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Non-LTE Effects of Na I in the Atmosphere of HD209458bMar 08 2002The recent announcement that sodium absorption has been observed in the atmosphere of HD209458b, the only EGP observed to transit its parent star, is the first direct detection of an EGP atmosphere. We explore the possibility that neutral sodium is {\em ... More

Introduction to High-Resolution Inelastic X-Ray ScatteringApr 05 2015Nov 05 2018This paper reviews non-resonant, meV-resolution inelastic x-ray scattering (IXS), as applied to the measurement of atomic dynamics of crystalline materials. It is designed to be an introductory, though in-depth, look at the field for those who be may ... More

Phonons in Crystals using Inelastic X-Ray ScatteringOct 30 2009The use of inelastic x-ray scattering (IXS) to investigate phonons and phonon dispersion in crystals opens the field of phonon spectroscopy, allowing measurements on tiny samples: micrograms of material, or single crystals ~10 to 100 micron diameter are ... More

Discovering AGN-driven winds through their infrared emission: II. Mass outflow rate and energeticsMar 26 2019The global influence of AGN-driven outflows remains uncertain, due to a lack of large samples with accurately-determined outflow properties. In the second paper of this series, we determine the mass and energetics of ionized outflows is 234 type II AGN, ... More

Optical Spectra of the Type Ia Supernova 1998aqMay 18 2003We present 29 optical spectra of the normal Type Ia SN 1998aq, ranging from 9 days before to 241 days after the time of maximum brightness. This spectroscopic data set, together with photometric data presented elsewhere, makes SN 1998aq one of the best ... More

Black hole mass estimation for Active Galactic Nuclei from a new angleMar 05 2019The scaling relations between supermassive black holes and their host galaxy properties are of fundamental importance in the context black hole-host galaxy co-evolution throughout cosmic time. In this work, we use a novel algorithm that identifies smooth ... More

A Natural Extension of the BK InequalityMay 08 2019We extend the seminal van den Berg-Kesten Inequality on disjoint occurrence of two events to a setting with arbitrarily many events, where the quantity of interest is the maximum number that occur disjointly. This provides a handy tool for bounding upper ... More

A 3D radiative transfer framework: XI. multi-level NLTEApr 16 2014Multi-level non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE) radiation transfer calculations have become standard throughout the stellar atmospheres community and are applied to all types of stars as well as dynamical systems such as novae and supernovae. Even ... More

Co-moving frame radiative transfer in spherical media with arbitrary velocity fieldsAug 11 2004Recently, with the advances in computational speed and availability there has been a growth in the number and resolution of fully 3-D hydrodynamical simulations. However, all of these simulations are purely hydrodynamical and there has been little attempt ... More

Non-LTE Treatment of Fe II in Astrophysical PlasmasJan 25 1996We describe our implementation of an extremely detailed model atom of singly ionized iron for NLTE computations in static and moving astrophysical plasmas. Our model atom includes 617 levels, 13675 primary permitted transitions and up to 1.2 million secondary ... More

UK food prices after Brexit, with implications for poverty and healthApr 05 2019A key driver of household food insecurity is the balance between household disposable income and food prices. In the UK in recent years, many households have relied on charitable food banks in order to eat. The UK exit of the EU (Brexit) is expected to ... More

Quantitative Photospheric Spectral Analysis of the Type IIP Supernova 2007odFeb 03 2012We compare and analyze a time series of spectral observations obtained during the first 30 days of evolution of SN 2007od with the non-LTE code PHOENIX. Despite some spectroscopic particularities in the Balmer features, this supernova appears to be a ... More

Synthetic Spectra from 3D Models of SupernovaeJul 03 2002We describe Brute, a code for generating synthetic spectra from 3D supernova models. It is based on a Monte Carlo implementation of the Sobolev approximation. The current version is highly parameterized, but in the future it will be extended for full ... More

