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A robust approach to model-based classification based on trimming and constraintsApr 12 2019In a standard classification framework a set of trustworthy learning data are employed to build a decision rule, with the final aim of classifying unlabelled units belonging to the test set. Therefore, unreliable labelled observations, namely outliers ... More

Equivariant characteristic forms in the Cartan model and Borel equivariant cohomologyAug 31 2015Nov 10 2015We show the compatibility of the differential geometric and the topological construction of equivariant characteristic classes for compact Lie groups. Our analysis motivates a differential geometric construction for equivariant characteristic classes ... More

Band-edge BCS-BEC crossover in a two-band superconductor: physical properties and detection parametersJul 11 2014Superconductivity in iron-based, magnesium diborides, and other novel superconducting materials has a strong multi-band and multi-gap character. Recent experiments support the possibillity for a BCS-BEC crossover induced by strong-coupling and proximity ... More

Ethemba Trusted Host EnvironmentMainly Based on AttestationJan 28 2009Ethemba provides a framework and demonstrator for TPM applications.

Thermodynamic properties and thermal correlation lengths of a Hubbard model with bond-charge interactionFeb 27 2004We investigate the thermodynamics of a one-dimensional Hubbard model with bond-charge interaction X using the transfer matrix renormalization group method (TMRG). Numerical results for various quantities like spin and charge susceptibilities, particle ... More

Imbalanced thee-component Fermi gas with attractive interactions: Multiple FFLO-pairing, Bose-Fermi and Fermi-Fermi mixtures versus collapse and phase separationJun 04 2009We present a detailed study of the population imbalanced three-component Hubbard chain with attractive interactions. Such a system can be realized experimentally with three different hyperfine states of ultra cold $^6$Li atoms in an optical lattice. We ... More

Domestic Corpuscular InflatonJun 28 2018The aim of this paper is to provide a more precise description of the paradigm of corpuscular slow-roll inflation, which was previously introduced by Casadio et al. in [1]. Specifically, we start by expanding the Starobinsky theory on a curved background ... More

Super-Poincare' algebras, space-times and supergravities (II)Aug 31 2011The presentation of supergravity theories of our previous paper "Super-Poincare' algebras, space-times and supergravities (I)" is re-formulated in the language of Berezin-Leites-Kostant theory of supermanifolds. It is also shown that the equations of ... More

Numerical analysis for time-dependent advection-diffusion problems with random discontinuous coefficientsFeb 06 2019Subsurface flows are commonly modeled by advection-diffusion equations. Insufficient measurements or uncertain material procurement may be accounted for by random coefficients. To represent, for example, transitions in heterogeneous media, the parameters ... More

Inverse wave scattering in the time domain: a factorization method approachMar 14 2019Let $\Delta_{\Lambda}\le \lambda_{\Lambda}$ be a semi-bounded self-adjoint realization of the Laplace operator with boundary conditions assigned on the Lipschitz boundary of a bounded obstacle $\Omega$. Let $u^{\Lambda}_{f}$ and $u^{0}_{f}$ be the solutions ... More

Classification of maximal transitive prolongations of super-Poincaré algebrasDec 08 2012Jul 22 2014Let $V$ be a complex vector space with a non-degenerate symmetric bilinear form and $\mathbb S$ an irreducible module over the Clifford algebra $Cl(V)$ determined by this form. A supertranslation algebra is a $\mathbb Z$-graded Lie superalgebra $\mathfrak ... More

The antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 Heisenberg model on the square lattice in a magnetic fieldDec 17 2008Mar 16 2009We study the field dependence of the antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 Heisenberg model on the square lattice by means of exact diagonalizations. In a first part, we calculate the spin-wave velocity, the spin-stiffness, and the magnetic susceptibility and thus ... More

Solving DC programs with polyhedral component utilizing a multiple objective linear programming solverOct 18 2016A class of non-convex optimization problems with DC objective function and linear constraints is studied, where DC stands for being representable as the difference $f=g-h$ of two convex functions $g$ and $h$. In particular, we deal with the special case ... More

(a,b)-Koszul algebrasJul 20 2010Let $a$ and $b$ be two integers such that $2\le a<b$. In this article we define the notion of $(a,b)$-Koszul algebra as a generalization of $N$-Koszul algebras. We also exhibit examples and we provide a minimal graded projective resolution of the algebra ... More

