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Enhancing Compressed Sensing Photoacoustic Tomography by Simultaneous Motion EstimationFeb 14 2018A crucial limitation of current high-resolution 3D photoacoustic tomography (PAT) devices that employ sequential scanning is their long acquisition time. In previous work, we demonstrated how to use compressed sensing techniques to improve upon this: ... More

Similarity measures for vocal-based drum sample retrieval using deep convolutional auto-encodersFeb 14 2018The expressive nature of the voice provides a powerful medium for communicating sonic ideas, motivating recent research on methods for query by vocalisation. Meanwhile, deep learning methods have demonstrated state-of-the-art results for matching vocal ... More

Active crystals on a sphereFeb 14 2018Two-dimensional crystals on curved manifolds exhibit nontrivial defect structures. Here, we consider "active crystals" on a sphere, which are composed of self-propelled colloidal particles. Our work is based on a new phase-field-crystal-type model that ... More

vh@nnlo-v2: New physics in Higgs StrahlungFeb 13 2018Introducing version 2 of the code vh@nnlo, we study the effects of a number of new-physics scenarios on the Higgs-Strahlung process. In particular, the cross section is evaluated within a general 2HDM and the MSSM. While the Drell-Yan-like contributions ... More

The Cosmic Dust Analyzer onboard Cassini: ten years of discoveriesFeb 13 2018The interplanetary space probe Cassini/Huygens reached Saturn in July 2004 after seven years of cruise phase. The Cosmic Dust Analyzer (CDA) measures the interplanetary, interstellar and planetary dust in our solar system since 1999 and provided unique ... More

Massive, wide binaries as tracers of massive star formationFeb 13 2018Massive stars can be found in wide (hundreds to thousands AU) binaries with other massive stars. We use $N$-body simulations to show that any bound cluster should always have approximately one massive wide binary: one will probably form if none are present ... More

Asteroseismology of 16000 Kepler red giants: Global oscillation parameters, Masses, and radiiFeb 13 2018The Kepler mission has provided exquisite data to perform an ensemble asteroseismic analysis on evolved stars. In this work we systematically characterize solar-like oscillations and granulation for 16,094 oscillating red giants, using end-of-mission ... More

Measuring Electromagnetic and Gravitational Responses of Photonic Landau LevelsFeb 13 2018The topology of an object describes global properties that are insensitive to local perturbations. Classic examples include string knots and the genus (number of handles) of a surface: no manipulation of a closed string short of cutting it changes its ... More

The consequences of a nearby supernova on the early Solar SystemFeb 12 2018If the Sun was born in a relatively compact open cluster (half-mass radius ~3pc) with ~10^3 stars, it is quite likely that a massive (>10MSun) star was nearby when it exploded in a supernova. The repercussions of a supernova can be rather profound, and ... More

Topological PhotonicsFeb 12 2018Topological photonics is a rapidly-emerging field of research in which geometrical and topological ideas are exploited to design and control the behavior of light. Drawing inspiration from the discovery of the quantum Hall effects and topological insulators ... More

Design of Experiments for Model Discrimination Hybridising Analytical and Data-Driven ApproachesFeb 12 2018Healthcare companies must submit pharmaceutical drugs or medical devices to regulatory bodies before marketing new technology. Regulatory bodies frequently require transparent and interpretable computational modelling to justify a new healthcare technology, ... More

Metrical irrationality results related to values of the Riemann $ζ$-functionFeb 12 2018We introduce a one-parameter family of series associated to the Riemann $\zeta$-function and prove that the values of the elements of this family at integers are linearly independent over the rationals for almost all values of the parameter, where almost ... More

Dark-ages Reionization and Galaxy Formation Simulation - XIV. Gas accretion, cooling and star formation in dwarf galaxies at high redshiftFeb 12 2018We study dwarf galaxy formation at high redshift ($z\ge5$) using a suite of high-resolution, cosmological hydrodynamic simulations and a semi-analytic model (SAM). We focus on gas accretion, cooling and star formation in this work by isolating the relevant ... More