Tuza's Conjecture is Asymptotically Tight for Dense GraphsAug 21 2014Oct 20 2015An old conjecture of Zs. Tuza says that for any graph $G$, the ratio of the minimum size, $\tau_3(G)$, of a set of edges meeting all triangles to the maximum size, $\nu_3(G)$, of an edge-disjoint triangle packing is at most 2. Here, disproving a conjecture ... More

Wiener Filters in Gaussian Mixture Signal Estimation with Infinity-Norm ErrorMay 17 2014Jul 26 2014Consider the estimation of a signal ${\bf x}\in\mathbb{R}^N$ from noisy observations ${\bf r=x+z}$, where the input~${\bf x}$ is generated by an independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) Gaussian mixture source, and ${\bf z}$ is additive white ... More

Cognitive styles sex the brain, compete neurally, and quantify deficits in autismDec 01 2004Introduction: Two key dimensions of the mind are understanding and responding to another's mental state (empathizing), and analysing lawful behaviour (systemizing). Methods: Two questionnaires, the Systemizing Quotient (SQ) and the Empathy Quotient (EQ), ... More

Isotropic Huygens dipoles and multipoles with colloidal particlesJul 27 2017Oct 30 2017Huygens sources are elements that scatter light in the forward direction as used in the Huygens-Fresnel principle. They have remained fictitious until recently where experimental systems have been fabricated. In this letter, we propose isotropic meta-atoms ... More

General Relativistic Radiative TransferNov 30 2006We present a general method to calculate radiative transfer including scattering in the continuum as well as in lines in spherically symmetric systems that are influenced by the effects of general relativity (GR). We utilize a comoving wavelength ansatz ... More

Parallelization Strategies for ALI Radiative Transfer in Moving MediaJul 01 2002We describe the method we have used to parallelize our spherically symmetric special relativistic short characteristics general radiative transfer code PHOENIX. We describe some possible parallelization strategies and show why they would be inefficient. ... More

The NextGen Model Atmosphere grid for $3000\le \Teff \le 10000\K$Jul 28 1998We present our NextGen Model Atmosphere grid for low mass stars for effective temperatures larger than $3000\K$. These LTE models are calculated with the same basic model assumptions and input physics as the VLMS part of the NextGen grid so that the complete ... More

NLTE Modeling of SNe Ia Near Maximum LightNov 17 1995Modeling the atmospheres of SNe~Ia requires the solution of the NLTE radiative transfer equation. We discuss the formulation of the radiative transfer equation in the co-moving frame. For characteristic velocities larger than about 2000 km/s, the effects ... More

Parallel Implementation of the PHOENIX Generalized Stellar Atmosphere ProgramJul 17 1996Jan 21 1997We describe the parallel implementation of our generalized stellar atmosphere and NLTE radiative transfer computer program PHOENIX. We discuss the parallel algorithms we have developed for radiative transfer, spectral line opacity, and NLTE opacity and ... More

Fusion rules and four-point functions in the AdS3 WZNW modelOct 15 2008Mar 10 2009We study the operator product expansion in the AdS$_3$ WZNW model. The OPE of primary fields and their spectral flow images is computed from the analytic continuation of the expressions in the H$_3^+$ WZNW model, adding spectral flow. We argue that the ... More

Comparative Direct Analysis of Type Ia Supernova Spectra. V. Insights from A Larger Sample and Quantitative SubclassificationFeb 04 2009A comparative study of optical spectra of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) is extended, in the light of new data. The discussion is framed in terms of the four groups defined in previous papers of this series: core normal (CN); broad line (BL); cool (CL); ... More

Massive Multi-species, Multi-level NLTE Model Atmospheres for Novae in OutburstJun 14 1999We have used our PHOENIX multi-purpose model atmosphere code to calculate atmospheric models that represent novae in the optically thick wind phases of their outburst. We have improved the treatment of NLTE effects by expanding the number of elements ... More

