic field, which is linearly tuned ... More

Loops and strings in a superconducting lattice gauge simulatorDec 21 2015We propose a quantum simulation of electromagnetism in (2+1) dimensions using an array of superconducting fluxonium devices. The encoding is in the integer (S=1) representation of the quantum link model formulation of compact U(1) lattice gauge theory. ... More

Symmetry-protected topological phases in lattice gauge theories: topological QED$_2$Apr 27 2018Jan 08 2019The interplay of symmetry, topology, and many-body effects in the classification of possible phases of matter poses a formidable challenge that is attracting great attention in condensed-matter physics. Such many-body effects are typically induced by ... More

Loops and Strings in a Superconducting Lattice Gauge SimulatorDec 21 2015Dec 12 2016We propose an architecture for an analog quantum simulator of electromagnetism in 2+1 dimensions, based on an array of superconducting fluxonium devices. The encoding is in the integer (spin-1 representation of the quantum link model formulation of compact ... More

$\mathbb{Z}_N$ gauge theories coupled to topological fermions: QED$_2$ with a quantum-mechanical $θ$ angleJun 13 2019We present a detailed study of the topological Schwinger model [Phys. Rev. D 99, 014503 (2019)], which describes (1+1) quantum electrodynamics of an Abelian $U(1)$ gauge field coupled to a symmetry-protected topological matter sector, by means of a class ... More

Effective Theory and Breakdown of Conformal Symmetry in a Long-Range Quantum ChainNov 17 2015Aug 29 2016We deal with the problem of studying the effective theories and the symmetries of long-range models around critical points. We focus in particular on the Kitaev chain with long-range pairings decaying with distance as power-law with exponent $\alpha$. ... More

Long-range Ising and Kitaev Models: Phases, Correlations and Edge ModesAug 04 2015Dec 28 2015We analyze the quantum phases, correlation functions and edge modes for a class of spin-1/2 and fermionic models related to the 1D Ising chain in the presence of a transverse field. These models are the Ising chain with anti-ferromagnetic long-range interactions ... More

Algebraic Localization from Power-Law Interactions in Disordered Quantum WiresOct 23 2018We analyze the effects of disorder on the correlation functions of one-dimensional quantum models of fermions and spins with long-range interactions that decay with distance $\ell$ as a power-law $1/\ell^\alpha$. Using a combination of analytical and ... More

Kitaev chains with long-range pairingMay 21 2014Oct 12 2014We propose and analyze a generalization of the Kitaev chain for fermions with long-range $p$-wave pairing, which decays with distance as a power-law with exponent $\alpha$. Using the integrability of the model, we demonstrate the existence of two types ... More

Neutrino oscillations along the Earth to probe flavor parameters: a NeuWorldJan 11 2013Mar 12 2013On 2010 MINOS experiment was showing an hint of possible different mass splitting and mixing angles for neutrinos and anti-neutrinos, suggesting a charge-parity-time (CPT) violation in the lepton sector; last year 2012 a second result from MINOS showed ... More

Beaming Selection and SN-GRB-Jets EvolutionFeb 19 2009After a decade of Fireball reign there is a hope for thin collimated Jet to solve the Supernova-GRB mystery

Inconsistence of super-luminal Cern-Opera neutrino speed with observed SN1987A burst and neutrino mixing for any imaginary neutrino massSep 25 2011Mar 05 2012We tried to fit in any way the recent Opera-Cern claims of a neutrino super-luminal speed with observed Supernova SN1987A neutrino burst and all (or most) neutrino flavor oscillation. We considered three main frame-works: (1) A tachyon imaginary neutrino ... More

Some surface subgroups survive surgeryApr 07 2001It is shown that with finitely many exceptions, the fundamental group obtained by Dehn surgery on a one cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold contains the fundamental group of a closed surface.

