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Observation of weakened V-V dimers in the monoclinic metallic phase of strained VO2Mar 13 2019Emergent order at mesoscopic length scales in condensed matter can provide fundamental insight into the underlying competing interactions and their relationship with the order parameter. Using spectromicroscopy, we show that mesoscopic stripe order near ... More

Certain Topics on the Lie Algebra gl(lambda) Representation TheoryMar 15 1997The Lie algebra gl(lambda) dependent on the complex parameter lambda is a continuous version of the Lie algebra gl(inf) of infinite matrices with only finite number of nonzero entries. The gl(lambda) was first introduced by B.L.Feigin in [1] in connection ... More

Consequences of energy conservation in relativistic heavy-ion collisionsAug 15 2005Complete characterization of particle production and emission in relativistic heavy-ion collisions is in general not feasible experimentally. This work demonstrates, however, that the availability of essentially complete pseudorapidity distributions for ... More

Studies of multiplicity in relativistic heavy-ion collisionsNov 08 2004Nov 29 2004In this talk I'll review the present status of charged particle multiplicity measurements from heavy-ion collisions. The characteristic features of multiplicity distributions obtained in Au+Au collisions will be discussed in terms of collision centrality ... More

Pseudorapidity Distribution of Charged Particles in d + Au Collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}$ = 200 GeVNov 10 2003The measured pseudorapidity distribution of primary charged particles in minimum-bias d + Au collisions at ${\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}} = \rm {200 GeV}}$ is presented for the first time. This distribution falls off less rapidly in the gold direction as compared ... More

The Radioactive Beam Program at ArgonneJun 06 2006In this talk I will present selected topics of the ongoing radioactive beam program at Argonne and discuss the capabilities of the CARIBU radioactive ion production facility as well as plans for construction of a novel superconducting solenoid spectrometer. ... More

Ratios of charged antiparticles to particles near mid-rapidity in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 130 GeVApr 18 2001We have measured the ratios of antiparticles to particles for charged pions, kaons and protons near mid-rapidity in central Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 130 GeV. For protons, we observe pbar/p = 0.60 +/- 0.04 (stat.) +/- 0.06 (syst.) in the transverse ... More

Towards a strong-coupling theory of QCD at finite densitySep 02 2002We apply strong-coupling perturbation theory to the QCD lattice Hamiltonian. We begin with naive, nearest-neighbor fermions and subsequently break the doubling symmetry with next-nearest-neighbor terms. The effective Hamiltonian is that of an antiferromagnet ... More

Blandford's Argument: The Strongest Continuous Gravitational Wave SignalApr 18 2008Aug 18 2008For a uniform population of neutron stars whose spin-down is dominated by the emission of gravitational radiation, an old argument of Blandford states that the expected gravitational-wave amplitude of the nearest source is independent of the deformation ... More

Time Evolution of the Spread of Diseases with a General Infectivity Profile on a Complex Dynamic NetworkMay 21 2010This manuscript introduces a new analytical approach for studying the time evolution of disease spread on a finite size network. Our methodology can accommodate any disease with a general infectivity profile. This new approach is able to incorporate the ... More

Geometrically thin accretion disk around Maclaurin spheroidNov 22 2014We investigated a semi-analytic and numerical model to study the geometrically thin and optically thick accretion disk around Maclaurin spheroid (MS). The main interest is in the inner region of the so called {\alpha}-disk, {\alpha} being the viscosity ... More

A Search for Gamma-Ray Bursts and Pulsars, and the Application of Kalman Filters to Gamma-Ray ReconstructionFeb 04 2002Part I describes the analysis of periodic and transient signals in EGRET data. A method to search for the transient flux from gamma-ray bursts independent of triggers from other gamma-ray instruments is developed. Several known gamma-ray bursts were independently ... More

Power spectrum of electron number density perturbations at cosmological recombination epochDec 12 2008Feb 19 2009The power spectrum of number density perturbations of free electrons is obtained for the epoch of cosmological recombination of hydrogen. It is shown that amplitude of the electron perturbations power spectrum of scales larger than acoustic horizon exceeds ... More

Energy dependence of particle multiplicities in central Au+Au collisionsAug 08 2001We present the first measurement of the pseudorapidity density of primary charged particles in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200GeV. For the 6% most central collisions, we obtain dN_ch/deta|_|eta|<1 = 650 +/- 35 (syst). Compared to collisions at sqrt(s_NN) ... More