Gemini Near Infrared Field Spectrograph Observations of the Seyfert 2 Galaxy Mrk 573: In Situ Acceleration of Ionized and Molecular Gas Off Fueling FlowsSep 28 2016We present near-infrared and optical emission-line and stellar kinematics of the Seyfert 2 galaxy Mrk 573 using the Near-Infrared Field Spectrograph (NIFS) at Gemini North and Dual Imaging Spectrograph (DIS) at Apache Point Observatory, respectively. ... More

The Spectrum of the FeLoBAL Quasar FBQS 1214+2803: A Resonance-Scattering InterpretationAug 28 2002The usual interpetation of the spectrum of a BAL QSO is that a broad-band continuum from the central engine plus broad emission lines from a surrounding region (the BELR) emerges from near the center of the QSO, and broad absorption lines are superimposed ... More

Non-LTE Modeling of Nova Cygni 1992Sep 29 2000We present a grid of nova models that have an extremely large number of species treated in non-LTE, and apply it to the analysis of an extensive time series of ultraviolet spectroscopic data for Nova Cygni 1992. We use ultraviolet colors to derive the ... More

Spectral Consequences of Deviation from Spherical Composition Symmetry in Type Ia SupernovaeJul 24 2001We investigate the prospects for constraining the maximum scale of clumping in composition that is consistent with observed Type Ia supernova flux spectra. Synthetic spectra generated without purely spherical composition symmetry indicate that gross asymmetries ... More

A conditional independence framework for coherent modularized inferenceJul 26 2018Inference in current domains of application are often complex and require us to integrate the expertise of a variety of disparate panels of experts and models coherently. In this paper we develop a formal statistical methodology to guide the networking ... More

Topology and Prediction Focused Research on Graph Convolutional Neural NetworksAug 23 2018Important advances have been made using convolutional neural network (CNN) approaches to solve complicated problems in areas that rely on grid structured data such as image processing and object classification. Recently, research on graph convolutional ... More

Multi-Processor Approximate Message Passing Using Lossy CompressionJan 18 2016In this paper, a communication-efficient multi-processor compressed sensing framework based on the approximate message passing algorithm is proposed. We perform lossy compression on the data being communicated between processors, resulting in a reduction ... More

SNe Ia: Can Chandrasekhar Mass Explosions Reproduce the Observed Zoo?Aug 18 2014The question of the nature of the progenitor of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) is important both for our detailed understanding of stellar evolution and for their use as cosmological probes of the dark energy. Much of the basic features of SNe Ia can be ... More

NLTE effects of Ti~I in M dwarfs and giantsMay 09 1997We present detailed NLTE Ti~I calculations in model atmospheres of cool dwarf and giant stars. A fully self-consistent NLTE treatment for a Ti~I model atom with 395 levels and 5279 primary bound-bound transitions is included, and we discuss the implication ... More

Type IIP Supernovae as Cosmological Probes: A SEAM Distance to SN 1999emOct 06 2004Due to their intrinsic brightness, supernovae make excellent cosmological probes. We describe the SEAM method for obtaining distances to Type IIP supernovae (SNe IIP) and present a distance to SN 1999em for which a Cepheid distance exists. Our models ... More

A 3D radiative transfer framework: VII. Arbitrary velocity fields in the Eulerian frameJul 20 2010A solution of the radiative-transfer problem in 3D with arbitrary velocity fields in the Eulerian frame is presented. The method is implemented in our 3D radiative transfer framework and used in the PHOENIX/3D code. It is tested by comparison to our well- ... More

NLTE Effects in Modeling of Supernovae near Maximum LightMay 15 1996Supernovae, with their diversity of compositions, velocities, envelope masses, and interactions are good testing grounds for probing the importance of NLTE in expanding atmospheres. In addition to treating H, He, Li I, O I, Ne I, Na I, and Mg II in NLTE, ... More

Machine Learning in Astronomy: a practical overviewApr 15 2019Astronomy is experiencing a rapid growth in data size and complexity. This change fosters the development of data-driven science as a useful companion to the common model-driven data analysis paradigm, where astronomers develop automatic tools to mine ... More

