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On the surface composition of Triton's southern latitudesAug 24 2015Nov 20 2015We present the results of an investigation to determine the longitudinal (zonal) distributions and temporal evolution of ices on the surface of Triton. Between 2002 and 2014, we obtained 63 nights of near-infrared (0.67-2.55 $\mu$m) spectra using the ... More

Ice Mineralogy Across and Into the Surfaces of Pluto, Triton, and ErisMar 30 2012We present three near-infrared spectra of Pluto taken with the IRTF and SpeX, an optical spectrum of Triton taken with the MMT and the Red Channel Spectrograph, and previously published spectra of Pluto, Triton, and Eris. We combine these observations ... More

Evidence for longitudinal variability of ethane ice on the surface of PlutoJun 06 2014Aug 08 2014We present the results of an investigation using near-infrared spectra of Pluto taken on 72 separate nights using SpeX/IRTF. These data were obtained between 2001 and 2013 at various sub-observer longitudes. The aim of this work was to confirm the presence ... More

Near-Infrared Spectral Monitoring of Pluto's Ices II: Recent Decline of CO and N$_2$ Ice AbsorptionsFeb 19 2014IRTF/SpeX observations of Pluto's near-infrared reflectance spectrum during 2013 show vibrational absorption features of CO and N$_2$ ices at 1.58 and 2.15 {\mu}m, respectively, that are weaker than had been observed during the preceding decade. To reconcile ... More

New Horizons Constraints on Charon's Present Day AtmosphereAug 24 2016We report on a variety of standard techniques used by New Horizons including a solar ultraviolet occultation, ultraviolet airglow observations, and high-phase look-back particulate search imaging to search for an atmosphere around Pluto's large moon Charon ... More

Near-Infrared Spectral Monitoring of Pluto's Ices: Spatial Distribution and Secular EvolutionJan 26 2013We report results from monitoring Pluto's 0.8 to 2.4 {\mu}m reflectance spectrum with IRTF/SpeX on 65 nights over the dozen years from 2001 to 2012. The spectra show vibrational absorption features of simple molecules CH4, CO, and N2 condensed as ices ... More

Pao-Lu Hsu (Xu, Bao-lu): The Grandparent of Probability and Statistics in ChinaOct 03 2012The years 1910-1911 are auspicious years in Chinese mathematics with the births of Pao-Lu Hsu, Luo-Keng Hua and Shiing-Shen Chern. These three began the development of modern mathematics in China: Hsu in probability and statistics, Hua in number theory, ... More

Near-Infrared Spectral Monitoring of Triton with IRTF/SpeX II: Spatial Distribution and Evolution of IcesAug 18 2009Aug 18 2009This report arises from an ongoing program to monitor Neptune's largest moon Triton spectroscopically in the 0.8 to 2.4 micron range using IRTF/SpeX. Our objective is to search for changes on Triton's surface as witnessed by changes in the infrared absorption ... More

Development and Performance of the PHOT (Portable High-Speed Occultation Telescope) SystemsFeb 14 2011The PHOT (Portable High-Speed Occultation Telescope) systems were developed for the specific purpose of observing stellar occultations by solar system objects. Stellar occultations have unique observing constraints: they may only be observable from certain ... More

In Situ Observations of Preferential Pickup Ion Heating at an Interplanetary ShockJul 13 2018Non-thermal pickup ions (PUIs) are created in the solar wind (SW) by charge-exchange between SW ions (SWIs) and slow interstellar neutral atoms. It has long been theorized, but not directly observed, that PUIs should be preferentially heated at quasi-perpendicular ... More

Constructions for a bivariate beta distributionJun 23 2014Sep 16 2014The beta distribution is a basic distribution serving several purposes. It is used to model data, and also, as a more flexible version of the uniform distribution, it serves as a prior distribution for a binomial probability. The bivariate beta distribution ... More

New Horizons Upper Limits on O$_2$ in Pluto's Present Day AtmosphereJun 13 2017The surprising discovery by the Rosetta spacecraft of molecular oxygen (O$_2$) in the coma of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko (Bieler et al. 2015) challenged our understanding of the inventory of this volatile species on and inside bodies from the Kuiper ... More