Transverse Momentum and Rapidity Dependence of HBT Correlations in Au+Au Collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 62.4 and 200 GeVSep 01 2004Two-particle correlations of identical charged pion pairs from Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 62.4 and 200 GeV were measured by the PHOBOS experiment at RHIC. Data for the 15% most central events were analyzed with Bertsch-Pratt and Yano-Koonin-Podgoretskii ... More

Dirichlet boundary conditions in type IIB superstring theory and fermionic T-dualityFeb 01 2012Jul 02 2012In this article we investigate the relation between consequences of Dirichlet boundary conditions (momenta noncommutativity and parameters of the effective theory) and background fields of fermionic T-dual theory. We impose Dirichlet boundary conditions ... More

Noncommutativity relations in type IIB theory and their supersymmetryMay 07 2010In the present paper we investigate noncommutativity of $D9$ and $D5$-brane world-volumes embedded in space-time of type IIB superstring theory. Boundary conditions, which preserve half of the initial supersymmetry, are treated as canonical constraints. ... More

Noncommutativity in space-time extended by Liouville fieldNov 28 2007Oct 09 2009The world-sheet quantum conformal invariance can be realized in the presence of the conformal factor $F$, by inclusion of Liouville term. In the background with linear dilaton field, $\Phi(x)=\Phi_0+a_\mu x^\mu$, the field $F$ becomes a new noncommutative ... More

The Magnus property for direct productsMay 05 2016Jun 14 2016A group G is said to have the Magnus property if the following holds: whenever two elements x,y have the same normal closure, then x is conjugate to y or its inverse. We prove: Let p be an odd prime, and let G,H be residually finite-p groups with the ... More

Continuum Lowering -- A New PerspectiveSep 05 2013Apr 23 2014What is meant by continuum lowering and ionization potential depression (IPD) in a Coulomb system depends upon precisely what question is being asked. It is shown that equilibrium (equation-of-state) phenomena and non-equilibrium dynamical processes like ... More

Gauge symmetries decrease the number of Dp-brane dimensions. II. Inclusion of the Liouville termNov 17 2006Apr 26 2007The presence of the antisymmetric background field $B_{\mu\nu}$ leads to the noncommutativity of the Dp-brane manifold, while the linear dilaton field in the form $\Phi(x)=\Phi_0+a_\mu x^\mu$, causes the appearance of the commutative Dp-brane coordinate, ... More

A Riemannian approach to low-rank algebraic Riccati equationsDec 17 2013May 28 2014We propose a Riemannian optimization approach for computing low-rank solutions of the algebraic Riccati equation. The scheme alternates between fixed-rank optimization and rank-one updates. The fixed-rank optimization is on the set of fixed-rank symmetric ... More

Inclusive Charmed-Baryon Decays and LifetimesApr 30 1997Jul 11 1997We have quantitatively reanalyzed the inclusive charmed-baryon decays. New ingredients are the Voloshin preasymptotic effects in semileptonic decays and the Cabibbo-subleading contributions to both semileptonic and nonleptonic decays. It has been found ... More

Four-point correlator constraints on electromagnetic chiral parameters and resonance effective LagrangiansMay 21 2004Jun 01 2004We pursue the analysis of a set of generalized DGMLY sum rules for the electromagnetic chiral parameters at order $e^2p^2$ and discuss implications for effective Lagrangians with resonances. We exploit a formalism in which charge spurions are introduced ... More

Electromagnetic corrections in the anomaly sectorMay 21 2002Chiral perturbation theory in the anomaly sector for $N_f=2$ is extended to include dynamical photons, thereby allowing a complete treatment of isospin breaking. A minimal set of independent chiral lagrangian terms is determined and the divergence structure ... More

Breaking and restoring of diffeomorphism symmetry in discrete gravitySep 30 2009We discuss the fate of diffeomorphism symmetry in discrete gravity. Diffeomorphism symmetry is typically broken by the discretization. This has repercussions for the observable content and the canonical formulation of the theory. It might however be possible ... More

Centrality dependence of charged antiparticle to particle ratios near mid-rapidity in d+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeVSep 17 2003The ratios of the yields of charged antiparticles to particles have been obtained for pions, kaons, and protons near mid-rapidity for d+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV as a function of centrality. The reported values represent the ratio of the yields ... More