Cen A persistence and Virgo absence versus updated maps to understand UHECR natureDec 31 2010Ultra High Cosmic Rays (UHECR) should be tracing their sources, making a new astronomy. Their events counting are finally growing, by Auger experiment, into cosmic sky. Their map should follow the mass distribution in a narrow cosmic volume (the GZK cut ... More

Deep Core muon neutrino rate and anisotropy by mixing and CPT violationDec 23 2010Neutrinos are allowed to mix and to oscillate among their flavor. Muon and tau in particular oscillate at largest values.Last Minos experiment claimed possible difference among their matter and anti-matter masses, leading to a first violation of the most ... More

Achievements and Mirages in Uhecr and Neutrino AstronomyMay 11 2009Photon Astronomy ruled the last four centuries while wider photon band ruled last radio-X-Gamma century of discovery. Present decade may see the rise and competition of UHECR and UHE Neutrino Astronomy. Tau Neutrino may win and be the first flavor revealed. ... More

An apparent GRBs evolution around us or a sampling of thin GRB beaming jets?Oct 13 2009Oct 14 2009The gamma ray burst apparent average isotropic power versus their red-shift of all known GRB (Sept.2009) is reported. It calls for an unrealistic Gamma Ray Burst Evolution around us or it just probe the need of a very thin gamma precession-jet model. ... More

The accretion-diffusion scenario for metals in cool white dwarfsMar 08 2006We calculated diffusion timescales for Ca, Mg, Fe in hydrogen atmosphere white dwarfs with temperatures between 5000 and 25000 K. With these timescales we determined accretion rates for a sample of 38 DAZ white dwarfs from the recent studies of Zuckerman ... More

Spherical varieties and Langlands dualityNov 10 2006Aug 07 2007Let G be a connected reductive complex algebraic group. This paper is devoted to the space Z of meromorphic quasimaps from a curve into an affine spherical G-variety X. The space Z may be thought of as an algebraic model for the loop space of X. In this ... More

Chemical evolution of turbulent protoplanetary disks and the Solar nebulaApr 21 2011Aug 23 2011This is the second paper in a series where we study the influence of transport processes on the chemical evolution of protoplanetary disks. Our analysis is based on a flared alpha-model of the DM Tau system, coupled to a large gas-grain chemical network. ... More

The elliptic genus of Calabi-Yau 3- and 4-folds, product formulae and generalized Kac-Moody algebrasJul 03 1996In this paper the elliptic genus for a general Calabi-Yau fourfold is derived. The recent work of Kawai calculating N=2 heterotic string one-loop threshold corrections with a Wilson line turned on is extended to a similar computation where K3 is replaced ... More

Deformation effects on the coexistence between neutron-proton and particle like pairing in N=Z medium mass nucleiNov 07 2014A model combining self-consistent mean-field and shell-model techniques is used to study the competition between particle like and proton-neutron pairing correlations in fp-shell even-even self-conjugate nuclei. Results obtained using constant two-body ... More

A locally symmetric Kaehler Einstein structure on a tube in the nonzero cotangent bundle of a space formAug 29 2003We obtain a locally symmetric Kaehler Einstein structure on a tube in the nonzero cotangent bundle of a Riemannian manifold of positive constant sectional curvature. The obtained Kaehler Einstein structure cannot have constant holomorphic sectional curvature. ... More

Uniform Kazhdan groupsJun 01 2006We construct first examples of infinite groups having property (T) whose Kazhdan constants admit a lower bound independent of the choice of a finite generating set.

Anisotropies of Cosmic Rays and Search for Intergalactic Cascades from the direction of the Highest Energetic Cosmic Ray Events with the HEGRA Scintillator ArraySep 07 1999Data taken with the HEGRA Scintillator Array have been used to search for spatial anisotropies in the arrival directions of cosmic rays above 20 TeV. In this paper results on the search for TeV gamma-ray emission from the Galactic plane and the Gould ... More

Solid State Quantum BitsMay 27 2005We present the solid-state quantum circuits that have been developed in order to implement quantum bits suitable for a quantum processor. These qubits are either based on the quantum state of a single particle (semiconductor qubits), or on the quantum ... More

Applying MVC and PAC patterns in mobile applicationsJan 20 2010Additional requirements are set for mobile applications in relation to applications for desktop computers. These requirements primarily concern the support to different platforms on which such applications are performed, as well as the requirement for ... More

Superconductivity in the 2D Hubbard model: Electron doping is differentAug 04 2008A variational Monte Carlo calculation is used for studying the ground state of the two-dimensional Hubbard model, including hopping between both nearest and next-nearest neighbor sites. Superconductivity with d-wave symmetry is found to be restricted ... More

Classical Functional Bethe Ansatz for $SL(N)$: separation of variables for the magnetic chainMar 04 1994The Functional Bethe Ansatz (FBA) proposed by Sklyanin is a method which gives separation variables for systems for which an $R$-matrix is known. Previously the FBA was only known for $SL(2)$ and $SL(3)$ (and associated) $R$-matrices. In this paper I ... More