Probing the Hill Sphere of (486958) 2014 MU$_{69}$: HST FGS Observations During the July 17, 2017 Stellar OccultationJun 25 2018We observed the July 17, 2017 stellar occultation of HD 168233 by the Kuiper Belt Object (486958) 2014 MU$_{69}$, the close flyby target of the extended New Horizons mission. Rather than capture a solid body occultation by the KBO itself, our program ... More

Great Expectations: Plans and Predictions for New Horizons Encounter with Kuiper Belt Object 2014 MU69 ('Ultima Thule')Aug 06 2018The New Horizons encounter with the cold classical Kuiper Belt object (KBO) 2014 MU69 (informally named 'Ultima Thule,' hereafter Ultima) on 1 January 2019 will be the first time a spacecraft has ever closely observed one of the free-orbiting small denizens ... More

Moments of minors of Wishart matricesApr 22 2006Nov 05 2008For a random matrix following a Wishart distribution, we derive formulas for the expectation and the covariance matrix of compound matrices. The compound matrix of order $m$ is populated by all $m\times m$-minors of the Wishart matrix. Our results yield ... More

Global Albedos of Pluto and Charon from LORRI New Horizons ObservationsApr 20 2016The exploration of the Pluto-Charon system by the New Horizons spacecraft represent the first opportunity to understand the distribution of albedo and other photometric properties of the surfaces of objects in the Solar System's "Third Zone" within the ... More

Interstellar Pickup Ion Observations to 38 AUOct 14 2017We provide the first direct observations of interstellar H+ and He+ pickup ions in the solar wind from 22 AU to 38 AU. We use the Vasyliunas and Siscoe model functional form to quantify the pickup ion distributions, and while the fit parameters generally ... More

High-Precision Orbit Fitting and Uncertainty Analysis of (486958) 2014 MU69May 06 2018NASA's New Horizons spacecraft will conduct a close flyby of the cold classical Kuiper Belt Object (KBO) designated (486958) 2014 MU69 on January 1, 2019. At a heliocentric distance of 44 AU, "MU69" will be the most distant object ever visited by a spacecraft. ... More

The Puzzling Detection of X-rays From Pluto by ChandraOct 25 2016Using Chandra ACIS-S, we have obtained imaging Xray spectrophotometry of the Pluto system in support of the New Horizons flyby on 14 July 2015. 174 ksec of observations were obtained on 4 visits in Feb 2014 to Aug 2015. We measured a net signal of 6.8 ... More

Pluto's global surface composition through pixel-by-pixel Hapke modeling of New Horizons Ralph/LEISA dataApr 28 2016On July 14th 2015, NASA's New Horizons mission gave us a first view of the Pluto system. The complex compositional diversity of Pluto's encounter hemisphere was revealed by the Ralph/LEISA infrared spectrometer on board of New Horizons. We present compositional ... More

Evidence for Possible Clouds in Pluto's Present Day AtmosphereJun 11 2017Several trace constituents can reach saturation vapor pressure in Pluto's present day atmosphere. As such, we describe a search for discrete could features in Pluto's atmosphere using New Horizons data obtained on 14-15 July 2015, during the Pluto flyby ... More

Pluto's Atmosphere Does Not CollapseSep 03 2013Combining stellar occultation observations probing Pluto's atmosphere from 1988 to 2013 and models of energy balance between Pluto's surface and atmosphere, we conclude that Pluto's atmosphere does not collapse at any point in its 248-year orbit. The ... More

Global Albedos of Pluto and Charon from LORRI New Horizons ObservationsApr 20 2016Jan 09 2017The exploration of the Pluto-Charon system by the New Horizons spacecraft represents the first opportunity to understand the distribution of albedo and other photometric properties of the surfaces of objects in the Solar System's "Third Zone" of distant ... More