Centrality dependence of charged hadron transverse momentum spectra in d+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeVJun 18 2003We have measured transverse momentum distributions of charged hadrons produced in d+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV. The spectra were obtained for transverse momenta 0.25 < p_T < 6.0 GeV/c, in a pseudorapidity range of 0.2 < eta < 1.4 in the deuteron ... More

Scaling Variable for Nuclear Shadowing in Deep-Inelastic ScatteringSep 22 1995A new scaling variable is introduced in terms of which nuclear shadowing in deep-inelastic scattering is universal, i.e. independent of $A$, $Q^2$ and $x$. This variable can be interpreted as a measure of the number of gluons probed by the hadronic fluctuations ... More

Type I background fields in terms of type IIB onesApr 16 2008We choose such boundary conditions for open IIB superstring theory which preserve N=1 SUSY. The explicite solution of the boundary conditions yields effective theory which is symmetric under world-sheet parity transformation $\Omega:\sigma\to-\sigma$. ... More

Gauge symmetries decrease the number of Dp-brane dimensionsApr 19 2006Aug 09 2006It is known that the presence of antisymmetric background field $B_{\mu\nu}$ leads to noncommutativity of Dp-brane manifold. Addition of the linear dilaton field in the form $\Phi(x)=\Phi_0+a_\mu x^\mu$, causes the appearance of the commutative Dp-brane ... More

Open strings in relativistic ion trapsFeb 20 2003Apr 04 2003Electromagnetic plane waves provide examples of time-dependent open string backgrounds free of $\alpha'$ corrections. The solvable case of open strings in a quadrupolar wave front, analogous to pp-waves for closed strings, is discussed. In light-cone ... More

Charged Particle Multiplicities in Ultra-relativistic Au+Au and Cu+Cu CollisionsApr 26 2006The PHOBOS collaboration has carried out a systematic study of charged particle multiplicities in Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory. A unique feature of the PHOBOS detector is its ... More

The significance of the fragmentation region in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisionsOct 09 2002We present measurements of the pseudorapidity distribution of primary charged particles produced in Au+Au collisions at three energies, sqrt(s_{NN}) = 19.6, 130, and 200 GeV, for a range of collision centralities. The centrality dependence is shown to ... More

Uniform semiclassical expansions for the direct part of Franck-Condon transitionsOct 13 1997Semiclassical expansions for traces involving Greens functions have two contributions, one from the periodic or recurrent orbits of the classical system and one from the phase space volume, i.e. the paths of infinitesimal length. Quantitative calculations ... More

RF depolarizing resonances in the presence of a full Siberian snake and full snake spin-flippingApr 18 2003Frequent polarization reversals, or spin-flips, of a stored polarized beam in a high energy scattering asymmetry experiments may greatly reduce systematic errors of spin asymmetry measurements. A spin-flipping technique is being developed by using rf ... More

Lower estimates of transition densities and bounds on exponential ergodicity for stochastic PDE'sFeb 18 2004Sep 25 2006A formula for the transition density of a Markov process defined by an infinite-dimensional stochastic equation is given in terms of the Ornstein--Uhlenbeck bridge and a useful lower estimate on the density is provided. As a consequence, uniform exponential ... More

Heat Transfer and Cooling Techniques at Low TemperatureJan 28 2015The first part of this chapter gives an introduction to heat transfer and cooling techniques at low temperature. We review the fundamental laws of heat transfer (conduction, convection and radiation) and give useful data specific to cryogenic conditions ... More

A note on the heat kernel coefficients for nonminimal operatorsAug 20 2008We consider certain results for the heat kernel of nonminimal operators. The general expressions provided by Gusynin and Kornyak resulting from symbolic computation programmes for n dimensions are evaluated for 4 dimensions which are checked against results ... More

Lectures on UnificationNov 30 1997In these lectures we review the motivation, principles of and (circumstantial) evidence for the program of unification of the fundamental forces. In an appendix, we review the group theory pertinent to the program.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2002 for the observation of cosmic neutrinosNov 06 2002A brief description of the work for which the first half of the Nobel prize for physics for the year 2002 is presented.