Comprehensive Observations of the Bright and Energetic Type Iax SN 2012Z: Interpretation as a Chandrasekhar Mass White Dwarf ExplosionAug 05 2014We present UV through NIR broad-band photometry, and optical and NIR spectroscopy of Type Iax supernova 2012Z. The data set consists of both early and late-time observations, including the first late phase NIR spectrum obtained for a spectroscopically ... More

A Physical Basis for the H-band Blue-edge Velocity and Light-Curve Shape Correlation in Context of Type Ia Supernova Explosion PhysicsApr 02 2019May 07 2019Our recent work demonstrates a correlation between the high-velocity blue edge, $v_{edge}$, of the iron-peak Fe/Co/Ni $H$-band emission feature and the optical light curve shape of normal, transitional and sub-luminous type Ia Supernovae (SNe Ia). We ... More

Early and late time VLT spectroscopy of SN 2001el - progenitor constraints for a type Ia supernovaJan 20 2005Oct 13 2005We present early time high-resolution (VLT/UVES) and late time low-resolution (VLT/FORS) optical spectra of the normal type Ia supernova, SN 2001el. The high-resolution spectra were obtained at -9 and -2 days to allow the detection of narrow hydrogen ... More

Spectral Modeling of Type II SupernovaeNov 17 2006Using models of the SN~IIP 2005cs, we show that detailed spectral analysis can be used to determine reddening and abundances.

Analysis of the Type IIn Supernova 1998S: Effects of Circumstellar Interaction on Observed SpectraOct 30 2000We present spectral analysis of early observations of the Type IIn supernova 1998S using the general non-local thermodynamic equilibrium atmosphere code \tt PHOENIX}. We model both the underlying supernova spectrum and the overlying circumstellar interaction ... More

Preliminary Spectral Analysis of the Type II Supernova 1999emOct 30 2000We have calculated fast direct spectral model fits to two early-time spectra of the Type-II plateau SN 1999em, using the SYNOW synthetic spectrum code. The first is an extremely early blue optical spectrum and the second a combined HST and optical spectrum ... More

Evidence for AGN Feedback in the Broad Absorption Lines and Reddening of Mrk 231Apr 27 2014May 03 2014We present the first J-band spectrum of Mrk 231, which reveals a large \ion{He}{1}*$\lambda 10830$ broad absorption line with a profile similar to that of the well-known \ion{Na}{1} broad absorption line. Combining this spectrum with optical and UV spectra ... More

Stellar Population Models and Individual Element Abundances I: Sensitivity of Stellar Evolution ModelsJun 06 2007Integrated light from distant galaxies is often compared to stellar population models via the equivalent widths of spectral features--spectral indices--whose strengths rely on the abundances of one or more elements. Such comparisons hinge not only on ... More

On the Origin of Planetary Nebula K648 in Globular Cluster M15Jul 10 1997We examine two scenarios for formation of the planetary nebula K648: a prompt scenario where the planetary nebula is ejected and formed immediately after a helium shell flash and a delayed scenario where a third dredge up occurs and the envelope is ejected ... More

On the Geometry of the High-Velocity Ejecta of the Peculiar Type Ia Supernova 2000cxFeb 13 2003Oct 14 2003High-velocity features in Type Ia supernova spectra provide a way to probe the outer layers of these explosions. The maximum-light spectra of the unique Type Ia supernova 2000cx exhibit interesting Ca II features with high-velocity components. The infrared ... More

Supernova Resonance--scattering Line Profiles in the Absence of a PhotosphereSep 16 2012In supernova spectroscopy relatively little attention has been given to the properties of optically thick spectral lines in epochs following the photosphere's recession. Most treatments and analyses of post-photospheric optical spectra of supernovae assume ... More

Momentum-resolved lattice dynamics of parent and electron-doped Sr$_{2}$IrO$_{4}$Apr 23 2019The mixing of orbital and spin character in the wavefunctions of the $5d$ iridates has led to predictions of strong couplings between their lattice, electronic and magnetic excitations. As well as realising a novel spin-orbit assisted Mott insulating ... More