Classifying spaces for commutativity of low-dimensional Lie groupsFeb 10 2018For each of the groups $G = O(2), SU(2), U(2)$, we compute the integral and $\mathbb{F}_2$-cohomology rings of $B_\text{com} G$ (the classifying space for commutativity of $G$), the action of the Steenrod algebra on the mod 2 cohomology, the homotopy ... More

Bees with attitude: the effect of gusts on flight dynamicsFeb 10 2018Flight is a complicated task at small scales in part due to the ubiquitous unsteady air which contains it. Flying organisms deal with these difficulties using active and passive control mechanisms to steer their body motion. Body attitudes of flapping ... More

Remote sensing of geomagnetic fields and atomic collisions in the mesosphereFeb 09 2018Magnetic-field sensing has contributed to the formulation of the plate-tectonics theory, the discovery and mapping of underground structures on Earth, and the study of magnetism in other planets. Filling the gap between space-based and near-Earth observation, ... More

Measurement of the Decays $Λ_c\to Σππ$ at BelleFeb 09 2018We report measurements of the branching fractions of the decays $\Lambda^+_c\to\Sigma^+\pi^-\pi^+$, $\Lambda^+_c\to\Sigma^0\pi^+\pi^0$ and $\Lambda^+_c\to\Sigma^+\pi^0\pi^0$ relative to the reference channel $\Lambda^+_c\to pK^-\pi^+$. The analysis is ... More

Tidal evolution of the Moon from a high-obliquity, high-angular-momentum EarthFeb 09 2018In the giant impact hypothesis for lunar origin, the Moon accreted from an equatorial circum-terrestrial disk; however the current lunar orbital inclination of 5 degrees requires a subsequent dynamical process that is still debated. In addition, the giant ... More

Electron Spin Coherences in Rare-Earth Optically Excited States for Microwave to Optical Quantum TransducersFeb 09 2018Efficient and reversible optical to microwave coherent transducers are required to enable entanglement transfer between superconducting qubits and light for quantum networks. Rare-earth-doped crystals that possess narrow optical and spin transitions are ... More

Bayesian inference for bivariate ranksFeb 09 2018A recommender system based on ranks is proposed, where an expert's ranking of a set of objects and a user's ranking of a subset of those objects are combined to make a prediction of the user's ranking of all objects. The rankings are assumed to be induced ... More

Non-Markovian quantum control as coherent stochastic trajectoriesFeb 09 2018Feb 12 2018We develop a notion of stochastic quantum trajectories. First, we construct a basis set of trajectories, called elementary trajectories, and go on to show that any quantum dynamical process, including those that are non-Markovian, can be expressed as ... More

The modality of a Borel subgroup in a simple algebraic group of type $E_8$Feb 09 2018Let $G$ be a simple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field $k$, where $\mathrm{char}\, k$ is either 0 or a good prime for $G$. We consider the modality $\mathrm{mod}(B : \mathfrak u)$ of the action of a Borel subgroup $B$ of $G$ on the Lie ... More

Algorithmic Bidding for Virtual Trading in Electricity MarketsFeb 08 2018We consider the problem of optimal bidding for virtual trading in two-settlement electricity markets. A virtual trader aims to arbitrage on the differences between day-ahead and real-time market prices; both prices, however, are random and unknown to ... More

Pair density wave, charge density wave and vortex in high Tc cupratesFeb 08 2018A recent scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) experiment reports the observation of charge density wave (CDW) with period of approximately 8a in the halo region surrounding the vortex core, in striking contrast to the approximately period 4a CDW that are ... More

A deep learning approach to identify local structures in atomic-resolution transmission electron microscopy imagesFeb 08 2018Recording atomic-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images is becoming increasingly routine. A new bottleneck is then analyzing this information, which often involves time-consuming manual structural identification. We have developed a ... More