A new class of magnetic materials: Sr2FeMoO6 and related compoundsFeb 27 2001Ordered double perovskite oxides of the general formula, A2BB'O6, have been known for several decades to have interesting electronic and magnetic properties. However, a recent report of a spectacular negative magnetoresistance effect in a specific member ... More

Perturbative BPS-algebras in superstring theoryFeb 27 1997This paper investigates the algebraic structure that exists on perturbative BPS-states in the superstring, compactified on the product of a circle and a Calabi-Yau fourfold. This structure was defined in a recent article by Harvey and Moore. It shown ... More

Existence, multiplicity and stability of endemic states for an age-structured S-I epidemic modelJun 20 2008Feb 25 2010We study an S--I type epidemic model in an age-structured population, with mortality due to the disease. A threshold quantity is found that controls the stability of the disease-free equilibrium and guarantees the existence of an endemic equilibrium. ... More

A locally symmetric Kaehler Einstein structure on the cotangent bundle of a space formAug 25 2003We obtain a locally symmetric Kaehler Einstein structure on the cotangent bundle of a Riemannian manifold of negative constant sectional curvature. Similar results are obtained on a tube around zero section in the cotangent bundle, in the case of a Riemannian ... More

Semi-classical description of the frustrated antiferromagnetic chainSep 21 1994The antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on a chain with nearest and next nearest neighbor couplings is mapped onto the $SO(3)$ nonlinear sigma model in the continuum limit. In one spatial dimension this model is always in its disordered phase and a gap ... More

Non-existence of a dilaton gravity action for the exact string black holeOct 07 2002Nov 07 2002We prove that no local diffeomorphism invariant two-dimensional theory of the metric and the dilaton without higher derivatives can describe the exact string black hole solution found a decade ago by Dijkgraaf, Verlinde and Verlinde. One of the key points ... More

eta and eta' mesons and dimension 2 gluon condensate <A^2>Dec 05 2005The study of light pseudoscalar quark-antiquark bound states in the Dyson-Schwinger approach with the effective QCD coupling enhanced by the interplay of the dimension 2 gluon condensate <A^2> and dimension 4 gluon condensate <F^2>, is extended to the ... More

Supersymmetric AdS(4) compactifications of IIA supergravityDec 21 2004Jan 25 2005We derive necessary and sufficient conditions for N=1 compactifications of (massive) IIA supergravity to AdS(4) in the language of SU(3) structures. We find new solutions characterized by constant dilaton and nonzero fluxes for all form fields. All fluxes ... More

A Selection of Giant Radio Sources from NVSSMar 22 2016May 10 2016Results of the application of pattern recognition techniques to the problem of identifying Giant Radio Sources (GRS) from the data in the NVSS catalog are presented and issues affecting the process are explored. Decision-tree pattern recognition software ... More

Topological Dependence of Universal Correlations in Multi-Parameter HamiltoniansDec 03 1996Universality of correlation functions obtained in parametric random matrix theory is explored in a multi-parameter formalism, through the introduction of a diffusion matrix $D_{ij}(R)$, and compared to results from a multi-parameter chaotic model. We ... More

Comparing Pattern Recognition Feature Sets for Sorting Triples in the FIRST DatabaseMay 03 2006Pattern recognition techniques have been used with increasing success for coping with the tremendous amounts of data being generated by automated surveys. Usually this process involves construction of training sets, the typical examples of data with known ... More

GSC 2314-0530: the shortest-period eclipsing system with dMe componentsMay 03 2010CCD photometric observations in VRI colors and spectroscopic observations of the newly discovered eclipsing binary GSC 2314-0530 (NSVS 6550671) with dMe components and very short period of P=0.192636 days are presented. The simultaneous light-curve solution ... More

A class of locally symmetric Kaehler Einstein structures on the cotangent bundle of a space formJul 14 2004We obtain a class of locally symmetric Kaehler Einstein structures on the cotangent bundle of a Riemannian manifold of negative sectional curvature. Similar results are obtained in the case of a Riemannian manifold of positive sectional curvature. The ... More