A geometrical 1% distance to the short-period binary Cepheid V1334 CygniSep 20 2018Sep 21 2018Cepheid stars play a considerable role as extragalactic distances indicators, thanks to the simple empirical relation between their pulsation period and their luminosity. They overlap with that of secondary distance indicators, such as Type Ia supernovae, ... More

The low-lying baryon spectrum with two dynamical twisted mass fermionsOct 13 2009The masses of the low lying baryons are evaluated using two degenerate flavors of twisted mass sea quarks corresponding to pseudo scalar masses in the range of about 270-500 MeV. The strange valence quark mass is tuned to reproduce the mass of the kaon ... More

Reading the Spectra of the Most Peculiar Type Ia Supernova 2002cxAug 06 2004In spite of the apparent lack of Si II and S II features in its spectra, SN 2002cx was classified as a peculiar Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) on the basis of its overall photometric and spectroscopic behavior. Spectra obtained near maximum light contained ... More

A Comparative Study of the Absolute-Magnitude Distributions of SupernovaeDec 04 2001The Asiago Supernova Catalog is used to carry out a comparative study of supernova absolute-magnitude distributions. An overview of the absolute magnitudes of the supernovae in the current observational sample is presented, and the evidence for subluminous ... More

3D density structure and geological evolution of Stromboli volcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy) inferred from land-based and marine gravity dataJan 06 2017We present the first density model of Stromboli volcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy) obtained by simultaneously inverting land-based (543) and sea-surface (327) relative gravity data. Modern positioning technology, a 1 * 1 m digital elevation model, and a ... More

Collective coordinate approximation to the scattering of solitons in modified NLS and sine-Gordon modelsNov 13 2014Nov 02 2015We investigate the validity of collective coordinate approaximations to the scattering of solitons in several classes of models in (1+1) dimensional field theory models. We look at models which are deformations of the sine-Gordon (SG) or the nonlinear ... More

Performance Limits with Additive Error Metrics in Noisy Multi-Measurement Vector ProblemJan 02 2018Aug 14 2018Real-world applications such as magnetic resonance imaging with multiple coils, multi-user communication, and diffuse optical tomography often assume a linear model where several sparse signals sharing common sparse supports are acquired by several measurement ... More

Signal reconstruction in linear mixing systems with different error metricsFeb 02 2013We consider the problem of reconstructing a signal from noisy measurements in linear mixing systems. The reconstruction performance is usually quantified by standard error metrics such as squared error, whereas we consider any additive error metric. Under ... More

Theoretical Clues to the Ultraviolet Diversity of Type Ia SupernovaeApr 20 2015The effect of metallicity on the observed light of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) could lead to systematic errors as the absolute magnitudes of local and distant SNe Ia are compared to measure luminosity distances and determine cosmological parameters. The ... More

Steps for Solving the Transfer Equation for Arbitrary Flows in Stationary SpacetimesMar 09 2006Feb 21 2007We derive the radiative transfer equation for arbitrary stationary relativistic flows in stationary spacetimes, i.e. for steady-state transfer problems. We show how the standard characteristics method of solution developed by Mihalas and used throughout ... More

Ecalle's averages, Rota-Baxter algebras and the construction of mouldsApr 04 2019Rota-Baxter algebras and Atkinson's method are powerful tools for the factorization of characters on Hopf algebras. The theory of real resummation discovered by J. Ecalle and known as \textit{well-behaved averages theory} can be reformulated in terms ... More

Introduction to High-Resolution Inelastic X-Ray ScatteringApr 05 2015May 18 2015This paper reviews non-resonant, meV-resolution inelastic x-ray scattering (IXS), as applied to the measurement of atomic dynamics of crystalline materials. It is designed to be an introductory, though in-depth, look at the field for those who may interested ... More

