Results for "B. Vlastakis"

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Calibration of the cross-resonance two-qubit gate between directly-coupled transmonsMay 14 2019Quantum computation requires the precise control of the evolution of a quantum system, typically through application of discrete quantum logic gates on a set of qubits. Here, we use the cross-resonance interaction to implement a gate between two superconducting ... More
Implementing and characterizing precise multi-qubit measurementsJun 02 2016Jun 07 2016There are two general requirements to harness the computational power of quantum mechanics: the ability to manipulate the evolution of an isolated system and the ability to faithfully extract information from it. Quantum error correction and simulation ... More
Single-photon Resolved Cross-Kerr Interaction for Autonomous Stabilization of Photon-number StatesApr 13 2015Quantum states can be stabilized in the presence of intrinsic and environmental losses by either applying active feedback conditioned on an ancillary system or through reservoir engineering. Reservoir engineering maintains a desired quantum state through ... More
Tracking Photon Jumps with Repeated Quantum Non-Demolition Parity MeasurementsNov 11 2013Quantum error correction (QEC) is required for a practical quantum computer because of the fragile nature of quantum information. In QEC, information is redundantly stored in a large Hilbert space and one or more observables must be monitored to reveal ... More
Hardware-efficient autonomous quantum error correctionJul 03 2012Jan 16 2013We propose a new method to autonomously correct for errors of a logical qubit induced by energy relaxation. This scheme encodes the logical qubit as a multi-component superposition of coherent states in a harmonic oscillator, more specifically a cavity ... More
Deterministic protocol for mapping a qubit to coherent state superpositions in a cavityMay 10 2012We introduce a new gate that transfers an arbitrary state of a qubit into a superposition of two quasi-orthogonal coherent states of a cavity mode, with opposite phases. This qcMAP gate is based on conditional qubit and cavity operations exploiting the ... More
Cavity State Manipulation Using Photon-Number Selective Phase GatesMar 04 2015The large available Hilbert space and high coherence of cavity resonators makes these systems an interesting resource for storing encoded quantum bits. To perform a quantum gate on this encoded information, however, complex nonlinear operations must be ... More
Universal Control of an Oscillator with Dispersive Coupling to a QubitFeb 27 2015Mar 12 2015We investigate quantum control of an oscillator mode off-resonantly coupled to an ancillary qubit. In the strong dispersive regime, we may drive the qubit conditioned on number states of the oscillator, which together with displacement operations can ... More
Black-box superconducting circuit quantizationApr 03 2012We present a semi-classical method for determining the effective low-energy quantum Hamiltonian of weakly anharmonic superconducting circuits containing mesoscopic Josephson junctions coupled to electromagnetic environments made of an arbitrary combination ... More
Observation of quantum state collapse and revival due to the single-photon Kerr effectNov 09 2012Photons are ideal carriers for quantum information as they can have a long coherence time and can be transmitted over long distances. These properties are a consequence of their weak interactions within a nearly linear medium. To create and manipulate ... More
Violating Bell's inequality with an artificial atom and a cat state in a cavityApr 09 2015The `Schr\"odinger's cat' thought experiment highlights the counterintuitive facet of quantum theory that entanglement can exist between microscopic and macroscopic systems, producing a superposition of distinguishable states like the fictitious cat that ... More
Confining the state of light to a quantum manifold by engineered two-photon lossDec 15 2014Physical systems usually exhibit quantum behavior, such as superpositions and entanglement, only when they are sufficiently decoupled from a lossy environment. Paradoxically, a specially engineered interaction with the environment can become a resource ... More
Demonstrating Quantum Error Correction that Extends the Lifetime of Quantum InformationFeb 15 2016The remarkable discovery of Quantum Error Correction (QEC), which can overcome the errors experienced by a bit of quantum information (qubit), was a critical advance that gives hope for eventually realizing practical quantum computers. In principle, a ... More
Certain Topics on the Lie Algebra gl(lambda) Representation TheoryMar 15 1997The Lie algebra gl(lambda) dependent on the complex parameter lambda is a continuous version of the Lie algebra gl(inf) of infinite matrices with only finite number of nonzero entries. The gl(lambda) was first introduced by B.L.Feigin in [1] in connection ... More