Modeling glacial flow on and onto Pluto's Sputnik PlanumJun 18 2016Observations of Pluto's surface made by the New Horizons spacecraft indicates present-day nitrogen ice glaciation in and around the basin known as Sputnik Planum. Motivated by these observations, we have developed an evolutionary glacial flow model of ... More

A Search for Temporal Changes on Pluto and CharonNov 07 2017A search for temporal changes on Pluto and Charon was motivated by (1) the discovery of young surfaces in the Pluto system that imply ongoing or recent geologic activity, (2) the detection of active plumes on Triton during the Voyager 2 flyby, and (3) ... More

The CH4 cycles on Pluto over seasonal and astronomical timescalesMar 05 2019New Horizons observations suggest that CH4 on Pluto has a complex history, involving reservoirs of different composition, thickness and stability controlled by volatile processes occurring on different timescales. In order to interpret these observations, ... More

Overview of initial results from the reconnaissance flyby of a Kuiper Belt planetesimal: 2014 MU69Jan 09 2019Jan 24 2019The centerpiece objective of the NASA New Horizons first Kuiper Extended Mission (KEM-1) was the close flyby of the Kuiper Belt Object KBO) 2014 MU69, nicknamed Ultima Thule. On 1 Jan 2019 this flyby culminated, making the first close observations of ... More

Modeling glacial flow on and onto Pluto's Sputnik PlanitiaJun 18 2016Jul 26 2018Observations of Pluto's surface made by the New Horizons spacecraft indicates present-day nitrogen ice glaciation in and around the basin known as Sputnik Planum. Motivated by these observations, we have developed an evolutionary glacial flow model of ... More

Ralph: A Visible/Infrared Imager for the New Horizons Pluto/Kuiper Belt MissionSep 26 2007The New Horizons instrument named Ralph is a visible/near infrared multi-spectral imager and a short wavelength infrared spectral imager. It is one of the core instruments on New Horizons, NASA's first mission to the Pluto/Charon system and the Kuiper ... More

The nitrogen cycles on Pluto over seasonal and astronomical timescalesApr 06 2018Pluto's landscape is shaped by the cycles of the volatile ices covering its surface. In particular, the Sputnik Planitia (SP) ice sheet displays a large diversity of terrains, with bright and dark plains, pits, topographic depressions and evidences of ... More

Pluto's global surface composition through pixel-by-pixel Hapke modeling of New Horizons Ralph/LEISA dataApr 28 2016Nov 30 2016On July 14th 2015, NASA's New Horizons mission gave us an unprecedented detailed view of the Pluto system. The complex compositional diversity of Pluto's encounter hemisphere was revealed by the Ralph/LEISA infrared spectrometer on board of New Horizons. ... More

Impact Craters on Pluto and Charon Indicate a Deficit of Small Kuiper Belt ObjectsFeb 27 2019The flyby of Pluto and Charon by the New Horizons spacecraft provided high-resolution images of cratered surfaces embedded in the Kuiper belt, an extensive region of bodies orbiting beyond Neptune. Impact craters on Pluto and Charon were formed by collisions ... More

Plutos interaction with its space environment: Solar Wind, Energetic Particles & DustMay 03 2016The New Horizons spacecraft carried three instruments that measured the space environment near Pluto as it flew by on 14 July 2015. The Solar Wind Around Pluto instrument revealed an interaction region confined sunward of Pluto to within about 6 Pluto ... More

A White Paper on Pluto Follow On Missions: Background, Rationale, and New Mission RecommendationsAug 22 2018Nov 19 2018The exploration of the binary Pluto-Charon and its small satellites during the New Horizons flyby in 2015 revealed not only widespread geologic and compositional diversity across Pluto, but surprising complexity, a wide range of surface unit ages, evidence ... More

Surface Compositions Across Pluto and CharonApr 18 2016The New Horizons spacecraft mapped colors and infrared spectra across the encounter hemispheres of Pluto and Charon. The volatile ices CH$_4$, CO, and N$_2$, that dominate Pluto's surface, have complicated spatial distributions resulting from sublimation, ... More

