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3D photo-responsive optical devices manufactured by advanced printing technologiesApr 12 2019Photonic components responsive to external optical stimuli are attracting increasing interest, because their properties can be manipulated by light with fast switching times, high spatial definition, and potentially remote control. These aspects can be ... More

A Stochastic Operator Approach to Model Inadequacy with Applications to Contaminant TransportFeb 24 2017The mathematical models used to represent physical phenomena are generally known to be imperfect representations of reality. Model inadequacies arise for numerous reasons, such as incomplete knowledge of the phenomena or computational intractability of ... More

Low-defectiveness exfoliation of MoS2 nanoparticles and their embedment in hybrid light-emitting polymer nanofibersNov 17 2018Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has been attracting extraordinary attention for its intriguing optical, electronic and mechanical properties. Here we demonstrate hybrid, organic-inorganic light-emitting nanofibers based on MoS2 nanoparticle dopants obtained ... More

Nanowire-Intensified MEF in Hybrid Polymer-Plasmonic Electrospun FilamentsApr 15 2018Hybrid polymer-plasmonic nanostructures might combine high enhancement of localized fields from metal nanoparticles with light confinement and long-range transport in subwavelength dielectric structures. Here we report on the complex behavior of fluorophores ... More

Effects of the stellar wind on X-ray spectra of Cygnus X-3Oct 30 2007Feb 04 2008We study X-ray spectra of Cyg X-3 from BeppoSAX, taking into account absorption and emission in the strong stellar wind of its companion. We find the intrinsic X-ray spectra are well modelled by disc blackbody emission, its upscattering by hot electrons ... More

On open superstring partition function in inhomogeneous rolling tachyon backgroundOct 27 2003Jan 27 2004We consider open superstring partition function Z on the disc in time-dependent tachyon background T= f(x_i) e^{m x_0} where the profile function f depends on spatial coordinates. We compute Z to second order in derivatives of f and compare the result ... More

On gravitational couplings in D-brane actionNov 12 2002Oct 26 2004We compute the two closed string graviton - two open string scalar scattering amplitude on the disc to show that there is no second-derivative curvature - scalar coupling term R X^2 in the low-energy effective action of a D-brane in curved space in type ... More

Coherent effects in double-barrier Josephson junctionsDec 07 1999The general solution for ballistic electronic transport through double-barrier Josephson junctions is derived. We show the existence of a regime of phase-coherent transport in which the supercurrent is proportional to the single barrier transparency and ... More

The origin of the first and third generation fermion masses in a technicolor scenarioFeb 19 2003Jan 22 2004We argue that the masses of the first and third fermionic generations, which are respectively of the order of a few MeV up to a hundred GeV, are originated in a dynamical symmetry breaking mechanism leading to masses of the order $\alpha \mu$, where $\alpha$ ... More

On (non)integrability of classical strings in p-brane backgroundsNov 15 2012Jan 07 2013We investigate the question of possible integrability of classical string motion in curved p-brane backgrounds. For example, the D3-brane metric interpolates between the flat and the AdS_5 x S^5 regions in which string propagation is integrable. We find ... More

On the power of non-local boxesApr 18 2005Nov 07 2005A non-local box is a virtual device that has the following property: given that Alice inputs a bit at her end of the device and that Bob does likewise, it produces two bits, one at Alice's end and one at Bob's end, such that the XOR of the outputs is ... More

Casimir effect for scalar fields under Robin boundary conditions on platesJul 31 2000Oct 22 2001We study the Casimir effect for scalar fields with general curvature coupling subject to mixed boundary conditions $(1+\beta_{m}n^{\mu}\partial_{\mu})\phi =0$ at $x=a_{m}$ on one ($m=1$) and two ($m=1,2$) parallel plates at a distance $a\equiv a_{2}-a_{1}$ ... More