Consequences of energy conservation in relativistic heavy-ion collisionsAug 15 2005Complete characterization of particle production and emission in relativistic heavy-ion collisions is in general not feasible experimentally. This work demonstrates, however, that the availability of essentially complete pseudorapidity distributions for ... More
Studies of multiplicity in relativistic heavy-ion collisionsNov 08 2004Nov 29 2004In this talk I'll review the present status of charged particle multiplicity measurements from heavy-ion collisions. The characteristic features of multiplicity distributions obtained in Au+Au collisions will be discussed in terms of collision centrality ... More
Pseudorapidity Distribution of Charged Particles in d + Au Collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}$ = 200 GeVNov 10 2003The measured pseudorapidity distribution of primary charged particles in minimum-bias d + Au collisions at ${\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}} = \rm {200 GeV}}$ is presented for the first time. This distribution falls off less rapidly in the gold direction as compared ... More
The Radioactive Beam Program at ArgonneJun 06 2006In this talk I will present selected topics of the ongoing radioactive beam program at Argonne and discuss the capabilities of the CARIBU radioactive ion production facility as well as plans for construction of a novel superconducting solenoid spectrometer. ... More
Ratios of charged antiparticles to particles near mid-rapidity in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 130 GeVApr 18 2001We have measured the ratios of antiparticles to particles for charged pions, kaons and protons near mid-rapidity in central Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 130 GeV. For protons, we observe pbar/p = 0.60 +/- 0.04 (stat.) +/- 0.06 (syst.) in the transverse ... More
Towards a strong-coupling theory of QCD at finite densitySep 02 2002We apply strong-coupling perturbation theory to the QCD lattice Hamiltonian. We begin with naive, nearest-neighbor fermions and subsequently break the doubling symmetry with next-nearest-neighbor terms. The effective Hamiltonian is that of an antiferromagnet ... More
Blandford's Argument: The Strongest Continuous Gravitational Wave SignalApr 18 2008Aug 18 2008For a uniform population of neutron stars whose spin-down is dominated by the emission of gravitational radiation, an old argument of Blandford states that the expected gravitational-wave amplitude of the nearest source is independent of the deformation ... More
Time Evolution of the Spread of Diseases with a General Infectivity Profile on a Complex Dynamic NetworkMay 21 2010This manuscript introduces a new analytical approach for studying the time evolution of disease spread on a finite size network. Our methodology can accommodate any disease with a general infectivity profile. This new approach is able to incorporate the ... More
A Search for Gamma-Ray Bursts and Pulsars, and the Application of Kalman Filters to Gamma-Ray ReconstructionFeb 04 2002Part I describes the analysis of periodic and transient signals in EGRET data. A method to search for the transient flux from gamma-ray bursts independent of triggers from other gamma-ray instruments is developed. Several known gamma-ray bursts were independently ... More
Geometrically thin accretion disk around Maclaurin spheroidNov 22 2014We investigated a semi-analytic and numerical model to study the geometrically thin and optically thick accretion disk around Maclaurin spheroid (MS). The main interest is in the inner region of the so called {\alpha}-disk, {\alpha} being the viscosity ... More
Four-point correlator constraints on electromagnetic chiral parameters and resonance effective LagrangiansMay 21 2004Jun 01 2004We pursue the analysis of a set of generalized DGMLY sum rules for the electromagnetic chiral parameters at order $e^2p^2$ and discuss implications for effective Lagrangians with resonances. We exploit a formalism in which charge spurions are introduced ... More
Electromagnetic corrections in the anomaly sectorMay 21 2002Chiral perturbation theory in the anomaly sector for $N_f=2$ is extended to include dynamical photons, thereby allowing a complete treatment of isospin breaking. A minimal set of independent chiral lagrangian terms is determined and the divergence structure ... More
Breaking and restoring of diffeomorphism symmetry in discrete gravitySep 30 2009We discuss the fate of diffeomorphism symmetry in discrete gravity. Diffeomorphism symmetry is typically broken by the discretization. This has repercussions for the observable content and the canonical formulation of the theory. It might however be possible ... More
Centrality dependence of charged antiparticle to particle ratios near mid-rapidity in d+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeVSep 17 2003The ratios of the yields of charged antiparticles to particles have been obtained for pions, kaons, and protons near mid-rapidity for d+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV as a function of centrality. The reported values represent the ratio of the yields ... More