Inflight Radiometric Calibration of New Horizons' Multispectral Visible Imaging Camera (MVIC)Mar 29 2016We discuss two semi-independent calibration techniques used to determine the in-flight radiometric calibration for the New Horizons' Multi-spectral Visible Imaging Camera (MVIC). The first calibration technique compares the observed stellar flux to modeled ... More

The Atmosphere of Pluto as Observed by New HorizonsApr 18 2016Observations made during the New Horizons flyby provide a detailed snapshot of the current state of Pluto's atmosphere. While the lower atmosphere (at altitudes <200 km) is consistent with ground-based stellar occultations, the upper atmosphere is much ... More

Reorientation of Sputnik Planitia implies a Subsurface Ocean on PlutoMar 13 2019The deep nitrogen-covered Sputnik Planitia (SP; informal name) basin on Pluto is located very close to the longitude of Pluto's tidal axis[1] and may be an impact feature [2], by analogy with other large basins in the solar system[3,4]. Reorientation[5-7] ... More

The Small Satellites of Pluto as Observed by New HorizonsApr 18 2016The New Horizons mission has provided resolved measurements of Pluto's moons Styx, Nix, Kerberos, and Hydra. All four are small, with equivalent spherical diameters of $\approx$40 km for Nix and Hydra and ~10 km for Styx and Kerberos. They are also highly ... More

Convection in a volatile nitrogen-ice-rich layer drives Pluto's geological vigorMar 13 2019The vast, deep, volatile-ice-filled basin informally named Sputnik Planum is central to Pluto's geological activity[1,2]. Composed of molecular nitrogen, methane, and carbon monoxide ices[3], but dominated by N2-ice, this ice layer is organized into cells ... More

Pluto's Haze as a Surface MaterialMar 09 2019Pluto's atmospheric haze settles out rapidly compared with geological timescales. It needs to be accounted for as a surface material, distinct from Pluto's icy bedrock and from the volatile ices that migrate via sublimation and condensation on seasonal ... More

Formation of Charon's Red Poles From Seasonally Cold-Trapped VolatilesMar 09 2019A unique feature of Pluto's large satellite Charon is its dark red northern polar cap. Similar colours on Pluto's surface have been attributed to organic macromolecules produced by energetic radiation processing of hydrocarbons. The polar location of ... More

The Geology of Pluto and Charon Through the Eyes of New HorizonsApr 19 2016NASA's New Horizons spacecraft has revealed the complex geology of Pluto and Charon. Pluto's encounter hemisphere shows ongoing surface geological activity centered on a vast basin containing a thick layer of volatile ices that appears to be involved ... More

Training of Instrumentalists and Development of New Technologies on SOFIAMar 25 2009This white paper is submitted to the Astronomy and Astrophysics 2010 Decadal Survey (Astro2010)1 Committee on the State of the Profession to emphasize the potential of the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) to contribute to the training ... More

Physical Characterization of TNOs with JWSTNov 03 2015Studies of the physical properties of Trans-Neptunian Objects (TNOs) are a powerful probe into the processes of planetesimal formation and solar system evolution. JWST will provide unique new capabilities for such studies. Here we outline where the capabilities ... More

Haze in Pluto's AtmosphereFeb 24 2017Feb 28 2017Haze in Pluto's atmosphere was detected in images by both the Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) and the Multispectral Visible Imaging Camera (MVIC) on New Horizons. LORRI observed haze up to altitudes of at least 200 km above Pluto's surface at ... More

A theorem of Mislin for cohomology of fusion systems and applications to block algebras of finite groupsNov 15 2013Dec 10 2014We give an algebraic proof for a theorem of Mislin in the case of cohomology of saturated fusion systems defined on p-groups when p is odd. Some applications of this theorem to block algebras of finite groups are also given.