Sensor-less adaptive optics for Brillouin micro-spectroscopyFeb 08 2018Brillouin spectroscopy is a powerful optical technique for viscoelastic characterization of samples without contact. However, like all optical systems, Brillouin spectroscopy performances are degraded by optical aberrations, and have therefore been limited ... More

Learning and Querying Fast Generative Models for Reinforcement LearningFeb 08 2018A key challenge in model-based reinforcement learning (RL) is to synthesize computationally efficient and accurate environment models. We show that carefully designed generative models that learn and operate on compact state representations, so-called ... More

Collider Tests of the Renormalizable Coloron ModelFeb 08 2018The coloron, a massive version of the gluon present in gauge extensions of QCD, has been searched for at the LHC as a dijet or top quark pair resonance. We point out that in the Renormalizable Coloron Model (ReCoM) with a minimal field content to break ... More

Random matrix products: Universality and least singular valuesFeb 08 2018We establish local universality of the $k$-point correlation functions associated with products of independent iid random matrices, as the sizes of the matrices tend to infinity, under a moment matching hypothesis. We also prove Gaussian limits for the ... More

Room-Temperature Quantum-Confined Stark Effect in Atomically Thin SemiconductorFeb 08 2018Electric field-controlled, two-dimensional (2D) exciton dynamics in transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers is a current research focus in condensed matter physics. We have experimentally investigated the spectral and temporal properties of the A-exciton ... More

CP violating phases and a solution to the strong CP problemFeb 08 2018We present a solution to the strong CP problem based on the identification of the theta angle with twice the CP violating phase present in the CKM quark matrix. This solution washes out all the unwanted issues stemming form the strong CP phase and is ... More

Statistical Learnability of Generalized Additive Models based on Total Variation RegularizationFeb 08 2018A generalized additive model (GAM, Hastie and Tibshirani (1987)) is a nonparametric model by the sum of univariate functions with respect to each explanatory variable, i.e., $f({\mathbf x}) = \sum f_j(x_j)$, where $x_j\in\mathbb{R}$ is $j$-th component ... More

Emergence of Topologically Protected Helical States in Minimally Twisted Bilayer GrapheneFeb 08 2018Bilayer graphene samples in which inversion symmetry is broken have quantum valley Hall ground states that support counterpropogating topologically protected helical (TPH) edge states localized along domain walls between AB and BA stacking regions. Moreover, ... More

Approximation of fractals by manifolds and other graph-like spacesFeb 08 2018We define a distance between energy forms on a graph-like metric measure space and on a discrete weighted graph using the concept of quasi-unitary equivalence. We apply this result to metric graphs and graph-like manifolds (e.g. a small neighbourhood ... More

The Random Fractional Matching ProblemFeb 08 2018We consider two formulations of the random-link fractional matching problem, a relaxed version of the more standard random-link (integer) matching problem. In one formulation, we allow each node to be linked to itself in the optimal matching configuration. ... More

A Longitudinal Study of Google PlayFeb 08 2018The difficulty of large scale monitoring of app markets affects our understanding of their dynamics. This is particularly true for dimensions such as app update frequency, control and pricing, the impact of developer actions on app popularity, as well ... More

The muon $g-2$ and $α(M_Z^2)$: a new data-based analysisFeb 08 2018This work presents a complete re-evaluation of the hadronic vacuum polarisation contributions to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, $a_{\mu}^{\rm had, \, VP}$ and the hadronic contributions to the effective QED coupling at the mass of the $Z$ ... More

Relaxation of Functionals in the Space of Vector-Valued Functions of Bounded HessianFeb 08 2018In this paper it is shown that if $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N$ is an open, bounded Lipschitz set, and if $f: \Omega \times \mathbb{R}^{d \times N \times N} \rightarrow [0, \infty)$ is a continuous function with $f(x, \cdot)$ of linear growth for all ... More

