total 217522took 0.12s

Comment on the "Decrease of the surface resistance in superconducting niobium resonator cavities by the microwave field"May 12 2014In a recent publication [Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 092601 (2014)] Ciovati et al. claim that: 1) thermal effects were disregarded in our original work [*]; 2) increase of $Q$ at $T=2$ K up to about $B\sim$100 mT in nitrogen doped cavities is just an extended ... More

Dependence of the microwave surface resistance of superconducting niobium on the magnitude of the rf fieldApr 16 2013Utilizing difference in temperature dependencies we decoupled BCS and residual components of the microwave surface resistance of superconducting niobium at all rf fields up to $B_\mathrm{rf}\sim110$ mT. We reveal that the residual resistance decreases ... More

Frequency dependence of trapped flux sensitivity in SRF cavitiesNov 16 2017In this letter, we present the frequency dependence of the vortex surface resistance of bulk niobium accelerating cavities as a function of different state-of-the-art surface treatments. Higher flux surface resistance per amount of trapped magnetic field ... More

Dependence of the residual surface resistance of superconducting RF cavities on the cooling dynamics around $T_\mathrm{c}$Jan 30 2014Mar 07 2014We report a strong effect of the cooling dynamics through $T_\mathrm{c}$ on the amount of trapped external magnetic flux in superconducting niobium cavities. The effect is similar for fine grain and single crystal niobium and all surface treatments including ... More

Proximity breakdown of hydrides in superconducting niobium cavitiesDec 14 2012Jan 13 2013Many modern and proposed future particle accelerators rely on superconducting radio frequency cavities made of bulk niobium as primary particle accelerating structures. Such cavities suffer from the anomalous field dependence of their quality factors ... More

Ultra-high quality factors in superconducting niobium cavities in ambient magnetic fields up to 190 mGOct 29 2014Ambient magnetic field, if trapped in the penetration depth, leads to the residual resistance and therefore sets the limit for the achievable quality factors in superconducting niobium resonators for particle accelerators. Here we show that a complete ... More

Cooling Dynamics Through Transition Temperature of Niobium SRF Cavities Captured by Temperature MappingApr 17 2015Apr 20 2015Cool-down dynamics of superconducting accelerating cavities became particularly important for obtaining very high quality factors in SRF cavities. Previous studies proved that when cavity is cooled fast, the quality factor is higher than when cavity is ... More

Strong Meissner screening change in superconducting radio frequency cavities due to mild bakingNov 27 2013We investigate "hot" regions with anomalous high field dissipation in bulk niobium superconducting radio frequency cavities for particle accelerators by using low energy muon spin rotation (LE-$\mu$SR) on corresponding cavity cutouts. We demonstrate that ... More

Three-dimensional superconducting resonators at $T < 20$ mK with the photon lifetime up to $τ=2$ secondsOct 08 2018Very high quality factor superconducting radio frequency cavities developed for accelerators can offer a path to a 1000-fold increase in the achievable coherence times for cavity-stored quantum states in the 3D circuit QED architecture. Here we report ... More

Magnetic Flux Dynamics in Horizontally Cooled Superconducting CavitiesFeb 25 2015Apr 17 2015Previous studies on magnetic flux expulsion as a function of cooling details have been performed for superconducting niobium cavities with the cavity beam axis placed parallel respect to the helium cooling flow, and findings showed that for sufficient ... More

Muon spin rotation studies of niobium for superconducting RF applicationsMar 26 2013Mar 31 2013In this work we investigate superconducting properties of niobium samples via application of the muon spin rotation/relaxation (muSR) technique. We employ for the first time the muSR technique to study samples that are cutout from large and small grain ... More

Insight into bulk niobium superconducting RF cavities performances by tunneling spectroscopyMay 16 2018Point contact tunneling (PCT) spectroscopy measurements are reported over wide areas of cm-sized cut outs from niobium superconducting RF cavities. A comparison is made between a high-quality, conventionally processed (CP) cavity with a high field Q drop ... More