Formality of $\mathbb{P}$-objectsSep 19 2017We show that a $\mathbb{P}$-object and simple configurations of $\mathbb{P}$-objects have a formal derived endomorphism algebra. Hence the triangulated category (classically) generated by such objects is independent of the ambient triangulated category. ... More

Gauge-invariant Green's functions for the bosonic sector of the standard modelDec 18 1998Jun 21 2000There are many applications in gauge theories where the usually employed framework involving gauge-dependent Green's functions leads to considerable problems. In order to overcome the difficulties invariably tied to gauge dependence, we present a manifestly ... More

Equivariant Differential CohomologyOct 21 2015Nov 10 2015The construction of characteristic classes via the curvature form of a connection is one motivation for the refinement of integral cohomology by de Rham cocycles -- known as differential cohomology. We will discuss the analog in the case of a group action ... More

Status of sub-GeV Hidden Particle SearchesAug 26 2010Hidden sector particles with sub-GeV masses like hidden U(1) gauge bosons, the NMSSM CP-odd Higgs, and other axion-like particles are experimentally little constrained as they interact only very weakly with the visible sector. For masses below the muon ... More

The electroweak chiral Lagrangian reanalyzedJul 09 1999Oct 26 2000In this paper we reanalyze the electroweak chiral Lagrangian with particular focus on two issues related to gauge invariance. Our analysis is based on a manifestly gauge-invariant approach that we introduced recently. It deals with gauge-invariant Green's ... More

A universal ionization threshold for strongly driven Rydberg statesApr 21 2004We observe a universal ionization threshold for microwave driven one-electron Rydberg states of H, Li, Na, and Rb, in an {\em ab initio} numerical treatment without adjustable parameters. This sheds new light on old experimental data, and widens the scene ... More

Residual Symmetries in the Spectrum of Periodically Driven Alkali Rydberg StatesNov 25 1999We identify a fundamental structure in the spectrum of microwave driven alkali Rydberg states, which highlights the remnants of the Coulomb symmetry in the presence of a non-hydrogenic core. Core-induced corrections with respect to the hydrogen spectrum ... More

Lipschitz functions with prescribed blowups at many pointsDec 15 2016In this paper we prove generalizations of Lusin-type theorems for gradients due to Giovanni Alberti, where we replace the Lebesgue measure with any Radon measure $\mu$. We apply this to go beyond the known result on the existence of Lipschitz functions ... More

Particle-particle ladder based basis-set corrections applied to atoms and molecules using coupled-cluster theoryMar 13 2019We investigate the basis-set convergence of coupled cluster electronic correlation energies using a recently proposed finite basis-set correction technique. The correction is applied to atomic and molecular systems and is based on a diagrammatically decomposed ... More

Inverse Scattering for the Laplace operator with boundary conditions on Lipschitz surfacesJan 26 2019Feb 17 2019We provide a general scheme, in the combined frameworks of Mathematical Scattering Theory and Factorization Method, for inverse scattering for the couple of self-adjoint operators $(\widetilde\Delta,\Delta)$, where $\Delta$ is the free Laplacian in $L^{2}({\mathbb ... More

A Multilevel Monte Carlo Algorithm for Parabolic Advection-Diffusion Problems with Discontinuous CoefficientsFeb 06 2019The Richards' equation is a model for flow of water in unsaturated soils. The coefficients of this (nonlinear) partial differential equation describe the permeability of the medium. Insufficient or uncertain measurements are commonly modeled by random ... More

Particle-particle ladder based basis-set corrections applied to atoms and molecules using coupled-cluster theoryMar 13 2019Mar 14 2019We investigate the basis-set convergence of coupled cluster electronic correlation energies using a recently proposed finite basis-set correction technique. The correction is applied to atomic and molecular systems and is based on a diagrammatically decomposed ... More

Tanaka structures modeled on extended Poincaré algebrasJan 03 2012Oct 04 2012Let (V,(.,.)) be a pseudo-Euclidean vector space and S an irreducible Cl(V)-module. An extended translation algebra is a graded Lie algebra m = m_{-2}+m_{-1} = V+S with bracket given by ([s,t],v) = b(v.s,t) for some nondegenerate so(V)-invariant reflexive ... More

PT-symmetrically deformed shock wavesJan 27 2012We investigate for a large class of nonlinear wave equations, which allow for shock wave formations, how these solutions behave when they are PT-symmetrically deformed. For real solutions we find that they are transformed into peaked solutions with a ... More