Centrality dependence of charged hadron transverse momentum spectra in d+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeVJun 18 2003We have measured transverse momentum distributions of charged hadrons produced in d+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV. The spectra were obtained for transverse momenta 0.25 < p_T < 6.0 GeV/c, in a pseudorapidity range of 0.2 < eta < 1.4 in the deuteron ... More
Scaling Variable for Nuclear Shadowing in Deep-Inelastic ScatteringSep 22 1995A new scaling variable is introduced in terms of which nuclear shadowing in deep-inelastic scattering is universal, i.e. independent of $A$, $Q^2$ and $x$. This variable can be interpreted as a measure of the number of gluons probed by the hadronic fluctuations ... More
Type I background fields in terms of type IIB onesApr 16 2008We choose such boundary conditions for open IIB superstring theory which preserve N=1 SUSY. The explicite solution of the boundary conditions yields effective theory which is symmetric under world-sheet parity transformation $\Omega:\sigma\to-\sigma$. ... More
Gauge symmetries decrease the number of Dp-brane dimensionsApr 19 2006Aug 09 2006It is known that the presence of antisymmetric background field $B_{\mu\nu}$ leads to noncommutativity of Dp-brane manifold. Addition of the linear dilaton field in the form $\Phi(x)=\Phi_0+a_\mu x^\mu$, causes the appearance of the commutative Dp-brane ... More
Power spectrum of electron number density perturbations at cosmological recombination epochDec 12 2008Feb 19 2009The power spectrum of number density perturbations of free electrons is obtained for the epoch of cosmological recombination of hydrogen. It is shown that amplitude of the electron perturbations power spectrum of scales larger than acoustic horizon exceeds ... More
Energy dependence of particle multiplicities in central Au+Au collisionsAug 08 2001We present the first measurement of the pseudorapidity density of primary charged particles in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200GeV. For the 6% most central collisions, we obtain dN_ch/deta|_|eta|<1 = 650 +/- 35 (syst). Compared to collisions at sqrt(s_NN) ... More
Transverse Momentum and Rapidity Dependence of HBT Correlations in Au+Au Collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 62.4 and 200 GeVSep 01 2004Two-particle correlations of identical charged pion pairs from Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 62.4 and 200 GeV were measured by the PHOBOS experiment at RHIC. Data for the 15% most central events were analyzed with Bertsch-Pratt and Yano-Koonin-Podgoretskii ... More
Dirichlet boundary conditions in type IIB superstring theory and fermionic T-dualityFeb 01 2012Jul 02 2012In this article we investigate the relation between consequences of Dirichlet boundary conditions (momenta noncommutativity and parameters of the effective theory) and background fields of fermionic T-dual theory. We impose Dirichlet boundary conditions ... More
Noncommutativity relations in type IIB theory and their supersymmetryMay 07 2010In the present paper we investigate noncommutativity of $D9$ and $D5$-brane world-volumes embedded in space-time of type IIB superstring theory. Boundary conditions, which preserve half of the initial supersymmetry, are treated as canonical constraints. ... More
Noncommutativity in space-time extended by Liouville fieldNov 28 2007Oct 09 2009The world-sheet quantum conformal invariance can be realized in the presence of the conformal factor $F$, by inclusion of Liouville term. In the background with linear dilaton field, $\Phi(x)=\Phi_0+a_\mu x^\mu$, the field $F$ becomes a new noncommutative ... More
The Magnus property for direct productsMay 05 2016Jun 14 2016A group G is said to have the Magnus property if the following holds: whenever two elements x,y have the same normal closure, then x is conjugate to y or its inverse. We prove: Let p be an odd prime, and let G,H be residually finite-p groups with the ... More
Continuum Lowering -- A New PerspectiveSep 05 2013Apr 23 2014What is meant by continuum lowering and ionization potential depression (IPD) in a Coulomb system depends upon precisely what question is being asked. It is shown that equilibrium (equation-of-state) phenomena and non-equilibrium dynamical processes like ... More
Gauge symmetries decrease the number of Dp-brane dimensions. II. Inclusion of the Liouville termNov 17 2006Apr 26 2007The presence of the antisymmetric background field $B_{\mu\nu}$ leads to the noncommutativity of the Dp-brane manifold, while the linear dilaton field in the form $\Phi(x)=\Phi_0+a_\mu x^\mu$, causes the appearance of the commutative Dp-brane coordinate, ... More