Stückelberg Field Shiftting Quantization of Free-Particle on D-Dimensional SphereAug 11 2000In this paper we quantize the free-particle on a D-dimensional sphere in an unambiguous way by converting the second-class constraint using St\"uckelberg field shiftting formalism. Further, we argument that this formalism is equivalent to the BFFT constraint ... More

Entanglement and topological entropy of the toric code at finite temperatureApr 27 2007Nov 01 2007We calculate exactly the von Neumann and topological entropies of the toric code as a function of system size and temperature. We do so for systems with infinite energy scale separation between magnetic and electric excitations, so that the magnetic closed ... More

Dynamical shift conditions for the Z4 and BSSN hyperbolic formalismsJan 07 2004Mar 22 2004A class of dynamical shift conditions is shown to lead to a strongly hyperbolic evolution system, both in the Z4 and in the BSSN Numerical Relativity formalisms. This class generalizes the harmonic shift condition, where light speed is the only non-trivial ... More

Auger recombination and carrier multiplication in embedded silicon and germanium nanocrystalsSep 10 2007Apr 16 2008For Si and Ge nanocrystals (NCs) embedded in wide band-gap matrices, Auger recombination (AR) and carrier multiplication (CM) lifetimes are computed exactly in a three-dimensional real space grid using empirical pseudopotential wave functions. Our results ... More

Theoretical study of the insulating oxides and nitrides: SiO2, GeO2, Al2O3, Si3N4, and Ge3N4Oct 06 2006Jul 23 2007An extensive theoretical study is performed for wide bandgap crystalline oxides and nitrides, namely, SiO_{2}, GeO_{2}, Al_{2}O_{3}, Si_{3}N_{4}, and Ge_{3}N_{4}. Their important polymorphs are considered which are for SiO_{2}: $\alpha$-quartz, $\alpha$- ... More

Reply to cond-mat/0503325: Comment on `Generating functional analysis of Minority Games with real merket histories' by KH Ho, WC Man, FK Chow and HF ChauMar 21 2005The Comment cond-mat/0503325 is built around two core statements, both of which are plainly incorrect.

A simple stochastic model for the evolution of protein lengthsMar 26 2007Mar 26 2007We analyse a simple discrete-time stochastic process for the theoretical modeling of the evolution of protein lengths. At every step of the process a new protein is produced as a modification of one of the proteins already existing and its length is assumed ... More

Staggered Chiral Perturbation TheoryAug 28 2003We discuss how to formulate a staggered chiral perturbation theory. This amounts to a generalization of the Lee-Sharpe Lagrangian to include more than one flavor (i.e. multiple staggered fields), which turns out to be nontrivial. One loop corrections ... More

Dark Matter in a single-metric universeJan 04 2016Mar 01 2016A few years ago Baker proposed a metric, implementing the Bona-Stela construction, which interpolates smoothly between the Schwarzschild metric at small scales and the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) metric at large scales. As it stands, by enforcing ... More

Light-front representation of chiral dynamics in peripheral transverse densitiesMar 16 2015The nucleon's electromagnetic form factors are expressed in terms of the transverse densities of charge and magnetization at fixed light-front time. At peripheral transverse distances $b = O(M_\pi^{-1})$ the densities are governed by chiral dynamics and ... More

Eccentric Binary Millisecond PulsarsJul 18 2009In this paper we review the recent discovery of several millisecond pulsars (MSPs) in eccentric binary systems. Timing these MSPs we were able to estimate (and in one case precisely measure) their masses. These results suggest that, as a class, MSPs have ... More

On the density of the sum of two independent Student t-random vectorsJun 16 2009In this paper, we find an expression for the density of the sum of two independent $d-$dimensional Student $t-$random vectors $\mathbf{X}$ and $\mathbf{Y}$ with arbitrary degrees of freedom. As a byproduct we also obtain an expression for the density ... More

Detection of Optical Synchrotron Emission from the Radio Jet of 3C279Oct 08 2002Nov 05 2002We report the detection of optical and ultraviolet emission from the kiloparsec scale jet of the well-known quasar 3C~279. A bright knot, discovered in archival V and U band {\it Hubble Space Telescope} Faint Object Camera images, is coincident with a ... More

On the numerical evaluation of algebro-geometric solutions to integrable equationsJul 11 2011Dec 06 2011Physically meaningful periodic solutions to certain integrable partial differential equations are given in terms of multi-dimensional theta functions associated to real Riemann surfaces. Typical analytical problems in the numerical evaluation of these ... More