Possible flakes of molecular hydrogen in the early UniverseNov 18 2002The thermochemistry of H2 and HD in non-collapsed, non-reionized primordial gas up to the end of the dark age is investigated with recent radiation-matter and chemical reaction rates taking into account the efficient coolant HD, and the possibility of ... More

The category of singularities as a crystal and global Springer fibersDec 14 2014May 12 2015We prove the "Gluing Conjecture" on the spectral side of the categorical geometric Langlands correspondence. The key tool is the structure of crystal on the category of singularities, which allows to reduce the conjecture to the question of homological ... More

The spin-1 ladder : A bosonization studyAug 16 1999We construct a field-theoretic description of two coupled spin-1 Heisenberg chains, starting with the known representation of a single spin-1 chain in terms of Majorana fermions (or Ising models). After reexamining the bosonization rules for two Ising ... More

Ginzburg-Landau equations for superconducting quark matter in neutron starsJun 19 2000May 18 2002We investigate magnetic properties of color superconducting quark matter within a Ginzburg-Landau approach. The simultaneous coupling of the quark fields to gluonic and electromagnetic gauge fields leads to rotated electromagnetism with a massive (Higgsed) ... More

13CO(1-0) and 12CO(2-1) in the center of the barred galaxy NGC 1530Apr 26 1999We present 13CO(1-0) and 12CO(2-1) aperture synthesis maps of the barred spiral galaxy NGC1530. The angular resolutions are respectively 3''.1 and 1''.6. Both transitions show features similar to the 12CO(1-0) map, with a nuclear feature (a ring or unresolved ... More

Production of complex particles in low energy spallation and in fragmentation reactions by in-medium random clusterizationMay 18 2005Rules for in-medium complex particle production in nuclear reactions are proposed. These rules have been implemented in two models to simulate nucleon-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus reactions around the Fermi energy. Our work emphasizes the effect of randomness ... More

Quantitative determination of the level of cooperation in the presence of punishment in three public good experimentsOct 25 2006Nov 21 2007Strong reciprocity is a fundamental human characteristic associated with our extraordinary sociality and cooperation. Laboratory experiments on social dilemma games and many field studies have quantified well-defined levels of cooperation and propensity ... More

Representations of algebraic groups over a 2-dimensional local fieldFeb 14 2003Jun 14 2004We introduce a categorical framework for the study of representations of $G_F$, where $G$ is a reductive group, and $\bF$ is a 2-dimensional local field, i.e. $F=K((t))$, where $K$ is a local field. Our main result says that the space of functions on ... More

Hecke operators on quasimaps into horospherical varietiesNov 11 2004Nov 10 2006Let $G$ be a connected reductive complex algebraic group. This paper is part of a project devoted to the space $Z$ of meromorphic quasimaps from a curve into an affine spherical $G$-variety $X$. The space $Z$ may be thought of as an algebraic model for ... More

Superconductivity and antiferromagnetism in the two-dimensional Hubbard model: a variational studyAug 21 2007A variational ground state of the repulsive Hubbard model on a square lattice is investigated numerically for an intermediate coupling strength (U = 8t) and for moderate sizes (from 6 x 6 to 10 x 10). Our ansatz is clearly superior to other widely used ... More

Relaxation measurements in the regime of the second magnetization peak in Nb filmsNov 05 2004We report on magnetic measurements as a function of field, temperature and time (relaxation) in superconducting Nb films of critical temperature Tc = 9.25 K. The magnetic measurements as a function of field exhibited a second magnetization peak (SMP) ... More

Morphological Annotations for Groups in the FIRST DatabaseApr 19 2011The morphology of selected groups of sources in the FIRST (Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty Centimeters) survey and catalog is examined. Sources in the FIRST catalog (April 2003 release, 811117 entries) were sorted into singles, doubles, triples ... More

Hadronic resonances, strange and multi-strange particle production in Xe-Xe and Pb-Pb collisions with ALICE at the LHCJul 23 2018We present measurements of hadronic resonance, strange and multi-strange particle production in collisions of Xe-Xe and Pb-Pb at the center-of-mass energies of $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.44$ and $5.02$ TeV, respectively, by the ALICE collaboration at the LHC. Particle ... More

Substitution Dynamical Systems: Characterization of Linear Repetitivity and ApplicationsFeb 19 2003Oct 10 2003We consider dynamical systems arising from substitutions over a finite alphabet. We prove that such a system is linearly repetitive if and only if it is minimal. Based on this characterization we extend various results from primitive substitutions to ... More