Lagrangian pairs of pantsFeb 08 2018We construct a Lagrangian submanifold, inside the cotangent bundle of a real torus, which we call a Lagrangian pair of pants. It is given as the graph of the differential of a smooth function defined on the real blow up of a Lagrangian coamoeba. Lagrangian ... More

Texture Segmentation Based Video Compression Using Convolutional Neural NetworksFeb 08 2018There has been a growing interest in using different approaches to improve the coding efficiency of modern video codec in recent years as demand for web-based video consumption increases. In this paper, we propose a model-based approach that uses texture ... More

Existence of two-step replica symmetry breaking for the spherical mixed p-spin glass at zero temperatureFeb 08 2018We provide the first examples of two-step replica symmetry breaking (2-RSB) models for the spherical mixed p-spin glass at zero temperature. Precisely, we show that for a certain class of mixtures, the Parisi measure at zero temperature is purely atomic ... More

Comparing an analytical spacetime metric for a merging binary to a fully non-linear numerical evolution using curvature scalarsFeb 08 2018We introduce a new geometrically invariant prescription for comparing two different spacetimes based on geodesic deviation. We use this method to compare a family of recently introduced analytical spacetime representing inspiraling black-hole binaries ... More

Adaptive generalized multiscale finite element methods for H(curl)-elliptic problems with heterogeneous coefficientsFeb 08 2018In this paper, we construct an adaptive multiscale method for solving H(curl)-elliptic problems in highly heterogeneous media. Our method is based on the generalized multiscale finite element method. We will first construct a suitable snapshot space, ... More

Stochastic subgradient method converges at the rate $O(k^{-1/4})$ on weakly convex functionsFeb 08 2018We prove that the projected stochastic subgradient method, applied to a weakly convex problem, drives the gradient of the Moreau envelope to zero at the rate $O(k^{-1/4})$.

A Generalization Method of Partitioned Activation Function for Complex NumberFeb 08 2018A method to convert real number partitioned activation function into complex number one is provided. The method has 4em variations; 1 has potential to get holomorphic activation, 2 has potential to conserve complex angle, and the last 1 guarantees interaction ... More

Cognitive Business Process Management for Adaptive Cyber-Physical ProcessesFeb 08 2018In the era of Big Data and Internet-of-Things (IoT), all real-world environments are gradually becoming cyber-physical (e.g., emergency management, healthcare, smart manufacturing, etc.), with the presence of connected devices and embedded ICT systems ... More

Gauged And Ungauged: A Nonperturbative TestFeb 08 2018We study the thermodynamics of the `ungauged' D0-brane matrix model by Monte Carlo simulation. Our results appear to be consistent with the conjecture by Maldacena and Milekhin.

Dispersion of velocity gradients: Mapping magnetization with the Velocity Gradient TechniqueFeb 08 2018Recent developments of the Velocity Gradient Technique (VGT) show that the velocity provides a robust measure of magnetic field direction. In this paper, we use velocity centroids as the measures of velocity and propose a new way of studying media magnetization. ... More

Ricci-flat cubic graphs with girth fiveFeb 08 2018We classify all connected, simple, 3-regular graphs with girth at least 5 that are Ricci-flat. We use the definition of Ricci curvature on graphs given in Lin-Lu-Yau, Tohoku Math., 2011, which is a variation of Ollivier, J. Funct. Anal., 2009. A graph ... More

NLO Higgs+jet at large transverse momenta including top quark mass effectsFeb 08 2018We present a next-to-leading order calculation of H+jet in gluon fusion including the effect of a finite top quark mass $m_t$ at large transverse momenta. Using the recently published two-loop amplitudes in the high energy expansion and our previous setup ... More

Soft Gluon Resummation in Higgs Boson Plus Two Jet Production at the LHCFeb 08 2018In this paper, the soft gluon resummation effect in the Higgs boson plus two-jet production at the LHC is studied. By applying the transverse momentum dependent factorization formalism, the large logarithms introduced by the small total transverse momentum ... More

