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Progress of the Development of the ELI-NP GBS High Level ApplicationsDec 05 2017The Gamma Beam System (GBS) is a high brightness LINAC to be installed in Magurele (Bucharest) at the new ELI-NP (Extreme Light Infrastructure - Nuclear Physics) laboratory. The accelerated electrons, with energies ranging from 280 to 720 MeV, will collide ... More

Polarization induced instabilities in external four-mirror Fabry-Perot cavitiesJun 30 2009Various four-mirror optical resonators are studied in the perspective of realizing passive stacking cavities. A comparative study of the mechanical stability is provided. The polarization properties of the cavity eigenmodes are described and it is shown ... More

Polarized positron source with a Compton multiple interaction point lineMay 12 2014Positron sources are critical components of the future linear collider projects. This is essentially due to the high luminosity required, orders of magnitude higher than existing ones. In addition, polarization of the positron beam rather expands the ... More

Considerations on the Diffraction Limitations to the Spatial Resolution of Optical Transition RadiationMar 02 1999The interest in using optical transition radiation (OTR) in high energy (multiGeV) beam diagnostics has motivated theoretical and experimental investigations on the limitations brought by diffraction on the attainable resolution. This paper presents calculations ... More

Effect of Beam Dynamics Processes in the Low Energy Ring ThomXJul 23 2014As part of the R\&D for the 50 MeV ThomX Compton source project, we have studied the effect of several beam dynamics processes on the evolution of the beam in the ring. The processes studied include among others Compton scattering, intrabeam scattering, ... More

Daφne gamma-rays factoryMay 05 2014Gamma sources with high flux and spectral densities are the main requirements for new nuclear physics experiments to be performed in several worldwide laboratories and envisaged in the ELI-NP (Extreme Light Infrastructure-Nuclear Physics) project or in ... More

Energy Measurements by Means of Transition Radiation in novel LinacsFeb 12 2018Advanced linear accelerator design may use Optical Transition Radiation (OTR) screens to measure beam spot size; for instance, such screens are foreseen in plasma based accelerators (EuPRAXIA@SPARC_LAB) or Compton machines (Gamma Beam Source@ELI-NP). ... More

Effect of Compton Scattering on the Electron Beam Dynamics at the ATF Damping RingOct 14 2011Compton scattering provides one of the most promising scheme to obtain polarized positrons for the next generation of $e^-$ -- $e^+$ colliders. Moreover it is an attractive method to produce monochromatic high energy polarized gammas for nuclear applications ... More

Positron driven muon source for a muon colliderMay 14 2019May 19 2019The design of a future multi-TeV muon collider needs new ideas to overcome the technological challenges related to muon production, cooling, accumulation and acceleration. In this paper a layout of a positron driven muon source known as the Low EMittance ... More

LEETECH facility as a flexible source of low energy electronsJan 17 2016A new versatile facility LEETECH for detector R&D, tests and calibration is designed and constructed. It uses electrons produced by the photoinjector PHIL at LAL, Orsay and provides a powerful tool for wide range R&D studies of different detector concepts ... More

Non-planar four-mirror optical cavity for high intensity gamma ray flux production by pulsed laser beam Compton scattering off GeV-electronsNov 24 2011Dec 22 2011As part of the R&D toward the production of high flux of polarised Gamma-rays we have designed and built a non-planar four-mirror optical cavity with a high finesse and operated it at a particle accelerator. We report on the main challenges of such cavity, ... More

Development of an intense positron source using a crystal--amorphous hybrid target for linear collidersOct 15 2013Oct 16 2013In a conventional positron source driven by a few GeV electron beam, a high amount of heat is loaded into a positron converter target to generate intense positrons required by linear colliders, and which would eventually damage the converter target. A ... More

Measurement of the luminosity at the DAFNE collider upgraded with the crab waist schemeSep 10 2009The test of the crab waist collision scheme, undergoing at the e+e- Frascati DAFNE accelerator complex since February 2008, requires a fast and accurate measurement of the absolute luminosity, as well as a full characterization of the background conditions. ... More

High flux polarized gamma rays production: first measurements with a four-mirror cavity at the ATFOct 14 2011The next generation of e+/e- colliders will require a very intense flux of gamma rays to allow high current polarized positrons to be produced. This can be achieved by converting polarized high energy photons in polarized pairs into a target. In that ... More