Inclusive Charmed-Baryon Decays and LifetimesApr 30 1997Jul 11 1997We have quantitatively reanalyzed the inclusive charmed-baryon decays. New ingredients are the Voloshin preasymptotic effects in semileptonic decays and the Cabibbo-subleading contributions to both semileptonic and nonleptonic decays. It has been found ... More
A Riemannian approach to low-rank algebraic Riccati equationsDec 17 2013May 28 2014We propose a Riemannian optimization approach for computing low-rank solutions of the algebraic Riccati equation. The scheme alternates between fixed-rank optimization and rank-one updates. The fixed-rank optimization is on the set of fixed-rank symmetric ... More
Advantage of the second-order formalism in double space T-dualization of type II superstringJul 08 2019In this article we present bosonic T-dualization in double space of the type II superstring theory in pure spinor formulation. We use the action with constant background fields obtained from the general case under some physically and mathematically justified ... More
Open strings in relativistic ion trapsFeb 20 2003Apr 04 2003Electromagnetic plane waves provide examples of time-dependent open string backgrounds free of $\alpha'$ corrections. The solvable case of open strings in a quadrupolar wave front, analogous to pp-waves for closed strings, is discussed. In light-cone ... More
Charged Particle Multiplicities in Ultra-relativistic Au+Au and Cu+Cu CollisionsApr 26 2006The PHOBOS collaboration has carried out a systematic study of charged particle multiplicities in Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory. A unique feature of the PHOBOS detector is its ... More
The significance of the fragmentation region in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisionsOct 09 2002We present measurements of the pseudorapidity distribution of primary charged particles produced in Au+Au collisions at three energies, sqrt(s_{NN}) = 19.6, 130, and 200 GeV, for a range of collision centralities. The centrality dependence is shown to ... More
Uniform semiclassical expansions for the direct part of Franck-Condon transitionsOct 13 1997Semiclassical expansions for traces involving Greens functions have two contributions, one from the periodic or recurrent orbits of the classical system and one from the phase space volume, i.e. the paths of infinitesimal length. Quantitative calculations ... More
RF depolarizing resonances in the presence of a full Siberian snake and full snake spin-flippingApr 18 2003Frequent polarization reversals, or spin-flips, of a stored polarized beam in a high energy scattering asymmetry experiments may greatly reduce systematic errors of spin asymmetry measurements. A spin-flipping technique is being developed by using rf ... More
Lower estimates of transition densities and bounds on exponential ergodicity for stochastic PDE'sFeb 18 2004Sep 25 2006A formula for the transition density of a Markov process defined by an infinite-dimensional stochastic equation is given in terms of the Ornstein--Uhlenbeck bridge and a useful lower estimate on the density is provided. As a consequence, uniform exponential ... More
Content based video retrieval systemsMay 08 2012With the development of multimedia data types and available bandwidth there is huge demand of video retrieval systems, as users shift from text based retrieval systems to content based retrieval systems. Selection of extracted features play an important ... More
Content based video retrievalNov 20 2012Content based video retrieval is an approach for facilitating the searching and browsing of large image collections over World Wide Web. In this approach, video analysis is conducted on low level visual properties extracted from video frame. We believed ... More
Quantum dot with spin-orbit interaction in noncommutative phase space and analog Landau levelsJun 30 2009We have studied a quantum dot with Rashba spin orbit interaction on a plane where the position and momentum coordinates are considered to be noncommutative. The energy spectrum of the system is found to be equivalent to that of a quantum dot with Rashba ... More
Heat Transfer and Cooling Techniques at Low TemperatureJan 28 2015The first part of this chapter gives an introduction to heat transfer and cooling techniques at low temperature. We review the fundamental laws of heat transfer (conduction, convection and radiation) and give useful data specific to cryogenic conditions ... More
A note on the heat kernel coefficients for nonminimal operatorsAug 20 2008We consider certain results for the heat kernel of nonminimal operators. The general expressions provided by Gusynin and Kornyak resulting from symbolic computation programmes for n dimensions are evaluated for 4 dimensions which are checked against results ... More
Lectures on UnificationNov 30 1997In these lectures we review the motivation, principles of and (circumstantial) evidence for the program of unification of the fundamental forces. In an appendix, we review the group theory pertinent to the program.