Technicolor models with coupled systems of Schwinger-Dyson equationsFeb 28 2019When Technicolor (TC), QCD, Extended Technicolor (ETC) and other interactions become coupled through their different Schwinger-Dyson equations, the solution of these equations are modified in comparison with the ones of the isolated equations. The change ... More

A statistical model of three-dimensional anisotropy and intermittency in strong Alfvénic turbulenceMay 24 2016Dec 14 2016We propose a simple statistical model of three-dimensionally anisotropic, intermittent, strong Alfv\'enic turbulence, incorporating both critical balance and dynamic alignment. Our model is based on log-Poisson statistics for Elsasser-field increments ... More

Exact string background from a WZW model based on the Heisenberg groupMar 07 1994A WZW model for the non-semi-simple D-dimensional Heisenberg group, which directly generalizes the E_{2}^{c} group, is constructed. It is found to correspond to an D-dimensional string background of plane-wave type with physical Lorentz signature D-2. ... More

Notes on non-thermal X-ray radiation of radio supernova remnant W50 and collimated radiation of SS433Jun 19 2013Diffuse X-ray emission of the radio nebula W50 along the line of the of jets of the microquasar SS433 has a non-thermal power law component. This could be the inverse-Compton scattered emission of the SS433 accretion disk funnel, which is collimated in ... More

Next-to-next-to-leading order vacuum polarization function of heavy quark near threshold and sum rules for $b \bar b$ systemMar 16 1998Apr 06 1998A correlator of the vector current of a heavy quark is computed analytically near threshold in the next-to-next-to-leading order in perturbative and relativistic expansion that includes $\al_s^2$, $\al_sv$ and $v^2$ corrections in the coupling constant ... More

Comment on ``Next-to-next-to-leading order vacuum polarization function of heavy quark near threshold and sum rules for $b \bar b$ system'' and ``Next-to-next-to-leading order relation between $R(e^+e^-\to b\bar b)$ and $Γ_{\rm sl}(b\to clν_l)$ and precise ... MoreJan 19 1999The most recent recalculation of the two-loop correction to the static quark-antiquark potential gave the numerical value different from the previously known one. We comment on the effect this change produces on the numerical estimates of the bottom quark ... More

Extended analysis of the "penguin" part of $K\toππ$ amplitudeMar 14 1995We make an attempt to clarify the role of the annihilation or "penguin" mode in the description of the $K\rightarrow\pi\pi$ decay within the Standard Model. The attention is concentrated on new operators in the effective $\Delta S=1$ Hamiltonian and the ... More

Ambiguity-free formulation of the Higgs-Kibble modelOct 05 2010A renormalizable ambiguity-free formulation of the Higgs-Kibble model is proposed.

Quantum-Limited Amplification via Reservoir EngineeringNov 01 2013Apr 08 2014We describe a new kind of phase-preserving quantum amplifier which utilizes dissipative interactions in a parametrically-coupled three-mode bosonic system. The use of dissipative interactions provides a fundamental advantage over standard cavity-based ... More

Crossed Andreev reflection in diffusive contactsNov 06 2006Crossed Andreev reflection in multiterminal structures in the diffusive regime is addressed within the quasiclassical Keldysh-Usadel formalism. The elastic cotunneling and crossed Andreev reflection of quasiparticles give nonlocal currents and voltages ... More

Light composite scalar boson from a see-saw mechanism in two-scale TC modelsJun 25 2015We consider the possibility of a light composite scalar boson arising from mass mixing between a relatively light and heavy scalar singlets in a see-saw mechanism expected to occur in two-scale Technicolor (TC) models. A light composite scalar boson can ... More

Limit on the fermion masses in technicolor modelsAug 21 2003Recently it has been pointed out that no limits can be put on the scale of fermion mass generation $(M)$ in technicolor models, because the relation between the fermion masses $(m_f)$ and $M$ depends on the dimensionality of the interaction responsible ... More