Understanding Convolutional Neural Networks with A Mathematical ModelSep 14 2016Nov 02 2016This work attempts to address two fundamental questions about the structure of the convolutional neural networks (CNN): 1) why a non-linear activation function is essential at the filter output of every convolutional layer? 2) what is the advantage of ... More

Understanding Convolutional Neural Networks with A Mathematical ModelSep 14 2016This work attempts to address two fundamental questions about the structure of the convolutional neural networks (CNN): 1) why a non-linear activation function is essential at the filter output of every convolutional layer? 2) what is the advantage of ... More

Threshold effects in open-string theoryMay 05 1996May 14 1996We analyze the one-loop effective gauge-field action in $Z_2$-orbifold compactifications of type-I theory. We show how, for non-abelian group factors, the threshold effects are ultraviolet finite though given entirely by a six-dimensional field theory ... More

Hidden Symmetry of a Fluid Dynamical ModelMay 28 2001A connection between solutions of the relativistic d-brane system in (d+1) dimensions with the solutions of a Galileo invariant fluid in d-dimensions is by now well established. However, the physical nature of the light-cone gauge description of a relativistic ... More

A quantum topological phase transition at the microscopic levelJul 13 2007Mar 01 2008We study a quantum phase transition between a phase which is topologically ordered and one which is not. We focus on a spin model, an extension of the toric code, for which we obtain the exact ground state for all values of the coupling constant that ... More

Explicit Gravitational Radiation in Hyperbolic Systems for Numerical RelativityFeb 14 2002Feb 28 2002A method for studying the causal structure of space-time evolution systems is presented. This method, based on a generalization of the well known Riemann problem, provides intrinsic results which can be interpreted from the geometrical point of view. ... More

Flux Limiter Methods in 3D Numerical RelativityFeb 28 2002New numerical methods have been applied in relativity to obtain a numerical evolution of Einstein equations much more robust and stable. Starting from 3+1 formalism and with the evolution equations written as a FOFCH (first-order flux conservative hyperbolic) ... More

Staggered Chiral Perturbation Theory for Heavy-Light MesonsOct 18 2005Jan 25 2006We incorporate heavy-light mesons into staggered chiral perturbation theory, working to leading order in 1/m_Q, where m_Q is the heavy quark mass. At first non-trivial order in the chiral expansion, staggered taste violations affect the chiral logarithms ... More

Replica methods for loopy sparse random graphsJan 29 2016I report on the development of a novel statistical mechanical formalism for the analysis of random graphs with many short loops, and processes on such graphs. The graphs are defined via maximum entropy ensembles, in which both the degrees (via hard constraints) ... More

Statistical Mechanics of Recurrent Neural Networks I. StaticsJun 01 2000A lecture notes style review of the equilibrium statistical mechanics of recurrent neural networks with discrete and continuous neurons (e.g. Ising, coupled-oscillators). To be published in the Handbook of Biological Physics (North-Holland). Accompanied ... More

Light-front representation of chiral dynamics with Delta isobar and large-N_c relationsMar 29 2016Transverse densities describe the spatial distribution of electromagnetic current in the nucleon at fixed light-front time. At peripheral distances b = O(M_pi^{-1}) the densities are governed by chiral dynamics and can be calculated model-independently ... More

Multi-scale RenormalizationDec 18 1996The Standard MS renormalization prescription is inadequate for dealing with multi-scale problems. To illustrate this we consider the computation of the effective potential in the Higgs-Yukawa model. It is argued that it is natural to employ a two-scale ... More

Observational constraints upon quintessence models arising from moduli fieldsApr 14 2000Jun 12 2000We study observational constraints on cosmological models with a quintessence arising from moduli fields. The scalar field potential is given by a double exponential potential V=V_0 exp(-A e^{sqrt{2} kappa phi}). After reviewing the properties of the ... More

Electroweak standard model at finite temperature in presence of a bosonic chemical potentialMar 15 2007Dec 30 2010We study the electroweak standard model at finite temperature in presence of a bosonic chemical potential associated with the conserved electromagnetic current. To preserve the thermodynamic equilibrium of the system, the thermal medium is neutralized ... More