Microscopic description of pair transfer between two superfluid systems (II): a quantum mixing of Time-Dependent Hartree-Fock Bogolyubov trajectoriesFeb 18 2019While superfluidity is accurately grasped with a state that explicitly breaks the particle number symmetry, a precise description of phenomena like the particle transfer during heavy-ion reactions can only be achieved by considering systems with good ... More

Controlled dynamics of qubits in the presence of decoherenceJun 19 2007An exactly solvable model for the decoherence of one and two-qubit states interacting with a spin-bath, in the presence of a time-dependent magnetic field is studied. The magnetic field is static along $\hat{z}$ direction and oscillatory in the transverse ... More

On the Representations of Leavitt path algebrasJun 14 2010Oct 08 2013Given a graph E we define E-algebraic branching systems, show their existence and how they induce representations of the associated Leavitt path algebra. We also give sufficient conditions to guarantee faithfulness of the representations associated to ... More

A class of locally symmetric Kaehler Einstein structures on the nonzero cotangent bundle of a space formJul 21 2004We obtain a class of locally symetric Kaehler Einstein structures on the nonzero cotangent bundle of a Riemannian manifold of positive constant sectional curvature. The obtained class of Kaehler Einstein structures depends on one essential parameter and ... More

A Kaehler Einstein structure on the nonzero cotangent bundle of a space formMay 07 2004We obtain a Kaehler Einstein structure on the nonzero cotangent bundle of a Riemannian manifold of positive constant sectional curvature. The obtained Kaehler Einstein structure cannot have constant holomorphic sectional curvature and is not locally symmetric. ... More

Quasi-conservation laws for compressible 3D Navier-Stokes flowJun 15 2012Oct 06 2012We formulate the quasi-Lagrangian fluid transport dynamics of mass density $\rho$ and the projection $q=\bom\cdot\nabla\rho$ of the vorticity $\bom$ onto the density gradient, as determined by the 3D compressible Navier-Stokes equations for an ideal gas, ... More

Enstrophy bounds and the range of space-time scales in the hydrostatic primitive equationsApr 03 2011Sep 14 2011The hydrostatic primitive equations (HPE) form the basis of most numerical weather, climate and global ocean circulation models. Analytical (not statistical) methods are used to find a scaling proportional to $(Nu\,Ra\,Re)^{1/4}$ for the range of horizontal ... More

Stretching and folding diagnostics in solutions of the three-dimensional Euler and Navier-Stokes equationsDec 16 2010Two possible diagnostics of stretching and folding (S&F) in fluid flows are discussed, based on the dynamics of the gradient of potential vorticity ($q = \bom\cdot\nabla\theta$) associated with solutions of the three-dimensional Euler and Navier-Stokes ... More

Stretching and folding processes in the 3D Euler and Navier-Stokes equationsNov 02 2013Stretching and folding dynamics in the incompressible, stratified 3D Euler and Navier-Stokes equations are reviewed in the context of the vector $\bdB = \nabla q\times\nabla\theta$ where $q=\bom\cdot\nabla\theta$. The variable $\theta$ is the temperature ... More

Lagrangian particle paths and ortho-normal quaternion framesJul 11 2006Feb 16 2007Experimentalists now measure intense rotations of Lagrangian particles in turbulent flows by tracking their trajectories and Lagrangian-average velocity gradients at high Reynolds numbers. This paper formulates the dynamics of an orthonormal frame attached ... More

Circumventing the axial anomalies and the strong CP problemMar 15 2005Dec 12 2005Many meson processes are related to the U_A(1) axial anomaly, present in the Feynman graphs where fermion loops connect axial vertices with vector vertices. However, the coupling of pseudoscalar mesons to quarks does not have to be formulated via axial ... More

Bypassing the axial anomaliesDec 09 2005Many meson processes are related to the U_A(1) axial anomaly, present in the Feynman graphs where fermion loops connect axial vertices with vector vertices. However, the coupling of pseudoscalar mesons to quarks does not have to be formulated via axial ... More

Shear viscosity in magnetized neutron star crustDec 12 2015The electron shear viscosity due to Coulomb scattering of degenerate electrons by atomic nuclei throughout a magnetized neutron star crust is calculated. The theory is based on the shear viscosity coefficient calculated neglecting magnetic fields but ... More