Achievement of Ultra-High Quality Factor in Prototype Cryomodule for LCLS-IIDec 21 2018Jan 08 2019Quality factor is a primary cost driver for high energy, continuous wave (CW) SRF linacs like the LCLS-II X-ray free electron laser currently under construction. Taking this into account, several innovations were introduced in the LCLS-II cryomodule design ... More

Effect of interstitial impurities on the field dependent microwave surface resistance of niobiumJun 13 2016Previous work has demonstrated that the radio frequency surface resistance of niobium resonators is dramatically reduced when nitrogen impurities are dissolved as interstitial in the material. The origin of this effect is attributed to the lowering of ... More

Advancement in the understanding of the field and frequency dependent microwave surface resistance of niobiumJul 24 2017The radio-frequency surface resistance of niobium resonators is incredibly reduced when nitrogen impurities are dissolved as interstitial in the material, conferring ultra-high Q-factors at medium values of accelerating field. This effect has been observed ... More

Quench-Induced Degradation of the Quality Factor in Superconducting ResonatorsMay 01 2016Quench of superconducting radio-frequency cavities frequently leads to the lowered quality factor Q0, which had been attributed to the additional trapped magnetic flux. Here we demonstrate that the origin of this magnetic flux is purely extrinsic to the ... More

Nitrogen and argon doping of niobium for superconducting radio frequency cavities: a pathway to highly efficient accelerating structuresJun 03 2013Jun 24 2013We report a surface treatment that systematically improves the quality factor of niobium radio frequency cavities beyond the expected limit for niobium. A combination of annealing in a partial pressure of nitrogen or argon gas and subsequent electropolishing ... More

Efficient expulsion of magnetic flux in superconducting RF cavities for high $Q_0$ applicationsSep 14 2015Feb 13 2016Even when cooled through its transition temperature in the presence of an external magnetic field, a superconductor can expel nearly all external magnetic flux. This Letter presents an experimental study to identify the parameters that most strongly influence ... More

The Effect of Mechanical Cold Work on the Magnetic Flux Expulsion of NiobiumApr 19 2018Expulsion of ambient flux has been shown to be crucial to obtain high quality factors in bulk niobium SRF cavities. However, there remain many questions as to what properties of the niobium material determine its flux expulsion behavior. In this paper, ... More

Low RF power plasma ignition and detection for in-situ cleaning of 1.3 GHz 9-cell cavitiesFeb 08 2019Superconducting Radio Frequency (SRF) cavities performance preservation is crucial, from vertical test to accelerator operation. Field Emission (FE) is still one of the performance limiting factors to overcome and plasma cleaning has been proven successful ... More

Unprecedented Quality Factors at Accelerating Gradients up to 45 MV/m in Niobium Superconducting Resonators via Low Temperature Nitrogen InfusionJan 21 2017We report the finding of new surface treatments that permit to manipulate the niobium resonator nitrogen content in the first few nanometers in a controlled way, and the resonator fundamental Mattis-Bardeen surface resistance and residual resistance accordingly. ... More

The Role of Magnetic Flux Expulsion to Reach Q0>3x10^10 in SRF CryomodulesDec 10 2018When a superconducting radiofrequency cavity is cooled through its critical temperature, ambient magnetic flux can become "frozen in" to the superconductor, resulting in degradation of the quality factor. This is especially problematic in applications ... More

Fermilab experience of post-annealing losses in SRF niobium cavities due to furnace contamination and the ways to its mitigation: a pathway to processing simplification and quality factor improvementMay 09 2013May 16 2013We investigate the effect of high temperature treatments followed by only high-pressure water rinse (HPR) of superconducting radio frequency (SRF) niobium cavities. The objective is to provide a cost effective alternative to the typical cavity processing ... More

Accelerating fields up to 49 MV/m in TESLA-shape superconducting RF niobium cavities via 75C vacuum bakeJun 26 2018In this paper we present the discovery of a new surface treatment applied to superconducting radio frequency (SRF) niobium cavities, leading to unprecedented accelerating fields of 49 MV/m in TESLA-shaped cavities, in continuous wave (CW); the corresponding ... More