Positron driven muon source for a muon colliderMay 14 2019The design of a future multi-TeV muon collider needs new ideas to overcome the technological challenges related to muon production, cooling, accumulation and acceleration. In this paper a layout of a positron driven muon source known as the Low EMittance ... More

Production of gamma rays by pulsed laser beam Compton scattering off GeV-electrons using a non-planar four-mirror optical cavityNov 24 2011Jan 04 2012As part of the positron source R&D for future $e^+-e^-$ colliders and Compton based compact light sources, a high finesse non-planar four-mirror Fabry-Perot cavity has recently been installed at the ATF (KEK, Tsukuba, Japan). The first measurements of ... More

Three Dimensional Annihilation Imaging of Antiprotons in a Penning TrapJan 29 2004We demonstrate three-dimensional annihilation imaging of antiprotons trapped in a Penning trap. Exploiting unusual feature of antiparticles, we investigate a previously unexplored regime in particle transport; the proximity of the trap wall. Particle ... More

Design of a Polarised Positron Source Based on Laser Compton ScatteringSep 02 2005Sep 15 2005We describe a scheme for producing polarised positrons at the ILC from polarised X-rays created by Compton scattering of a few-GeV electron beam off a CO2 or YAG laser. This scheme is very energy effective using high finesse laser cavities in conjunction ... More

Positron plasma diagnostics and temperature control for antihydrogen productionJul 30 2003Production of antihydrogen atoms by mixing antiprotons with a cold, confined, positron plasma depends critically on parameters such as the plasma density and temperature. We discuss non-destructive measurements, based on a novel, real-time analysis of ... More

The First Cold AntihydrogenJan 29 2004Antihydrogen, the atomic bound state of an antiproton and a positron, was produced at low energy for the first time by the ATHENA experiment, marking an important first step for precision studies of atomic antimatter. This paper describes the first production ... More

Cold-Antimatter PhysicsMar 21 2005The CPT theorem and the Weak Equivalence Principle are foundational principles on which the standard description of the fundamental interactions is based. The validity of such basic principles should be tested using the largest possible sample of physical ... More

ATHENA -- First Production of Cold Antihydrogen and BeyondSep 21 2004Apr 19 2005Atomic systems of antiparticles are the laboratories of choice for tests of CPT symmetry with antimatter. The ATHENA experiment was the first to report the production of copious amounts of cold antihydrogen in 2002. This article reviews some of the insights ... More

Evidence For The Production Of Slow Antiprotonic Hydrogen In VacuumAug 28 2007We present evidence showing how antiprotonic hydrogen, the quasistable antiproton-proton (pbar-p) bound system, has been synthesized following the interaction of antiprotons with the hydrogen molecular ion (H2+) in a nested Penning trap environment. From ... More

PHIL photoinjector test lineSep 24 2012LAL is now equiped with its own platform for photoinjectors tests and Research and Developement, named PHIL (PHotoInjectors at LAL). This facility has two main purposes: push the limits of the photoinjectors performances working on both the design and ... More

First Production and Detection of Cold Antihydrogen AtomsJun 07 2003The ATHENA experiment recently produced the first atoms of cold antihydrogen. This paper gives a brief review of how this was achieved.

Production of Slow Protonium in VacuumJan 21 2008We describe how protonium, the quasi-stable antiproton-proton bound system, has been synthesized following the interaction of antiprotons with the molecular ion H$_2^+$ in a nested Penning trap environment. From a careful analysis of the spatial distributions ... More

Production of Cold Antihydrogen with ATHENA for Fundamental StudiesJun 26 2004Since the beginning of operations of the CERN Antiproton Decelerator in July 2000, the successful deceleration, storage and manipulation of antiprotons has led to remarkable progress in the production of antimatter. The ATHENA Collaboration were the first ... More

Status of the Super-B factory DesignOct 09 2011The SuperB international team continues to optimize the design of an electron-positron collider, which will allow the enhanced study of the origins of flavor physics. The project combines the best features of a linear collider (high single-collision luminosity) ... More

Production of highly-polarized positrons using polarized electrons at MeV energiesJun 28 2016The Polarized Electrons for Polarized Positrons experiment at the injector of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility has demonstrated for the first time the efficient transfer of polarization from electrons to positrons produced by the polarized ... More