Dynamical Symmetry Breaking in a Minimal 3-3-1 ModelOct 11 2012The gauge symmetry breaking in some versions of 3-3-1 models can be implemented dynamically because at the scale of a few TeVs the $U(1)_X$ coupling constant becomes strong. In this work we consider the dynamical symmetry breaking in a minimal $SU(3)_{{}_{TC}}\times ... More

Energy criterion to select the behavior of dynamical masses in technicolor modelsMay 05 2002We propose a quite general ansatz for the dynamical mass in technicolor models. We impose on this ansatz the condition for formation of the tightest composite boson state, or the criterion that it should lead to the deepest minimum of energy. This criterion ... More

Quantum corrections to energy of short spinning string in AdS5Jun 29 2008Feb 02 2009Motivated by desire to shed light on the strong coupling behaviour of anomalous dimensions of "short" gauge theory operators we consider the famous example of folded spinning string in AdS_5 in the limit of small semiclassical spin parameter \S = S/sqrt[lambda]. ... More

A statistical model of three-dimensional anisotropy and intermittency in strong Alfvénic turbulenceMay 24 2016We propose a simple statistical model of three-dimensionally anisotropic, intermittent, strong Alfv\'enic turbulence, incorporating both critical balance and dynamic alignment. Our model is based on log-Poisson statistics for Elsasser-field increments ... More

One- and many-body effects on mirages in quantum corralsAug 27 2002May 23 2003Recent interesting experiments used scanning tunneling microscopy to study systems involving Kondo impurities in quantum corrals assembled on Cu or noble metal surfaces. The solution of the two-dimensional one-particle Schrodinger equation in a hard wall ... More

New results for the missing quantum numbers labeling the quadrupole and octupole boson basisMay 24 2004Oct 27 2004The many $2^k$-pole boson states, $|N_kv_k\alpha_k I_kM_k>$ with $k=2,3$, realize the irreducible representation (IR) for the group reduction chains $SU(2k+1)\supset R_{2k+1}\supset R_3\supset R_2$. They have been analytically studied and widely used ... More

Technicolor models with coupled systems of Schwinger-Dyson equationsFeb 28 2019Mar 15 2019When Technicolor (TC), QCD, Extended Technicolor (ETC) and other interactions become coupled through their different Schwinger-Dyson equations, the solution of these equations are modified in comparison with the ones of the isolated equations. The change ... More

Bottom quark pole mass and $|V_{cb}|$ matrix element from $R(e^+e^-\to b\bar b)$ and $Γ_{sl}(b\to clν_l)$ in the next-to-next-to-leading orderJul 20 1998Mar 19 1999We present a consistent analysis of $\Upsilon$ sum rules and $B$-meson semileptonic width in the next-to-next-to-leading order in the strong coupling constant. The analysis is based on the analytical result for the heavy quark vector current correlator ... More

Practical techniques of QCD vs exact results of solvable modelsDec 30 1996Jul 14 1997We check quantitatively the validity of some popular phenomenological approaches of QCD in simple models. Dispersion sum rules are considered within the ladder approximation of a field-theoretic model with OPE given by ordinary loop diagrams which are ... More

Thin topological insulator film in a perpendicular magnetic fieldMar 10 2011May 10 2011We report on a study of an ultrathin topological insulator film with hybridization between the top and bottom surfaces, placed in a quantizing perpendicular magnetic field. We calculate the full Landau level spectrum of the film as a function of the applied ... More

A study of RXTE and BeppoSAX observations of Cyg X-3Jan 14 2004We present an analysis of Cyg X-3 data from RXTE/PCA,HEXTE and ASM, supplemented by a selected spectrum from BeppoSAX. We fit the PCA/HEXTE spectra from 1996-2000 by a model including hybrid Comptonization, reflection and absorption, and classify them ... More

Non-reciprocal quantum interactions and devices via autonomous feed-forwardOct 20 2016In a recent work [A. Metelmann and A. A. Clerk, Phys. Rev. X 5, 021025 (2015)], a general reservoir-engineering approach for generating non-reciprocal quantum interactions and devices was described. We show here how in many cases this general recipe can ... More