The classical overdetermined Serrin problemNov 29 2017Nov 30 2017In this survey we consider the classical overdetermined problem which was studied by Serrin in 1971. The original proof relies on Alexandrov's moving plane method, maximum principles, and a refinement of Hopf's boundary point Lemma. Since then other approaches ... More

Radio Identification of the X-ray Jet in the z=4.3 Quasar GB 1508+5714Oct 25 2003Dec 01 2003The recent discovery of an X-ray jet in the z=4.3 quasar GB 1508+5714 by Yuan et al. (astro-ph/0309318) and Siemiginowska et al. (astro-ph/0310241) prompted a search for its radio counterpart. Here, we report the successful discovery of faint radio emission ... More

Basic Morita equivalences and a conjecture of Sasaki for cohomology of block algebras of finite groupsJun 14 2015We show, using basic Morita equivalences between block algebras of finite groups, that the Conjecture of H. Sasaki from [9] is true for a new class of blocks called nilpotent covered blocks. When this Conjecture is true we define some transfer maps between ... More

CNN as Guided Multi-layer RECOS TransformJan 30 2017Feb 19 2017There is a resurging interest in developing a neural-network-based solution to the supervised machine learning problem. The convolutional neural network (CNN) will be studied in this note. To begin with, we introduce a RECOS transform as a basic building ... More

Decay width of light quark hybrid meson from the latticeMar 06 2006Apr 13 2006Lattice QCD with $N_f=2$ flavours of sea quark is used to explore the spectrum and decay of a $J^{PC}=1^{-+}$ spin-exotic hybrid meson. We test lattice determination of S-wave decay amplitudes at threshold using $b_1 \to \pi \omega$ where agreement with ... More

Staggered Chiral Perturbation Theory with Heavy-Light MesonsSep 08 2004We merge heavy quark effective theory with staggered chiral perturbation theory to calculate heavy-light (B, D) meson quantities. We present results at NLO for the $B(D)$ meson decay constant in the partially quenched and full QCD cases, and discuss the ... More

Transverse stability of periodic traveling waves in Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equations: A numerical studyAug 16 2011We numerically investigate transverse stability and instability of so-called cnoidal waves, i.e., periodic traveling wave solutions of the Korteweg-de Vries equation, under the time-evolution of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation. In particular, we find ... More

Azimuthal decorrelation of Mueller-Navelet jets at the Tevatron and the LHCApr 25 2007Nov 05 2008We study the production of Mueller-Navelet jets at hadron colliders in the Balitsky-Fadin-Kuraev-Lipatov (BFKL) framework. We show that a measurement of the relative azimuthal angle \Delta\Phi between the jets can provide a good testing ground for corrections ... More

High-dielectric constant and wide band gap inverse silver oxide phases of the ordered ternary alloys of SiO$_{2}$, GeO$_{2}$ and SnO$_{2}$Jul 14 2006Dec 01 2006High-dielectric constant and wide band gap oxides have important technological applications. The crystalline oxide polymorphs having lattice constant compatibility to silicon are particularly desirable. One recently reported candidate is the inverse silver ... More

Single crystal growth and anisotropy of CeRuPOSep 26 2007Dec 05 2007We report on the single crystal growth of the ferromagnetic Kondo lattice system CeRuPO using a Sn flux method. Magnetic susceptibility and electrical resistivity measurements indicate strong anisotropy of this structurally layered compound. They evidence ... More

8--13 micron spectroscopy of luminous and ultraluminous infrared galaxiesMar 17 1999New moderate-resolution mid-infrared spectroscopy at 10 micron of 27 infrared galaxies is presented. The galaxies have been chosen from three 60 micron selected and one 12 micron selected complete flux-limited catalogs of galaxies; 17 of these sources ... More

Solving the mystery of IapetusApr 29 2005Jul 19 2007For a much better-founded theory, check Wing Ip, GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 33, L16203, doi:10.1029/2005GL025386, 2006 (see also http://www.agu.org/journals/gl/gl0616/2005GL025386/)