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2002 for the observation of cosmic neutrinosNov 06 2002A brief description of the work for which the first half of the Nobel prize for physics for the year 2002 is presented.
Infra-red fixed points in supersymmetryMar 16 2000Model independent constraints on supersymmetric models emerge when certain couplings are drawn towards their infra-red (quasi) fixed points in the course of their renormalization group evolution. The general principles are first reviewed and the conclusions ... More
Path Integral Monte Carlo and Density Functional Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Hot, Dense HeliumMay 02 2008Two first-principles simulation techniques, path integral Monte Carlo (PIMC) and density functional molecular dynamics (DFT-MD), are applied to study hot, dense helium in the density-temperature range of 0.387 - 5.35 g/cc and 500 K - 1.28x10^8 K. One ... More
First Principles Calculations of Shock Compressed Fluid HeliumSep 25 2006The properties of hot dense helium at megabar pressures were studied with two first-principles computer simulation techniques, path integral Monte Carlo and density functional molecular dynamics. The simulations predicted that the compressibility of helium ... More
Perturbative Energy Shifts of the Luttinger Liquid Due to the Presence of Additional DimensionsSep 26 2003We consider a system of spinless fermions in a nearly one-dimensional cylindrical trap. We introduce four-fermion interaction terms through which particles in low-lying modes of the trap may interact with particles in radially or angularly excited states. ... More
To the measurement of the radius via an electron scatteringOct 04 2015We propose an experiment for an accurate measurement of the proton radius. A key feature of our proposal is an iron-free magnetic spectrometer. Projected systematics uncertainties will allow a 1% level accuracy for the $r_p$ value.
Searching for a U-boson with a positron beamJun 29 2009A high sensitivity search for a light \Ub{} by means of a positron beam incident on a hydrogen target is proposed. We described a concept of the experiment and two possible realizations. The projected result of this experiment corresponds to an upper ... More
On measurement of the isotropy of the speed of lightSep 22 2014Nov 28 2014Three experimental concepts investigating possible anisotropy of the speed of light are presented. They are based on i) beam deflection in a 180 degree magnetic arc, ii) narrow resonance production in an electron-positron collider, and iii) the ratio ... More
Imperfect World of $ββ$-decay Nuclear Data Sets?Jan 09 2015Mar 11 2015The precision of double-beta ($\beta\beta$) decay experimental half-lives and their uncertainties is reevaluated. A complementary analysis of the decay uncertainties indicates deficiencies due to small size of statistical samples, and incomplete collection ... More
The measurements of the anomalous like-sign dimuon charge asymmetry in $p \bar{p}$ collisions by the DØ CollaborationFeb 18 2013In this short review we present the history, an overview of the analysis, and some personal comments on the anomalous like-sign dimuon charge asymmetry measurements by the D\O\ Collaboration.
Study of baryon acoustic oscillations with SDSS DR12 data and measurements of $Ω_k$ and $Ω_\textrm{DE}(a)$. Part IIAug 30 2016We define Baryon Acoustic Oscillation (BAO) observables $\hat{d}_\alpha(z, z_c)$, $\hat{d}_z(z, z_c)$, and $\hat{d}_/(z, z_c)$ that do not depend on any cosmological parameter. From each of these observables we recover the BAO correlation length $d_\textrm{BAO}$ ... More
Study of baryon acoustic oscillations with SDSS DR12 data and measurement of $Ω_\textrm{DE}(a)$Jul 08 2016We define Baryon Acoustic Oscillation (BAO) distances $\hat{d}_\alpha(z, z_c)$, $\hat{d}_z(z, z_c)$, and $\hat{d}_/(z, z_c)$ that do not depend on cosmological parameters. These BAO distances are measured as a function of redshift $z$ with the Sloan Digital ... More
Trying to understand massSep 12 2006We try to understand how particles acquire mass in general, and in particular, how they acquire mass in the standard model and beyond.