Deciphering the minimum of energy of some walking technicolor modelsMay 11 2010There are quasi-conformal theories, like the Minimal and Ultraminimal Technicolor models, which may break dynamically the gauge symmetry of the Standard Model and at the same time are compatible with electroweak precision data. The main characteristic ... More

Strength of the Trilinear Higgs Boson Coupling in Technicolor ModelsOct 14 2005Oct 20 2005We discuss the strength of the trilinear Higgs boson coupling in technicolor (or composite) models in a model independent way. The coupling is determined as a function of a very general ansatz for the technicolor self-energy, and turns out to be equal ... More

Scalar bosons in Minimal and Ultraminimal Technicolor: Masses, trilinear couplings and widthsDec 05 2009May 04 2010We compute masses, trilinear self-couplings and decay widths into weak bosons of the scalar composite bosons in the case of the Minimal and Ultraminimal technicolor models. The masses, computed via the Bethe-Salpeter equation, turn out to be light and ... More

Graph homology: Koszul and Verdier dualityFeb 12 2007We show that Verdier duality for certain sheaves on the moduli spaces of graphs associated to Koszul operads corresponds to Koszul duality of operads. This in particular gives a conceptual explanation of the appearance of graph cohomology of both the ... More

Top quark threshold production in $γγ$ collision in the next-to-leading orderOct 27 1998Apr 23 1999The total cross section of the top quark-antiquark pair production near threshold in $\gamma\gamma$ collision is computed analytically up to the next-to-leading order in perturbative and nonrelativistic expansion for general photon helicity. The approximation ... More

On a subtle point of sum rules calculations: toy modelMar 30 1995We consider a two-point correlator in massless $\phi^3$ model within the ladder approximation . The spectral density of the correlator is known explicitly and does not contain any resonances. Meanwhile making use of the standard sum rules technique with ... More

Topological response in Weyl semimetals and the chiral anomalyJun 08 2012Sep 25 2012We demonstrate that topological transport phenomena, characteristic of Weyl semimetals, namely the semi-quantized anomalous Hall effect and the chiral magnetic effect (equilibrium magnetic-field-driven current), may be thought of as two distinct manifestations ... More

Phi-Homological Properties of Beurling AlgebrasJan 11 2014In this paper, we investigate $\phi$-homological properties for Beurling algebras, where $\phi$ is a character on those Banach algebras. We show that $L^{1}(G,w)$ is $\phi_{0}$-biprojective if and only if $G$ is compact, where $\phi_{0}$ is the augmentation ... More

Efficiency limits of diffusive shock accelerationAug 10 2007It is well accepted today that diffusive acceleration in shocks results to the cosmic ray spectrum formation. This is in principle true for non-relativistic shocks, since there is a detailed theory covering a large range of their properties and the resulting ... More

Electromagnetic theory of sound and phonons in liquidMar 02 2016Apr 05 2016Sound waves in and dielectric liquid, that consists of subsystems of valency electrons with effective mass and ions which interact through the long-wave potential electric field are considered, on analogies with and metallic liquid, but with the requirement, ... More

Seiberg-Witten Systems and Whitham Hierarchies: a Short ReviewSep 28 1998Oct 05 1998We briefly review the Whitham hierarchies and their applications to integrable systems of the Seiberg-Witten type. The simplest example of the N=2 supersymmetric SU(2) pure gauge theory is considered in detail and the corresponding Whitham solutions are ... More

Solutions to the reflection equation and integrable systems for N=2 SQCD with classical groupsFeb 03 1999Integrable systems underlying the Seiberg-Witten solutions for the N=2 SQCD with gauge groups SO(n) and Sp(n) are proposed. They are described by the inhomogeneous XXX spin chain with specific boundary conditions given by reflection matrices. We attribute ... More