Numerical analysis of detection-mechanism models of SNSPDAug 27 2013Nov 12 2013The microscopic mechanism of photon detection in superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors is still under debate. We present a simple, but powerful theoretical model that allows us to identify essential differences between competing detection mechanisms. ... More

A Multilevel Monte Carlo Algorithm for Parabolic Advection-Diffusion Problems with Discontinuous CoefficientsFeb 06 2019Apr 18 2019The Richards' equation is a model for flow of water in unsaturated soils. The coefficients of this (nonlinear) partial differential equation describe the permeability of the medium. Insufficient or uncertain measurements are commonly modeled by random ... More

A Grothendieck-type inequality for local maximaMar 13 2016A large number of problems in optimization, machine learning, signal processing can be effectively addressed by suitable semidefinite programming (SDP) relaxations. Unfortunately, generic SDP solvers hardly scale beyond instances with a few hundreds variables ... More

Graphical Models Concepts in Compressed SensingNov 18 2010Mar 15 2011This paper surveys recent work in applying ideas from graphical models and message passing algorithms to solve large scale regularized regression problems. In particular, the focus is on compressed sensing reconstruction via ell_1 penalized least-squares ... More

Two Lectures on Iterative Coding and Statistical MechanicsDec 14 2005These are the notes for two lectures delivered at the Les Houches summer school Mathematical Statistical Mechanics, held in July 2005. I review some basic notions on sparse graph error correcting codes with emphasis on `modern' aspects, such as, iterative ... More

Turbo codes: the phase transitionMar 13 2000Turbo codes are a very efficient method for communicating reliably through a noisy channel. There is no theoretical understanding of their effectiveness. In [1] they are mapped onto a class of disordered spin models. The analytical calculations concerning ... More

Cooper-Mesons in the Color-Flavor-Locked Superconducting Phase of Dense QCDSep 01 2000QCD superconductors in the color-flavor-locked (CFL) phase sustain excitations (``Cooper'' mesons) that can be described as pairs of particles or holes around a gapped Fermi surface. In weak coupling and to leading logarithm accuracy the masses, decay ... More

A note on normal generation and generation of groupsFeb 03 2014In this note we study sets of normal generators of finitely presented residually $p$-finite groups. We show that if an infinite, finitely presented, residually $p$-finite group $G$ is normally generated by $g_1,\dots,g_k$ with order $n_1,\dots,n_k \in ... More

The origin of the Frey elliptic curve in a too narrow marginApr 13 2016May 27 2016It is shown that an appropriate use of so-called double equations by Diophantus provides the origin of the Frey elliptic curve and from it we can deduce an elementary proof of Fermat's Last Theorem.

The Parton Structure of Real PhotonsSep 15 1997The QCD treatment of the photon structure is recalled. Emphasis is given to the recently derived momentum sum rule, and to the proper choice of the factorization scheme and/or boundary conditions for the evolution equations beyond the leading order. Parametrizations ... More

Spectral Invariance of Besov-Bessel SubalgebrasDec 15 2010Using principles of the theory of smoothness spaces we give systematic constructions of scales of inverse-closed subalgebras of a given Banach algebra with the action of a d-parameter automorphism group. In particular we obtain the inverse-closedness ... More

Theory of Light Sail Acceleration by Intense Lasers: an OverviewMar 25 2014A short overview of the theory of acceleration of thin foils driven by the radiation pressure of superintense lasers is presented. A simple criterion for radiation pressure dominance at intensities around $5 \times 10^{20} \mbox{W cm}^{-2}$ is given, ... More

Spherical Casimir effect for a massive scalar field on the three dimensional ballOct 28 2014The zeta function regularization technique is used to study the Casimir effect for a scalar field of mass $m$ satisfying Dirichlet boundary conditions on a spherical surface of radius $a$. In the case of large scalar mass, $ma\gg1$, simple analytic expressions ... More

Neutrino self-energy in external magnetic fieldAug 28 2009Nov 23 2009Using the exact propagators in a constant magnetic field, the neutrino self-energy has been calculated to all orders in the field strength B within the minimal extension of the Weinberg-Salam model with massive Dirac neutrinos. A simple and very accurate ... More

Noise induced stability in fluctuating, bistable potentialsDec 14 1999The over-damped motion of a Brownian particle in an asymmetric, bistable, fluctuating potential shows noise induced stability: For intermediate fluctuation rates the mean occupancy of minima with an energy above the absolute minimum is enhanced. The model ... More