Multijet Structure of High E_T Hadronic CollisionsDec 10 1996Multijet events at large transverse energy (sum E_T > 420 GeV) and large multijet invariant mass (M_jets > 600 GeV) have been studied by the CDF Collaboration at the Fermilab Tevatron. The observed jet multiplicity distribution can be understood in a ... More

Reconstruction of air shower muon densities using segmented counters with time resolutionJun 08 2016Despite the significant experimental effort made in the last decades, the origin of the ultra-high energy cosmic rays is still largely unknown. Key astrophysical information to identify where these energetic particles come from is provided by their chemical ... More

The initial conditions of isolated star formation -- IX. Akari mapping of an externally heated pre-stellar coreMar 19 2009We present observations of L1155 and L1148 in the Cepheus molecular cloud, taken using the FIS instrument on the Akari satellite. We compare these data to submillimetre data taken using the SCUBA camera on the JCMT, and far-infrared data taken with the ... More

A new look at the integrated radio/microwave continuum spectrum of Galactic supernova remnant IC443Nov 26 2016Recent observations of the microwave sky, by the space telescopes such as WMAP and Planck, have opened a new window into the analysis of continuum emission from supernova remnants (SNRs). In this paper, different emission models that can explain the characteristic ... More

Parity fluctuations in stellar dynamosMay 24 2017Observations of the solar butterfly diagram from sunspot records suggest persistent fluctuation in parity, away from the overall, approximately dipolar structure. We use a simple mean-field dynamo model with a solar-like rotation law, and perturb the ... More

Spectra and time variability of galactic black-hole X-ray sources in the low/hard stateMay 28 2004we propose a jet model for the low/hard state of black-hole X-ray sources which explains a) the X-ray spectra, b) the timelag spectra, c) the increase in the amplitude (QPO and high frequency) with increasing photon energy, and d) the narrowing of the ... More

Cluster Perturbation Theory for Hubbard modelsMay 02 2002Cluster perturbation theory is a technique for calculating the spectral weight of Hubbard models of strongly correlated electrons, which combines exact diagonalizations on small clusters with strong-coupling perturbation theory at leading order. It is ... More

Revisiting the U_A(1) problemsMar 23 2000Jun 21 2000We survey various U_A(1) problems and attempt to resolve the two puzzles related to the eta mesons that have experimental verification. Specifically, we first explore the Goldstone structure of the eta and eta' mesons in the context of eta-eta' mixing ... More

Unexpectedly small empirical vector strangeness of nucleons realized in a baryon modelDec 24 2007Most of model considerations of the hidden nucleon strangeness, as well as some preliminary experimental evidence, led to the expectations of relatively sizeable strange vector form factors of the proton. For example, it seemed that the contribution of ... More

The gradient of potential vorticity, quaternions and an orthonormal frame for fluid particlesJun 19 2010The gradient of potential vorticity (PV) is an important quantity because of the way PV (denoted as $q$) tends to accumulate locally in the oceans and atmospheres. Recent analysis by the authors has shown that the vector quantity $\bdB = \bnabla q\times ... More

The dynamics of the gradient of potential vorticityNov 08 2009Mar 19 2010The transport of the potential vorticity gradient $\bnabla{q}$ along surfaces of constant temperature $\theta$ is investigated for the stratified Euler, Navier-Stokes and hydrostatic primitive equations of the oceans and atmosphere using the divergenceless ... More

Lagrangian analysis of alignment dynamics for isentropic compressible magnetohydrodynamicsAug 07 2006After a review of the isentropic compressible magnetohydrodynamics (ICMHD) equations, a quaternionic framework for studying the alignment dynamics of a general fluid flow is explained and applied to the ICMHD equations.