Interpretable Machine Learning for Privacy-Preserving Pervasive SystemsOct 23 2017Jun 13 2018The presence of pervasive systems in our everyday lives and the interaction of users with connected devices such as smartphones or home appliances generate increasing amounts of traces that reflect users' behavior. A plethora of machine learning techniques ... More

Near-infrared line identification in type Ia supernovae during the transitional phaseJul 29 2014We present near-infrared synthetic spectra of a delayed-detonation hydrodynamical model and compare them to observed spectra of four normal type Ia supernovae ranging from day +56.5 to day +85. This is the epoch during which supernovae are believed to ... More

Small-N collisional dynamics III: The battle for the realm of not-so-small-NJul 06 2017In this paper, the third in the series, we continue our study of combinatorics in chaotic Newtonian dynamics. We study the chaotic four-body problem in Newtonian gravity assuming finite-sized particles, and we focus on interactions that produce direct ... More

Nucleon form factors with Nf=2 dynamical twisted mass fermionsOct 19 2009Oct 22 2009We present results on the electromagnetic and axial nucleon form factors using two degenerate flavors of twisted mass fermions on lattices of spatial size 2.1 fm and 2.7 fm and a lattice spacing of about 0.09 fm. We consider pion masses in the range of ... More

Multi-Processor Approximate Message Passing with Lossy CompressionJan 15 2016We consider large-scale linear inverse problems in Bayesian settings. Our general approach follows a recent line of work that applies the approximate message passing (AMP) framework in multi-processor (MP) computational systems by storing and processing ... More

A Universal Parallel Two-Pass MDL Context Tree Compression AlgorithmJul 06 2014Mar 21 2015Computing problems that handle large amounts of data necessitate the use of lossless data compression for efficient storage and transmission. We present a novel lossless universal data compression algorithm that uses parallel computational units to increase ... More

The weirdest SDSS galaxies: results from an outlier detection algorithmNov 22 2016How can we discover objects we did not know existed within the large datasets that now abound in astronomy? We present an outlier detection algorithm that we developed, based on an unsupervised Random Forest. We test the algorithm on more than two million ... More

Discovery of a Circumbinary Disk around Herbig Ae/Be system v892 TauJul 01 2008We report the discovery of a circumbinary disk around the Herbig Ae/Be system v892 Tau. Our detailed mid-infrared images were made using segment-tilting interferometry on the Keck-1 Telescope and reveal an asymmetric disk inclined at ~60 degs with an ... More

Metallicity Effects in NLTE Model Atmospheres of Type Ia SupernovaeJun 01 1999Sep 03 1999We have calculated a grid of photospheric phase atmospheres of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) with metallicities from ten times to one thirtieth the solar metallicity in the C+O layer of the deflagration model, W7. We have modeled the spectra using the multi-purpose ... More

Detailed NLTE Model Atmospheres for Novae during Outburst: I. New Theoretical ResultsJul 08 1997We present new detailed NLTE calculations for model atmospheres of novae during outburst. This fully self-consistent NLTE treatment for a number of model atoms includes 3922 NLTE levels and 47061 NLTE primary transitions. We discuss the implication of ... More

Non-LTE model atmosphere analysis of the early ultraviolet spectra of nova OS Andromedae 1986Aug 29 1996We have analyzed the early optically thick ultraviolet spectra of Nova OS And 1986 using a grid of spherically symmetric, non-LTE, line-blanketed, expanding model atmospheres and synthetic spectra with the following set of parameters: $5,000\le$ T$_{model}$ ... More

Strings and D-branes in curved space-timeNov 08 2012In this thesis we study the AdS3 Wess-Zumino-Novikov-Witten model. We compute the Operator Product Expansion of primary fields as well as their images under the spectral flow automorphism in all sectors of the model by considering it as a Wick rotation ... More

Comparative Analysis of Peculiar Type Ia 1991bg-like Supernovae SpectraMay 17 2011Spectroscopic analyses of Type Ia supernovae have shown there exist four spectroscopic groups---cools, broad line, shallow silicon, and core normal---defined by the widths of the Si II features at 5972 Angstroms and 6355 Angstroms. 1991bg-likes are classified ... More