Stability of Ferromagnetism in Hubbard models with degenerate single-particle ground statesOct 25 1999A Hubbard model with a N_d-fold degenerate single-particle ground state has ferromagnetic ground states if the number of electrons is less or equal to N_d. It is shown rigorously that the local stability of ferromagnetism in such a model implies global ... More

Similarity renormalization of the electron--phonon couplingSep 06 1996Dec 17 1996We study the problem of the phonon-induced electron-electron interaction in a solid. Starting with a Hamiltonian that contains an electron-phonon interaction, we perform a similarity renormalization transformation to calculate an effective Hamiltonian. ... More

Calculating critical temperatures of superconductivity from a renormalized HamiltonianSep 16 1997It is shown that one can obtain quantitatively accurate values for the superconducting critical temperature within a Hamiltonian framework. This is possible if one uses a renormalized Hamiltonian that contains an attractive electron-electron interaction ... More

Pion photoproduction in a nonrelativistic theorySep 16 2009The pion and nucleon mass differences generate a very pronounced cusp in the photoproduction reaction of a single pion on the nucleon. A nonrelativistic effective field theory to describe this reaction is constructed. The approach is rigorous in the sense ... More

Measuring Dark Matter at CollidersSep 20 2005Sep 26 2005We investigate the need and prospects for measuring dark matter properties at particle collider experiments. We discuss the connections between the inferred properties of particle dark matter and the physics that is expected to be uncovered by the Large ... More

The geometry and origin of ultra-diffuse ghost galaxiesAug 31 2016Sep 02 2016The geometry and intrinsic ellipticity distribution of ultra diffuse galaxies (UDGs) is determined from the line-of-sight distribution of axial ratios q of a large sample of UDGs, detected by Koda et al. (2015) in the Coma cluster. With high significance ... More

Point kinetic model of the early phase of a spherically symmetric nuclear explosionJun 06 2016A concise point kinetic model of the explosion of a prompt supercritical sphere driven by a nuclear fission chain reaction is presented. The findings are in good agreement with the data available for Trinity, the first detonation of a nuclear weapon conducted ... More

On the precision of a data-driven estimate of hadronic light-by-light scattering in the muon g-2: pseudoscalar-pole contributionFeb 10 2016The evaluation of the numerically dominant pseudoscalar-pole contribution to hadronic light-by-light scattering in the muon g-2 involves the pseudoscalar-photon transition form factor F_{P gamma^* gamma^*}(-Q_1^2, -Q_2^2) with P = pi^0, eta, eta^\prime ... More

Star products on graded manifolds and $α'$-corrections to double field theoryNov 12 2015Originally proposed as an $O(d,d)$-invariant formulation of classical closed string theory, double field theory (DFT) offers a rich source of mathematical structures. Most prominently, its gauge algebra is determined by the so-called C-bracket, a generalization ... More

Thermodynamics of Deconfined QCD at Small and Large Chemical PotentialAug 31 2004We present large $N_f$ QCD/QED as a test bed for improved pressure calculations, show how to apply the hints obtained on optimized renormalization scales at large $N_f$ to finite $N_f=2$, and compare the results to recent lattice data.

Quantum Corrections to Thermodynamic Properties in the Large $N_f$ Limit of the Quark Gluon PlasmaMay 13 2004In this doctoral thesis we present the exact large $N_f$ calculation at next-to-leading order of the thermal interaction pressure of deconfined QCD for small and large quark chemical potential where the presence of the Landau pole is negligible numerically. ... More

Correspondence Theorems via Tropicalizations of Moduli SpacesJun 08 2014We show that the moduli spaces of irreducible labeled parametrized marked rational curves in toric varieties can be embedded into algebraic tori such that their tropicalizations are the analogous tropical moduli spaces. These embeddings are shown to respect ... More

Correlation of internal representations in feed-forward neural networksApr 11 1996Feed-forward multilayer neural networks implementing random input-output mappings develop characteristic correlations between the activity of their hidden nodes which are important for the understanding of the storage and generalization performance of ... More

Laboratory Studies of Astrophysical JetsMar 02 2009Jets and outflows produced during star-formation are observed on many scales: from the "micro-jets" extending a few hundred Astronomical Units to the "super-jets" propagating to parsecs distances. Recently, a new "class" of short-lived (hundreds of nano-seconds) ... More