Uncertainty Quantification for Geometry Deformations of Superconducting Cavities using Eigenvalue TrackingFeb 08 2018The electromagnetic field distribution as well as the resonating frequency of various modes in superconducting cavities are sensitive to small geometry deformations. The occurring variations are motivated by measurements of an available set of resonators ... More

The ALMA-PILS survey: The sulphur connection between protostars and comets: IRAS 16293-2422 B and 67P/Churyumov-GerasimenkoFeb 08 2018The evolutionary past of our Solar System can be pieced together by comparing analogous low-mass protostars with remnants of our Protosolar Nebula - comets. Sulphur-bearing molecules may be unique tracers of the joint evolution of the volatile and refractory ... More

A mixed finite element for weakly-symmetric elasticityFeb 08 2018We develop a finite element discretization for the weakly symmetric equations of linear elasticity on tetrahedral meshes. The finite element combines, for $r \geq 0$, discontinuous polynomials of $r$ for the displacement, $H(\mathrm{div})$-conforming ... More

Practical Issues of Action-conditioned Next Image PredictionFeb 08 2018The problem of action-conditioned image prediction is to predict the expected next frame given the current camera frame the robot observes and an action selected by the robot. We provide the first comparison of two recent popular models, especially for ... More

Putting in All the Stops: Execution Control for JavaScriptFeb 08 2018Scores of compilers produce JavaScript, enabling programmers to use many languages on the Web, reuse existing code, and even use Web IDEs. Unfortunately, most compilers expose the browser's compromised execution model, so long-running programs freeze ... More

A new mechanism of sterile neutrino dark matter productionFeb 08 2018We consider a scenario where the dark matter candidate is a sterile neutrino with sizable self-interactions, described by a dimension-six operator, and with negligible interactions with the Standard Model. The relic abundance is set by the freeze-out ... More

A New Kalman Filter Model for Nonlinear Systems Based on Ellipsoidal BoundingFeb 08 2018In this paper, a new filter model called set-membership Kalman filter for nonlinear state estimation problems was designed, where both random and unknown but bounded uncertainties were considered simultaneously in the discrete-time system. The main loop ... More

Negative longitudinal magnetoresistance in the density wave phase of Y$_2$Ir$_2$O$_7$Feb 08 2018The ground state of nanowires of single crystalline Pyrochlore Y$_2$Ir$_2$O$_7$ is a density wave. Application of a {\it transverse} magnetic field increases the threshold electric field for the collective de-pinning of the density wave state at low temperature, ... More

Worldline quantization of field theory, effective actions and $L_\infty$ structureFeb 08 2018We formulate the worldline quantization of a massive fermion model coupled to external higher spin sources. We use the relations obtained in this way to show that its regularized effective action is endowed with an $L_\infty$ symmetry. The same result ... More

The chemical connection between 67P/C-G and IRAS 16293-2422Feb 08 2018The chemical evolution of a star- and planet-forming system begins in the prestellar phase and proceeds across the subsequent evolutionary phases. The chemical trail from cores to protoplanetary disks to planetary embryos can be studied by comparing distant ... More

Uniqueness of $\mathcal{N}=2$ and $3$ pure supergravities in 4DFeb 08 2018After proving the impossibility of consistent non-minimal coupling of a real Rarita-Schwinger gauge field to electromagnetism, we re-derive the necessity of introducing the graviton in order to couple a complex Rarita-Schwinger gauge field to electromagnetism, ... More

Search for heavy neutral leptons in events with three charged leptons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeVFeb 08 2018A search for a heavy neutral lepton N of Majorana nature decaying into a W boson and a charged lepton is performed using the CMS detector at the LHC. The targeted signature consists of three prompt charged leptons in any flavor combination of electrons ... More