EuPRAXIA@SPARC_LAB Design study towards a compact FEL facility at LNFJan 26 2018On the wake of the results obtained so far at the SPARC\_LAB test-facility at the Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati (Italy), we are currently investigating the possibility to design and build a new multi-disciplinary user-facility, equipped with a soft ... More

Technical Design Report EuroGammaS proposal for the ELI-NP Gamma beam SystemJul 14 2014The machine described in this document is an advanced Source of up to 20 MeV Gamma Rays based on Compton back-scattering, i.e. collision of an intense high power laser beam and a high brightness electron beam with maximum kinetic energy of about 720 MeV. ... More

A Large Hadron Electron Collider at CERNNov 20 2012Jan 09 2013This document provides a brief overview of the recently published report on the design of the Large Hadron Electron Collider (LHeC), which comprises its physics programme, accelerator physics, technology and main detector concepts. The LHeC exploits and ... More

A Large Hadron Electron Collider at CERN: Report on the Physics and Design Concepts for Machine and DetectorJun 13 2012Sep 07 2012The physics programme and the design are described of a new collider for particle and nuclear physics, the Large Hadron Electron Collider (LHeC), in which a newly built electron beam of 60 GeV, up to possibly 140 GeV, energy collides with the intense ... More

On the Relation of the LHeC and the LHCNov 21 2012Jan 09 2013The present note relies on the recently published conceptual design report of the LHeC and extends the first contribution to the European strategy debate in emphasising the role of the LHeC to complement and complete the high luminosity LHC programme. ... More

Low power commissioning of an innovative laser beam circulator for inverse Compton scattering Gamma-ray sourceJan 16 2019We report on the optical commissioning of the high power laser beam circulator (LBC) for the high brightness Compton {\gamma}-ray source Extreme Light Infrastructure for Nuclear Physics. Tests aiming at demonstrating the optical performances of the LBC ... More

Curved space resolution of singularity of fractional D3-branes on conifoldNov 01 2001We construct a supergravity dual to the cascading $SU(N+M) x SU(N)$ supersymmetric gauge theory (related to fractional D3-branes on conifold according to Klebanov et al) in the case when the 3-space is compactified on $S^3$ and in the phase with unbroken ... More

Schwinger-Dyson approach and its application to generate a light composite scalarJan 15 2016Feb 24 2016We discuss the possibility of generating a light composite scalar boson, in a scenario that we may generically call Technicolor, or in any variation of a strongly interacting theory, where by light we mean a scalar composite mass about one order of magnitude ... More

Dynamical gluon mass corrections in heavy quarkonia decaysApr 26 2000Using the expression of the dynamical gluon mass obtained through the operator product expansion we discuss the relevance of gluon mass effects in the decays V -> hadrons (V = J/Psi, Upsilon). Relativistic and radiative corrections are also introduced ... More

Semiclassical rigid strings with two spins in AdS_5Nov 12 2009Semiclassical spinning string states in AdS_5 are, in general, characterised by the three SO(2,4) conserved charges: the energy E and the two spins S_1 and S_2. We discuss several examples of explicit classical solutions for rigid closed strings of (bended) ... More

Search for excited electrons through $γγ$ scatteringAug 10 2012We study the potential of $\gamma \gamma$ option of future high energy linear $e^{+}e^{-}$ colliders to search for excited electrons with spin-1/2. We calculate single production cross sections, give the angular distributions and $f-m^*$ contour plots ... More

A study of spectra of Cyg X-3 observed by BeppoSAXDec 22 2004Jan 10 2005We model the ~1-200 keV spectra of Cygnus X-3 observed by BeppoSAX. The continuum, modeled by Comptonization in a hybrid plasma, is modified by the strongly ionized plasma of the stellar wind of the Wolf-Rayet companion star. Discrete absorption and emission ... More

Quantum Corrections to Bekenstein-Hawking Black Hole Entropy and Gravity Partition FunctionsApr 25 2013Algebraic aspects of the computation of partition functions for quantum gravity and black holes in $AdS_3$ are discussed. We compute the sub-leading quantum corrections to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. It is shown that the quantum corrections to the ... More

Chiral expansion of nucleon PDF at $x\sim m_π/M_N$Nov 14 2013Based on the chiral perturbation theory, we investigate the low-energy dynamics of nucleon parton distributions. We show that in different regions of the momentum fraction $x$ the chiral expansion is significantly different. For nucleon parton distributions ... More