Status of the global electroweak fit of the Standard ModelSep 07 2009Sep 09 2009Results from the global Standard Model fit to electroweak precision data, including newest Tevatron measurements, are reviewed and discussed. The complete fit using also the constraints from the direct Higgs boson searches yields an upper limit on the ... More

The finite infinite range Heisenberg model and microcanonical black hole statisticsFeb 03 2015Jan 21 2016The Gelfand pattern of the reduction of the N-fold tensor product of the fundamental representation of the special unitary group SU(2) by itself is studied in the framework of a finite Heisenberg model with infinite range, where N spins couple to each ... More

The position of the quasielastic peak and electron Coulomb distortion in (e,e') scatteringNov 29 2006The position of the quasielastic peak for (e,e') scattering off 208-Pb extracted from a selected data set measured at Saclay is related to a heuristic theoretical description. An analysis of the data shows that the peak position can be described very ... More

Causal construction of the massless vertex diagramJul 17 2006Sep 28 2006The massless one-loop vertex diagram is constructed by exploiting the causal structure of the diagram in configuration space, which can be translated directly into dispersive relations in momentum space.

Perturbative quantum gauge invariance: Where the ghosts come fromJan 23 2004Oct 07 2004A condensed introduction to quantum gauge theories is given in the perturbative S-matrix framework; path integral methods are used nowhere. This approach emphasizes the fact that it is not necessary to start from classical gauge theories which are then ... More

Fock Vacuum Instability and CausalityApr 02 2001Apr 04 2001The vacuum diagram is calculated at second order for theories with self-interacting massless fields in the framework of finite causal perturbation theory. It is pointed out that the infrared behaviour of the vacuum diagram leads to unstable Fock vacua ... More

Twisted cotangent sheaves and a Kobayashi-Ochiai theorem for foliationsJul 12 2013Let X be a normal projective variety, and let A be an ample Cartier divisor on X. We prove that the twisted cotangent sheaf \Omega_X \otimes A is generically nef with respect to the polarisation A unless X is a projective space. As an application we prove ... More

Tauonic $B$ decays and Higgs mediated flavour violationOct 30 2014Nov 05 2014In these proceedings we review the impact of the tauonic $B$ decays $B\to\tau\nu$, $B\to D\tau\nu$ and $B\to D^*\tau\nu$ on Higgs mediated flavour violation. For this purpose we study a 2HDM with generic flavour structure (of type III). We find that despite ... More

Chiral Enhancement in the MSSM -- An OverviewJun 06 2011In this article I review the origin and the effects of chirally enhanced loop-corrections in the MSSM based on Refs. [1-3]. Chiral enhancement is related to fermion-Higgs couplings (or self-energies when the Higgs field is replaced by its vev). I describe ... More

Effective Higgs Vertices in the generic MSSMDec 21 2010Jun 12 2012In this article we consider chirally enhanced corrections to Higgs vertices in the most general MSSM. We include the contributions stemming from bilinear-terms, from the trilinear A-terms and their non-holomorphic analogues, the A'-terms, which couple ... More

Charged Higgs: Interpretation of $B$-physics resultsDec 08 2014In these proceedings we review the impact of additional Higgs bosons on $B$ physics observables. For this purpose, we consider first the 2HDM of type II which respects natural flavour conservation. Afterwards, we study a 2HDM with generic flavour structure ... More

Rare decays and MSSM phenomenologyMay 22 2012In this article I review some aspects of flavour phenomenology in the MSSM. After an overview of various flavour observables I discuss the constraints on the off-diagonal elements of the squark mass matrices. In this context I present the Fortran code ... More

Chirally enhanced corrections in the MSSMJul 18 2011In the general MSSM, chirally-enhanced corrections (to Yukawa couplings) are induced by gluino-squark, chargino-sfermion and neutralino-sfermion loops and can numerically compete with, or even dominate over, tree-level contributions, due to their chiral ... More

Relaxation phenomena at criticalityDec 07 2007The collective behaviour of statistical systems close to critical points is characterized by an extremely slow dynamics which, in the thermodynamic limit, eventually prevents them from relaxing to an equilibrium state after a change in the thermodynamic ... More

Chameleonic dilaton and conformal transformationsJun 20 2012We recently proposed a chameleonic solution to the cosmological constant problem - Phys. Rev. D82 (2010) 044006. One of the results of that paper is a non-equivalence of different conformal frames at the quantum level. In this letter we further discuss ... More