A graphical extension for the Windows version of the Parallel Finite Element Micromagnetics Package (MagParExt)Jul 16 2008In the current paper we present a graphical user interface useful for settings input parameter of the Windows precompiled binaries for the Parallel Finite Element Micromagnetics Package (MagPar). The Package is used for magnetization dynamics analysis ... More

Uplifting Maximal Gauged SupergravitiesDec 17 2015Which theories have a higher dimensional origin in String/M-theory is a non trivial question and it is still far from being understood in the constrained scenario of maximal supergravities. After 35 years of progress in this direction we have found supporting ... More

Market Making under a Weakly Consistent Limit Order Book ModelMar 18 2019We develop from the ground up a new market-making model tailor-made for high-frequency trading under a limit order book (LOB), based on the well-known classification of order types in market microstructure. Our flexible framework allows arbitrary volume, ... More

Lipschitzian solutions to inhomogeneous linear iterative equationsJul 01 2016We study the problems of the existence, uniqueness and continuous dependence of Lipschitzian solutions $\varphi$ of equations of the form $$ \varphi(x)=\int_{\Omega}g(\omega)\varphi\big(f(x,\omega)\big)\mu(d\omega)+F(x), $$ where $\mu$ is a measure on ... More

Nickel Mixing in the Outer Layers of SN 1987AApr 09 2001Supernova 1987A remains the most well-observed and well-studied supernova to date. Observations produced excellent broad-band photometric and spectroscopic coverage over a wide wavelength range at all epochs. Here, we focus on the very early spectroscopic ... More

Searching for Hydrogen in Type Ib SupernovaeJun 07 2010We present synthetic spectral fits of the typical Type Ib SN 1999dn and the Hydrogen Rich Ib SN 2000H using the generalized non-local thermodynamic equilibrium stellar atmospheres code \phx. We fit model spectra to five epochs of SN 1999dn ranging from ... More

Gaugings from E7 Extended GeometriesApr 30 2014We discuss the construction of gaugings in recent models of E7 Extended Geometries, focusing on the two inequivalent SL(8) truncations of the theory. In these sectors the conditions for the generation of gaugings in the 36, 36', 420 and 420' representations ... More

Hypergraph Acyclicity RevisitedMar 27 2014The notion of graph acyclicity has been extended to several different notions of hypergraph acyclicity, in increasing order of generality: gamma acyclicity, beta acyclicity, and alpha acyclicity, that have met a great interest in many fields. We prove ... More

Performance Regions in Compressed Sensing from Noisy MeasurementsFeb 18 2013In this paper, compressed sensing with noisy measurements is addressed. The theoretically optimal reconstruction error is studied by evaluating Tanaka's equation. The main contribution is to show that in several regions, which have different measurement ... More

On modular properties of the AdS3 CFTDec 10 2010We study modular properties of the AdS3 WZNW model. Although the Euclidean partition function is modular invariant, the characters on the Euclidean torus are ill-defined and their modular transformations are unknown. We reconsider the characters defined ... More

The state of play of ASC-Inclusion: An Integrated Internet-Based Environment for Social Inclusion of Children with Autism Spectrum ConditionsMar 24 2014Individuals with Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC) have marked difficulties using verbal and non-verbal communication for social interaction. The running ASC-Inclusion project aims to help children with ASC by allowing them to learn how emotions can be ... More

Demonstration of nonstoquastic Hamiltonian in coupled superconducting flux qubitsMar 14 2019Mar 15 2019Quantum annealing (QA) is a heuristic algorithm for finding low-energy configurations of a system, with applications in optimization, machine learning, and quantum simulation. Up to now, all implementations of QA have been limited to qubits coupled via ... More