Infra-red fixed points in supersymmetryMar 16 2000Model independent constraints on supersymmetric models emerge when certain couplings are drawn towards their infra-red (quasi) fixed points in the course of their renormalization group evolution. The general principles are first reviewed and the conclusions ... More

Path Integral Monte Carlo and Density Functional Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Hot, Dense HeliumMay 02 2008Two first-principles simulation techniques, path integral Monte Carlo (PIMC) and density functional molecular dynamics (DFT-MD), are applied to study hot, dense helium in the density-temperature range of 0.387 - 5.35 g/cc and 500 K - 1.28x10^8 K. One ... More

First Principles Calculations of Shock Compressed Fluid HeliumSep 25 2006The properties of hot dense helium at megabar pressures were studied with two first-principles computer simulation techniques, path integral Monte Carlo and density functional molecular dynamics. The simulations predicted that the compressibility of helium ... More

Perturbative Energy Shifts of the Luttinger Liquid Due to the Presence of Additional DimensionsSep 26 2003We consider a system of spinless fermions in a nearly one-dimensional cylindrical trap. We introduce four-fermion interaction terms through which particles in low-lying modes of the trap may interact with particles in radially or angularly excited states. ... More

To the measurement of the radius via an electron scatteringOct 04 2015We propose an experiment for an accurate measurement of the proton radius. A key feature of our proposal is an iron-free magnetic spectrometer. Projected systematics uncertainties will allow a 1% level accuracy for the $r_p$ value.

Searching for a U-boson with a positron beamJun 29 2009A high sensitivity search for a light \Ub{} by means of a positron beam incident on a hydrogen target is proposed. We described a concept of the experiment and two possible realizations. The projected result of this experiment corresponds to an upper ... More

On measurement of the isotropy of the speed of lightSep 22 2014Nov 28 2014Three experimental concepts investigating possible anisotropy of the speed of light are presented. They are based on i) beam deflection in a 180 degree magnetic arc, ii) narrow resonance production in an electron-positron collider, and iii) the ratio ... More

Imperfect World of $ββ$-decay Nuclear Data Sets?Jan 09 2015Mar 11 2015The precision of double-beta ($\beta\beta$) decay experimental half-lives and their uncertainties is reevaluated. A complementary analysis of the decay uncertainties indicates deficiencies due to small size of statistical samples, and incomplete collection ... More

The measurements of the anomalous like-sign dimuon charge asymmetry in $p \bar{p}$ collisions by the DØ CollaborationFeb 18 2013In this short review we present the history, an overview of the analysis, and some personal comments on the anomalous like-sign dimuon charge asymmetry measurements by the D\O\ Collaboration.

Study of baryon acoustic oscillations with SDSS DR12 data and measurements of $Ω_k$ and $Ω_\textrm{DE}(a)$. Part IIAug 30 2016We define Baryon Acoustic Oscillation (BAO) observables $\hat{d}_\alpha(z, z_c)$, $\hat{d}_z(z, z_c)$, and $\hat{d}_/(z, z_c)$ that do not depend on any cosmological parameter. From each of these observables we recover the BAO correlation length $d_\textrm{BAO}$ ... More

Study of baryon acoustic oscillations with SDSS DR12 data and measurement of $Ω_\textrm{DE}(a)$Jul 08 2016We define Baryon Acoustic Oscillation (BAO) distances $\hat{d}_\alpha(z, z_c)$, $\hat{d}_z(z, z_c)$, and $\hat{d}_/(z, z_c)$ that do not depend on cosmological parameters. These BAO distances are measured as a function of redshift $z$ with the Sloan Digital ... More

Trying to understand massSep 12 2006We try to understand how particles acquire mass in general, and in particular, how they acquire mass in the standard model and beyond.

Simple model of 1/f noiseJun 16 1998Simple analytically solvable model of 1/f noise is proposed. The model consists of one or few particles moving in the closed contour. The drift period of the particle round the contour fluctuates about some average value, e.g. due to the external random ... More

Recent results on D^0 mixing from BelleDec 06 2007We report on recent measurements of the $D^0-\bar{D}^0$ mixing and $CP$ violation parameters performed by the Belle experiment. The evidence for the mixing phenomena in the system of neutral $D$ mesons, arising in the study of $D^0\to K^+K^-, \pi^+\pi^-$ ... More

Vogan diagrams of Affine Kac-Moody SuperalgebrasSep 05 2012Sep 06 2012This article classifies the Vogan diagram of the affine untwisted Kac Moody superalgebras.