Opportunities for Nuclear Physics & Quantum Information ScienceMar 13 2019This whitepaper is an outcome of the workshop Intersections between Nuclear Physics and Quantum Information held at Argonne National Laboratory on 28-30 March 2018 [www.phy.anl.gov/npqi2018/]. The workshop brought together 116 national and international ... More

Commissioning And First Results From The Fermilab Cryomodule Test StandMay 07 2018A new test stand dedicated to Superconducting Radiofrequency (SRF) cryomodule testing, CMTS1, has been commissioned and is now in operation at Fermilab. The first device to be cooled down and powered in this facility is the prototype 1.3 GHz cryomodule ... More

Nitrogen-Doped 9-Cell Cavity Performance in a Test Cryomodule for LCLS-IINov 06 2014Nov 13 2014The superconducting RF linac for LCLS-II calls for 1.3 GHz 9-cell cavities with an average intrinsic quality factor Q0 of 2.7x10^10 at 2 K and 16 MV/m accelerating gradient. Two niobium 9-cell cavities, prepared with nitrogen-doping at Fermilab, were ... More

Ambiguity-free formulation of the Higgs-Kibble modelOct 05 2010A renormalizable ambiguity-free formulation of the Higgs-Kibble model is proposed.

Quantum-Limited Amplification via Reservoir EngineeringNov 01 2013Apr 08 2014We describe a new kind of phase-preserving quantum amplifier which utilizes dissipative interactions in a parametrically-coupled three-mode bosonic system. The use of dissipative interactions provides a fundamental advantage over standard cavity-based ... More

Crossed Andreev reflection in diffusive contactsNov 06 2006Crossed Andreev reflection in multiterminal structures in the diffusive regime is addressed within the quasiclassical Keldysh-Usadel formalism. The elastic cotunneling and crossed Andreev reflection of quasiparticles give nonlocal currents and voltages ... More

Light composite scalar boson from a see-saw mechanism in two-scale TC modelsJun 25 2015We consider the possibility of a light composite scalar boson arising from mass mixing between a relatively light and heavy scalar singlets in a see-saw mechanism expected to occur in two-scale Technicolor (TC) models. A light composite scalar boson can ... More

Limit on the fermion masses in technicolor modelsAug 21 2003Recently it has been pointed out that no limits can be put on the scale of fermion mass generation $(M)$ in technicolor models, because the relation between the fermion masses $(m_f)$ and $M$ depends on the dimensionality of the interaction responsible ... More

Dynamical Symmetry Breaking in a Minimal 3-3-1 ModelOct 11 2012The gauge symmetry breaking in some versions of 3-3-1 models can be implemented dynamically because at the scale of a few TeVs the $U(1)_X$ coupling constant becomes strong. In this work we consider the dynamical symmetry breaking in a minimal $SU(3)_{{}_{TC}}\times ... More

Energy criterion to select the behavior of dynamical masses in technicolor modelsMay 05 2002We propose a quite general ansatz for the dynamical mass in technicolor models. We impose on this ansatz the condition for formation of the tightest composite boson state, or the criterion that it should lead to the deepest minimum of energy. This criterion ... More

Quantum corrections to energy of short spinning string in AdS5Jun 29 2008Feb 02 2009Motivated by desire to shed light on the strong coupling behaviour of anomalous dimensions of "short" gauge theory operators we consider the famous example of folded spinning string in AdS_5 in the limit of small semiclassical spin parameter \S = S/sqrt[lambda]. ... More

A statistical model of three-dimensional anisotropy and intermittency in strong Alfvénic turbulenceMay 24 2016We propose a simple statistical model of three-dimensionally anisotropic, intermittent, strong Alfv\'enic turbulence, incorporating both critical balance and dynamic alignment. Our model is based on log-Poisson statistics for Elsasser-field increments ... More

One- and many-body effects on mirages in quantum corralsAug 27 2002May 23 2003Recent interesting experiments used scanning tunneling microscopy to study systems involving Kondo impurities in quantum corrals assembled on Cu or noble metal surfaces. The solution of the two-dimensional one-particle Schrodinger equation in a hard wall ... More