Can Electro-Weak $\h$-Term be Observable ?May 14 1993We rederive and discuss the result of the previous paper that in the standard model $\theta$-term related to $W$-boson field can not be induced by weak instantons. This follows from the existence of the fermion zero mode in the instanton field even when ... More

Optimized perturbation theory for bound states: toy model and realistic problemJun 20 1995Within quantum mechanics model we study the problem of resummation of an asymptotic perturbation series for bound state parameters via optimization of the perturbative expansion. A possible application of the method to the positronium lifetime calculation ... More

Renormalization of the Yang-Mills theory in the ambiguity-free gaugeFeb 12 2010Jul 27 2010The renormalization procedure for the Yang-Mills theory in the gauge free of the Gribov ambiguity is constructed. It is shown that all the ultraviolet infinities may be removed by renormalization of the parameters entering the classical Lagrangian and ... More

Programming Realization of Symbolic Computations for Non-linear Commutator Superalgebras over the Heisenberg--Weyl Superalgebra: Data Structures and Processing MethodsMay 16 2009Aug 19 2009We suggest a programming realization of an algorithm for verifying a given set of algebraic relations in the form of a supercommutator multiplication table for the Verma module, which is constructed according to a generalized Cartan procedure for a quadratic ... More

Nonreciprocal Photon Transmission and Amplification via Reservoir EngineeringFeb 25 2015Jun 05 2015We discuss a general method for constructing nonreciprocal, cavity-based photonic devices, based on matching a given coherent interaction with its corresponding dissipative counterpart; our method generalizes the basic structure used in the theory of ... More

Anomalous mass dimension of multi-flavor QCDOct 08 2016Models of strongly interacting theories with a large mass anomalous dimension ($\gamma_m$) provide an interesting possibility for the dynamical origin of the electroweak symmetry breaking. A laboratory for these models is QCD with many flavors, which ... More

A 125 GeV Scalar Boson and SU(N_{TC})\otimes SU(3)_{{}_{L}}\otimes U(1)_{{}_{X}} modelsMar 16 2013We verify that SU(N)_{{}_{TC}}\otimes SU(3)_{{}_{L}}\otimes U(1)_{{}_{X}} models, where the gauge symmetry breaking is totally dynamical and promoted by the non-Abelian technicolor (TC) group and the strong Abelian interactions, are quite constrained ... More

Mass and width of a composite Higgs bosonFeb 13 2009May 18 2009The scalar Higgs boson mass in a Technicolor model was obtained by Elias and Scadron with the analysis of an homogeneous Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE), however it was performed before the most recent developments of walking gauge theories. It was not ... More

A dynamical mechanism to explain the top-bottom quark mass hierarchyAug 17 2004Jan 20 2005We discuss the mass splitting between the the top and bottom quarks in a technicolor scenario. The model proposed here contains a left-right electroweak gauge group. An extended technicolor group and mirror fermions are introduced. The top-bottom quark ... More

Entanglement swapping, light cones and elements of realityNov 06 2005Jul 20 2006Recently, a number of two-participant all-versus-nothing Bell experiments have been proposed. Here, we give local realistic explanations for these experiments. More precisely, we examine the scenario where a participant swaps his entanglement with two ... More

Jet radio emission in Cygnus X-1 and its orbital modulationOct 01 2006Dec 22 2006We present results of our detailed theoretical study of the observed orbital modulation of the radio emission in Cyg X-1. The modulation occurs due to free-free absorption in the wind from the companion star varying with the orbital phase, and our results ... More

Geodesics and admissible-path spaces in Carnot GroupsNov 26 2013We study the topology of admissible-loop spaces on a step-two Carnot group G. We use a Morse-Bott theory argument to study the structure and the number of geodesics on G connecting the origin with a 'vertical' point (geodesics are critical points of the ... More

Numerical analysis of renormalon technique in quantum mechanicsNov 29 1996Jul 14 1997We discuss the ways of extracting a low energy scale of an underlying theory using high energy scattering data. Within an exactly solvable model of quantum mechanics we analyze a technique based on introduction of nonperturbative power corrections accounting ... More