Photophysics of indole upon x-ray absorptionFeb 08 2018A photofragmentation study of gas-phase indole (C$_8$H$_7$N) upon single-photon ionization at a photon energy of 420 eV is presented. Indole was primarily inner-shell ionized at its nitrogen and carbon $1s$ orbitals. Electrons and ions were measured in ... More

Increasing the Lensing Figure of Merit through Higher Order Convergence MomentsFeb 08 2018The unprecedented quality, the increased dataset, and the wide area of ongoing and near future weak lensing surveys allows to move beyond the standard two points statistics thus making worthwhile to investigate higher order probes. As an interesting step ... More

Eight-cluster structure of chloroplast genomes differs from similar one observed for bacteriaFeb 08 2018Previously, a seven-cluster pattern claiming to be a universal one in bacterial genomes has been reported. Keeping in mind the most popular theory of chloroplast origin, we checked whether a similar pattern is observed in chloroplast genomes. Surprisingly, ... More

Learning Sparse Wavelet RepresentationsFeb 08 2018In this work we propose a method for learning wavelet filters directly from data. We accomplish this by framing the discrete wavelet transform as a modified convolutional neural network. We introduce an autoencoder wavelet transform network that is trained ... More

Singular values of large non-central random matricesFeb 08 2018We study largest singular values of large random matrices, each with mean of a fixed rank $K$. Our main result is a limit theorem as the number of rows and columns approach infinity, while their ratio approaches a positive constant. It provides a decomposition ... More

The geometry of E-manifoldsFeb 08 2018Motivated by the study of symplectic Lie algebroids, we study a describe a type of algebroid (called an $E$-tangent bundle) which is particularly well-suited to study of singular differential forms and their cohomology. This setting generalizes the study ... More

Deligne's conjecture for automorphic motives over CM-fields, Part I: factorizationFeb 08 2018This is the first of two papers devoted to the relations between Deligne's conjecture on critical values of motivic $L$-functions and the multiplicative relations between periods of arithmetically normalized automorphic forms on unitary groups. The present ... More

A simple descriptor for energetics at fcc-bcc metal interfacesFeb 08 2018We develop a new and user-friendly method for calculating interface energies from first-principles. Our approach avoids problems that derive from the numerical differences between bulk and slab calculations, such as the number of k-points along the direction ... More

Ultraviolet phenomena in AdS self-interacting quantum field theoryFeb 08 2018We study the one-loop corrections to the four-point function in the Anti de Sitter space-time for a $\phi^4$ field theory. Our calculation shows the existence of non-local counterterms which however respect the AdS isometry. Our arguments are quite general ... More

Incentive Mechanisms for Motivating Mobile Data Offloading in Heterogeneous Networks: A Salary-Plus-Bonus ApproachFeb 08 2018In this paper, a salary-plus-bonus incentive mechanism is proposed to motivate WiFi Access Points (APs) to provide data offloading service for mobile network operators (MNOs). Under the proposed salary-plus-bonus scheme, WiFi APs are rewarded not only ... More

Open Data, Grey Data, and Stewardship: Universities at the Privacy FrontierFeb 08 2018As universities recognize the inherent value in the data they collect and hold, they encounter unforeseen challenges in stewarding those data in ways that balance accountability, transparency, and protection of privacy, academic freedom, and intellectual ... More

TSViz: Demystification of Deep Learning Models for Time-Series AnalysisFeb 08 2018This paper presents a novel framework for demystification of convolutional deep learning models for time series analysis. This is a step towards making informed/explainable decisions in the domain of time series, powered by deep learning. There have been ... More

A Separation Logic for Concurrent Randomized ProgramsFeb 08 2018We present a concurrent separation logic with support for probabilistic reasoning. As part of our logic, we extend the idea of coupling, which underlies recent work on probabilistic relational logics, to the setting of programs with both probabilistic ... More