New results for the missing quantum numbers labeling the quadrupole and octupole boson basisMay 24 2004Oct 27 2004The many $2^k$-pole boson states, $|N_kv_k\alpha_k I_kM_k>$ with $k=2,3$, realize the irreducible representation (IR) for the group reduction chains $SU(2k+1)\supset R_{2k+1}\supset R_3\supset R_2$. They have been analytically studied and widely used ... More

Technicolor models with coupled systems of Schwinger-Dyson equationsFeb 28 2019Mar 15 2019When Technicolor (TC), QCD, Extended Technicolor (ETC) and other interactions become coupled through their different Schwinger-Dyson equations, the solution of these equations are modified in comparison with the ones of the isolated equations. The change ... More

Bottom quark pole mass and $|V_{cb}|$ matrix element from $R(e^+e^-\to b\bar b)$ and $Γ_{sl}(b\to clν_l)$ in the next-to-next-to-leading orderJul 20 1998Mar 19 1999We present a consistent analysis of $\Upsilon$ sum rules and $B$-meson semileptonic width in the next-to-next-to-leading order in the strong coupling constant. The analysis is based on the analytical result for the heavy quark vector current correlator ... More

Practical techniques of QCD vs exact results of solvable modelsDec 30 1996Jul 14 1997We check quantitatively the validity of some popular phenomenological approaches of QCD in simple models. Dispersion sum rules are considered within the ladder approximation of a field-theoretic model with OPE given by ordinary loop diagrams which are ... More

Thin topological insulator film in a perpendicular magnetic fieldMar 10 2011May 10 2011We report on a study of an ultrathin topological insulator film with hybridization between the top and bottom surfaces, placed in a quantizing perpendicular magnetic field. We calculate the full Landau level spectrum of the film as a function of the applied ... More

Renormalization of the Yang-Mills theory in the ambiguity-free gaugeFeb 12 2010Jul 27 2010The renormalization procedure for the Yang-Mills theory in the gauge free of the Gribov ambiguity is constructed. It is shown that all the ultraviolet infinities may be removed by renormalization of the parameters entering the classical Lagrangian and ... More

Programming Realization of Symbolic Computations for Non-linear Commutator Superalgebras over the Heisenberg--Weyl Superalgebra: Data Structures and Processing MethodsMay 16 2009Aug 19 2009We suggest a programming realization of an algorithm for verifying a given set of algebraic relations in the form of a supercommutator multiplication table for the Verma module, which is constructed according to a generalized Cartan procedure for a quadratic ... More

Nonreciprocal Photon Transmission and Amplification via Reservoir EngineeringFeb 25 2015Jun 05 2015We discuss a general method for constructing nonreciprocal, cavity-based photonic devices, based on matching a given coherent interaction with its corresponding dissipative counterpart; our method generalizes the basic structure used in the theory of ... More

Anomalous mass dimension of multi-flavor QCDOct 08 2016Models of strongly interacting theories with a large mass anomalous dimension ($\gamma_m$) provide an interesting possibility for the dynamical origin of the electroweak symmetry breaking. A laboratory for these models is QCD with many flavors, which ... More

A 125 GeV Scalar Boson and SU(N_{TC})\otimes SU(3)_{{}_{L}}\otimes U(1)_{{}_{X}} modelsMar 16 2013We verify that SU(N)_{{}_{TC}}\otimes SU(3)_{{}_{L}}\otimes U(1)_{{}_{X}} models, where the gauge symmetry breaking is totally dynamical and promoted by the non-Abelian technicolor (TC) group and the strong Abelian interactions, are quite constrained ... More

Mass and width of a composite Higgs bosonFeb 13 2009May 18 2009The scalar Higgs boson mass in a Technicolor model was obtained by Elias and Scadron with the analysis of an homogeneous Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE), however it was performed before the most recent developments of walking gauge theories. It was not ... More