Coherent manipulation of cold Rydberg atoms near the surface of an atom chipAug 08 2013Oct 06 2013Coherent superpositions of the 49s and 48s Rydberg states of cold Rb atoms were studied near the surface of an atom chip. The superpositions were created and manipulated using microwaves resonant with the two-photon 49s-48s transition. Coherent behavior ... More

Energy shifts of Rydberg atoms due to patch fields near metal surfacesAug 09 2010Mar 07 2011The statistical properties of patch electric fields due to a polycrystalline metal surface are calculated. The fluctuations in the electric field scale like 1/z^2, when z >> w, where z is the distance to the surface, and w is the characteristic length ... More

Chiral symmetry breaking via constituent quarks for qbarq pseudoscalar mesonsJul 18 2005We base our chiral symmetry approach on the quark-level linear sigma model Lagrangian. Then we review the Nambu--Goldstone theorem with vanishing pi, K, eta_8 masses. Next we dynamically generate the pi, K, eta_8 masses away from the chiral limit. Then ... More

Abundance ratios in hierarchical galaxy formationJan 18 1999The chemical enrichment and stellar abundance ratios of galaxies which form in a hierarchical clustering scheme are calculated. For this purpose I adopt the star formation histories (SFH) as they are delivered by semi-analytic models in Kauffmann (1996}. ... More

Comment on the paper "Quasi-particle approach for lattice Hamiltonians with large coordination numbers" by P. Navez, F. Queisser and R. Schützhold - J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 47 225004 (2014)Apr 25 2016This comment regards a central aspect of the referred-to paper, the issue of convergence of the large coordination-number expansion. Perturbation expansions of expressions containing a large number of parameters are generally invalid due to the non-analyticity ... More

Short-Lived Electron Transfer in Donor-Bridge-Acceptor SystemsMar 24 2016Sep 22 2016We investigate time-dependent electron transfer (ET) in benchmark donor-bridge-acceptor systems. For the small bridge sizes studied, we obtain results far different from the perturbation theory which underlies scattering-based approaches, notably a lack ... More

Coherent Electron Transfer in PolyacetyleneMar 06 2013Apr 04 2014We examine, using mixed classical-quantum electron-ion dynamics, electron transfer in a donor-acceptor-like molecular junction system based on polyacetylene. We identify two qualitatively-different transfer regimes: hopping and tunnelling. We discuss ... More

Stellar Magnetic Fields as a Heating Source for Extrasolar Giant PlanetsFeb 06 2013It has been observed that hot Jupiters located within 0.08 AU of their host stars commonly display radii in excess of those expected based on models. A number of theoretical explanations for this phenomenon have been suggested, but the ability of any ... More

Dynamics under radiation damping from ab initio formalismJul 12 2005May 15 2016This study addresses the perennial issue of acceleration runaway from radiation reaction noted in the dynamics of a charged particle. Through ab-initio formalism that works out the paths of stationary action considering the additional measure of minimum ... More

Kinematics in Vector Boson FusionMar 02 2006The vector boson fusion process leads to two forward/backward jets (tag jets) and the produced state, a Higgs boson in this case, moving slowly in the p-p C.M. frame at the LHC. For the case of Higgs decaying to W+W (W*) with Higgs mass below 180 GeV, ... More

Thermodynamical behaviour of the Variable Chaplygin gasMay 29 2014Feb 08 2015The thermodynamical behaviour of the Variable Chaplygin gas (VCG) model is studied, using an equation of state like $P = - \frac{B}{\rho}$, where $B = B_{0}V^{-\frac{n}{3}}$. Here $B_{0}$ is a positive universal constant, $n$ is also a constant and $V$ ... More

The CERN-Gran Sasso Neutrino ProgramSep 30 2002Oct 04 2002This paper reviews the current experimental program envisaged with the future CERN neutrino beam called CNGS. Two detectors, OPERA and ICARUS, are under preparation and should investigate the neutrino properties coming from the CNGS to shed light on neutrino ... More

Cosmo-Particle Searches for Supersymmetry at the Collider Detector at FermilabNov 04 2009Some theories of particle physics are so compelling that it is worth doing a comprehensive and systematic set of experimental searches to see if they are realized in nature. Supersymmetry is one such theory. This review focuses on the motivation for a ... More

Bokstein homomorphism as a universal objectOct 21 2015Oct 22 2015We give a simple construction of the correspondence between square-zero extensions $R'$ of a ring $R$ by an $R$-bimodule $M$ and second MacLane cohomology classes of $R$ with coefficients in $M$ (the simplest non-trivial case of the construction is $R=M=Z/p$, ... More

Spectral sequences for cyclic homologyJan 04 2016We prove that for a homologically smooth and proper DG algebra over a field of characteristic 0, the Hodge-to-de Rham spectral sequence degenerates. This has been conjectured by M. Kontsevich and Y. Soibelman arXiv:math/0606241 and proved in arXiv:math/0611623 ... More