Rotate your Networks: Better Weight Consolidation and Less Catastrophic ForgettingFeb 08 2018In this paper we propose an approach to avoiding catastrophic forgetting in sequential task learning scenarios. Our technique is based on a network reparameterization that approximately diagonalizes the Fisher Information Matrix of the network parameters. ... More

Capillary-driven binding of thin triangular prisms at fluid interfacesFeb 08 2018We observe capillary-driven binding between thin, equilateral triangular prisms at a flat air-water interface. The edge length of the equilateral triangle face is 120 $\mu m$, and the thickness of the prism is varied between 2 and 20 $\mu m$. For thickness ... More

Fragmentation-fraction ratio $f_{Ξ_b}/f_{Λ_b}$ in $b$- and $c$-baryon decaysFeb 08 2018We obtain the ratio of fragmentation fractions, $f_{\Xi_b}/f_{\Lambda_b}=0.054\pm0.020$, from the measurement of $\Xi_b^0\to \Xi_c^+\pi^-$ and $\Lambda_b^0\to \Lambda_c^+\pi^-$ by LHCb with both charmed baryons reconstructed by the final states of $p ... More

Gravitational waves from first order electroweak phase transition in models with the $U(1)_X^{}$ gauge symmetryFeb 08 2018We consider a standard model extension equipped with a dark sector where the $U(1)_X^{}$ Abelian gauge symmetry is spontaneously broken by the dark Higgs mechanism. In this framework, we investigate patterns of the electroweak phase transition as well ... More

The CARMENES search for exoplanets around M dwarfs - Photospheric parameters of target stars from high-resolution spectroscopyFeb 08 2018The new CARMENES instrument comprises two high-resolution and high-stability spectrographs that are used to search for habitable planets around M dwarfs in the visible and near-infrared regime via the Doppler technique. Characterising our target sample ... More

Lattice-induced photon scattering in an optical lattice clockFeb 08 2018We investigate scattering of lattice laser radiation in a strontium optical lattice clock and its implications for operating clocks at interrogation times up to several ten seconds. Rayleigh scattering does not cause significant decoherence of the atomic ... More

Neural-network Kohn-Sham exchange-correlation potential and its out-of-training transferabilityFeb 08 2018We incorporate in the Kohn-Sham self consistent equation a trained neural-network projection from the charge density distribution to the Hartree-exchange-correlation potential $n \rightarrow V_{\rm Hxc}$ for possible numerical approach to the exact Kohn-Sham ... More

Parametric inference for multidimensional hypoelliptic diffusion with full observationsFeb 08 2018Multidimensional hypoelliptic diffusions arise naturally as models of neuronal activity. Estimation in those models is complex because of the degenerate structure of the diffusion coefficient. We build a consistent estimator of the drift and variance ... More

The nonconforming virtual element method for eigenvalue problemsFeb 08 2018We analyse the nonconforming Virtual Element Method (VEM) for the approximation of elliptic eigenvalue problems. The nonconforming VEM allow to treat in the same formulation the two- and three-dimensional case.We present two possible formulations of the ... More

Solving Linear Programs with Complementarity Constraints using Branch-and-CutFeb 08 2018A linear program with linear complementarity constraints (LPCC) requires the minimization of a linear objective over a set of linear constraints together with additional linear complementarity constraints. This class has emerged as a modeling paradigm ... More

Orbital Origin of Extremely Anisotropic Superconducting Gap in Nematic Phase of FeSe SuperconductorFeb 08 2018The iron-based superconductors are characterized by multiple-orbital physics where all the five Fe 3$d$ orbitals get involved. The multiple-orbital nature gives rise to various novel phenomena like orbital-selective Mott transition, nematicity and orbital ... More

The sum of log-normal variates in geometric Brownian motionFeb 08 2018Geometric Brownian motion (GBM) is a key model for representing self-reproducing entities. Self-reproduction may be considered the definition of life [5], and the dynamics it induces are of interest to those concerned with living systems from biology ... More