Chameleonic dilaton, nonequivalent frames, and the cosmological constant problem in quantum string theoryJul 31 2010The chameleonic behaviour of the String theory dilaton is suggested. Some of the possible consequences of the chameleonic string dilaton are analyzed in detail. In particular, (1) we suggest a new stringy solution to the cosmological constant problem ... More

Dilaton stabilization and composite dark matter in the string frame of heterotic-M-theoryOct 14 2012In this paper we further elaborate on our recently proposed solution to the cosmological constant problem - Phys. Rev. D82 (2010) 044006. One of the elements of the solution is the chameleonic behaviour of the Einstein frame dilaton: the mass of the dilaton ... More

Yang-Mills connections of cohomogeneity one on SO(n)-bundles over Euclidean spheresJul 29 2011We construct Yang-Mills connections on SO(n)-bundles over spheres equipped with the Euclidean metric. We use a cohomogeneity one group action on the bundle to reduce the Yang-Mills-equation to a system of ordinary differential equations. The system is ... More

Microstructure Effects on Daily Return Volatility in Financial MarketsNov 17 2000We simulate a series of daily returns from intraday price movements initiated by microstructure elements. Significant evidence is found that daily returns and daily return volatility exhibit first order autocorrelation, but trading volume and daily return ... More

Non-linear Oscillations of Compact Stars and Gravitational WavesJul 31 2006This thesis investigates in the time domain a particular class of second order perturbations of a perfect fluid non-rotating compact star: those arising from the coupling between first order radial and non-radial perturbations. This problem has been treated ... More

The special function "shin", IIJan 05 2005Sep 09 2013This Paper (one first and draft version) contains some small imperfections, one its correct and definitive version has been already submitted to one prestigious review of mathematics. More precisely "the Special Function SHIN, II" will be published in ... More

Cellular Automaton Approach to Pedestrian Dynamics - TheoryDec 07 2001We present a 2-dimensional cellular automaton model for the simulation of pedestrian dynamics. The model is extremely efficient and allows simulations of large crowds faster than real time since it includes only nearest-neighbour interactions. Nevertheless ... More

A dynamical model of non regulated marketsJul 15 1999The main focus of this work is to understand the dynamics of non regulated markets. The present model can describe the dynamics of any market where the pricing is based on supply and demand. It will be applied here, as an example, for the German stock ... More

On recursion relations in topological string theoryOct 16 2012Jan 22 2013We discuss a link between the topological recursion relations derived algebraically by Witten and the holomorphic anomaly equation of Bershadsky, Cecotti, Ooguri and Vafa. This is obtained through the definition of an operator ${\cal{W}}_s$ that reproduces ... More

A perturbative study on the analytic continuation for generalized gravitational entropyDec 02 2014Dec 15 2014We study the analytic continuation used by Lewkowycz and Maldacena to prove the Ryu-Takayanagi formula for entanglement entropy, which is the holographic dual of the trace of the $\beta$-power of the time evolution operator when $\beta\in \mathbb{R}$. ... More

Double genus expansion for general $Ω$ backgroundApr 11 2012Jun 23 2012We will show how the refined holomorphic anomaly equation obeyed by the Nekrasov partition function at generic $\epsilon_1,\epsilon_2$ values becomes compatible, in a certain two parameters expansion, with the assumption that both parameters are associated ... More

PT-symmetric deformations of integrable modelsApr 10 2012We review recent results on new physical models constructed as PT-symmetrical deformations or extensions of different types of integrable models. We present non-Hermitian versions of quantum spin chains, multi-particle systems of Calogero-Moser-Sutherland ... More

Slavnov-Taylor parameterization of Yang-Mills theory with massive fermions in the presence of singlet axial-vector currentsApr 08 2005Jul 18 2005We study the all-order restoration of the Slavnov-Taylor (ST) identities for Yang-Mills theory with massive fermions in the presence of singlet axial-vector currents. By making use of the ST parameterization of the symmetric quantum effective action a ... More

The Algebra of Physical Observables in Nonlinearly Realized Gauge TheoriesJul 23 2010We classify the physical observables in spontaneously broken nonlinearly realized gauge theories in the recently proposed loopwise expansion governed by the Weak Power-Counting (WPC) and the Local Functional Equation. The latter controls the non-trivial ... More

A chain rule for the expected suprema of Gaussian processesNov 10 2014The expected supremum of a Gaussian process indexed by the image of an index set under a function class is bounded in terms of separate properties of the index set and the function class. The bound is relevant to the estimation of nonlinear transformations ... More