A dynamical mechanism to explain the top-bottom quark mass hierarchyAug 17 2004Jan 20 2005We discuss the mass splitting between the the top and bottom quarks in a technicolor scenario. The model proposed here contains a left-right electroweak gauge group. An extended technicolor group and mirror fermions are introduced. The top-bottom quark ... More

Entanglement swapping, light cones and elements of realityNov 06 2005Jul 20 2006Recently, a number of two-participant all-versus-nothing Bell experiments have been proposed. Here, we give local realistic explanations for these experiments. More precisely, we examine the scenario where a participant swaps his entanglement with two ... More

Jet radio emission in Cygnus X-1 and its orbital modulationOct 01 2006Dec 22 2006We present results of our detailed theoretical study of the observed orbital modulation of the radio emission in Cyg X-1. The modulation occurs due to free-free absorption in the wind from the companion star varying with the orbital phase, and our results ... More

Curved space resolution of singularity of fractional D3-branes on conifoldNov 01 2001We construct a supergravity dual to the cascading $SU(N+M) x SU(N)$ supersymmetric gauge theory (related to fractional D3-branes on conifold according to Klebanov et al) in the case when the 3-space is compactified on $S^3$ and in the phase with unbroken ... More

Schwinger-Dyson approach and its application to generate a light composite scalarJan 15 2016Feb 24 2016We discuss the possibility of generating a light composite scalar boson, in a scenario that we may generically call Technicolor, or in any variation of a strongly interacting theory, where by light we mean a scalar composite mass about one order of magnitude ... More

Dynamical gluon mass corrections in heavy quarkonia decaysApr 26 2000Using the expression of the dynamical gluon mass obtained through the operator product expansion we discuss the relevance of gluon mass effects in the decays V -> hadrons (V = J/Psi, Upsilon). Relativistic and radiative corrections are also introduced ... More

Semiclassical rigid strings with two spins in AdS_5Nov 12 2009Semiclassical spinning string states in AdS_5 are, in general, characterised by the three SO(2,4) conserved charges: the energy E and the two spins S_1 and S_2. We discuss several examples of explicit classical solutions for rigid closed strings of (bended) ... More

Search for excited electrons through $γγ$ scatteringAug 10 2012We study the potential of $\gamma \gamma$ option of future high energy linear $e^{+}e^{-}$ colliders to search for excited electrons with spin-1/2. We calculate single production cross sections, give the angular distributions and $f-m^*$ contour plots ... More

A study of spectra of Cyg X-3 observed by BeppoSAXDec 22 2004Jan 10 2005We model the ~1-200 keV spectra of Cygnus X-3 observed by BeppoSAX. The continuum, modeled by Comptonization in a hybrid plasma, is modified by the strongly ionized plasma of the stellar wind of the Wolf-Rayet companion star. Discrete absorption and emission ... More

Quantum Corrections to Bekenstein-Hawking Black Hole Entropy and Gravity Partition FunctionsApr 25 2013Algebraic aspects of the computation of partition functions for quantum gravity and black holes in $AdS_3$ are discussed. We compute the sub-leading quantum corrections to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. It is shown that the quantum corrections to the ... More

Chiral expansion of nucleon PDF at $x\sim m_π/M_N$Nov 14 2013Based on the chiral perturbation theory, we investigate the low-energy dynamics of nucleon parton distributions. We show that in different regions of the momentum fraction $x$ the chiral expansion is significantly different. For nucleon parton distributions ... More

Geodesics and admissible-path spaces in Carnot GroupsNov 26 2013We study the topology of admissible-loop spaces on a step-two Carnot group G. We use a Morse-Bott theory argument to study the structure and the number of geodesics on G connecting the origin with a 'vertical' point (geodesics are critical points of the ... More

Numerical analysis of renormalon technique in quantum mechanicsNov 29 1996Jul 14 1997We discuss the ways of extracting a low energy scale of an underlying theory using high energy scattering data. Within an exactly solvable model of quantum mechanics we analyze a technique based on introduction of nonperturbative power corrections accounting ... More