Measuring mass and angular momentum of black holes with high-frequency quasi-periodic oscillationsJun 24 20043:2 and/or 3:1 twin high frequency quasi-periodic oscillations (HFQPOs) have been measured for the three microquasars GRO J1655-40, XTE J1550-564 and GRS 1915+105. For a test particle orbiting a rotating black on a stable circular orbit there exist two ... More

Unified dispersive approach to real and virtual photon-photon scattering at low energyMay 14 2013Aug 13 2013Previous representations of pion pair production amplitudes by two real photons at low energy, which combine dispersion theoretical constraints with elastic unitariy, chiral symmetry and soft photon constraints are generalized to the case where one photon ... More

A sum rule approach to the violation of Dashen's theoremJan 28 1997Jun 18 1997A classic sum rule by Das et al. is extended to seven of the low-energy constants $K_i$, introduced by Urech, which parameterize electromagnetic corrections at chiral order $O(e^2p^2)$. Using the spurion formalism, a simple convolution representation ... More

On the Drinfeld generators of grt_1(k) and Gamma-functions for associatorsFeb 04 2005We prove that the Drinfeld generators of grt_1(k) span the image of this Lie algebra in the abelianization of the commutator of the free Lie algebra with two generators. We show that this result implies Gamma-function formulas for arbitrary associators. ... More

Dynamical $r$-matrices for Hitchin's systems on Schottky curvesJul 15 1997We express Hitchin's systems on curves in Schottky parametrization, and construct dynamical $r$-matrices attached to them.

A cohomological construction of quantization functors of Lie bialgebrasDec 23 2002We propose a variant to the Etingof-Kazhdan construction of quantization functors. We construct the twistor J_\Phi associated to an associator \Phi using cohomological techniques. We then introduce a criterion ensuring that the ``left Hopf algebra'' of ... More

Quantum currents realization of the elliptic quantum groups $E_{τ,η}({\frak{sl}}_{2})$Sep 11 1997We review the construction by G. Felder and the author of the realization of the elliptic quantum groups of sl(2)-type by quantum currents.

Local unitary equivalence of multipartite pure statesSep 28 2009Necessary and sufficient conditions for the equivalence of arbitrary n-qubit pure quantum states under Local Unitary (LU) operations are derived. First, an easily computable standard form for multipartite states is introduced. Two generic states are shown ... More

Asymptotics of skew orthogonal polynomialsDec 04 2000Exact integral expressions of the skew orthogonal polynomials involved in Orthogonal (beta=1) and Symplectic (beta=4) random matrix ensembles are obtained: the (even rank) skew orthogonal polynomials are average characteristic polynomials of random matrices. ... More

Born-Infeld Corrections to the Entropy Function of Heterotic Black HolesApr 05 2006Jul 03 2006We use the black hole entropy function to study the effect of Born-Infeld terms on the entropy of extremal black holes in heterotic string theory in four dimensions. We find that after adding a set of higher curvature terms to the effective action, attractor ... More

Intersection numbers of spectral curvesApr 01 2011Jun 09 2011We compute the symplectic invariants of an arbitrary spectral curve with only 1 branchpoint in terms of integrals of characteristic classes in the moduli space of curves. Our formula associates to any spectral curve, a characteristic class, which is determined ... More

The Masses of Nearby Dwarfs can be Determined with Gravitational MicrolensingApr 27 1995Microlensing of distant stars in the Milky Way by the nearby high proper motion stars offers a direct way to precisely measure the masses of single lower main sequence stars and brown dwarfs.

Distinguishing scalar from pseudoscalar Higgs production at the LHCAug 29 2002Oct 17 2002In this letter we examine the production channels for the scalar or pseudoscalar Higgs plus two jets at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). We identify possible signals for distinguishing between a scalar and a pseudoscalar Higgs boson.