Usage and Attribution of Stack Overflow Code Snippets in GitHub ProjectsFeb 08 2018Stack Overflow (SO) is the largest Q&A website for software developers, providing a huge amount of copyable code snippets. Using those snippets raises maintenance and legal issues. SO's license (CC BY-SA 3.0) requires attribution, i.e., referencing the ... More

Effects of high vs moderate-intensity training on neuroplasticity and functional recovery after focal ischemiaFeb 08 2018Background and Purpose: This study was designed to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MOD) on functional recovery and cerebral plasticity during the first 2 weeks following cerebral ... More

Software-Defined Microgrid Control for Resilience Against Cyber AttacksFeb 08 2018Microgrids (MGs) rely on networked control supported by off-the-shelf wireless communications. This makes them vulnerable to cyber-attacks, such as denial-of-service (DoS). In this paper, we mitigate those attacks by applying the concepts of (i) separation ... More

Suppression and revival of long-range ferromagnetic order in the multiorbital Fermi-Hubbard modelFeb 08 2018By means of dynamical mean-field theory allowing for complete account of SU(2) rotational symmetry of interactions between spin-1/2 particles, we observe a strong effect of suppression of ferromagnetic order in the multiorbital Fermi-Hubbard model in ... More

Anomalous phonon lifetime shortening in paramagnetic CrN caused by magneto-lattice coupling: A combined spin and ab initio molecular dynamics studyFeb 08 2018We study the mutual coupling of spin fluctuations and lattice vibrations in paramagnetic CrN by combining atomistic spin dynamics and ab initio molecular dynamics. The two degrees of freedom are dynamically coupled leading to non-adiabatic effects. Those ... More

A D'-type symbiotic binary in the planetary nebula SMP LMC 88Feb 08 2018SMP LMC 88 is one of the planetary nebulae (PN) in the Large Magellanic Cloud. We identify in its spectrum Raman scattered O VI lines at 6825 and 7083A. This unambiguously classifies the central object of the nebula as a symbiotic star (SySt). We identified ... More

Lower Bounds for the Fair Resource Allocation ProblemFeb 08 2018The $\alpha$-fair resource allocation problem has received remarkable attention and has been studied in numerous application fields. Several algorithms have been proposed in the context of $\alpha$-fair resource sharing to distributively compute its value. ... More

Topological indexes in symmetry preserving dynamicsFeb 08 2018The quench dynamics of topological phases have received intensive investigations in recent years. In this work, we prove exactly that the topological invariants for both $\mathbb{Z}$ and $\mathbb{Z}_2$ indexes are independent of time in symmetry preserving ... More

Kostant's pair of Lie type and conformal embeddingsFeb 08 2018We deal with some aspects of the theory of conformal embeddings of affine vertex algebras, providing a new proof of the Symmetric Space Theorem and a criterion for conformal embeddings of equal rank subalgebras. We finally study some examples of embeddings ... More

From quantum to classical modelling of radiation reaction: a focus on the radiation spectrumFeb 08 2018Soon available multi petawatt ultra-high-intensity (UHI) lasers will allow us to probe high-amplitude electromagnetic fields interacting with either ultra-relativistic electron beams or hot plasmas in the so-called moderately quantum regime. The correct ... More

DisMo: A Morphosyntactic, Disfluency and Multi-Word Unit Annotator. An Evaluation on a Corpus of French Spontaneous and Read SpeechFeb 08 2018We present DisMo, a multi-level annotator for spoken language corpora that integrates part-of-speech tagging with basic disfluency detection and annotation, and multi-word unit recognition. DisMo is a hybrid system that uses a combination of lexical resources, ... More

A Deep Unsupervised Learning Approach Toward MTBI Identification Using Diffusion MRIFeb 08 2018Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a growing public health problem with an estimated incidence of one million people annually in US. Neurocognitive tests have been used to both assess the patient condition and to monitor the patient progress. This ... More