Gauge string in the fermion asymmetric matterAug 24 1999Two new effects of interaction of the gauge string with a homogeneous density of fermions are considered in a gauge model with an anomalous coupling of vector fields with fermions. First, the presence of an induced nonzero magnetic-like helicity on the ... More

Fermi LAT Observation of Diffuse Gamma-Rays Produced Through Interactions between Local Interstellar Matter and High Energy Cosmic RaysAug 08 2009Aug 26 2009Observations by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on the \textit{Fermi} mission of diffuse $\gamma$-rays in a mid-latitude region in the third quadrant (Galactic longitude $l$ from $200\arcdeg$ to $260\arcdeg$ and latitude $| b |$ from $22\arcdeg$ to $60\arcdeg$) ... More

Fermi Large Area Telescope Bright Gamma-ray Source ListFeb 08 2009May 19 2009Following its launch in June 2008, the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi) began a sky survey in August. The Large Area Telescope (LAT) on Fermi in 3 months produced a deeper and better-resolved map of the gamma-ray sky than any previous space mission. ... More

Fermi-LAT Observations of Two Gamma-Ray Emission Components from the Quiescent SunApr 11 2011We report the detection of high-energy gamma rays from the quiescent Sun with the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on board the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope (Fermi) during the first 18 months of the mission. These observations correspond to the recent period ... More

Observation of Supernova Remnant IC443 with the Fermi Large Area TelescopeFeb 10 2010We report observation of the supernova remnant IC443 (G189.1+3.0) with the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope Large Area Telescope (LAT) in the energy band between 200MeV and 50GeV. IC443 is a shell-type supernova remnant with mixed morphology located off ... More

The Vela Pulsar: Results from the First Year of Fermi LAT ObservationsFeb 22 2010We report on analysis of timing and spectroscopy of the Vela pulsar using eleven months of observations with the Large Area Telescope on the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope. The intrinsic brightness of Vela at GeV energies combined with the angular resolution ... More

Measuring Vacuum Polarization with Josephson JunctionsMar 06 2010We argue that the vacuum polarization by the virtual electron-positron pairs can be measured by studying a Josephson junction in a strong magnetic field. The vacuum polarization results in a weak dependence of the Josephson constant on the magnetic field ... More

The mass of $η_b$May 26 2009In this paper we briefly review the advances and problems in the QCD theory of the $\eta_b$ mass.

The Discovery of Cherenkov Radiation and its use in the detection of extensive air showersJan 24 2011Cascades of charged particles are created when high-energy cosmic rays enter the earth's atmosphere: these 'extensive air-showers' are studied to gain information on the energy spectrum, arrival direction distribution and mass composition of the particles ... More

Highlights from the Pierre Auger Obseervatory - the birth of the hybrid eraJan 15 2008Highlights from the Pierre Auger Observatory are presented. In particular there is a detailed discussion of of the cosmic ray energy spectrum from 0.3 EeV to 100 EeV and of the mass composition above 1 EeV.

The mass composition of cosmic rays above 10^17 eVAug 05 2004It is shown that our knowledge of the mass composition of cosmic rays is deficient at all energies above 10^17 eV. Systematic differences between different measurements are discussed and, in particular, it is argued that there is no compelling evidence ... More

Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays: the present position and the need for mass composition measurementsDec 18 2003The present situation with regard to experimental data on ultra high-energy cosmic rays is briefly reviewed. Whilst detailed knowledge of the shape of the energy spectrum is still lacking, it is clear that events above 10^20 eV do exist. Evidence for ... More

Shadowing of Ultrahigh Energy NeutrinosMar 22 1996The rise with energy of the neutrino--nucleon cross section implies that at energies above few TeV the Earth is becoming opaque to cosmic neutrinos. The neutrinos interact with the nucleons through the weak charged current, resulting into absorption, ... More