Analytical results for $e^+e^-\to t\bar t$ and $γγ\to t\bar t$ observables near the threshold up to the next-to-next-to-leading order of NRQCDApr 08 1999Oct 10 2001We present an analytical description of top-antitop pair production near the threshold in $e^+e^-$ annihilation and $\g\g$ collisions. A set of basic observables considered includes the total cross sections, forward-backward asymmetry and top quark polarization. ... More

Next-to-next-to-leading order relation between $R(e^+e^-\to b\bar b)$ and $Γ_{\rm sl}(b\to clν_l)$ and precise determination of $|V_{cb}|$May 16 1998Oct 30 1998We present the next-to-next-to-leading order relation between the moments of the $\Upsilon$ system spectral density and the inclusive $B$-meson semileptonic width. The perturbative series for the width as an explicit function of the moments is well convergent ... More

Quark-hadron duality for $K^0-\bar{K^0}$ mixingNov 27 1997Long distance contribution to the $K^0-\bar K^0$ mixing is taken into account consistently and the corrections to the naive duality result represented by the famous box diagram are found to be small. Estimates are given in the leading order of the chiral ... More

A scalar gluonium contribution to $K\rightarrowππ$ decayJul 17 1995We study a new $K\rightarrow\pi\pi$ decay channel with gluons in intermediate state which is normally neglected within the factorization framework. Both short-distance and long-distance parts of the amplitude are calculated. The chiral Lagrangian approach ... More

Periodic solutions of Schrodinger equation in Hilbert spaceSep 03 2012Necessary and sufficient conditions for existence of boundary value problem of Schrodinger equation are obtained in linear and nonlinear cases. Periodic analytical solutions are represented using generalized Green's operator

Effects of the stellar wind on X-ray spectra of Cygnus X-3Oct 30 2007Feb 04 2008We study X-ray spectra of Cyg X-3 from BeppoSAX, taking into account absorption and emission in the strong stellar wind of its companion. We find the intrinsic X-ray spectra are well modelled by disc blackbody emission, its upscattering by hot electrons ... More

On open superstring partition function in inhomogeneous rolling tachyon backgroundOct 27 2003Jan 27 2004We consider open superstring partition function Z on the disc in time-dependent tachyon background T= f(x_i) e^{m x_0} where the profile function f depends on spatial coordinates. We compute Z to second order in derivatives of f and compare the result ... More

On gravitational couplings in D-brane actionNov 12 2002Oct 26 2004We compute the two closed string graviton - two open string scalar scattering amplitude on the disc to show that there is no second-derivative curvature - scalar coupling term R X^2 in the low-energy effective action of a D-brane in curved space in type ... More

Coherent effects in double-barrier Josephson junctionsDec 07 1999The general solution for ballistic electronic transport through double-barrier Josephson junctions is derived. We show the existence of a regime of phase-coherent transport in which the supercurrent is proportional to the single barrier transparency and ... More

The origin of the first and third generation fermion masses in a technicolor scenarioFeb 19 2003Jan 22 2004We argue that the masses of the first and third fermionic generations, which are respectively of the order of a few MeV up to a hundred GeV, are originated in a dynamical symmetry breaking mechanism leading to masses of the order $\alpha \mu$, where $\alpha$ ... More

On (non)integrability of classical strings in p-brane backgroundsNov 15 2012Jan 07 2013We investigate the question of possible integrability of classical string motion in curved p-brane backgrounds. For example, the D3-brane metric interpolates between the flat and the AdS_5 x S^5 regions in which string propagation is integrable. We find ... More

On the power of non-local boxesApr 18 2005Nov 07 2005A non-local box is a virtual device that has the following property: given that Alice inputs a bit at her end of the device and that Bob does likewise, it produces two bits, one at Alice's end and one at Bob's end, such that the XOR of the outputs is ... More

Casimir effect for scalar fields under Robin boundary conditions on platesJul 31 2000Oct 22 2001We study the Casimir effect for scalar fields with general curvature coupling subject to mixed boundary conditions $(1+\beta_{m}n^{\mu}\partial_{\mu})\phi =0$ at $x=a_{m}$ on one ($m=1$) and two ($m=1,2$) parallel plates at a distance $a\equiv a_{2}-a_{1}$ ... More

Technicolor models with coupled systems of Schwinger-Dyson equationsFeb 28 2019When Technicolor (TC), QCD, Extended Technicolor (ETC) and other interactions become coupled through their different Schwinger-Dyson equations, the solution of these equations are modified in comparison with the ones of the isolated equations. The change ... More