Simple model of 1/f noiseJun 16 1998Simple analytically solvable model of 1/f noise is proposed. The model consists of one or few particles moving in the closed contour. The drift period of the particle round the contour fluctuates about some average value, e.g. due to the external random ... More
Recent results on D^0 mixing from BelleDec 06 2007We report on recent measurements of the $D^0-\bar{D}^0$ mixing and $CP$ violation parameters performed by the Belle experiment. The evidence for the mixing phenomena in the system of neutral $D$ mesons, arising in the study of $D^0\to K^+K^-, \pi^+\pi^-$ ... More
Vogan diagrams of Affine Kac-Moody SuperalgebrasSep 05 2012Sep 06 2012This article classifies the Vogan diagram of the affine untwisted Kac Moody superalgebras.
Measuring mass and angular momentum of black holes with high-frequency quasi-periodic oscillationsJun 24 20043:2 and/or 3:1 twin high frequency quasi-periodic oscillations (HFQPOs) have been measured for the three microquasars GRO J1655-40, XTE J1550-564 and GRS 1915+105. For a test particle orbiting a rotating black on a stable circular orbit there exist two ... More
Unified dispersive approach to real and virtual photon-photon scattering at low energyMay 14 2013Aug 13 2013Previous representations of pion pair production amplitudes by two real photons at low energy, which combine dispersion theoretical constraints with elastic unitariy, chiral symmetry and soft photon constraints are generalized to the case where one photon ... More
A sum rule approach to the violation of Dashen's theoremJan 28 1997Jun 18 1997A classic sum rule by Das et al. is extended to seven of the low-energy constants $K_i$, introduced by Urech, which parameterize electromagnetic corrections at chiral order $O(e^2p^2)$. Using the spurion formalism, a simple convolution representation ... More
On the Drinfeld generators of grt_1(k) and Gamma-functions for associatorsFeb 04 2005We prove that the Drinfeld generators of grt_1(k) span the image of this Lie algebra in the abelianization of the commutator of the free Lie algebra with two generators. We show that this result implies Gamma-function formulas for arbitrary associators. ... More
Dynamical $r$-matrices for Hitchin's systems on Schottky curvesJul 15 1997We express Hitchin's systems on curves in Schottky parametrization, and construct dynamical $r$-matrices attached to them.
A cohomological construction of quantization functors of Lie bialgebrasDec 23 2002We propose a variant to the Etingof-Kazhdan construction of quantization functors. We construct the twistor J_\Phi associated to an associator \Phi using cohomological techniques. We then introduce a criterion ensuring that the ``left Hopf algebra'' of ... More
Quantum currents realization of the elliptic quantum groups $E_{τ,η}({\frak{sl}}_{2})$Sep 11 1997We review the construction by G. Felder and the author of the realization of the elliptic quantum groups of sl(2)-type by quantum currents.
Local unitary equivalence of multipartite pure statesSep 28 2009Necessary and sufficient conditions for the equivalence of arbitrary n-qubit pure quantum states under Local Unitary (LU) operations are derived. First, an easily computable standard form for multipartite states is introduced. Two generic states are shown ... More
Asymptotics of skew orthogonal polynomialsDec 04 2000Exact integral expressions of the skew orthogonal polynomials involved in Orthogonal (beta=1) and Symplectic (beta=4) random matrix ensembles are obtained: the (even rank) skew orthogonal polynomials are average characteristic polynomials of random matrices. ... More
Born-Infeld Corrections to the Entropy Function of Heterotic Black HolesApr 05 2006Jul 03 2006We use the black hole entropy function to study the effect of Born-Infeld terms on the entropy of extremal black holes in heterotic string theory in four dimensions. We find that after adding a set of higher curvature terms to the effective action, attractor ... More
The Masses of Nearby Dwarfs can be Determined with Gravitational MicrolensingApr 27 1995Microlensing of distant stars in the Milky Way by the nearby high proper motion stars offers a direct way to precisely measure the masses of single lower main sequence stars and brown dwarfs.
Distinguishing scalar from pseudoscalar Higgs production at the LHCAug 29 2002Oct 17 2002In this letter we examine the production channels for the scalar or pseudoscalar Higgs plus two jets at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). We identify possible signals for distinguishing between a scalar and a pseudoscalar Higgs boson.