Analytical results for $e^+e^-\to t\bar t$ and $γγ\to t\bar t$ observables near the threshold up to the next-to-next-to-leading order of NRQCDApr 08 1999Oct 10 2001We present an analytical description of top-antitop pair production near the threshold in $e^+e^-$ annihilation and $\g\g$ collisions. A set of basic observables considered includes the total cross sections, forward-backward asymmetry and top quark polarization. ... More

Next-to-next-to-leading order relation between $R(e^+e^-\to b\bar b)$ and $Γ_{\rm sl}(b\to clν_l)$ and precise determination of $|V_{cb}|$May 16 1998Oct 30 1998We present the next-to-next-to-leading order relation between the moments of the $\Upsilon$ system spectral density and the inclusive $B$-meson semileptonic width. The perturbative series for the width as an explicit function of the moments is well convergent ... More

Quark-hadron duality for $K^0-\bar{K^0}$ mixingNov 27 1997Long distance contribution to the $K^0-\bar K^0$ mixing is taken into account consistently and the corrections to the naive duality result represented by the famous box diagram are found to be small. Estimates are given in the leading order of the chiral ... More

A scalar gluonium contribution to $K\rightarrowππ$ decayJul 17 1995We study a new $K\rightarrow\pi\pi$ decay channel with gluons in intermediate state which is normally neglected within the factorization framework. Both short-distance and long-distance parts of the amplitude are calculated. The chiral Lagrangian approach ... More

Periodic solutions of Schrodinger equation in Hilbert spaceSep 03 2012Necessary and sufficient conditions for existence of boundary value problem of Schrodinger equation are obtained in linear and nonlinear cases. Periodic analytical solutions are represented using generalized Green's operator

Can Electro-Weak $\h$-Term be Observable ?May 14 1993We rederive and discuss the result of the previous paper that in the standard model $\theta$-term related to $W$-boson field can not be induced by weak instantons. This follows from the existence of the fermion zero mode in the instanton field even when ... More

Optimized perturbation theory for bound states: toy model and realistic problemJun 20 1995Within quantum mechanics model we study the problem of resummation of an asymptotic perturbation series for bound state parameters via optimization of the perturbative expansion. A possible application of the method to the positronium lifetime calculation ... More

A study of RXTE and BeppoSAX observations of Cyg X-3Jan 14 2004We present an analysis of Cyg X-3 data from RXTE/PCA,HEXTE and ASM, supplemented by a selected spectrum from BeppoSAX. We fit the PCA/HEXTE spectra from 1996-2000 by a model including hybrid Comptonization, reflection and absorption, and classify them ... More

Non-reciprocal quantum interactions and devices via autonomous feed-forwardOct 20 2016In a recent work [A. Metelmann and A. A. Clerk, Phys. Rev. X 5, 021025 (2015)], a general reservoir-engineering approach for generating non-reciprocal quantum interactions and devices was described. We show here how in many cases this general recipe can ... More

Deciphering the minimum of energy of some walking technicolor modelsMay 11 2010There are quasi-conformal theories, like the Minimal and Ultraminimal Technicolor models, which may break dynamically the gauge symmetry of the Standard Model and at the same time are compatible with electroweak precision data. The main characteristic ... More

Strength of the Trilinear Higgs Boson Coupling in Technicolor ModelsOct 14 2005Oct 20 2005We discuss the strength of the trilinear Higgs boson coupling in technicolor (or composite) models in a model independent way. The coupling is determined as a function of a very general ansatz for the technicolor self-energy, and turns out to be equal ... More

Scalar bosons in Minimal and Ultraminimal Technicolor: Masses, trilinear couplings and widthsDec 05 2009May 04 2010We compute masses, trilinear self-couplings and decay widths into weak bosons of the scalar composite bosons in the case of the Minimal and Ultraminimal technicolor models. The masses, computed via the Bethe-Salpeter equation, turn out to be light and ... More

Graph homology: Koszul and Verdier dualityFeb 12 2007We show that Verdier duality for certain sheaves on the moduli spaces of graphs associated to Koszul operads corresponds to Koszul duality of operads. This in particular gives a conceptual explanation of the appearance of graph cohomology of both the ... More