A statistical model of three-dimensional anisotropy and intermittency in strong Alfvénic turbulenceMay 24 2016Dec 14 2016We propose a simple statistical model of three-dimensionally anisotropic, intermittent, strong Alfv\'enic turbulence, incorporating both critical balance and dynamic alignment. Our model is based on log-Poisson statistics for Elsasser-field increments ... More

Semiclassical strings in AdS_5 x S^5 and scalar operators in N=4 SYM theoryJul 26 2004Sep 14 2004We review recent progress in checking AdS/CFT duality in the sector of ''semiclassical'' string states dual to ''long'' scalar operators of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory. In particular, we discuss the effective action approach, in which the same sigma model ... More

Interactions Between Branes and Matrix TheoriesSep 16 1997Oct 06 1997We review some tests of the 0-brane and instanton matrix models based on comparing long-distance interaction potentials between branes and their bound states (with 1/2,1/4 or 1/8 of supersymmetry) in supergravity and in super Yang-Mills descriptions. ... More

No-force condition and BPS combinations of p-branes in 11 and 10 dimensionsSep 26 1996Dec 05 1996The condition of vanishing of static force on a q-brane probe in the gravitational background produced by another p-brane is used to give a simple derivation of the pair-wise intersection rules which govern the construction of BPS combinations of branes. ... More

On singularities of spherically symmetric backgrounds in string theorySep 08 1995We suggest that for singular rotationally invariant closed string backgrounds which need sources for their support at the origin (in particular, for special plane waves and fundamental strings) certain `trivial' \a'-corrections (which are usually ignored ... More

Closed strings in uniform magnetic field backgroundsMay 23 1995We consider a class of conformal models describing closed strings in axially symmetric stationary magnetic flux tube backgrounds. These models are closed string analogs of the Landau model of a particle in a magnetic field or the model of an open string ... More

String cosmology and dilatonJun 17 1992We discuss some aspects of string cosmology with an emphasis on the role played by the dilaton. A cosmological scenario based on the assumption that all spatial dimensions are periodic so that winding modes play an important role is reviewed. A possibility ... More

On limits of superstring in AdS_5 x S^5Jan 15 2002Jan 16 2002The superstring action in AdS_5 x S^5 depends on two parameters: the inverse string tension a' and the radius R. The standard AdS/CFT correspondence requires that the string coordinates are rescaled so that the action depends only on one combination of ... More

Harmonic superpositions of M-branesApr 07 1996Jun 05 1996We present solutions describing supersymmetric configurations of 2 or 3 orthogonally intersecting 2-branes and 5-branes of D=11 supergravity. The configurations which preserve 1/4 or 1/8 of maximal supersymmetry are 2+2, 5+5, 2+5, 2+2+2, 5+5+5, 2+2+5 ... More

Generalised chiral null models and rotating string backgroundsMar 15 1996We consider an extension of a special class of conformal sigma models (`chiral null models') which describe extreme supersymmetric string solutions. The new models contain both `left' and `right' vector couplings and should correspond to non-BPS backgrounds. ... More

Dilaton, winding modes and cosmological solutionsDec 03 1991We review some formal aspects of cosmological solutions in closed string theory with duality symmetric ``matter'' following recent paper with C. Vafa (HUTP-91/A049). We consider two models : when the matter action is the classical action of the fields ... More

On the Recent Results of E835 Experiment at FNALNov 28 2003Feb 06 2004In this note we briefly concern several recent results of E835 Experiment at FNAL that are discussed in the framework of unified picture on hadronic spectra elaborated in our early works. It has been established that new E835 Collaboration results provided ... More

An achromatic polarization retarder realized with slowly varying linear and circular birefringenceMay 02 2011Using the phenomena of linear and circular birefringence we propose a device that can alter general elliptical polarization of a beam by a predetermined amount, thereby allowing conversion between linearly-polarized light and circularly polarized light ... More

Conceptual design of a scalable multi-kton superconducting magnetized liquid Argon TPCOct 11 2005We discuss the possibility of new generation neutrino and astroparticle physics experiments exploiting a superconducting magnetized liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber (LAr TPC). The possibility to complement the features of the LAr TPC with those provided ... More