Metal-insulator transitions and the effects of electron-electron interactions in two-dimensional electron systemsMay 24 2004Mar 07 2005Experimental results on the metal-insulator transitions and the anomalous properties of strongly interacting two-dimensional electron systems are reviewed and critically analyzed. Special attention is given to recent results for the strongly enhanced ... More

Radiative Transfer Effects on the Lya ForestOct 09 2005Strong observational evidence for a fluctuating ultraviolet background (UVB) has been accumulating through a number of studies of the HI and HeII Lya forest as well as accurate IGM metallicity measurements. UVB fluctuations could arise both from the inhomogeneous ... More

Tsallis statistics as a tool for studying interstellar turbulenceMay 15 2009Dec 09 2009We used magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations of interstellar turbulence to study the probability distribution functions (PDFs) of increments of density, velocity, and magnetic field. We found that the PDFs are well described by a Tsallis distribution, ... More

Strong Imbalanced TurbulenceSep 05 2007Jul 07 2008We consider stationary, forced, imbalanced, or cross-helical MHD Alfvenic turbulence where the waves traveling in one direction have higher amplitudes than the opposite waves. This paper is dedicated to so-called strong turbulence, which cannot be treated ... More

BRST-Invariant Deformations of Geometric Structures in Sigma ModelsOct 06 2011We study a Lie algebra of formal vector fields $W_n$ with its application to the perturbative deformed holomorphic symplectic structure in the A-model, and a Calabi-Yau manifold with boundaries in the B-model. We show that equivalent classes of deformations ... More

Dynamics of a nano-scale rotor driven by single-electron tunnelingApr 26 2012We investigate theoretically the dynamics and the charge transport properties of a rod-shaped nano-scale rotor, which is driven by a similar mechanism as the nanomechanical single-electron transistor (NEMSET). We show that a static electric potential ... More

Eigenvalue conjecture and colored Alexander polynomialsOct 10 2016We connect two important conjectures in the theory of knot polynomials. The first one is the property Al_R(q) = Al_{[1]}(q^{|R|}) for all single hook Young diagrams R, which is known to hold for all knots. The second conjecture claims that all the mixing ... More

On AGT relation in the case of U(3)Aug 18 2009Sep 09 2009We consider the AGT relation, expressing conformal blocks for the Virasoro and W-algebras in terms of Nekrasov's special functions, in the simplest case of the 4-point functions for the first non-trivial W_3 algebra. The standard set of Nekrasov functions ... More

Is Strong Gravitational Radiation predicted by TeV-Gravity?Dec 06 2006In TeV-gravity models the gravitational coupling to particles with energies E\sim m_{Pl} \sim 10 TeV is not suppressed by powers of ultra-small ratio E/M_{Pl} with M_{Pl} \sim 10^{19} GeV. Therefore one could imagine strong synchrotron radiation of gravitons ... More

Is pentaquark doublet a hadronic molecule?Jul 16 2015A recently announced discovery by LHCb of a doublet of overlapping pentaquark resonances poses a question of what can be the origin of this doublet structure. We attract attention to the fact that such degeneracy could naturally arise if constituent "baryon" ... More

Virasoro constraints for Kontsevich-Hurwitz partition functionJul 17 2008Sep 14 2008M.Kazarian and S.Lando found a 1-parametric interpolation between Kontsevich and Hurwitz partition functions, which entirely lies within the space of KP tau-functions. V.Bouchard and M.Marino suggested that this interpolation satisfies some deformed Virasoro ... More

Radiation Beyond Four Space-Time DimensionsMar 09 2007We present a list of formulas describing classical radiation of the rank s tensor field from an accelerated point-like source in flat space-time of arbitrary even dimension d. This allows straightforward evaluating the total intensity and radiated momentum ... More

The ground state of the Pomeron and its decays to light mesons and photonsApr 06 2016Jul 04 2016The problem of the timelike Pomeron coupling to light mesons and photons is considered in light of available data on high-energy meson-proton scattering. Possible correspondence of $f_2(1950)$ resonance to the ground state of the Pomeron is argued.