Failure of the Generalized Eigenstate Thermalization Hypothesis in integrable models with multiple particle speciesJun 18 2014Aug 21 2014It has been recently observed for a particular quantum quench in the XXZ spin chain that local observables do not equilibrate to the predictions of the Generalized Gibbs Ensemble (GGE). In this work we argue that the breakdown of the GGE can be attributed ... More
On O(1) contributions to the free energy in Bethe Ansatz systems: the exact g-functionMar 29 2010Jul 22 2010We investigate the sub-leading contributions to the free energy of Bethe Ansatz solvable (continuum) models with different boundary conditions. We show that the Thermodynamic Bethe Ansatz approach is capable of providing the O(1) pieces if both the density ... More
Thread bonds in moleculesJan 04 2015Unusual chemical bonds are proposed. Each bond is almost covalent but is characterized by the thread of a small radius $\sim 0.6\times 10^{-11}$cm, between two nuclei in a molecule. The main electron density is concentrated outside the thread as in a ... More
Two-dimensional tunneling in a SQUIDApr 07 2010Traditionally quantum tunneling in a static SQUID is studied on the basis of a classical trajectory in imaginary time under a two-dimensional potential barrier. The trajectory connects a potential well and an outer region crossing their borders in perpendicular ... More
Euclidean resonance in a magnetic fieldMay 19 2007An analogy between Wigner resonant tunneling and tunneling across a static potential barrier in a static magnetic field is found. Whereas in the process of Wigner tunneling an electron encounters a classically allowed regions, where a discrete energy ... More
Nuclear threadsDec 20 2013Nov 30 2014The internal structure of deuterons weakly influences a motion of their center of mass (translational motion). The scenario can be different when the translational wave function has a formal singularity along the line (thread) connecting the deuteron ... More
Mapping of Euclidean resonance on static resonant tunnelingJul 20 2004Quantum tunneling through an almost classical potential barrier can be strongly enhanced by a nonstationary field so that the penetration through the barrier becomes not exponentially small. This constitutes an extremely unusual phenomenon of quantum ... More
Crossover, Fluctuations and Anderson Transition in Quark Matter FormationOct 03 2006We argue that there is a unique transition state of moderate density between the nuclear matter and superconducting quark matter alternatives. The distinguishing features of this state are discussed.
Remark on the effective range approach to the f_0-a_0 mesonsFeb 02 2004Jun 24 2004Discussion of apparently simple issues related to the resonance close to threshold may lead to misleading results. We clarify some subtle points, in particular the relation between Breit-Wigner and effective range approaches to the f_0-a_0 mesons.
Unusual condensates in quark and atomic systemsOct 22 2005Oct 31 2005In these lectures we discuss condensates which are formed in quark matter when it is squeezed and in a gas of fermionic atoms when it is cooled. The behavior of these two seemingly very different systems reveals striking similarities. In particular, in ... More
Scaling laws prediction from a solvable model of turbulent thermal convectionJun 09 2011A solvable turbulent model is used to predict both the structure of the boundary layer and the scaling laws in thermal convection. The transport of heat depends on the interplay between the thermal, viscous and integral scales of turbulence, and thus, ... More
Logarithmic corrections to scaling in turbulent thermal convectionJan 04 2001We use an analytic toy model of turbulent convection to show that most of the scaling regimes are spoiled by logarithmic corrections, in a way consistent with the most accurate experimental measurements available nowadays. This sets a need for the search ... More
Quantum and classical features in the explanation of collisional decoherenceDec 16 2003A most simple theoretical argument is given in order to explain the quantitative estimate of the effect of collisional decoherence in matter-wave interferometry. The argument highlights the relevance of quantum and classical features in the description ... More
Complete positivity and subdynamics in quantum field theoryNov 20 2002The relevance that the property of complete positivity has had in the determination of quantum structures is briefly reviewed, together with recent applications to neutron optics and quantum Brownian motion. A possible useful application and generalization ... More
Next-to-leading order QCD corrections to photon production via weak-boson fusionApr 06 2010We present a calculation of next-to-leading order QCD corrections to gamma jj production via weak-boson fusion at a hadron collider in the form of a flexible parton-level Monte Carlo program which allows us to study cross sections and distributions within ... More
Loop Variables and Gauge Invariant Exact Renormalization Group Equations for (Open) String TheoryFeb 20 2012Feb 27 2012An exact renormalization group equation is written down for the world sheet theory describing the bosonic open string in general backgrounds. Loop variable techniques are used to make the equation gauge invariant. This is worked out explicitly up to level ... More