Ideas for future liquid Argon detectorsSep 13 2004We outline a strategy for future experiments on neutrino and astroparticle physics based on the use, at different detector mass scales (100 ton and 100 kton), of the liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber (LAr TPC) technique. The LAr TPC technology has ... More

Finite Temperature Reduction of the SU(2) Higgs-Model with Complete Static BackgroundMay 31 1994Direct evaluation of the 1-loop fluctuation determinant of non-static degrees of freedom in a complete static background is advocated to be more efficient for the determination of the effective three-dimensional model of the electroweak phase transition ... More

Condensates and instanton - torus knot duality. Hidden Physics at UV scaleDec 29 2014Aug 16 2015We establish the duality between the torus knot superpolynomials or the Poincar\'e polynomials of the Khovanov homology and particular condensates in $\Omega$-deformed 5D supersymmetric QED compactified on a circle with 5d Chern-Simons(CS) term. It is ... More

From Yang-Mills Lagrangian to MHV DiagramsOct 14 2005Jan 18 2006We prove the equivalence of a recently suggested MHV-formalism to the standard Yang-Mills theory. This is achieved by a formally non-local change of variables. In this note we present the explicit formulas while the detailed proofs are postponed to a ... More

Phenomenological Lagrangians, gauge models and branesApr 03 2016May 18 2016Phenomenological Lagrangians for physical systems with spontaneously broken symmetries are reformulated in terms of gauge field theory. Description of the Dirac $p$-branes in terms of the Yang-Mills-Cartan gauge multiplets interacting with gravity, is ... More

On the cancellation of 4-derivative terms in the Volkov-Akulov actionMar 22 2010Sep 01 2010Recently Kuzenko and McCarty observed the cancellation of 4-derivative terms in the $D=4 {\cal N}=1$ Volkov-Akulov supersymmetric action for the fermionic Nambu-Goldstone field. Here is presented a simple algebraic proof of the cancellation based on using ... More

Tension as a Perturbative Parameter in Non--Linear String Equations in Curved Space--TimeJun 04 1996A perturbation theory with respect to tension parameter $\gamma/\alpha^\prime$ for the non--linear equations of string, moving in curved space--time is considered. Obtained are linearized motion equations for the functions of the $n-$th degree of approximation ... More

Gauge theory approach to branes and spontaneous symmetry breakingSep 01 2015Apr 08 2016Gauge theory approach to consideration of the Nambu-Goldstone bosons as gauge and vector fields represented by the Cartan forms of spontaneously broken symmetries, is discussed. The approach is generalized to describe the fundamental branes in terms of ... More

On brane symmetriesSep 23 2014The geometric approach to branes is reformulated in terms of gauge vector fields interacting with massless tensor multiplets in gravitational backgrounds

Gauge fields beyond perturbation theoryOct 30 2013A new formulation of nonabelian gauge theories, introducing new ghost fields and new symmetry is proposed. This formulation does not suffer from Gribov ambiguity and allows to quantize nonabelian gauge fields beyond perturbation theory.

Chiral symmetry in lattice QCDOct 30 2000A chiral invariant effective action for lattice QCD is proposed. Its connection to the multifermion model is established. A possibility of using this action for computer simulations is discussed.

Decoupling of the longitudinal polarization of the vector field in the massless Higgs-Kibble modelMay 28 2012It is shown that the three dimensionally longitudinal component of the vector field decouples in the massless limit of nonabelian Higgs model.

Higgs mechanism as a collective effect due to extra dimensionApr 07 2006A systematic analysis of the unitary electroweak model described by the higher derivative Lagrangian depending on extra dimension [1] is presented.

Gauge invariance of dimension two condensate in Yang-Mills theoryJul 22 2004Gauge independence of dimension two condensate in Yang-Mills theory is demonstrated by using a noncommutative theory technique.

Renormalization by enforcing a symmetryApr 26 2001A new renormalization scheme for theories with nontrivial internal symmetry is proposed. The scheme is regularization independent and respects the symmetry requirements.

Negative longitudinal magnetoresistance in Dirac and Weyl metalsMay 07 2015Jun 29 2015It has recently been found that Dirac and Weyl metals are characterized by an unusual weak-field longitudinal magnetoresistance: large, negative, and quadratic in the magnetic field. This has been shown to arise from chiral anomaly, i.e. nonconservation ... More