An optimization problem on the sphereMay 15 2008We prove existence and uniqueness of the minimizer for the average geodesic distance to the points of a geodesically convex set on the sphere. This implies a corresponding existence and uniqueness result for an optimal algorithm for halfspace learning, ... More

Where the Wild Things Are: Observational Constraints on Black Holes' GrowthSep 11 2009The physical and evolutionary relation between growing supermassive black holes (AGN) and host galaxies is currently the subject of intense research activity. Nevertheless, a deep theoretical understanding of such a relation is hampered by the unique ... More

The fundamental plane of black hole activity and the census of the local black holes' populationJan 08 2004Studying a sample of both strongly and weakly active galactic nuclei with measured masses and 5 GHz and 2-10 keV core luminosities, together with a few galactic black holes simultaneously observed in the radio and X-ray bands, Merloni, Heinz, & Di Matteo ... More

Discrete LIBOR Market Model AnalogyAug 22 2011Jun 07 2012This paper provides a discrete time LIBOR analog, which can be used for arbitrage-free discretization of Levy LIBOR models or discrete approximation of continuous time LIBOR market models. Using the work of Eberlein and Oezkan as an inspiration, we build ... More

Poincaré inequalities for mutually singular measuresMar 20 2014Using an inverse system of metric graphs as in: J. Cheeger and B. Kleiner, "Inverse limit spaces satisfying a Poincar\'e inequality", we provide a simple example of a metric space $X$ that admits Poincar\'e inequalities for a continuum of mutually singular ... More

Dynamical R-parity violations from exotic instantonsMay 04 2015Apr 06 2016We show how R-parity can be dynamically broken by non-perturbative quantum gravity effects. In particular, in D-brane models, Exotic instantons provide a simple and calculable mechanism for the generation of R-parity violating bilinear, trilinear and ... More

Direct generation of a Majorana mass for the Neutron from Exotic InstantonsJun 21 2015Apr 06 2016We discuss a new mechanism in which non-perturbative quantum gravity effects directly generate a Majorana mass for the neutron. In particular, in string theory, exotic instantons can generate an effective six quark operator by calculable mixed disk amplitudes. ... More

'Exotic vector-like pair' of color-triplet scalarsJan 19 2015Apr 26 2015We propose a minimal extension of Standard Model, generating a Majorana mass for neutron, connected with a mechanism of Post-Sphaleron Baryogenesis. We consider an `exotic vector-like pair' of color-triplet scalars, an extra Majorana fermion $\psi$, and ... More

Charm and beauty at the LHCSep 27 2006Sep 29 2006The Large Hadron Collider at CERN will open a new energy domain for heavy-ion physics. Besides ALICE, the dedicated heavy-ion experiment, also ATLAS and CMS are preparing rich physics programs with nucleus-nucleus collisions. Here we focus on open heavy-flavour ... More

Charm production and in-medium QCD energy loss in nucleus-nucleus collisions with ALICE. A performance studyNov 03 2003Dec 16 2003This work is aimed at studying the performance of the ALICE detector for measuring charm production in heavy ion collisions at the LHC and for investigating the properties of the deconfined quark-gluon medium formed in central nucleus-nucleus reactions ... More

Multi-W(Z) Production in High-Energy Collisions?May 18 1993There exists the possibility that the cross-section for the nonperturbative production of many, ${\cal O}(\alpha_W^{-1} \simeq 30 )$, weak gauge bosons may be as large as ${\cal O}(100\ {\rm pb}\ -\ 10\ \mu$b$)$ above a parton-parton center-of-mass threshold ... More

Axion interpretation of the PVLAS data?Nov 15 2005The PVLAS collaboration has recently reported the observation of a rotation of the polarization plane of light propagating through a transverse static magnetic field. Such an effect can arise from the production of a light, m_A ~ meV, pseudoscalar coupled ... More

First Observation of the Sigma_c^{*+} Charmed Baryon, and New Measurements of the Sigma_c^0, Sigma_c^+, Sigma_c^{++}, and Omega_c^0 Charmed BaryonsSep 15 2000Oct 18 2000Using ~13.7 fb^{-1} of e^+e^- collision data recorded at near the Upsilon(4S) resonance by the CLEO II and CLEO II.V detector configurations on the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we present the world's most precise measurements of the Sigma_c^0, Sigma_c^+, ... More