A gradient catastrophe mechanism in contexts of the phase change conditionJan 09 2016The paper describes the mechanism of occurrence of a gradient catastrophe when changing phase. Materials shows that classical methods of estimation theory of functions do not fit the problem of studying the gradient catastrophe. We present material showing ... More

Quantum Law of Motion: Analysis and Extension to Higher DimensionsOct 05 2008In this paper, we review the recently formulated quantum laws of motion and provide new observations. We also extend these laws to higher dimensions. By applying in two dimensions the obtained relations to charge submitted to an electric central potential, ... More

Rational functions with real critical points and the B. and M. Shapiro conjecture in real enumerative geometryMay 11 2004Suppose that 2d-2 tangent lines to the rational normal curve z\mapsto (1 : z : ... : z^d) in d-dimensional complex projective space are given. It was known that the number of codimension 2 subspaces intersecting all these lines is always finite; for a ... More

Network growth with preferential attachment and without "rich get richer" mechanismJul 02 2015We propose a simple preferential attachment model of growing network using the complementary probability of Barab\'asi-Albert (BA) model, i.e., $\Pi(k_i) \propto 1-\frac{k_i}{\sum_j k_j}$. In this network, new nodes are preferentially attached to not ... More

Stellar magnetism, winds and their effects on planetary environmentsAug 12 2016Here, I review some recent works on magnetism of cool, main-sequence stars, their winds and potential impact on surrounding exoplanets. The winds of these stars are very tenuous and persist during their lifetime. Although carrying just a small fraction ... More

Dilute Fermi gas: kinetic and interaction energiesJan 13 2004A dilute homogeneous 3D Fermi gas in the ground state is considered for the case of a repulsive pairwise interaction. The low-density (dilution) expansions for the kinetic and interaction energies of the system in question are calculated up to the third ... More

Averaging in cosmological models using scalarsAug 28 2009The averaging problem in cosmology is of considerable importance for the correct interpretation of cosmological data. A rigorous mathematical definition of averaging in a cosmological model is necessary. In general, a spacetime is completely characterized ... More

Cosmological Observations: Averaging on the Null ConeMay 14 2009The universe is not isotropic or spatially homogeneous on local scales. The averaging of local inhomogeneities in general relativity can lead to significant dynamical effects on the evolution of the universe and on the interpretation of cosmological data. ... More

A Class of Exact Classical Solutions to String TheoryNov 07 2002We show that the recently obtained class of spacetimes for which all of the scalar curvature invariants vanish (which can be regarded as generalizations of pp-wave spacetimes) are exact solutions in string theory to all perturbative orders in the string ... More

The Dynamics of Brane-World Cosmological ModelsApr 09 2005Brane-world cosmology is motivated by recent developments in string/M-theory and offers a new perspective on the hierarchy problem. In the brane-world scenario, our Universe is a four-dimensional subspace or {\em brane} embedded in a higher-dimensional ... More

Interface resistance in ferromagnet/superconductor junctionsJul 13 1999Results of theoretical study of spin-polarized tunneling in ferromagnet/superconductor junctions are presented. Spin and charge currents are calculated as a function of applied voltage and spin polarization in a ferromagnet. The model takes into account ... More

Local potential approximation for the renormalization group flow of fermionic field theoriesJun 11 2013Sep 30 2013The second functional derivative of the effective potential of pure fermionic field theories is rewritten in a factorized form which facilitates the evaluation of the renormalisation flow rate of the effective action in the Wetterich equation. It is applied ... More

Squeezed gluon vacuum and the global colour model of QCDSep 13 1999We discuss how the vacuum model of Celenza and Shakin with a squeezed gluon condensate can explain the existence of an infrared singular gluon propagator frequently used in calculations within the global colour model. In particular, it reproduces a recently ... More