Failure of the Generalized Eigenstate Thermalization Hypothesis in integrable models with multiple particle speciesJun 18 2014Aug 21 2014It has been recently observed for a particular quantum quench in the XXZ spin chain that local observables do not equilibrate to the predictions of the Generalized Gibbs Ensemble (GGE). In this work we argue that the breakdown of the GGE can be attributed ... More

On O(1) contributions to the free energy in Bethe Ansatz systems: the exact g-functionMar 29 2010Jul 22 2010We investigate the sub-leading contributions to the free energy of Bethe Ansatz solvable (continuum) models with different boundary conditions. We show that the Thermodynamic Bethe Ansatz approach is capable of providing the O(1) pieces if both the density ... More

Thread bonds in moleculesJan 04 2015Unusual chemical bonds are proposed. Each bond is almost covalent but is characterized by the thread of a small radius $\sim 0.6\times 10^{-11}$cm, between two nuclei in a molecule. The main electron density is concentrated outside the thread as in a ... More

Two-dimensional tunneling in a SQUIDApr 07 2010Traditionally quantum tunneling in a static SQUID is studied on the basis of a classical trajectory in imaginary time under a two-dimensional potential barrier. The trajectory connects a potential well and an outer region crossing their borders in perpendicular ... More

Euclidean resonance in a magnetic fieldMay 19 2007An analogy between Wigner resonant tunneling and tunneling across a static potential barrier in a static magnetic field is found. Whereas in the process of Wigner tunneling an electron encounters a classically allowed regions, where a discrete energy ... More

Nuclear threadsDec 20 2013Nov 30 2014The internal structure of deuterons weakly influences a motion of their center of mass (translational motion). The scenario can be different when the translational wave function has a formal singularity along the line (thread) connecting the deuteron ... More

Mapping of Euclidean resonance on static resonant tunnelingJul 20 2004Quantum tunneling through an almost classical potential barrier can be strongly enhanced by a nonstationary field so that the penetration through the barrier becomes not exponentially small. This constitutes an extremely unusual phenomenon of quantum ... More

Crossover, Fluctuations and Anderson Transition in Quark Matter FormationOct 03 2006We argue that there is a unique transition state of moderate density between the nuclear matter and superconducting quark matter alternatives. The distinguishing features of this state are discussed.

Remark on the effective range approach to the f_0-a_0 mesonsFeb 02 2004Jun 24 2004Discussion of apparently simple issues related to the resonance close to threshold may lead to misleading results. We clarify some subtle points, in particular the relation between Breit-Wigner and effective range approaches to the f_0-a_0 mesons.

Unusual condensates in quark and atomic systemsOct 22 2005Oct 31 2005In these lectures we discuss condensates which are formed in quark matter when it is squeezed and in a gas of fermionic atoms when it is cooled. The behavior of these two seemingly very different systems reveals striking similarities. In particular, in ... More

Scaling laws prediction from a solvable model of turbulent thermal convectionJun 09 2011A solvable turbulent model is used to predict both the structure of the boundary layer and the scaling laws in thermal convection. The transport of heat depends on the interplay between the thermal, viscous and integral scales of turbulence, and thus, ... More

Logarithmic corrections to scaling in turbulent thermal convectionJan 04 2001We use an analytic toy model of turbulent convection to show that most of the scaling regimes are spoiled by logarithmic corrections, in a way consistent with the most accurate experimental measurements available nowadays. This sets a need for the search ... More

Quantum and classical features in the explanation of collisional decoherenceDec 16 2003A most simple theoretical argument is given in order to explain the quantitative estimate of the effect of collisional decoherence in matter-wave interferometry. The argument highlights the relevance of quantum and classical features in the description ... More

Complete positivity and subdynamics in quantum field theoryNov 20 2002The relevance that the property of complete positivity has had in the determination of quantum structures is briefly reviewed, together with recent applications to neutron optics and quantum Brownian motion. A possible useful application and generalization ... More

Next-to-leading order QCD corrections to photon production via weak-boson fusionApr 06 2010We present a calculation of next-to-leading order QCD corrections to gamma jj production via weak-boson fusion at a hadron collider in the form of a flexible parton-level Monte Carlo program which allows us to study cross sections and distributions within ... More

Loop Variables and Gauge Invariant Exact Renormalization Group Equations for (Open) String TheoryFeb 20 2012Feb 27 2012An exact renormalization group equation is written down for the world sheet theory describing the bosonic open string in general backgrounds. Loop variable techniques are used to make the equation gauge invariant. This is worked out explicitly up to level ... More

Action for (Free) Open String Modes in AdS Space Using the Loop Variable ApproachDec 08 2006The loop variable technique (for open strings in flat space) is a gauge invariant generalization of the renormalization group method for obtaining equations of motion. Unlike the beta functions, which are only proportional to the equations of motion, ... More