Transverse charge and magnetization densities in the nucleon's chiral peripheryOct 02 2013In the light-front description of nucleon structure the electromagnetic form factors are expressed in terms of frame-independent transverse densities of charge and magnetization. Recent work has studied the transverse densities at peripheral distances ... More

Chiral dynamics and peripheral transverse densitiesAug 07 2013In the partonic (or light-front) description of relativistic systems the electromagnetic form factors are expressed in terms of frame-independent charge and magnetization densities in transverse space. This formulation allows one to identify the chiral ... More

Series of convex functions: subdifferential, conjugate and applications to entropy minimizationJun 03 2015A formula for the sub\-differential of the sum of a series of convex functions defined on a Banach space was provided by X. Y. Zheng in 1998. In this paper, besides a slight extension to locally convex spaces of Zheng's results, we provide a formula for ... More

FIRST `Winged' and `X'-shaped Radio Source CandidatesJan 10 2007Mar 16 2008A small number of double-lobed radio galaxies (17 from our own census of the literature) show an additional pair of low surface brightness `wings', thus forming an overall `X'-shaped appearance. The origin of the wings in these radio sources is unclear. ... More

Compton X-ray and Gamma-ray Emission from Extended Radio GalaxiesApr 06 2007The extended lobes of radio galaxies are examined as sources of X-ray and gamma-ray emission via inverse Compton scattering of 3K background photons. The Compton spectra of two exemplary examples, Fornax A and Centaurus A, are estimated using available ... More

Panchromatic Views of Large-scale Extragalactic JetsDec 14 2006Highlights of recent observations of extended jets in AGN are presented. Specifically, we discuss new spectral constraints enabled by Spitzer, studies of the highest-redshift (z~4) radio/X-ray quasar jets, and a new VLBA detection of superluminal motion ... More

Torsion cohomology classes and algebraic cycles on complex projective manifoldsMar 16 2004Jan 15 2005Atiyah and Hirzebruch gave examples ofeven degree torsion classes in the singularcohomology of a smooth complex projective manifold, which arenot Poincar\'{e} dual to an algebraiccycle. We notice that the order ofthese classes are small comparedto the ... More

Modified Newtonian Mechanics from an interpolating metricJan 04 2016Jun 22 2018A few years ago Baker \cite{baker} proposed a Lema$\hat{i}$tre-Tolman metric to interpolate smoothly between the Schwarzschild metric at small scales and the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) metric at large scales. As it stands, by implementing the Bona-Stela ... More

Small-x QCD effects in forward-jet and Mueller-Navelet jet productionOct 20 2005Mar 07 2006We investigate small-x QCD effects in forward-jet production in deep inelastic scattering in the kinematic regime where the virtuality of the photon and the transverse momentum of the jet are two hard scales of about the same magnitude. We show that the ... More

The Gravitational Radiaton degrees of freedom in Hyperbolic Systems for Numerical RelativityAug 06 2002The gravitational radiation degrees of freedom of freedom are described in the framework of the 3+1 decomposition of spacetime. The relationship with eigenfields of the Kidder-Scheel-Teukolsky (KST) equations is established. This relationship is used ... More

Approximate solutions for N-body Hamiltonians with identical particles in D dimensionsJul 19 2013Nov 13 2013A method based on the envelope theory is presented to compute approximate solutions for $N$-body Hamiltonians with identical particles in $D$ dimensions ($D\ge 2$). In some favorable cases, the approximate eigenvalues can be analytically determined and ... More

Schur-finiteness in $λ$-ringsNov 05 2010Nov 17 2011We introduce the notion of a Schur-finite element in a $\lambda$-ring.

Pion and Kaon masses in Staggered Chiral Perturbation TheoryApr 21 2003Jul 07 2003We show how to compute chiral logarithms that take into account both the $\cO(a^2)$ taste-symmetry breaking of staggered fermions and the fourth-root trick that produces one taste per flavor. The calculation starts from the Lee-Sharpe Lagrangian generalized ... More