Top quark threshold production in $γγ$ collision in the next-to-leading orderOct 27 1998Apr 23 1999The total cross section of the top quark-antiquark pair production near threshold in $\gamma\gamma$ collision is computed analytically up to the next-to-leading order in perturbative and nonrelativistic expansion for general photon helicity. The approximation ... More

On a subtle point of sum rules calculations: toy modelMar 30 1995We consider a two-point correlator in massless $\phi^3$ model within the ladder approximation . The spectral density of the correlator is known explicitly and does not contain any resonances. Meanwhile making use of the standard sum rules technique with ... More

Topological response in Weyl semimetals and the chiral anomalyJun 08 2012Sep 25 2012We demonstrate that topological transport phenomena, characteristic of Weyl semimetals, namely the semi-quantized anomalous Hall effect and the chiral magnetic effect (equilibrium magnetic-field-driven current), may be thought of as two distinct manifestations ... More

On gauge theories for non-semisimple groupsMay 21 1995We consider analogs of Yang-Mills theories for non-semisimple real Lie algebras which admit invariant non-degenerate metrics. These 4-dimensional theories have many similarities with corresponding WZW models in 2 dimensions and Chern-Simons theories in ... More

Exact solutions of closed string theoryMay 09 1995Jul 08 1995We review explicitly known exact $D=4$ solutions with Minkowski signature in closed bosonic string theory. Classical string solutions with space-time interpretation are represented by conformal sigma models. Two large (intersecting) classes of solutions ... More

On partition function and Weyl anomaly of conformal higher spin fieldsSep 03 2013Oct 28 2013We study 4-dimensional higher-derivative conformal higher spin (CHS) fields generalising Weyl graviton and conformal gravitino. They appear, in particular, as "induced" theories in the AdS/CFT context. We consider their partition function on curved Einstein-space ... More

Long quantum superstrings in AdS_5 x S^5Aug 13 2000Following hep-th/0001204 we discuss the computation of quantum corrections near long IIB superstring configurations in AdS_5 x S^5 which are related to the Wilson loop expectation values in the strong coupling expansion of the dual n=4 SYM theory with ... More

Born-Infeld action, supersymmetry and string theoryAug 16 1999Dec 11 1999We review and elaborate on some aspects of Born-Infeld action and its supersymmetric generalizations in connection with string theory. Contents: BI action from string theory; some properties of bosonic D=4 BI action; N=1 and N=2 supersymmetric BI actions ... More

On dilaton dependence of type II superstring actionJan 21 1996Mar 12 1996The supersymmetric action of type IIA D=10 superstring in N=2a, D=10 supergravity background can be derived by double dimensional reduction of the action of supermembrane coupled to D=11 supergravity. We demonstrate that the background Ramond-Ramond fields ... More

Composite BPS configurations of p-branes in 10 and 11 dimensionsFeb 24 1997May 22 1997We give an overview of various composite BPS configurations of string theory and M-theory p-branes represented as classical supergravity solutions. Type II string backgrounds can be obtained by S- and T- dualities from NS-NS string - 5-brane configurations ... More

Upper bounds on the permanent of multidimensional (0,1)-matricesDec 05 2014The permanent of a multidimensional matrix is the sum of products of entries over all diagonals. By Minc's conjecture, there exists a reachable upper bound on the permanent of 2-dimensional (0,1)-matrices. In this paper we obtain some generalizations ... More

Factorizing numbers with classical interference: several implementations in opticsNov 13 2008Truncated Fourier, Gauss, Kummer and exponential sums can be used to factorize numbers: for a factor these sums equal unity in absolute value, whereas they nearly vanish for any other number. We show how this factorization algorithm can emerge from superpositions ... More

Boundary scattering of phonons: specularity of a randomly rough surface in the small perturbation limitNov 06 2014May 01 2015Scattering of normally incident longitudinal and transverse acoustic waves by a randomly rough surface of an elastically isotropic solid is analyzed within the small perturbation approach. In the limiting case of a large correlation length $L$ compared ... More

Lorentz invariant quantization of the Yang-Mills theory free of Gribov ambiguityFeb 11 2009A new fomulation of the Yang-Mills theory which allows to avoid the problem of Gribov ambiguity of the gauge fixing is proposed.