Loop Variables and the Interacting Open String in a Curved BackgroundMar 01 2005Applying the loop variable proposal to a sigma model (with boundary) in a curved target space, we give a systematic method for writing the gauge and generally covariant interacting equations of motion for the modes of the open string in a curved background. ... More

Fundamental Strings and D-strings in the IIB Matrix ModelMar 19 1997Mar 29 1997The matrix model for IIB Superstring proposed by Ishibashi, Kawai, Kitazawa and Tsuchiya is investigated. Consideration of planar and non-planar diagrams suggests that the large N perturbative expansion is consistent with the double scaling limit proposed ... More

Some Issues In The Loop Variable Approach to Open Strings and an Extension to Closed StringsJul 14 1993Some issues in the loop variable renormalization group approach to gauge invariant equations for the free fields of the open string are discussed. It had been shown in an earlier paper that this leads to a simple form of the gauge transformation law. ... More

Loop Variables and the Virasoro GroupJul 14 1992We derive an expression in closed form for the action of a finite element of the Virasoro Group on generalized vertex operators. This complements earlier results giving an algorithm to compute the action of a finite string of generators of the Virasoro ... More

Loop Variables in String TheoryJul 11 2002The loop variable approach is a proposal for a gauge invariant generalization of the sigma-model renormalization group method of obtaining equations of motion in string theory. The basic guiding principle is space-time gauge invariance rather than world-sheet ... More

Loop Variables and Gauge Invariant Interactions - IFeb 17 2000Jul 26 2000We describe a method of writing down interacting equations for all the modes of the bosonic open string. It is a generalization of the loop variable approach that was used earlier for the free, and lowest order interacting cases. The generalization involves, ... More

Evidence for low freeze-out temperature and large transverse flow in central collisions of Pb + Pb at 158 AGeVDec 12 1996Utilizing a hydrodynamical model for the freeze-out stage in heavy-ion reactions, we extract from resolved transverse hadron spectra at midrapidity an inverse slope parameter (temperature) $T_{Pb} =$ 120 MeV and an averaged transverse flow velocity $v_{\perp ... More

From known to undiscovered resonancesMay 02 2001Electromagnetic meson production formalisms are reviewed, with emphasise placed on their ability in search for new baryon resonances via gamma p -> K+ Lambda and gamma p -> eta p processes. The relevant studies, aiming to deepen our insights to hadron ... More

Mesons electromagnetic production study via a constituent quark approachApr 30 2001Using a chiral constituent quark approach based on the broken SU(6) \otimes O(3) symmetry, we focus on the spectroscopy of isospin-1/2 nucleonic resonances. A model for the eta photoproduction, embodying all known nucleonic resonances, shows clear need ... More

Bose-Einstein Correlations for Expanding Finite Systems or from a Hot Fireball to a Snow-FlurrySep 04 1995Most boson emitting sources contain a core of finite dimensions surrounded by a large halo, due to long-lived resonances like $\omega,\eta,\eta',K^{0}$ etc. When the Bose-Einstein correlation (BEC) function of the core can be determined we show that its ... More

Large N and Bethe ansatzNov 26 2003Jul 05 2004We describe an integrable model, related to the Gaudin magnet, and its relation to the matrix model of Brezin, Itzykson, Parisi and Zuber. Relation is based on Bethe ansatz for the integrable model and its interpretation using orthogonal polynomials and ... More

Motivations and Physical Aims of Algebraic QFTAug 13 1996Sep 17 1996We present illustrations which show the usefulness of algebraic QFT. In particular in low-dimensional QFT, when Lagrangian quantization does not exist or is useless (e.g. in chiral conformal theories), the algebraic method is beginning to reveal its strength. ... More

Modular Theory and Symmetry in QFTOct 11 1993Oct 27 1993The application of the Tomita-Takesaki modular theory to the Haag-Kastler net approach in QFT yields external (space-time) symmetries as well as internal ones (internal ``gauge para-groups") and their dual counterparts (the ``super selection para-group"). ... More

Existence of close pseudoholomorphic disks for almost complex manifolds and an applications to Kobayashi-Royden pseudonormFeb 23 2000In this paper we extend the notion of the Kobayashi-Royden pseudonorm for almost complex manifolds. Its basic properties known from the complex analysis are preserved in the nonintegrable case as well. The main theorem on coincidence of the pseudodistance ... More