Short Distance QCD Contribution to the Electroweak Mass Difference of PionsMar 14 1997It is known that the short distance QCD contribution to the mass difference of pions is quadratic on the quark masses, and irrelevant with respect to the long distance part. It is also considered in the literature that its calculation contain infinities, ... More

Weyl anomaly of conformal higher spins on six-sphereOct 07 2013Nov 10 2013This paper is a sequel to arXiv:1309.0785 were we computed the Weyl anomaly a-coefficient on d-sphere for higher-derivative conformal higher spin field in d=4 and shown that it matches the expression found in arXiv:1306.5242 by a "holographic" method ... More

Quantum strings in AdS5 x S5 and AdS/CFT dualityJul 18 2009Sep 23 2009We review some recent progress in understanding the spectrum of energies/dimensions of strings/operators in AdS5 x S5 -- planar N=4 super Yang-Mills correspondence. We consider leading strong coupling corrections to the energy of lightest massive string ... More

Semiclassical quantization of superstrings: AdS_5 x S^5 and beyondSep 13 2002We discuss semiclassical quantization of closed superstrings in AdS_5 x S^5. We consider two basic examples: point-like string boosted along large circle of S^5 and folded string rotating in AdS_5. In the first case we clarify the general structure of ... More

Superstrings in AdS in light cone gaugeSep 27 2000Sep 28 2000We discuss light-cone gauge description of type IIB Green-Schwarz superstring in AdS_5 x S^5 with a hope to make progress towards understanding spectrum of this theory. As in flat space, fixing light cone gauge consists of two steps: (i) fixing kappa ... More

Composite black holes in string theoryAug 17 1996We discuss special supersymmetric extreme black holes in 4 and 5 dimensions which have regular horizons, non-zero entropy and can be interpreted as compactifications of BPS bound states of p-branes in 10 or 11 dimensions.

Extremal black hole entropy from conformal string sigma modelMay 14 1996Jul 21 1996We present string-theory derivation of the semiclassical entropy of extremal dyonic black holes in the approach based on conformal sigma model (NS-NS embedding of the classical solution). We demonstrate (resolving some puzzles existed in previous related ... More

Extreme dyonic black holes in string theoryFeb 01 1996Sep 09 1996Supersymmetric extreme dyonic black holes of toroidally compactified heterotic or type II string theory can be viewed as lower-dimensional images of solitonic strings wound around a compact dimension. We consider conformal sigma models which describe ... More

Effective action of gauged WZW model and exact string solutionsJan 06 1993Feb 25 1993We suggest how to derive the exact (all order in $\a'$) expressions for the background fields for string solutions corresponding to gauged WZW models directly at the $2d$ field theory level. One is first to replace the classical gauged WZW action by the ... More

Finite sigma models and exact string solutions with Minkowski signature metricNov 13 1992We consider $2d$ sigma models with a $D=2+N$ - dimensional Minkowski signature target space metric having a covariantly constant null Killing vector. These models are UV finite. The $2+N$-dimensional target space metric can be explicitly determined for ... More

String vacuum backgrounds with covariantly constant null Killing vector and 2d quantum gravitySep 08 1992Sep 21 1992We consider a $2d$ sigma model with a $2+N$ - dimensional Minkowski signature target space metric having a covariantly constant null Killing vector. We study solutions of the conformal invariance conditions in $2+N$ dimensions and find that generic solutions ... More

Cosmological solutions with dilaton and maximally symmetric space in string theoryMar 12 1992May 21 1992We discuss time - dependent solutions of the leading order string effective equations for a non-zero central charge deficit and curved maximally symmetric space. Some regular solutions are found for the case of non-trivial antisymmetric tensor and vector ... More

Semiclassical strings and AdS/CFTSep 29 2004We discuss AdS/CFT duality in the sector of ``semiclassical'' string states with large quantum numbers. We review the coherent-state effective action approach, in which similar 2d sigma model actions appear from the AdS_5 x S^5 string action and from ... More