Carnegie Supernova Project-II: Extending the Near-Infrared Hubble Diagram for Type Ia Supernovae to $z\sim0.1$Oct 18 2018The Carnegie Supernova Project-II (CSP-II) was an NSF-funded, four-year program to obtain optical and near-infrared observations of a "Cosmology" sample of $\sim100$ Type Ia supernovae located in the smooth Hubble flow ($0.03 \lesssim z \lesssim 0.10$). ... More

Stellar Population Models and Individual Element Abundances II: Stellar Spectra and Integrated Light ModelsDec 08 2008Dec 22 2008The first paper in this series explored the effects of altering the chemical mixture of the stellar population on an element by element basis on stellar evolutionary tracks and isochrones to the end of the red giant branch. This paper extends the discussion ... More

SN 2012fr: Ultraviolet, Optical, and Near-Infrared Light Curves of a Type Ia Supernova Observed Within a Day of ExplosionMar 27 2018Apr 13 2018We present detailed ultraviolet, optical and near-infrared light curves of the Type Ia supernova (SN) 2012fr, which exploded in the Fornax cluster member NGC 1365. These precise high-cadence light curves provide a dense coverage of the flux evolution ... More

A 3D radiative transfer framework: III. periodic boundary conditionsAug 05 2008We present a general method to solve radiative transfer problems including scattering in the continuum as well as in lines in 3D configurations with periodic boundary conditions. he scattering problem for line transfer is solved via means of an operator ... More

Improved discretization of the wavelength derivative term in CMF operator splitting numerical radiative transferJan 09 2004We describe two separate wavelength discretization schemes that can be used in the numerical solution of the comoving frame radiative transfer equation. We present an improved second order discretization scheme and show that it leads to significantly ... More

Bolometric Lightcurves of Peculiar Type II-P SupernovaeAug 30 2016We examine the bolometric lightcurves of five Type II-P supernovae (SNe 1998A, 2000cb, 2006V, 2006au and 2009E) which are thought to originate from blue supergiant progenitors using a new python package named SuperBoL. With this code, we calculate SNe ... More

Trigger and Timing Distributions using the TTC-PON and GBT Bridge Connection in ALICE for the LHC Run 3 UpgradeJun 04 2018The ALICE experiment at CERN is preparing for a major upgrade for the third phase of data taking run (Run 3), when the high luminosity phase of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) starts. The increase in the beam luminosity will result in high interaction ... More

A 3D radiative transfer framework: VI. PHOENIX/3D example applicationsNov 17 2009Nov 20 2009We demonstrate the application of our 3D radiative transfer framework in the model atmosphere code PHOENIX/3D for a number of spectrum synthesis calculations for very different conditions. The 3DRT framework discussed in the previous papers of this series ... More

Parallel Implementation of the PHOENIX Generalized Stellar Atmosphere Program. II: Wavelength ParallelizationSep 24 1997We describe an important addition to the parallel implementation of our generalized NLTE stellar atmosphere and radiative transfer computer program PHOENIX. In a previous paper in this series we described data and task parallel algorithms we have developed ... More

Stochastic fluctuations and quasi-pattern formation in reaction-diffusion systems with anomalous transportDec 09 2018Jan 20 2019Many approaches to modelling reaction-diffusion systems with anomalous transport rely on deterministic equations, and ignore fluctuations arising due to finite particle numbers. Starting from an individual-based model we use a generating-functional approach ... More

Stochastic fluctuations and quasi-pattern formation in reaction-diffusion systems with anomalous transportDec 09 2018Apr 02 2019Many approaches to modelling reaction-diffusion systems with anomalous transport rely on deterministic equations and ignore fluctuations arising due to finite particle numbers. Starting from an individual-based model we use a generating-functional approach ... More

Diffusion Dispersion Imaging: Mapping OGSE Frequency Dependence in the Human BrainApr 16 2019Oscillating gradient spin-echo (OGSE) diffusion MRI provides information about the microstructure of biological tissues via the frequency dependence of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). ADC dependence on OGSE frequency has been explored in numerous ... More