Hierarchy of massive gauge fieldsMay 23 2005An explicitely gauge invariant polynomial action for massive gauge fields is proposed. For different values of parameters it describes massive Yang-Mills field, the Higgs-Kibble model, the model with spontaneously broken symmetry and two scalar mesons. ... More

Consistent noncommutative quantum gauge theories?Apr 16 2003A new noncommutative model invariant with respect to U(1) gauge group is proposed. The model is free of nonintegrable infrared singularities. Its commutative classical limit describes a free scalar field. Generalization to U(N) models is also considered. ... More

Optical Lattices: TheoryJan 31 2008This chapter presents an overview of the properties of a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) trapped in a periodic potential. This system has attracted a wide interest in the last years, and a few excellent reviews of the field have already appeared in the ... More

Tuning up the performance of GaAs-based solar cells by inelastic scattering on quantum dots and doping of AlyGa1-ySb type-II dots and AlxGa1-xAs spacers between dotsFeb 19 2013We used AlGaSb/AlGaAs material system for a theoretical study of photovoltaic performance of the proposed GaAs-based solar cell in which the type-II quantum dot (QDs) absorber is spatially separated from the depletion region. Due to inelastic scattering ... More

Linear space of spinor monomials and realization of the Nambu-Goldstone fermion in the Volkov-Akulov and Komargodski-Seiberg LagrangiansDec 12 2010The analytical algorithm previously proposed by the author for matching the Volkov-Akulov (VA) and Komargodski-Seiberg (KS) actions describing the Nambu-Goldstone (NG) fermion, is discussed. The essence of the algotithm is explained, its consistency is ... More

Effective transverse radius of nucleon in high-energy elastic diffractive scatteringApr 09 2015Apr 13 2016High-energy elastic diffraction of nucleons is considered in the framework of the simplest Regge-eikonal approximation. It is demonstrated explicitly that the effective transverse radius of nucleon in this nonperturbative regime is $\sim 0.2\div 0.3$ ... More

Current stage of understanding and description of hadronic elastic diffractionMar 27 2012Oct 08 2013Current stage of development of the high-energy elastic diffractive scattering phenomenology is reviewed. Verification of various theoretical models via comparison of their predictions with the recent D0 and TOTEM data on the nucleon-nucleon total and ... More

Type I Superconductivity upon Monopole Condensation in Seiberg-Witten TheoryDec 27 2000Sep 15 2001We study the confinement scenario in N=2 supersymmetric SU(2) gauge theory near the monopole point upon breaking of N=2 supersymmetry by the adjoint matter mass term. We confirm claims made previously that the Abrikosov-Nielsen-Olesen string near the ... More

General Superfield Quantization Method. I. Lagrangian Formalism of $θ$-Superfield Theory of FieldsOct 22 2002Dec 11 2003The rules to construct Lagrangian formulation for $\theta$-superfield theory of fields ($\theta$-STF) are introduced and considered on the whole in the framework of new superfield quantization method for general gauge theories. Algebraic, group-theoretic ... More

Conformal Symmetries of FRW Accelerating CosmologiesSep 14 2013We show that any accelerating Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) cosmology with equation of state w < -1/3 (and therefore not only a de Sitter stage with w =-1) exhibits three-dimensional conformal symmetry on future constant-time hypersurfaces. We also ... More

The Four-point Correlator in Multifield Inflation, the Operator Product Expansion and the Symmetries of de SitterOct 06 2012We study the multifield inflationary models where the cosmological perturbation is sourced by light scalar fields other than the inflaton. We exploit the operator product expansion and partly the symmetries present during the de Sitter epoch to characterize ... More

Post-Newtonian Limits and Gravitational Radiation from the Superstring Effective ActionMar 29 1994We consider the gravitational sector of the superstring effective action with axion-matter couplings. The field equations are developed in the post-Newtonian scheme and approximate solutions for a spinning point mass and a cosmic string are presented. ... More